Centre for Evidence Based Hand Surgery


Digital fractures & injuries




Interventions for treating fingertip entrapment injuries in children.
Capstick R, Giele H.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Apr 30;4:CD009808. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009808.pub2.

Conservative interventions for treating hyperextension injuries of the proximal interphalangeal joints of the fingers.
Chalmer J, Blakeway M, Adams Z, Milan SJ.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Feb 28;2:CD009030. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD009030.pub2.

Interventions for treating mallet finger injuries.
Handoll HH, Vaghela MV.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(3):CD004574.

Antibiotics for preventing infection in open limb fractures.
Gosselin RA, Roberts I, Gillespie WJ.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(1):CD003764.

Diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging in detecting Stener lesions of the thumb: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Qamhawi Z, Shah K, Kiernan G, Furniss D, Teh J, Azzopardi C.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2021 Feb 17:1753193421993015. doi: 10.1177/1753193421993015. Online ahead of print.

Treatment for acute proximal interphalangeal joint fractures and fracture-dislocations: A systematic review of the literature.
Gianakos A, Yingling J, Athens CM, Barra AE, Capo JT.
J Hand Microsurg. 2020 Oct;12(Suppl 1):S9-S15. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1713323. Epub 2020 Aug 10.

Diagnostic accuracy of history taking, physical examination and imaging for non-chronic finger, hand and wrist ligament and tendon injuries: a systematic review update.
Krastman P, Mathijssen NMC, Bierma-Zeinstra SMA, Kraan GA, Runhaar J.
BMJ Open. 2020 Nov 5;10(11):e037810. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-037810.

Clinical outcomes in ring avulsion fingers and systematic review of the literature.
Bonastre Juliá J, Ojeda Regidor Á, Martínez-Méndez J, Landín L, Zarbakhsh S, Iglesias C, Díez J, Casado-Pérez C.
Ann Plast Surg. 2020 Dec;85(6):631-637. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000002453.

The role of ultrasonography in the assessment of ulnar collateral ligament injury of the thumb - a diagnostic test accuracy meta-analysis.
Raheman FJ, Rojoa DM, Dhingra M, Siddiqui S, Macdonald CR.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg. 2020 Nov 6:1-13. doi: 10.1080/2000656X.2020.1838295. Online ahead of print.

Range of motion following extensor tendon splitting vs. tendon sparing approaches for plate osteosynthesis of proximal phalangeal fractures - a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Sivakumar BS, An VV, Phan K, Graham DJ, Ledgard J, Lawson R, Furniss D.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol. 2020 Dec;25(4):462-468. doi: 10.1142/S2424835520500514.

Management of little finger metacarpal fractures: A meta-analysis of the current evidence.
Chong HH, Hau MY, Shah R, Singh H.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol. 2020 Sep;25(3):281-290. doi: 10.1142/S2424835520500290.

The management of acute fracture dislocations of proximal interphalangeal joints: a systematic review.
Breahna A, Mishra A, Arrowsmith J, Lindau T.
J Plast Surg Hand Surg. 2020 Jul 7:1-5. doi: 10.1080/2000656X.2020.1788041. Online ahead of print.

An analysis of complications and bone defect length with the use of induced membrane technique in the upper limb: A systematic review.
O'Connor CM, Perloff E, Drinane J, Cole K, Marinello PG.
Hand (N Y). 2020 Jul 15:1558944720918368. doi: 10.1177/1558944720918368. Online ahead of print.

Management of pediatric distal fingertip injuries: A systematic literature review.
Venkatesh A, Khajuria A, Greig A.
Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 2020 Jan 20;8(1):e2595. doi: 10.1097/GOX.0000000000002595. eCollection 2020 Jan.

Adrenaline auto-injector injuries to digits; a systematic review and recommendations for emergency management.
Walsh K, Baker BG, Iyer S.
Surgeon. 2020 Feb 8. pii: S1479-666X(20)30016-0. doi: 10.1016/j.surge.2020.01.005. [Epub ahead of print]

Diagnostic accuracy of history taking, physical examination and imaging for phalangeal, metacarpal and carpal fractures: a systematic review update.
Krastman P, Mathijssen NM, Bierma-Zeinstra SMA, Kraan G, Runhaar J.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2020 Jan 7;21(1):12. doi: 10.1186/s12891-019-2988-z.

The value of ultrasound for detecting hand fractures: A meta-analysis.
Zhao W, Wang G, Chen B, Xiao J, Sun X, Wu T, Ren H, Li X.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Nov;98(44):e17823. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000017823.

Surgical management of proximal interphalangeal joint fracture-dislocations: A review of outcomes.
Demino C, Yates M, Fowler JR.
Hand (N Y). 2019 Sep 13:1558944719873152. doi: 10.1177/1558944719873152. [Epub ahead of print]

Treatment interventions for hand fractures and joint injuries: a scoping review of randomized controlled trials.
Mousoulis C, Thomas K, Leighton P, Deshmukh S, Grindlay D, Karantana A.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2019 Aug 5:1753193419865897. doi: 10.1177/1753193419865897. [Epub ahead of print]

Single ray amputation in traumatic injury of the hand: review of literature.
Calderazzi F, Menozzi M, Nosenzo A, Galavotti C, Pogliacomi F, Ceccarelli F.
Acta Biomed. 2018 Oct 1;90(1-S):14-23. doi: 10.23750/abm.v90i1-S.7677.

The acute management of unstable intra-articular fractures of the base of the middle phalanx: A systematic review.
Hamilton LC.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol. 2018 Dec;23(4):441-449. doi: 10.1142/S2424835518300037.

Orthotic management of fixed flexion deformity of the proximal interphalangeal joint following traumatic injury: A systematic review.
Young N, Terrington N, Francis D, Robinson LS.
Hong Kong J Occup Ther. 2018 Jun;31(1):3-13. doi: 10.1177/1569186118764067. Epub 2018 Mar 27.

Efficacy of orthotic devices for increased active proximal interphalangeal extension joint range of motion: A systematic review.
Valdes K, Boyd JD, Povlak SB, Szelwach MA.
J Hand Ther. 2018 Jul 16. pii: S0894-1130(17)30273-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jht.2018.05.003. [Epub ahead of print]

Therapeutic interventions for acute complete ruptures of the ulnar collateral ligament of the thumb: a systematic review.
Mikhail M, Wormald JCR, Thurley N, Riley N, Dean BJF.
F1000Res. 2018 Jun 8;7:714. doi: 10.12688/f1000research.15065.1. eCollection 2018.

Review article: Best practice management of closed hand and wrist injuries in the emergency department (part 5 of the musculoskeletal injuries rapid review series).
Strudwick K, McPhee M, Bell A, Martin-Khan M, Russell T.
Emerg Med Australas. 2018 Oct;30(5):610-640. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12969. Epub 2018 May 24.

Surgical and nonsurgical management of mallet finger: A systematic review.
Lin JS, Samora JB.
J Hand Surg Am. 2018 Feb;43(2):146-163.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2017.10.004. Epub 2017 Nov 22.

Volar tenodesis for the treatment of swan-neck deformity; A systematic review.
Kiziridis G, Giddins GEB.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol. 2017 Sep;22(3):267-274. doi: 10.1142/S0218810417300030.

Ring avulsion injuries: A systematic review.
Bamba R, Malhotra G, Bueno RA Jr, Thayer WP, Shack RB.
Hand (N Y). 2018 Jan;13(1):15-22. doi: 10.1177/1558944717692094. Epub 2017 Feb 16.

A systematic review of the influence of burying or not burying Kirschner wires on infection rates following fixation of upper extremity fractures.
Wormald JCR, Jain A, Lloyd-Hughes H, Gardiner S, Gardiner MD.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2017 Sep;70(9):1298-1301. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2017.06.036. Epub 2017 Jul 8. 

Treatment of extra-articular proximal and middle phalangeal fractures of the hand: a systematic review.
Verver D, Timmermans L, Klaassen RA, van der Vlies CH, Vos DI, Schep NW.
Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr. 2017 Aug;12(2):63-76. doi: 10.1007/s11751-017-0279-5. Epub 2017 Mar 4.

Timing of debridement and infection rates in open fractures of the hand: A systematic review.
Ketonis C, Dwyer J, Ilyas AM.
Hand (N Y). 2017 Mar;12(2):119-126. doi: 10.1177/1558944716643294. Epub 2016 Jul 8.

Effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for adults with musculoskeletal conditions of the forearm, wrist, and hand: A systematic review.
Roll SC, Hardison ME.
Am J Occup Ther. 2017 Jan/Feb;71(1):7101180010p1-7101180010p12. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2017.023234.

A critical review of the incidence and risk factors for finger injuries in rock climbing.
Jones G, Johnson MI.
Curr Sports Med Rep. 2016 Nov/Dec;15(6):400-409.

ICF components of outcome measures for mallet finger: A systematic review.
Valdes K, Naughton N, Algar L.
J Hand Ther. 2016 Oct - Dec;29(4):388-395. doi: 10.1016/j.jht.2016.06.005. Epub 2016 Oct 22.

A scoping review of applications and outcomes of traction orthoses and constructs for the management of intra-articular fractures and fracture dislocations in the hand.
Packham TL, Ball PD, MacDermid JC, Bain JR, DalCin A.
J Hand Ther. 2016 Jul-Sep;29(3):246-68. doi: 10.1016/j.jht.2016.04.001.

Closed mallet thumb injury: Our experience of 10 patients treated with surgery and a systematic review.
Abe Y, Rokkaku T, Tokunaga S, Yamada T, Okamoto S.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2016 Jun;69(6):835-42. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2016.03.002. Epub 2016 Mar 16.

Prophylactic antibiotics in open distal phalanx fractures: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Metcalfe D, Aquilina AL, Hedley HM.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2016 May;41(4):423-30. doi: 10.1177/1753193415601055. Epub 2015 Sep 1.

Custom-made finger orthoses have fewer skin complications than prefabricated finger orthoses in the management of mallet injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Witherow EJ, Peiris CL.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2015 Oct;96(10):1913-1923.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2015.04.026. Epub 2015 Jul 9.

Conservative treatment of mallet finger: A systematic review.
Valdes K, Naughton N, Algar L.
J Hand Ther. 2015 Jul-Sep;28(3):237-45; quiz 246.doi: 10.1016/j.jht.2015.03.001. Epub 2015 Mar 10.

A systematic review of outcomes after revision amputation for treatment of traumatic finger amputation.
Yuan F, McGlinn EP, Giladi AM, Chung KC.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Jul;136(1):99-113. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000001487.

The hemi-hamate autograft arthroplasty in proximal interphalangeal joint reconstruction: a systematic review.
Frueh FS, Calcagni M, Lindenblatt N.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2015 Jan;40(1):24-32. doi: 10.1177/1753193414554356. Epub 2014 Oct 22.

Outcomes after injury to the thumb ulnar collateral ligament--a systematic review.
Samora JB, Harris JD, Griesser MJ, Ruff ME, Awan HM.
Clin J Sport Med. 2013 Jul;23(4):247-54. doi: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e318289c6ff.

A systematic review of outcomes of revision amputation treatment for fingertip amputations.
Wang K, Sears ED, Shauver MJ, Chung KC.
Hand (N Y). 2013 Jun;8(2):139-45. doi: 10.1007/s11552-012-9487-0.

Managing thumb volar plate attenuation in children: a systematic review and case series.
Nikkhah D, Rodrigues J, DeJager L.
Hand Surg. 2012;17(1):117-20.

The management of the acute traumatic subungual haematoma: a systematic review.
Dean B, Becker G, Little C.
Hand Surg. 2012;17(1):151-4.

Towards evidence-based emergency medicine: best BETs from the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Bet 2: finger fracture.
Wilkinson A.
Emerg Med J. 2011 May;28(5):441-3. doi: 10.1136/emj.2011.114694.

RETRACTEDMini-plate versus Kirschner wire internal fixation for treatment of metacarpal and phalangeal fractures in Chinese Han population: a meta-analysis.
Xu J, Zhang C.
J Orthop Surg Res. 2014 Apr 11;9:24. doi: 10.1186/1749-799X-9-24.
Retraction: J Orthop Surg Res. 2015 Mar 26;10:43.


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Centre for Evidence Based Hand Surgery

The University of Nottingham
C Floor, West Block, QMC
Nottingham, NG7 2UH

telephone: +44 (0) 115 823 1115