Centre for Evidence Based Hand Surgery


Infection & antibiotic use




Pin site care for preventing infections associated with external bone fixators and pins. 
Lethaby A, Temple J, Santy-Tomlinson J.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Dec 3;(12):CD004551. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD004551.pub3.

Chronic tenosynovitis of the upper extremities caused by Mycobacterium kansasii: A clinical case and systematic review of literature.
Huayllani MT, Sisti A, Boczar D, Restrepo DJ, Parker AS, Sarabia-Estrada R, Rinker BD, Forte AJ.
Indian J Plast Surg. 2020 Mar;53(1):25-35. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1709377. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Bone and joint infections of the hand.
Sendi P, Kaempfen A, Uçkay I, Meier R.
Clin Microbiol Infect. 2020 Jan 6. pii: S1198-743X(19)30659-7. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2019.12.007. [Epub ahead of print]

Intrasite antibiotic powder for the prevention of surgical site infection in extremity surgery: A systematic review.
Fernicola SD, Elsenbeck MJ, Grimm PD, Pisano AJ, Wagner SC.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2019 Apr 16. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-18-00475. [Epub ahead of print]

Systematic Literature Review on the Management of Surgical Site Infections (PDF).
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, June 2018.

Antibiotic management and operative debridement in open fractures of the hand and upper extremity: A systematic review.
Warrender WJ, Lucasti CJ, Chapman TR, Ilyas AM.
Hand Clin. 2018 Feb;34(1):9-16. doi: 10.1016/j.hcl.2017.09.001.

A systematic review of the influence of burying or not burying Kirschner wires on infection rates following fixation of upper extremity fractures.
Wormald JCR, Jain A, Lloyd-Hughes H, Gardiner S, Gardiner MD.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2017 Sep;70(9):1298-1301. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2017.06.036. Epub 2017 Jul 8.

Timing of debridement and infection rates in open fractures of the hand: A systematic review.
Ketonis C, Dwyer J, Ilyas AM.
Hand (N Y). 2017 Mar;12(2):119-126. doi: 10.1177/1558944716643294. Epub 2016 Jul 8.

Surgical site infection after hand surgery outside the operating theatre: a systematic review.
Jagodzinski NA, Ibish S, Furniss D.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2017 Mar;42(3):289-294. doi: 10.1177/1753193416676408.

Prophylactic antibiotics in open distal phalanx fractures: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Metcalfe D, Aquilina AL, Hedley HM.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2016 May;41(4):423-30. doi: 10.1177/1753193415601055. Epub 2015 Sep 1

Meta-analysis of antibiotics for simple hand injuries requiring surgery.
Murphy GR, Gardiner MD, Glass GE, Kreis IA, Jain A, Hettiaratchy S.
Br J Surg. 2016 Apr;103(5):487-92. doi: 10.1002/bjs.10111. Epub 2016 Feb 29.

A systematic review of the management of acute pyogenic flexor tenosynovitis.
Giladi AM, Malay S, Chung KC.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2015 Sep;40(7):720-8. doi: 10.1177/1753193415570248. Epub 2015 Feb 10.

Antibiotic prophylaxis for preventing surgical-site infection in plastic surgery: an evidence-based consensus conference statement from the American Association of Plastic Surgeons.
Ariyan S, Martin J, Lal A, Cheng D, Borah GL, Chung KC, Conly J, Havlik R, Lee WP, McGrath MH, Pribaz J, Young VL.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Jun;135(6):1723-39. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000001265.

Non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections of the hand.
Balagué N, Uçkay I, Vostrel P, Hinrikson H, Van Aaken I, Beaulieu JY.
Chir Main. 2015 Feb;34(1):18-23. doi: 10.1016/j.main.2014.12.004. Epub 2014 Dec 30.

Tuberculous dactylitis--an easily missed diagnosis.
Ritz N, Connell TG, Tebruegge M, Johnstone BR, Curtis N.
Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 2011 Nov;30(11):1303-10. doi: 10.1007/s10096-011-1239-5. Epub 2011 Apr 15.


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Centre for Evidence Based Hand Surgery

The University of Nottingham
C Floor, West Block, QMC
Nottingham, NG7 2UH

telephone: +44 (0) 115 823 1115