Centre for Evidence Based Hand Surgery
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Carpal pathology

 

Scaphoid fractures - general

Management of displaced fractures of the waist of the scaphoid: meta-analyses of comparative studies.
Singh HP, Taub N, Dias JJ.
Injury. 2012 Jun;43(6):933-9. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2012.02.012. Epub 2012 Mar 15.

Sport injuries: a review of outcomes.
Maffulli N, Longo UG, Gougoulias N, Caine D, Denaro V.
Br Med Bull. 2011;97:47-80. doi: 10.1093/bmb/ldq026. Epub 2010 Aug 14.

 
Scaphoid fractures - diagnosis & evaluation

Computed tomography versus magnetic resonance imaging versus bone scintigraphy for clinically suspected scaphoid fractures in patients with negative plain radiographs.
Le Guillou WH, Wang J, Poolman RW, Kloen P, Maas M, de Vet HC, Doornberg JN.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Jun 5;6:CD010023. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD010023.pub2.

Review article: Best practice management of closed hand and wrist injuries in the emergency department (part 5 of the musculoskeletal injuries rapid review series).
Strudwick K, McPhee M, Bell A, Martin-Khan M, Russell T.
Emerg Med Australas. 2018 May 24. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12969. [Epub ahead of print]

Ultrasound for diagnosing radiographically occult scaphoid fracture.
Kwee RM, Kwee TC.
Skeletal Radiol. 2018 Sep;47(9):1205-1212. doi: 10.1007/s00256-018-2931-7. Epub 2018 Apr 4.

The diagnostic accuracy of cross-sectional imaging for detecting acute scaphoid fractures in children: a systematic review.
Offiah AC, Burke D.
Br J Radiol. 2018 Jun;91(1086):20170883. doi: 10.1259/bjr.20170883. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

The economic evidence for advanced imaging in the diagnosis of suspected scaphoid fractures: systematic review of evidence.
Rua T, Parkin D, Goh V, McCrone P, Gidwani S.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2018 Jul;43(6):642-651. doi: 10.1177/1753193417742553. Epub 2017 Nov 27.

Is there a trend in CT scanning scaphoid nonunions for deformity assessment?-A systematic review.
Ten Berg PWL, de Roo MGA, Maas M, Strackee SD.
Eur J Radiol. 2017 Jun;91:124-129. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2017.03.023. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Classifications of acute scaphoid fractures: a systematic literature review.
Ten Berg PW, Drijkoningen T, Strackee SD, Buijze GA.
J Wrist Surg. 2016 May;5(2):152-9. doi: 10.1055/s-0036-1571280. Epub 2016 Jan 15.

Clinical diagnostic evaluation for scaphoid fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Mallee WH, Henny EP, van Dijk CN, Kamminga SP, van Enst WA, Kloen P.
J Hand Surg Am. 2014 Sep;39(9):1683-1691.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.06.004. Epub 2014 Aug 1.

Adult scaphoid fracture.
Carpenter CR, Pines JM, Schuur JD, Muir M, Calfee RP, Raja AS.
Acad Emerg Med. 2014 Feb;21(2):101-21. doi: 10.1111/acem.12317.

Diagnostic accuracy of imaging modalities for suspected scaphoid fractures: meta-analysis combined with latent class analysis.
Yin ZG, Zhang JB, Kan SL, Wang XG.
J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2012 Aug;94(8):1077-85. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.94B8.28998.

Towards evidence based emergency medicine: best BETs from the Manchester Royal Infirmary. BET 1. Clinical tests for scaphoid fractures.
Callaghan M.
Emerg Med J. 2011 Apr;28(4):332-4. doi: 10.1136/emj.2011.113910.

 
Scaphoid fractures - treatments

A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing surgical versus conservative treatments for acute undisplaced or minimally-displaced scaphoid fractures.
Al-Ajmi TA, Al-Faryan KH, Al-Kanaan NF, Al-Khodair AA, Al-Faryan TH, Al-Oraini MI, Bassas AF.
Clin Orthop Surg. 2018 Mar;10(1):64-73. doi: 10.4055/cios.2018.10.1.64. Epub 2018 Feb 27.

Management modalities and outcomes following acute scaphoid fractures in children: A quantitative review and meta-analysis.
Shaterian A, Santos PJF, Lee CJ, Evans GRD, Leis A.
Hand (N Y). 2017 Oct 1:1558944717735948. doi: 10.1177/1558944717735948. [Epub ahead of print]

The scaphoid staple: A systematic review.
Dunn J, Kusnezov N, Fares A, Mitchell J, Pirela-Cruz M.
Hand (N Y). 2017 May;12(3):236-241. doi: 10.1177/1558944716658747. Epub 2016 Jul 7.

Low intensity pulsed ultrasound for bone healing: systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
Schandelmaier S, Kaushal A, Lytvyn L, Heels-Ansdell D, Siemieniuk RA, Agoritsas T, Guyatt GH, Vandvik PO, Couban R, Mollon B, Busse JW.
BMJ. 2017 Feb 22;356:j656. doi: 10.1136/bmj.j656.

A systematic review and meta-analysis examining the differences between nonsurgical management and percutaneous fixation of minimally and nondisplaced scaphoid fractures.
Alnaeem H, Aldekhayel S, Kanevsky J, Neel OF.
J Hand Surg Am. 2016 Dec;41(12):1135-1144.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2016.08.023. Epub 2016 Oct 1.

Comparison of dorsal and volar percutaneous approaches in acute scaphoid fractures: A meta-analysis.
Kang KB, Kim HJ, Park JH, Shin YS.
PLoS One. 2016 Sep 9;11(9):e0162779. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0162779. eCollection 2016.

Comparison of operative and non-operative treatment of acute undisplaced or minimally-displaced scaphoid fractures: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Shen L, Tang J, Luo C, Xie X, An Z, Zhang C.
PLoS One. 2015 May 5;10(5):e0125247. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0125247. eCollection 2015.

Non-operative treatment versus percutaneous fixation for minimally displaced scaphoid waist fractures in high demand young manual workers.
Majeed H.
J Orthop Traumatol. 2014 Dec;15(4):239-44. doi: 10.1007/s10195-014-0293-z. Epub 2014 Apr 30.

Acute fractures of the scaphoid bone: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
Alshryda S, Kempton A, Odak S, Al-Shryda J, Ilango B, Murali SR.
Surgeon. 2012 Aug;10(4):218-29. doi: 10.1016/j.surge.2012.03.004. Epub 2012 May 15.

Surgical versus nonsurgical treatment of acute minimally displaced and undisplaced scaphoid waist fractures: pairwise and network meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials.
Ibrahim T, Qureshi A, Sutton AJ, Dias JJ.
J Hand Surg Am. 2011 Nov;36(11):1759-1768.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2011.08.033.

A systematic review of the treatment of acute fractures of the scaphoid.
Symes TH, Stothard J.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2011 Nov;36(9):802-10. doi: 10.1177/1753193411412151. Epub 2011 Jun 23.

Nonoperative treatment for acute scaphoid fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Doornberg JN, Buijze GA, Ham SJ, Ring D, Bhandari M, Poolman RW.
J Trauma. 2011 Oct;71(4):1073-81. doi: 10.1097/TA.0b013e318222f485.

Towards evidence based emergency medicine: best BETs from the Manchester Royal Infirmary. BET 2: do wrist splints need to have a thumb extension when immobilising suspected scaphoid fractures?
Al-Nahhas S.
Emerg Med J. 2011 Dec;28(12):1075-6. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2011-200894. 

 
Scaphoid nonunion

Distal scaphoid excision in treatment of symptomatic scaphoid nonunion: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
Mayfield CK, Gould DJ, Dusch M, Mostofi A.
Hand (N Y). 2018 Feb 1:1558944718760002. doi: 10.1177/1558944718760002. [Epub ahead of print]

Bone graft in the treatment of nonunion of the scaphoid with necrosis of the proximal pole: a literature review.
Severo AL, Lemos MB, Lech OLC, Barreto Filho D, Strack DP, Candido LK.
Rev Bras Ortop. 2017 Oct 27;52(6):638-643. doi: 10.1016/j.rboe.2016.11.011. eCollection 2017 Nov-Dec.

Operative management for pediatric and adolescent scaphoid nonunions: A meta-analysis.
Jauregui JJ, Seger EW, Hesham K, Walker SE, Abraham R, Abzug JM.
J Pediatr Orthop. 2017 Dec 15. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000000916. [Epub ahead of print]

A critical appraisal of vascularized bone grafting for scaphoid nonunion.
Alluri RK, Yin C, Iorio ML, Leland H, Mack WJ, Patel K.
J Wrist Surg. 2017 Aug;6(3):251-257. doi: 10.1055/s-0036-1597575. Epub 2016 Dec 8.

Is there a trend in CT scanning scaphoid nonunions for deformity assessment?-A systematic review.
Ten Berg PWL, de Roo MGA, Maas M, Strackee SD.
Eur J Radiol. 2017 Jun;91:124-129. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2017.03.023. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

Healing of fracture nonunions treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS): A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Leighton R, Watson JT, Giannoudis P, Papakostidis C, Harrison A, Steen RG.
Injury. 2017 Jul;48(7):1339-1347. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2017.05.016. Epub 2017 May 15.

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound for nonoperative treatment of scaphoid nonunions: A meta-analysis.
Seger EW, Jauregui JJ, Horton SA, Davalos G, Kuehn E, Stracher MA.
Hand (N Y). 2017 Apr 1:1558944717702470. doi: 10.1177/1558944717702470. [Epub ahead of print]

Low intensity pulsed ultrasound for bone healing: systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
Schandelmaier S, Kaushal A, Lytvyn L, Heels-Ansdell D, Siemieniuk RA, Agoritsas T, Guyatt GH, Vandvik PO, Couban R, Mollon B, Busse JW.
BMJ. 2017 Feb 22;356:j656. doi: 10.1136/bmj.j656.

Scaphoid fracture non-union: a systematic review of surgical treatment using bone graft.
Ferguson DO, Shanbhag V, Hedley H, Reichert I, Lipscombe S, Davis TR.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2016 Jun;41(5):492-500. doi: 10.1177/1753193415604778. Epub 2015 Sep 30.

Enhancement of bone-healing by low-intensity pulsed ultrasound: A systematic review.
Rutten S, van den Bekerom MP, Sierevelt IN, Nolte PA.
JBJS Rev. 2016 Mar 29;4(3). pii: 01874474-201603000-00006. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.RVW.O.00027.

Comparative meta-analysis on the various vascularized bone flaps used for the treatment of scaphoid non-union.
Ditsios K, Konstantinidis I, Agas K, Christodoulou A.
J Orthop Res. 2017 May;35(5):1076-1085. doi: 10.1002/jor.23242. Epub 2017 Apr 13.

Treatment of scaphoid nonunion: a systematic review of the existing evidence.
Pinder RM, Brkljac M, Rix L, Muir L, Brewster M.
J Hand Surg Am. 2015 Sep;40(9):1797-1805.e3. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2015.05.003. Epub 2015 Jun 24.

Graft choice in the management of unstable scaphoid nonunion: a systematic review.
Sayegh ET, Strauch RJ.
J Hand Surg Am. 2014 Aug;39(8):1500-6.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.05.009. Epub 2014 Jul 3.

The use of the free vascularised bone graft for nonunion of the scaphoid: a systematic review.
Al-Jabri T, Mannan A, Giannoudis P.
J Orthop Surg Res. 2014 Apr 1;9:21. doi: 10.1186/1749-799X-9-21.

Union rates after proximal scaphoid fractures; meta-analyses and review of available evidence.
Eastley N, Singh H, Dias JJ, Taub N.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2013 Oct;38(8):888-97. doi: 10.1177/1753193412451424. Epub 2012 Jun 26.

 
Carpal ligament injuries

Chronic scapholunate interosseous ligament disruption: A systematic review and meta-analysis of surgical treatments.
Daly LT, Daly MC, Mohamadi A, Chen N.
Hand (N Y). 2018 Jul 1:1558944718787289. doi: 10.1177/1558944718787289. [Epub ahead of print]

Level of evidence in wrist ligament repair and reconstruction research: a systematic review.
Andersson JK, Rööser B, Karlsson J.
J Exp Orthop. 2018 Jun 7;5(1):15. doi: 10.1186/s40634-018-0135-7.

Equivalent clinical outcomes following favored treatments of chronic scapholunate ligament tear.
Wang P, Stepan JG, An T, Osei DA.
HSS J. 2017 Jul;13(2):186-193. doi: 10.1007/s11420-016-9525-5. Epub 2016 Oct 11.

Scapholunate interosseous ligament tears: diagnostic performance of 1.5 T, 3 T MRI, and MR arthrography-A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Hafezi-Nejad N, Carrino JA, Eng J, Blackmore C, Shores J, Lifchez SD, Farahani SJ, Demehri S.
Acad Radiol. 2016 Sep;23(9):1091-103. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2016.04.006. Epub 2016 Jul 15.

Efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging and clinical tests in diagnostics of wrist ligament injuries: a systematic review.
Andersson JK, Andernord D, Karlsson J, Fridén J.
Arthroscopy. 2015 Oct;31(10):2014-2020.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2015.04.090. Epub 2015 Jun 18.

 
Kienböck disease

Comparison of long-term outcomes of radial osteotomy and nonoperative treatment for Kienböck disease: A systematic review.
Shin YH, Kim JK, Han M, Lee TK, Yoon JO.
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2018 Jul 18;100(14):1231-1240. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.17.00764.

Critical analysis of causality between negative ulnar variance and Kienböck disease.
Stahl S, Stahl AS, Meisner C, Hentschel PJ, Valina S, Luz O, Schaller HE, Lotter O.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013 Oct;132(4):899-909. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e31829f4a2c.

A systematic review of the etiopathogenesis of Kienböck's disease and a critical appraisal of its recognition as an occupational disease related to hand-arm vibration.
Stahl S, Stahl AS, Meisner C, Rahmanian-Schwarz A, Schaller HE, Lotter O.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2012 Nov 21;13:225. doi: 10.1186/1471-2474-13-225.

 
Carpal pathology - other

Chronic Essex-Lopresti injury: a systematic review of current treatment options.
Artiaco S, Fusini F, Colzani G, Massè A, Battiston B.
Int Orthop. 2018 Mar 23. doi: 10.1007/s00264-018-3888-9. [Epub ahead of print]

Management of fracture-dislocations of the little finger carpometacarpal joint: a systematic review.
Cobb WA, Dingle L, Zarb Adami R, Rodrigues J.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2018 Jun;43(5):530-538. doi: 10.1177/1753193417752317. Epub 2018 Feb 7.

Lunate fractures and associated radiocarpal and midcarpal instabilities: a systematic review.
Shunmugam M, Phadnis J, Watts A, Bain GI.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2018 Jan;43(1):84-92. doi: 10.1177/1753193417740850. Epub 2017 Nov 13.

The management of chronic non-arthritic scapholunate dissociation: a systematic review.
Naqui Z, Khor WS, Mishra A, Lees V, Muir L.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2018 May;43(4):394-401. doi: 10.1177/1753193417734990. Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Fracture dislocation of the pisiform bone in children: a case report and review of the literature.
Hurni Y, Fusetti C, de Rosa V.
J Pediatr Orthop B. 2015 Nov;24(6):556-60. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000210.

Risk of hip fracture following a wrist fracture-A meta-analysis.
Johnson NA, Stirling ER, Divall P, Thompson JR, Ullah AS, Dias JJ.
Injury. 2017 Feb;48(2):399-405. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2016.11.002. Epub 2016 Nov 3.

Prevalence, incidence and risk factors for overuse injuries of the wrist in young athletes: a systematic review.
Kox LS, Kuijer PP, Kerkhoffs GM, Maas M, Frings-Dresen MH.
Br J Sports Med. 2015 Sep;49(18):1189-96. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2014-094492. Epub 2015 Apr 14.

Recreational snow-sports injury risk factors and countermeasures: a meta-analysis review and haddon matrix evaluation.
Hume PA, Lorimer AV, Griffiths PC, Carlson I, Lamont M.
Sports Med. 2015 Aug;45(8):1175-90. doi: 10.1007/s40279-015-0334-7.

Translunate perilunate injuries-a spectrum of this uncommon injury.
Bain GI, Pallapati S, Eng K.
J Wrist Surg. 2013 Feb;2(1):63-8. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1333064.

Snowboard wrist guards--use, efficacy, and design. A systematic review.
Kim S, Lee SK.
Bull NYU Hosp Jt Dis. 2011;69(2):149-57.

 

 

 

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Centre for Evidence Based Hand Surgery

The University of Nottingham
C Floor, West Block, QMC
Nottingham, NG7 2UH


telephone: +44 (0) 115 823 1115
email:CEBHS@nottingham.ac.uk