Manufacturing Metrology Team


Published in 2022

  1. Vanrusselt M, Haitjema H, de Groot P, Leach R K 2022 International comparison of flatness deviation in areal surface topography measurements Ann. CIRP 71 453-456

  2. Vilar N, Artigas R, Bermudez C, Thompson A, Newton L, Leach R K, Duocastella M, Carles G 2022 Optical system for reliable measurement of texture parameters in additive manufacturing parts Meas. Sci. Technol. in press

  3. Liu M, Senin N, Leach R K 2022 Measurement of laser-based powder bed fusion surfaces using light scattering and one-class support vector machines Proc. SPIE 12137-7

  4. Catalucci S, Thompson A, Piano S, Branson D TLeach R K 2022 Optical metrology for digital manufacturing: A review J. Adv. Manufac. Technol. 120 4271-4290

  5. Dewulf W, Bosse H, Carmignato S, Leach R K 2022 Advances in performance and traceability of X-ray computed tomography metrology Ann. CIRP 00 1-24

  6. Mullany B, Haitjema H, Leach R K, Savio E 2022 The implication and evaluation of geometrical imperfections on manufactured surfaces Ann. CIRP in press

  7. Diao K, Chen C, Leach R K, Liu X 2022 Crosstalk decoupling measurement method to determine the six degree-of-freedom motion errors of linear stages Appl. Opt. 61 1284-1290

  8. Zhou X, Dai N, Cheng X, Thompson A, Leach R K 2022 Intelligent classification of three-dimensional metal powder particles Powder Technology 397 117018

  9. Liu M, Senin N, Su R, Leach R K 2022 Measurement of laser powder bed fusion surfaces with light scattering and unsupervised machine learning Meas. Sci. Technol. 33 074006
  10. Khanesar M.A, Branson D 2022 Robust sliding mode fuzzy control of industrial robots using an extended Kalman filter inverse kinematic solver Energies 15(5) 1876
  11. Vilar N, Artigas R, Bermudez C, Thompson A, Newton L, Leach R K, Duocastella M, Carles G 2022 Optical system for the measurement of the surface topography of additively manufactured parts Meas. Sci. Technol. 33 104001

Published in 2021

  1. Eastwood J, Newton L, Leach R K, Piano S 2021 Generation and categorisation of surface texture data using a modified progressively growing adversarial network Prec. Eng. 74 1-11

  2.  Echeta I, Dutton B, Leach R K, Piano S 2021 Finite element modelling of defects in additively manufactured strut-based lattice structures Additive Manufacturing 47 102301

  3. Juasiripukdee P, MaskeryI, AshcroftI, Leach R K 2021 Low thermal expansion machine frame design using lattice structures Appl. Sci. 11 9135

  4. de Groot P, Colonna de Lega X, Su R, Coupland J M, Leach R K 2021 Modeling of coherence scanning interferometry using classical Fourier optics Opt. Eng. 60 104106

  5. Wang J, Zhao W, Leach R K, Xu L, Lu W, Liu X 2021 Positioning error calibration for two-dimensional precision stages via globally optimised image registration Measurement in press

  6. Thomas M, Su R, de Groot P, Coupland J M, Leach R K 2021 Surface measuring coherence scanning interferometry beyond the specular reflection limit Opt. Express 29 36121-36131

  7. Lakoju M, Ajienka M, Khanesar M A, Burnap P, Banson D T 2021 Unsupervised learning for product use activity recognition: an exploratory study of a “Chatty Device” Sensor 21 4991

  8. Khanesar M A, Branson D T 2021 Prediction interval identification using interval Type-2 fuzzy logic systems: lake water level prediction using remote sensing data IEEE Sensors J.

  9. Khanesar M A, Lu J, Smith T, Branson D 2021 Electrical load  prediction using interval Type-2 Atanassov Intuitionist fuzzy system: gravitational search algorithm tuning approach Energies 14 3591

  10. Syam W P, Benardos P, Britchford E, Hopkinson A, Branson D T 2021 Outlier removal in biomaterial image segmentations using a non-stationary Bayesian learning Pattern Analysis and Applications 1-20

  11. Jiang X, Senin N, Scott P J, Blayteron F 2021 Feature-based characterisation of surface topography and its application Ann. CIRP in press

  12. Thompson A, Southon N, Fern F, Stupfler G, Leach R K 2021 Efficient empirical determination of maximum permissible error in coordinate metrology Meas. Sci. Technol. 32 106013

  13. Bowler A, Escrig J, Pound M, Watson N J 2021 Predicting alcohol concentration during beer fermentation using ultrasonic measurements and machine learning Fermentation 7 34

  14. Fisher O J, Watson N J, Porcu L, Bacon D, Rigley M, Gomes R L 2021 Multiple target data-driven models to enable sustainable process manufacturing: An industrial bioprocess case study J. Cleaner Produc. 296 126242

  15. Grasso M, Remani A, Dickins A, Colosimo B M, Leach R K 2021 In-situ measurement and monitoring methods for metal powder bed fusion – an updated review Meas. Sci. Technol. 32 112001

  16. Khanesar M A, Bansal R, Martínez-Arellano G, Branson D T 2021 XOR binary gravitational search algorithm with repository: Industry 4.0 applications Appl. Sci. 10 6451

  17. Khanesar M A, Branson D T 2021 Prediction interval identification using interval Type-2 fuzzy logic systems: lake water level prediction using remote sensing data IEEE Sensors in press

  18. Fiderer L J, Tufarelli T, Piano S, Adesso G 2021 General expressions for the quantum Fisher information matrix with applications to discrete quantum imaging PRX Quantum 2 020308

  19. Vanrusselt M, Haitjema H, Leach R K, de Groot P 2021 International comparison of noise in areal surface topography measurements Surf. Topog. Metro. Prop. 9 025015

  20. Shabbir S, Garvey S D, Dakka S M, Rothwell B C, Su R, Leach R K, Weston N 2021 Analysis of the tribological interaction of a polytetrafluoroethylene-lined radial lip oil seal, shaft and lubricant sample Proc. IMechE Part J: J. Eng. Tribology 1-21

  21. Wang J, Zhang Z, Leach R K, Lu W, Xu J 2021 Predistorting projected fringes for high-accuracy 3D phase mapping in fringe projection profilometry IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 70 508209

  22. Zhou X, Dai N, Cheng X, Thompson A, Leach R K 2021 Three-dimensional measurement of powder particles using X-ray computed tomography Additive Manufacturing 40 101913

  23. Chen C, Leach R K, Wang J, Liu X, Jiang X, Lu W 2021 Locally adaptive thresholding centroid localization in confocal microscopy Opt. Lett. 46 1616-1619

  24. Arezki Y, Su R, Heikkinen V, Lepretre F, Psota P, Bitou Y, Kondo Y, Harsch A, Schober C, Mehdi-Souzani C, Pruss C, Anwer N , Alzahrani B A M, Leach R K, Ledl V, Zhang X, Bouazizi M L, Nouir H 2021 Traceable reference full metrology chain for innovative aspheric and freeform optical surfaces accurate at the nanometer level Sensors 21 1103

  25. Su R, Leach R K 2021 Physics-based virtual surface measuring coherence scanning interferometer Light: Adv. Manufac. 2 1-9

  26. Chen Y, Peng P, Kong L, Dong G, Remani A, Leach R K 2021 Defects inspection and post-processing technologies in additive manufacturing J. Extreme Manuf. 3 022002

  27. Su R, Coupland J M, Sheppard C, Leach R K 2021 Scattering and three-dimensional imaging in surface-topography measuring interference microscopy J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 38 A27-A42

  28. Mabwa D, Kubiena T, Parnell H, Su R, Furniss D, Tanga Z, Leach R K, Benson T M, Scotchford C A, Seddon A B 2021 Evaluating the cytotoxicity of Ge-Sb-Se chalcogenide glass optical fibres on 3T3 mouse fibroblasts RSC Advances 11 8682-8693

  29. Leach R K, Haitjema H, Su R, Thompson A 2020 Metrological characteristics for the calibration of surface topography measuring instruments: a review Meas. Sci. Technol. 32 032001

  30. Senin N, Catalucci S, Moretti M, Leach R K 2021 Statistical point cloud model to investigate measurement uncertainty in coordinate metrology Prec. Eng. 70 44-62

  31. Palma V, Goodall R, Thompson A, Ruocco C, Renda S, Leach R K, Martino M 2021 Ceria-coated replicated aluminium sponges as catalysts for the CO-water gas shift process Int. J. Hydrogen Energy 46 12158-12168

Published in 2020

  1.  Rady A M, Guyer D E, Watson N J 2020 Near-infrared spectroscopy and hyperspectral imaging for sugar content evaluation in potatoes over multiple growing seasons Food Anal. Meth. 4 581-595
  2. Simeone A, Woolley E, Escrig J, Watson N J 2020 Intelligent industrial cleaning: A multi sensor approach utilising machine learning-based regression Sensors 20 3642
  3.  Escrig J, Woolley E, Rangappa S, Simeone A, Rady A, Watson N J 2020 Ultrasonic measurements and machine learning for monitoring the removal of surface fouling during clean-in-place processes Food and Bioproducts Processing 1231-13
  4.  Fisher O, Watson N J, Escrig J, Rigley M, Bacon D, Porcu L, Witt R, Gomes R L 2020 Considerations, challenges and opportunities when modelling manufacturing systems Comp. Chem. Eng. 140 106881
  5.  Escrig J, Woolley E, Rangappa S, Simeone A, Watson N J 2020 Monitoring the cleaning of food fouling materials in pipes using ultrasonic measurements and machine learning Food Control 116 107309
  6.  Bowler A L, Bakalis S, Watson N J 2020 Monitoring mixing processes using ultrasonic sensors and machine learning Sensors 201813
  7. Rady A, Fischer J, Reeves S, Logan B, Watson N J 2020 The effect of light intensity, sensor height, and spectral pre-processing when using NIR spectroscopy to identify different allergen containing powdered foods Sensors 20 230
  8.  Fisher O J, Watson N J, Escrig J E, Gomez R L 2020 Intelligent resource use to deliver waste valorisation and process resilience in manufacturing environments Johnson Matthey Technol. Rev. 64 93-99
  9. Shaheen A, Sims-Waterhouse D, Bointon P, Takushima S, Piano S, Leach R K 2021 Characterisation of a multi-view fringe projection system based on the stereo matching of the rectified phase maps Meas. Sci. Technol. 32 045006
  10. Todhunter L, Leach R K, Blayteron F 2020 Mathematical approach to the validation of surface texture filtration software Surf. Topog. Metrol. Prop.8 045017
  11. Moretti M, Rossi A, Senin N 2021 In-process monitoring of part geometry in fused filament fabrication using computer vision and digital twins Addit. Manuf. 37 101609
  12. Zhang H, Eastwood J, Isa M, Sims-Waterhouse D, Leach R K, Piano S 2020 Optimisation of camera positions for optical coordinate measurement based on visible point analysis Prec. Eng. 67 178-188
  13. Leach R K 2020 Mapping metrology intelligently Mater. World Sep. 50-52
  14. Karim S, Piano S, Tolley M, Leach R K 2020 Real-time target alignment system for high-power high-repetition rate laser operations using a five degree-of-freedom hybrid mechanism Int. J. Control
  15. Ellis J, Haitjema H, Jiang X, Joo K-N, Leach R K 2020 Advances in optical metrology and instrumentation: introduction J. Opt. Soc. Am. A37 OMI1 – OMI2
  16. Sun W, Flay N, Brown S, Blumensath T, Su R 2020 Effects of off-focal radiation on dimensional measurements in industrial cone-beam micro-focus X-ray computed tomography systems Prec. Eng. 66 472-481
  17. Rodríguez Sánchez Á, Thompson A, Körner L, Brierley N, Leach R K 2020 Review of the influence of noise in X-ray computed tomography measurement uncertainty Prec. Eng. 66 382-391
  18. Wang J, Lu Y, Ye L, Chen R, Leach R K 2020 Efficient analysis-suitable T-spline fitting for freeform surface reconstruction and intelligent sampling Prec. Eng.66 417-428
  19. Berglund J, Söderberg R, Wärmefjord K, Leach R K, Morse E 2020 Functional tolerancing of surface texture – a review of existing methods Proc. CIRP 92 230-235
  20. Gomez C, Campanelli C, Su R, Leach R K 2020 Surface-process correlation for an ink-jet printed transparent fluoroplastic Surf. Topog. Metrol. Prop.034002
  21. Liu M, Cheung C F, Senin N, Wang S, Su R, Leach R K 2020 On-machine surface defect detection using light scattering and deep learning J. Opt. Soc. Am. A37 B53-B59
  22. Santoso T, Syam W P, Darukumalli S, Cai Y, Helmli F, Luo X, Leach R K 2020 On-machine focus variation measurements for micro-scale hybrid surface texture machining Int. J. Adv. Manufac. Technol. 109 2353–2364
  23. Wang J, Leach R K, Chen R, Xu J, Jiang X 2020 Distortion-free intelligent sampling of sparse surfaces via locally refined T-spline metamodeling Int. J. Prec. Eng. Mach. Green Tech. 1-16
  24. Dickins A, Widjanarko T, Sims-Waterhouse D, Thompson A, Lawes SSenin N and Leach R K 2020 Multi-view fringe projection system for surface topography measurement during metal powder bed fusion J. Opt. Soc. Am. A37 B93-B105
  25. Moretti M, Bianchi F, Senin N 2020 Towards the development of a smart fused filament fabrication system using multi-sensor data fusion for in-process monitoring Rapid Proto. J.26 1249-1269
  26. Catalucci S, Senin N, Sims-Waterhouse D, Ziegelmeier S, Piano S, Leach R K 2020 Measurement of complex freeform additively manufactured parts by structured light and photogrammetry Measurement154 108081
  27. Zorin I, Su R, Heise B, Lendl B and Brandstetter M 2020 Correlative infrared optical coherence tomography andhyperspectral chemical imaging J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 37 B19-B26
  28. Carmignato S, De Chiffre L, Bosse H, Leach R K, Balsamo A, Estler W T 2020 Dimensional artefacts to achieve measurement traceability in advanced manufacturing Ann. CIRP 69 693-716
  29. Eifler M, Hering J, Seewig J, Leach R K, von Freymann G, Hu X, Dai G 2020 Comparison of material measures for areal surface topography measurement instrument calibration Surf. Topog. Metrol. Prop.8 025019
  30. Lewis N, Senin N, Chatzivagiannis E, Smith B, Leach R K 2020 Feature-based characterisation of Ti6Al4V electron beam powder bed fusion surfaces fabricated at different surface orientations Addit. Manuf. 35 101273
  31. Isa M A, Sims-Waterhouse D, Piano S, Leach R K 2020 Volumetric error modelling of a stereo vision system for error correction in photogrammetric three-dimensional coordinate metrology Prec. Eng64 188-199
  32. Thomas M, Su R, Nikolaev N, Coupland J M, Leach R K 2020 Modeling of interference microscopy beyond the linear regime Opt. Eng.59 034110
  33. You X, Wang Y, Leach R K, Gu K , Shi Y, Zhang S, Liu J 2020 Groove width determination in three-dimensional confocal measurement based on a variable point spread function imaging model Appl. Opt.59 3560-3567
  34. Villarraga-Gómez H, Körner L, Leach R K, Smith S T 2020 Amplitude-wavelength maps for X-ray computed tomography systems Prec. Eng.64 228-242
  35. Gomez C, Su R, de Groot P, Leach R K 2020 Noise reduction in coherence scanning interferometry for surface topography measurement Nanomanuf. Metrol. 1-9
  36. Lawes S D A, Kinnell P 2020 Mechanical structures for smart-phone enabled sensing Int. J. Smart Sending Intell. Syst. 7 1-5
  37. de Pastre M-AThompson ASenin N, Quinsat Y, Albajez Garcia J A, Leach R K 2019 Polymer powder bed fusion surface texture measurement Meas. Sci. Technol. 31 055002
  38. Todhunter L, Leach R K, Lawes S, Harris P M, Blateyron F 2020 Mathematical approach to the validation of field surface texture parameters Surf. Topog. Met. Prop.8 015010
  39. Su R, Thomas M, Liu M, Drs J, Bellouard E, Pruss C, Coupland J M, Leach R K 2020 Lens aberration compensation in interference microscopy Opt. Lasers Eng. 128 106015
  40. Bointon P, Todhunter L, Clare A T, Leach R K 2020 Performance verification of a flexible vibration monitoring system Machines 1-17
  41. Rivas Santos V M, Thompson A, Sims-Waterhouse D, Maskery I, Woolliams P, Leach R K 2020Design and characterisation of an additive manufacturing benchmarking artefact following a design-for-metrology approach Addit. Manuf. 32 100964
  42. Liu M Y, Cheung C F, Feng X, Wang C J, Cao Z C 2020 Any-degrees-of-freedom (anyDOF) registration for the characterization of freeform surfaces Prec. Eng.62 170-180
  43. Sims-Waterhouse DIsa M APiano SLeach R K 2020 Uncertainty model for a traceable stereo-photogrammetry system Prec. Eng. 63 1-9

Published in 2019

  • Rady A M, Guyer D E, Donis-González I R, Kirk W, Watson N J 2019 A comparison of different optical instruments and machine learning techniques to identify sprouting activity in potatoes during storage J. Food Meas. Charac. 14 3565-3579

  • Echeta I, Feng X, Dutton B, Piano S, Leach R K 2019 Review of defects in lattice structures manufactured by powder bed fusion Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 1-20
  • Özel T, Altay A, Kaftanoğlu B, Leach R K, Senin N, Donmez A 2019 Focus variation measurement and prediction of surface texture parameters using machine learning in laser powder bed fusion J. Man. Sci. Eng. 142 011008
  • Newton L, Senin N, Smith B, Chatzivagiannis E, Leach R K 2019 Comparison and validation of surface topography segmentation methods for feature-based characterisation of metal powder bed fusion surfaces Surf. Topogr.: Metrol. Prop. 7 045020
  • Meng H, Chronopoulos D, Fabro A T, Elmadih W, Maskery I 2019 Rainbow metamaterials for broadband multi-frequency vibration attenuation: Numerical analysis and experimental validation J. Sound Vib. 115005
  • Gao W, Haitjema H, Fang F Z, Leach R K, Cheung C F, Savio E, Linares J M 2019 On-machine and in-process surface metrology for precision manufacturing Ann. CIRP68 843-866
  • Leach R K, Bourell D, Carmignato S, Donmez A, Senin N, Dewulf W 2019 Geometrical metrology for metal additive manufacturing Ann. CIRP 68 677-700
  • Elmadih W, Chronopoulos D, Syam W P, Maskery I, Meng H, Leach R K 2019 Three-dimensional resonating metamaterials for low frequency vibration attenuation Sci. Rep.9 11503
  • Körner L, Lawes S, Bate D, Newton L, Senin N, Leach R K 2019 Increasing throughput in X-ray computed tomography measurement of surface topography using sinogram interpolation Meas. Sci. Technol.30 125002
  • Lu W, Chen C, Wang J, Leach R K, Liu X, Jiang X 2019 Characterisation of the displacement response in chromatic confocal microscopy with a hybrid radial basis function network Opt. Express27 22737-22752
  • Lu W, Zhu H, Chen C, Wang J, Leach R K, Liu X, Wang J 2019 Fast and accurate peak extraction using mean-shift for chromatic confocal microscopy Meas. Sci. Technol. 30 115104

  • Zhao C, Cheung C F, Liu M 2018 Nanoscale measurement with pattern recognition of an ultra-precision diamond machined polar microstructure Prec. Eng.56 156-163
  • Moretti M, Gambucci G, Leach R K, Senin N 2019 Assessment of surface topography modifications through feature-based registration of areal topography data Surf. Topogr.: Metrol. Props.7 025003
  • Elmadih W, Syam W P, Maskery I, Chronopoulos D, Leach R K 2019 Multidimensional bandgaps in multifunctional lattices for additive manufacturing Materials12 1878
  • Feng X, Senin N, Su R, Ramasamy S, Leach R K 2019 Optical measurement of surface topographies with transparent coatings Opt. Lasers Eng.121 261-270
  • Syam W P, Rybalcenko K, Gaio A, Crabtree J, Leach R K 2019 Methodology for the development of in-line surface measuring instruments with a case study for additive surface finishing Opt. Lasers Eng.121 271-288
  • Wang S, Cheung C F, Liu M 2019 A fiducial-aided data fusion method for the measurement of multiscale complex surfaces Int. J. Adv. Manuf. Technol. 1-9
  • Maculotti G, Feng X, Su R, Galetto M, Leach R K 2019 Residual flatness and scale calibration for a point autofocus surface topography measuring instrument Meas. Sci. Technol. 30 075005
  • Liu M Y, Cheung C F, Feng X, Xang C 2019 Diamond machining of freeform-patterned surfaces on precision rollers Advan. Maunuf. Technol. 1-9
  • Napoli C, Piano S, Leach R K, Adesso G, Tufarelli T 2019 Towards superresolution surface metrology: quantum estimation of angular and axial separations Phys. Rev. Lett.122 140505
  • Susanto S, Karjanto N, Zulkarnain, Nusantara T, Widjanarko T 2019 Soliton and Breather splitting on star graphs from tricrystal Josephson junctions Symmetry11 271
  • Medeossi F, Senin N, Balcon M, Carmignato S, Savio E, Blunt L A 2019 A methodology for 3D geometrical characterisation of microfluidic channels using optical microscopy J. Micromech. Microeng.29 045011
  • Todhunter L, Leach R K, Lawes S, Harris P H, Blateyron F 2019 Mathematical approach to the validation of functional surface texture parameter software Surf. Topogr.: Metrol. Prop.7 015020
  • Pérez P, Syam W P, Albajez J A, Santolaria J, Leach R K 2019 Stitching-free lateral error compensation for focus variation microscopy Meas. Sci. Technol. 30 065002
  • Chen C, Wang J, Leach R K, Lu W, Liu X, Jiang X 2019 Corrected parabolic fitting for height extraction in confocal microscopy Opt. Express27 3682-3696
  • Liu M Y, Cheung C F, Feng X, Ho L T, Yang S M 2019 Gaussian process machine learning-based surface extrapolation method for improvement of the edge effect in surface filtering Measurement 137 214-224
  • Elmadih W, Syam W P, Maskery I, Chronopoulos D, Leach R K 2018 Mechanical vibration bandgaps in surface-based lattices Addit. Manuf.25 421-429
  • Stavroulakis P, Chen S, Derlome C, Bointon P, Tzimiropoulos G, Leach R K 2019 Rapid calibration tracking of extrinsic projector parameters in fringe projection using machine learning Opt. Lasers Eng. 114 7-14
  • Newton LSenin N, Gomez C, Danzl R, Helmli F, Blunt L A, Leach R K 2019 Areal topography measurement of metal additive surfaces using focus variation microscopy Additive Manufacturing25 365-389
  • Wang J, Pagani L, Zhou L, Liu X, Lu W, Leach R K, Jiang X 2018 Uncertainty-guided intelligent sampling strategy for high-efficiency surface measurement via free-flowing B-spline regression modelling Prec. Eng.56 38-52

Published in 2018

  1. Chen S, Cheung C F, Zhang F, Liu M 2018 Optimization of tool path for uniform scallop‑height in ultra‑precision grinding of free‑form surfaces Nanomanuf. Metrol. 2 215-224


    Zorin I, Su R, Prylepa A, Kilgus J, Brandstetter M, Heise B 2018 Mid-infrared Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography with a pyroelectric linear array Opt. Express 26 33428-33439
  3. Wang S, Cheung C F, Ren M, Liu M 2018 Fiducial-aided on-machine positioning method for precision manufacturing of optical freeform surfaces Opt. Express 26 18928-18943
  4. Wang J, Su R, Leach R K, Lu W, Jiang X 2018 Resolution enhancement for topography measurement of high-dynamic-range surfaces via image fusion Opt. Express 26 34805-34818
  5. Catalucci S, Marsili R, Moretti M, Rossi G 2018 Point cloud processing techniques and image analysis comparisons for boat shapes measurements ACTA IMEKO 7 39-44
  6. Townsend A, Racasan R, Leach R K, Senin N, Thompson A, Ramsey A, Bate D, Woolliams P, Brown S, Blunt L A 2018 An interlaboratory comparison of X-ray computed tomography measurement for texture and dimensional characterisation of additively manufactured parts Addit. Manuf. 23 422-432
  7. Speidel A, Su R, Mitchell-Smith J, Dryburgh P, Bisterov I, Pieris D, Li W, Patel R, Clark M, Clare A T 2018 Crystallographic texture can be rapidly determined by electrochemical surface analytics Acta Materialia159 89-101
  8. Southon N, Stavroulakis P, Goodridge R, Leach R K 2018 In-process measurement and monitoring of a polymer laser sintering powder bed with fringe projection Materials & Design 157 227-234
  9. Senin N, Leach R K 2018 Information-rich surface metrology Commercial Micro Manufacturing8 26-29
  10. Brown C A, Hansen H N, Jiang X, Blateyron F, Berglund J, Senin N, Bartkowiak T, Dixon B, Goïc G L, Quinsat Y, Stemp W J, Thompson M K, Ungar P S, Zahouani H 2018 Multiscale analyses and characterizations of surface topographies Ann. CIRP67 839-862
  11. Ampatzidis T, Tuck T, Chronopoulos D, Leach R K 2018 Band gap behaviour of optimal one-dimensional composite structures with an additive manufactured stiffener Composites Part B 153 26-35
  12. Murray J, Cook R B, Senin N, Algodi S, Clare A T 2018 Defect-free TiC/Si multi-layer electrical discharge coatings Materials & design 155 352-365
  13. Catalucci S, Marsili R, Moretti M, Rossi G 2018 Comparison between point cloud processing techniques Measurement 127 221-226
  14. Wu J, Bin D, Feng X, Wen Z, Zhang Y 2018 GA based adaptive singularity-robust path planning of space robot for on-orbit detection Complexity 2018 3702916
  15. Liu M Y, Cheung C F, Feng X, Wan C J, Leach R K 2018 A self-calibration rotational stitching method for precision measurement of revolving surfaces Prec. Eng. 54 60-69
  16. Senin N , Leach R K  2018 Information-rich surface metrology Proc. CIRP 75 19-26
  17. Karim S , Piano S , Leach R K , Tolley M 2018 Error modelling and validation of a high-precision five degree of freedom hybrid mechanism for high-power high-repetition rate laser operations Prec. Eng. 54 182-197
  18. Syam W P, Leach R K, Rybalcenko K, Gaio A, Crabtree J 2018 In-process measurement of the surface quality for a novel finishing process for polymer additive manufacturing Proc. CIRP 75 108-113
  19. Feng X, Su R, Happonen T, Liu J, Leach R K 2018 Fast and cost-effective in-process defect inspection for printed electronics based on coherent optical processing Opt. Express 26 13927-13937
  20. Leach R K, Sims-Waterhouse D, Medossi F, Savio E, Carmignato S, Su R 2018 Fusion of photogrammetry and coherence scanning interferometry data for all-optical coordinate measurement Ann. CIRP67 599-602
  21. Cheung C F, Liu M, Leach R K, Feng X, Zhao C 2018 Hierarchical-information-based characterization of multiscale structured surfaces Ann. CIRP67 539-542
  22. Aburayt A, Syam W P, Leach R K 2018 Lateral scale calibration for focus variation microscopy Meas. Sci. Technol.29 065012
  23. Maculotti G, Feng X, Galetto M, Leach R K 2018 Noise evaluation of a point autofocus surface topography measuring instrument Meas. Sci. Technol.29 065008
  24. Thompson A, Senin N, Maskery I, Leach R K 2018 Effects of magnification and sampling resolution in X-ray computed tomography for the measurement of additively manufactured metal surfaces Prec. Eng.53 54-64
  25. Thompson A, Senin N, Maskery I, Körner L, Lawes S D A, Leach R K 2018 Internal surface measurement of metal powder bed fusion parts Additiv. Manuf. 20 126-133
  26. Moroni G, Syam W P, Petrò S 2018 A simulation method to estimate task-specific uncertainty in 3D microscopy Measurement122 402-416
  27. Su RThomas MLeach R K, Coupland J M 2018 Effects of defocus on transfer function of coherence scanning interferometry Opt. Lett. 43 82-85
  28. Vaithilingham J, Saleh E, Körner L, Wildman R D, Hague R J, Leach R K, Tuck C J 2018 Three-dimensional inkjet printing of macro structures from silver nanoparticles Materials & Design 81-88
  29. Senin NThompson ALeach R K 2018 Feature-based characterisation of signature topography in laser powder bed fusion of metals Meas. Sci. Technol. 29 045009
  30. Syam W P, Jianwei W, Zhao B, Maskery I, Elmadih WLeach R K 2018 Design and analysis of strut-based lattice structures for vibration isolation Precis. Eng.52 494-505

Published in 2017

  1. Bianconi F, Filippucci M, Catalucci S 2017 LINE AND POINTS. Critical analysis of evolution of archaeological survey in forty years of experiences in Umbria DISEGNARECON 10 E4.1-E4.20
  2. Everton S, Dickens P, Tuck C, Dutton B 2017 Using laser ultrasound to detect subsurface defects in metal laser powder bed fusion components JOM 1-6
  3. Shi S, Lin J, Xu X, Feng X, Piano S 2017 Manufacturing-error-based maintenance for high-precision machine tools Int. J. Adv. Manufac. Technol. 95 205-217
  4. Catalucci S, Bianconi F, Filippucci M, Rossi G 2017 Drawing, survey, measurement to analyse the reliability of photomodelling for Cultural Heritage J. Comp. Appl. Archaeol. in press
  5. Bianconi F, Catalucci S, Filippucci M, Marsili R, Moretti M, Rossi G, Speranzini E 2017 Comparison between two non-contact techniques for art digitalization J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 882 012005
  6. Land P, Stavroulakis P, Crossley R, Bointon P, Brookes H, Wright J, Ratchev S, Branson D 2017 Evaluation of thermal roll formed thick composite panels using surface NDT methods SAE Int. J. Mater. Manuf. 11 37-42
  7. Özel T, Altay A, Domez A, Leach R K 2017 Surface topography investigations on nickel alloy 625 fabricated via laser powder bed fusion Int. J. Adv. Manufac. Technol. 94 4451-4458
  8. Stavroulakis P, Sims-Waterhouse D, Piano S, Leach R K 2017 A flexible decoupled camera and projector fringe projection system using inertial sensors Opt. Eng. 56 104106
  9. Xu Z, Hyde C J, Thompson A, Leach R K, Maskery I, Tuck C, Clare A 2017 Staged thermomechanical testing of nickel superalloys produced by selective laser melting Material & Design 113 520-527
  10. Smith I M, Harris P M, Todhunter L, Leach R K, Giusca C L, Jiang X, Scott P J 2017 Algorithms and software for areal surface texture function and feature parameters Meas. Sci. Technol. 28 105008
  11. Leach R K, Senin N, Feng X, Stavroulakis P, Su R, Syam W P, Widjanarko T 2017 Information-rich metrology: changing the game Commercial Micro Manufacturing 8 33-39
  12. Gomez C, Thompson A, Su R, DiSciacca J, Lawes S, Leach R K 2017 Optimization of surface measurement for metal additive manufacturing using coherence scanning interferometry Opt. Eng. 56 111714
  13. Senin N, Thompson A, Leach R K 2017 Characterisation of the topography of metal additive surface features with different measurement technologies Meas. Sci. Technol. 28 095003
  14. Feng X, Pascal J, Lawes S 2017 A microscopy approach for in situ inspection of the μCMM stylus for contamination Meas. Sci. Technol. 28 095010
  15. Nasrollahi V, Penchev P, Dimov S, Körner L, Leach R K, Kynghan K 2017 Two-side processing method for producing high-aspect ratio micro holes ASME J. Micro Nano. Manufac. 5 041006-14
  16. Todhunter L, Leach R K, Lawes S, Blayteron F 2017 Industrial survey of ISO surface texture parameters CIRP J. Manuf. Sci. Technol. 19 84-92
  17. Ekberg P, Su R, Leach R K 2017 High-precision lateral distortion measurement and correction in coherence scanning interferometry using an arbitrary surface Opt. Express 25 18703-18712
  18. Thompson A, McNally D, Maskery I, Leach R K 2017 X-ray computed tomography for additive manufacturing in medicine: a review Int. J. Metrol. Qual. Eng. 8 17
  19. Liu M Y, Cheung C F, Cheng C H, Su R, Leach R K 2017 A Gaussian process and image registration based stitching method for high dynamic range measurement of precision surfaces Precis. Eng. 50 99-106
  20. Thompson ASenin N, Giusca C L, Leach R K 2017 Topography of selectively laser melted surfaces: A comparison of different measurement methods Ann. CIRP 66 543-546
  21. Alblalaihid KOverton J, Lawes S, Kinnell P, 2017 A 3D-printed polymer micro-gripper with self-defined electrical tracks and thermal actuator J. Micromech. Microeng. 27 045019
  22. Todhunter L, Leach R K, Lawes S, Blateyron F 2017 An analysis of Type F2 software measurement standards for profile surface texture parameters Meas. Sci. Technol. 28 065017
  23. Sims-Waterhouse D, Piano S, Leach R K 2017 Verification of micro-scale photogrammetry for smooth three-dimensional object measurement Meas. Sci. Technol. 28 055010
  24. Su R, Wang Y, Coupland J M, Leach R K 2017 On tilt and curvature dependent errors and the calibration of coherence scanning interferometers Opt. Express 25 3297-3310
  25. Vaithilingam J, Simonelli M, Saleh E, Senin N, Wildman R D, Hague R J M, Leach R K, Tuck C J 2017 Combined inkjet printing and infra-red sintering of silver nanoparticles using a swathe-by-swathe and layer-by-layer approach for 3-dimensional structures ACS Appl. Mat. Interf. 9 6560-6570
  26. Pala Z, Shaw E, Murray J W, Senin N, Hussain T 2017 Suspension high velocity oxy-fuel spraying of TiO2: A quantitative approach to phase composition J. Eur. Cer. Scie. 37 801-810
  27. Feng X, Kinnell P K, Lawes S 2017 Development of CO2 snow cleaning for in situ cleaning of μCMM stylus tips Meas. Sci. Technol. 28 015007
  28. Moroni G, Syam W P, Petro S 2017 Performance verification of a 4-axis focus variation co-ordinate measuring system IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 67 113-121
  29. Hirsch M, Patel R, Li W, Guan G, Leach R K, Sharples S D, Clare A T 2016 Assessing the capability of in-situ nondestructive analysis during layer based additive manufacture Additiv. Manuf. 17 135-142
  30. Wang J, Pagani L, Leach R K, Zeng W, Colosimo B M, Zhou L 2017 Study of weighted fusion methods for the measurement of surface geometry Precis. Eng. 47 111–121
  31. Senin N, Moretti M, Leach R K 2017 Shape descriptors and statistical classification on areal topography data for tile inspection in tessellated surfaces Measurement 95 82-92
  32. Shaheen A, Sturm J M, Ricciardi R, Huskens J, Lee C J, Bijkerk F 2017 Characterization of self-assembled monolayers on a ruthenium surface Langmuir 33 6419-6426

Published in 2016

  1. Piani M, Cianciaruso M, Bromley T R, Napoli C, Johnston N, Adesso G 2016 Robustness of asymmetry and coherence of quantum states Phys. Rev. A 93 042107 
  2. Napoli C, Bromley T R, Cianciaruso M, Piani M, Johnston N, Adesso G 2016 Robustness of coherence: An operational and observable measure of quantum coherence Phys. Rev. Lett. 116 150502
  3. Hirsch M, Dedenbach J, Lawes S, Clare A T 2016 Focussed arc tungsten inert gas brazing of zinc-coated steels Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng. J B. Eng. Manuf. 0954405416639901
  4. Lewis A J, Campbell M, Stavroulakis P 2016 Performance evaluation of a cheap, open source, digital environmental monitor based on the Raspberry Pi Measurement 87 228-235
  5. McKee C, Culshaw B, Leach R K 2016 Laser ultrasound measurement of diaphragm thickness, Young’s modulus and Poisson’s ratio in a MEMS device IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 23 2700108
  6. Chesna J W, Wiedmaier B F, Wang J, Samara A, Leach R K, Her T H, Smith, S T 2016 Aerial wetting contact angle measurement using confocal microscopy Meas. Sci. Technol. 27 125202
  7. Townsend A, Senin N, Blunt L, Leach R K, Taylor J 2016 Surface texture metrology for metal additive manufacturing: a review Precis. Eng. 46 34-47
  8. Guang G, Hirsch M, Syam W P, Leach R K, Huang Z, Clare A T 2016 Loose powder detection and surface characterization in selective laser sintering via optical coherence tomography Proc. R. Soc. A 472 20160201
  9. Moschetti G, Forbes A, Leach R K, Jiang X, O'Connor D 2016 Quadrature wavelength scanning interferometry Appl. Opt. 55 5332-5342 
  10. Tosello G, Haitjema H, Leach R K, Quagliotti D, Gasparin S, Hansen H N 2016 An international comparison of surface texture parameters quantification on polymer artefacts using optical instruments Ann. CIRP 65 529-532
  11. Leach R K 2016 Metrology for additive manufacturing Meas. Contrl. 49 132-153
  12. Thompson A, Maskery I, Leach R K 2016 X-ray computed tomography for additive manufacturing: a review Meas. Sci. Tech 27 072001
  13. Moschetti G, Forbes A, Leach R K, Jiang X, O'Connor D 2016 Phase and fringe order determination in wavelength scanning interferometry Optics Express 24 258089
  14. Moroni G, Syam W P, Petro S 2016 Comparison of chaos optimization functions for performance improvement of fitting of non-linear geometries Measurement 86 79-92
  15. Alblalaihid K, Kinnell P, Lawes S, Desgaches D, Leach R K 2016 Performance assessment of a new variable stiffness probing system for micro-CMMs Sensors 16 492
  16. Stavroulakis P I, Leach R K 2016 Review of post-process optical form metrology for industrial-grade metal additive manufactured parts Rev. Sci. Instrum. 87 041101
  17. MacAulay G D, Senin N, Giusca C L, Leach R K 2016 Study of manufacturing and measurement reproducibility on laser textured structured surfaces Measurement 94 942-948
  18. Lawes S, Feng X 2016 In-situ cleaning of μCMM stylus using CO2 snow Commercial Micro Manufacturing 2 28-31
  19. Everton S K, Hirsch M, Stavroulakis P, Leach R K, Clare A T 2015 Review of in-situ process monitoring and in-situ metrology for additive manufacturing Materials and Design 95 431-445
  20. Maskery I, Aboulkhair N T, Corfeld M R, Tuck C, Clare A T, Leach R K, Wildman R D, Ashcroft I A, Hague R J M 2016 Quantification and characterisation of porosity in selectively laser melted Al-Si10-Mg using X-ray computed tomography J. Mater. Process. Technol. 111 192-204
  21. Allwood J, Baines-Jones V, Childs T, Clare A, De Silva A, Dhokia V, Hutchings I, Leach R K, Leahy W, Ayala D, Louth S, Majewski C, Marzano A, Mehnen J, Nassehi A, Ozturk E, Raffles M, Roy R, Shyha I, Turner S 2016 Manufacturing at double the speed Mat. Process. Technol. 229 729-757
  22. Feng X, Wong Y S, Hong G S 2016 Characterization and geometric modeling of single and overlapping craters in micro-EDM Mach. Sci. Technol. 20 79-98

Published in 2015

  1. Alblalaihid K, Lawes S, Kinnel P 2015 Variable stiffness probing systems for micro-coordinate measuring machines Precis. Eng. 43 262-269
  2. Alblalaihid K, Kinnel P, Lawes S 2015 Fabrication and characterization of a novel smart suspension for micro-CMM probes Sensor Actuat. A-Phys. 232 368-375
  3. Overton J K, Kinnell P, Lawes S D A, Ratchev S 2015 High precision self-alignment using liquid surface tension for additively manufactured micro components Precis. Eng. 40 230-240
  4. O’Connor D, Henning A, Sherlock B, Leach R K, Giusca C L 2015 Model-based defect detection on structured surfaces having unresolved features Appl. Opt. 54 8872-8877
  5. Ferrucci M, Leach R K, Giusca C L, Dewulf W, Carmignato S 2015 Towards geometrical calibration of X-ray computed tomography systems – A review Meas. Sci. Technol. 26 092003
  6. Leach R K, Giusca C L, Haitjema H, Evans C, Jiang X 2015 Calibration and verification of areal surface texture measuring instruments Ann. CIRP 64 797-813
  7. Senin N, Leach R K, Stefano P, Blunt L A 2015 Texture-based segmentation with Gabor filters, wavelet and pyramid decompositions for extracting individual surface features from areal surface topography maps Meas. Sci. Technol. 26 095405
  8. He B, Petzing J, Webb P, Leach R K 2015 Improving copper plating adhesion on glass using laser machining techniques and areal surface texture parameters Opt. Las. Eng. 79 39-47
  9. Li Y, Wu J, Feng G, Nute J, Piano S, Hackermuller L, Ma J, Xiao L, Jia S 2015 Enhanced Raman sideband cooling of caesium atoms in a vapour-loaded magneto-optical trap Laser Phys. Lett. 12 055501
  10. Moroni G, Syam W P, Petro S 2015 Functionality-based part orientation in additive manufacturing Procedia CIRP 36 217-222
  11. Moroni G, Syam W P, Petro S 2015 Toward early estimation of part accuracy in additive manufacturing Procedia CIRP 21 300-305
  12. Leach R K, de Groot P J 2015 The standards rash – is there a cure? Int. J. Metrol. Qual. Eng. 6 101-105
  13. MaCauley G, Senin N, Giusca C L, Leach R K, Ivanov A 2015 Review of feature boundary identification techniques for the characterisation of tessellated surfaces Surf. Topog.: Met. Props 3 013002
  14. Wang J, Leach R K, Jiang X 2015 Review of the data fusion techniques in surface metrology Surf. Topog.: Met. Props 3 023001
  15. Leach R K, Giusca C L, Cox D, Guttmann M, Jakobs P-J, Rubert P 2015 Development of low-cost material measures for calibration of the metrological characteristics of surface topography instruments Ann. CIRP 64 545-548
  16. Zhang S Y, Hainsworth S V, Lawes S 2015 Temperature dependence of low cycle fatigue behavior in AZ31 magnesium alloy Materials Today: Proceedings 2 S243-S250
  17. Shaheen A, Majeed H, Anwar M S 2015 Ultralarge magneto-optical rotations and rotary dispersion in the terbium gallium garnet single crystal Appl. Opt. 52 5549-5554
  18. Anwar M S, Majeed H, Shaheen A 2015 Analyzing combinations of circular birefringence, linear birefringence and elliptical dichroism in magneto-optical rotators J. Mod. Opt. 62 75-84

Published in 2014

  1. Alshmri F, Atkinson H V, Hainsworth S V, Haidon C, Lawes S D A 2014 Dry sliding wear of aluminium-high silicon hypereutectic alloys Wear 313 106-116
  2. Hirsch M, Dedenbach J, Lawes S, Clare A T 2014 In situ low-cost and adaptable braze tool evaluation system with vision analysis Proc. Inst. Mech. Eng., B J. Eng. Manuf. 229 1595-1602
  3. Leach R K, Sherlock B 2014 Applications of super-resolution imaging in the field of surface topography measurement Surf. Topog.: Met. Props. 2 123001
  4. Adesso G, Piano S 2014 Theory of genuine tripartite nonlocality of Gaussian states Phys. Rev. Lett. 112 010401
  5. Mandal R, Coupland J M, Leach R K, Mansfield D 2014 Coherence scanning interferometry: measurement and correction of 3D transfer and point-spread characteristics Appl. Opt. 53 1554-1563
  6. Moroni G, Syam W P, Petro S 2014 Performance improvement for optimization of the non-linear geometric fitting problem in manufacturing metrology Meas. Sci. Tech. 25 085008
  7. Moroni G, Petro S, Syam W P 2014 Four axis micro measuring systems performance verification Ann. CIRP 63 485-488
  8. Leach R K, Giusca C L, Rickens K, Riemer O, Rubert P 2014 Development of a low-cost artefact for performance verifying surface topography measuring instruments Surf. Topog.: Met. Props. 2 025002
  9. Su R, Kirillin M, Chang E W, Sergeeva E, Yun S H, Mattsson L 2014 Perspectives of mid-infrared optical coherence tomography for inspection and micrometrology of industrial ceramics Opt. Express 22 15804-15819
  10. Su R, Ekberg P, Leitner M, Mattsson L 2014 Accurate and automated image segmentation of 3D optical coherence tomography data suffering from low signal-to-noise levels J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 31 2551-2560
  11. Ekberg P, Su R, Chang E W, Yun S H, Mattsson L 2014 Fast and accurate metrology of multi-layered ceramic materials by an automated boundary detection algorithm developed for optical coherence tomography data J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 31 217-226
  12. Senin N, MaCaulay G, Giusca C L, Leach R K 2014 On the characterization of periodic patterns in tessellated surfaces Surf. Topog.: Met. Props. 2 025005
  13. Giusca C L, Claverley J D, Sun W, Leach R K, Helmli F, Chavigner M P J 2014 Practical estimation of measurement noise and flatness deviation on focus variation microscopes Ann. CIRP 63 545-548
  14. Evans A A, MacDonald D A, Giusca C L, Leach R K 2014 New method development in prehistoric stone tool research: vvaluating use duration and data analysis protocols Micron 65 69–75
  15. Leach R K, Weckenmann A, Coupland J M, Hartmann W 2104 Interpreting the probe-surface interaction of surface measuring instruments, or what is a surface? Surf. Topog.: Met. Props. 2 035001
  16. Claverley J D, Leach R K 2014 A review of the existing calibration infrastructure for micro-CMMs Precision Engineering 39 1-15
  17. MaCauley G, Senin N, Giusca C L, Leach R K 2014 Comparison of segmentation techniques to determine the geometric parameters of structured surfaces Surf. Topog.: Met. Props. 2 044004
  18. Tan J, Wang C, Wang Y, Wang W, Liu J, Leach R K, Hao L 2014 Long working distance microscope with a low obscuration aspherical Schwarzschild objective Opt. Lett. 39 6699-6702
  19. Leach R K, Evans C, He L, Davies A, Duparré A, Henning A, Jones C J, O'Connor D 2014 Open questions is surface topography measurement: a roadmap Surf. Topog.: Met. Props. 3  013001
  20. Triantaphyllou A, Giusca C L, MaCaulay G D, Leach R K, Tomita B, Milne K A 2014 Surface texture measurement for additive manufacturing Surf. Topog.: Met. Props. 3 024002
  21. Alblalaihid K, Kirk T, Lawes S, Kinnel P 2014 Fabrication of a smart suspension structure of micro tactile probing Procedia Eng. 87 1164-1167
  22. Colosimo B M, Pacella M, Senin N 2014 Multisensor data fusion via Gaussian process models for dimensional and geometric verification Precis. Eng. 40 199–213
  23. Alshmri F, Atkinson H V, Hainsworth S V, Haidon C, Lawes S 2014 Dry sliding Wear of aluminium-high silicon hypereutectic alloys Wear 313 106-116
  24. Alam J, Shaheen A, Anwar M S 2014 Accessing select properties of the electron with ImageJ: an open-source image-processing paradigm Eur. J. Phys. 35 015011

Manufacturing Metrology Team

Room B38 Advanced Manufacturing Building
Jubilee Campus
Wollaton Road
Nottingham, NG8 1BB