Centre for Evidence Based Hand Surgery


Nerve injury



Peripheral nerve injury

Robotic-assisted peripheral nerve surgery: A systematic review.
Chen LW, Goh M, Goh R, Chao YK, Huang JJ, Kuo WL, Sung CW, Chuieng-Yi Lu J, Chuang DC, Chang TN.
J Reconstr Microsurg. 2021 Jan 5. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1722183. Online ahead of print.

Distal biceps tendon repair and posterior interosseous nerve injury: clinical results and a systematic review of the literature.
Chiossi S, Spoliti M, Sessa P, Arceri V, Basile A, Rossetti FR, Lanzetti RM.
Med Glas (Zenica). 2021 Feb 1;18(1). doi: 10.17392/1303-21. Online ahead of print.

Incidence and management of radial nerve palsies in humeral shaft fractures: A systematic review.
Hegeman EM, Polmear M, Scanaliato JP, Nesti L, Dunn JC.
Cureus. 2020 Nov 15;12(11):e11490. doi: 10.7759/cureus.11490.

Tactile stimulation programs in patients with hand dysesthesia after a peripheral nerve injury: A systematic review.
Quintal I, Carrier A, Packham T, Bourbonnais D, Dyer JO.
J Hand Ther. 2020 Aug 19:S0894-1130(20)30089-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jht.2020.05.003. Online ahead of print.

Cortical plasticity in rehabilitation for upper extremity peripheral nerve injury: A scoping review.
Zink PJ, Philip BA.
Am J Occup Ther. 2020 Jan/Feb;74(1):7401205030p1-7401205030p15. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2020.036665.

Evidence-based approach to nerve gaps repair in the upper extremity: A review of the literature and current algorithm for surgical management.
Huayllani MT, Boczar D, Forte AJ, Rinker B.
Ann Plast Surg. 2020 Feb 7. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000002278. [Epub ahead of print]

Radial nerve palsy recovery with fractures of the humerus: An updated systematic review.
Mangan JJ, Graham J, Ilyas AM.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2019 Nov 7. doi: 10.5435/JAAOS-D-18-00142. [Epub ahead of print]

Sensory outcomes in digital nerve repair techniques: An updated meta-analysis and systematic review.
Herman ZJ, Ilyas AM.
Hand (N Y). 2019 May 1:1558944719844346. doi: 10.1177/1558944719844346. [Epub ahead of print]

Diagnostic criteria for symptomatic neuroma.
Arnold DMJ, Wilkens SC, Coert JH, Chen NC, Ducic I, Eberlin KR.
Ann Plast Surg. 2019 Apr;82(4):420-427. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000001796.

Supercharge end-to-side nerve transfer: Systematic review.
Dunn JC, Gonzalez GA, Fernandez I, Orr JD, Polfer EM, Nesti LJ.
Hand (N Y). 2019 Mar 29:1558944719836213. doi: 10.1177/1558944719836213. [Epub ahead of print]

A systematic review of sensory outcomes of digital nerve gap reconstruction with autograft, allograft, and conduit.
Mauch JT, Bae A, Shubinets V, Lin IC.
Ann Plast Surg. 2019 Apr;82(4S Suppl 3):S247-S255. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000001851.

Outcome of surgical repair of adult digital nerve injury: a systematic review.
Dunlop RLE, Wormald JCR, Jain A.
BMJ Open. 2019 Mar 13;9(3):e025443. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025443.

An extensive volar forearm laceration – the spaghetti wrist: A systematic review.
Koshy K, Prakash R, Luckiewicz A, Alamouti R, Nikkhah D.
JPRAS Open. 2018 Dec 1;18:1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jpra.2018.06.003.

Prognosis of traumatic ulnar nerve injuries: A systematic review.
Lan CY, Tien HY, Lin YT, Hsu CC, Lin CH, Chen SH.
Ann Plast Surg. 2019 Jan;82(1S Suppl 1):S45-S52. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000001727

Functional, motor, and sensory assessment instruments upon nerve repair in adult hands: systematic review of psychometric properties.
Fonseca MCR, Elui VMC, Lalone E, da Silva NC, Barbosa RI, Marcolino AM, Ricci FPFM, MacDermid JC.
Syst Rev. 2018 Oct 27;7(1):175. doi: 10.1186/s13643-018-0836-0.

Systematic review of tendon transfer versus nerve transfer for the restoration of wrist extension in isolated traumatic radial nerve palsy.
Compton J, Owens J, Day M, Caldwell L.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev. 2018 Apr 12;2(4):e001. doi: 10.5435/JAAOSGlobal-D-18-00001. eCollection 2018 Apr.

Perioperative peripheral nerve injury after general anesthesia: A qualitative systematic review.
Chui J, Murkin JM, Posner KL, Domino KB.
Anesth Analg. 2018 Jul;127(1):134-143. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000003420.

A systematic review of prognostic factors for sensory recovery after digital nerve reconstruction.
Kim JS, Bonsu NY, Leland HA, Carey JN, Patel KM, Seruya M.
Ann Plast Surg. 2018 May;80(5S Suppl 5):S311-S316. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0000000000001440.

Ulnar nerve complications after ulnar collateral ligament reconstruction of the elbow: A systematic review.
Clain JB, Vitale MA, Ahmad CS, Ruchelsman DE.
Am J Sports Med. 2018 Apr 1:363546518765139. doi: 10.1177/0363546518765139. [Epub ahead of print]

Peripheral nerve injury associated with a subdermal contraceptive implant: Illustrative cases and systematic review of literature.
Laumonerie P, Blasco L, Tibbo ME, Leclair O, Kerezoudis P, Chantalat E, Mansat P.
World Neurosurg. 2018 Mar;111:317-325. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2017.12.160. Epub 2018 Jan 5.

Ulnar nerve management with distal humerus fracture fixation: A meta-analysis.
Shearin JW, Chapman TR, Miller A, Ilyas AM.
Hand Clin. 2018 Feb;34(1):97-103. doi: 10.1016/j.hcl.2017.09.010.

Hand dysfunction after transradial artery catheterization for coronary procedures.
Ul Haq MA, Rashid M, Kwok CS, Wong CW, Nolan J, Mamas MA.
World J Cardiol. 2017 Jul 26;9(7):609-619. doi: 10.4330/wjc.v9.i7.609.

Hand-arm vibration and the risk of vascular and neurological diseases - A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Nilsson T, Wahlström J, Burström L.
PLoS One. 2017 Jul 13;12(7):e0180795. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0180795. eCollection 2017.

The role of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of peripheral nerves following traumatic lesion: where do we stand?
Marquez Neto OR, Leite MS, Freitas T, Mendelovitz P, Villela EA, Kessler IM.
Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2017 Feb;159(2):281-290. doi: 10.1007/s00701-016-3055-2. Epub 2016 Dec 20.

Effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for adults with musculoskeletal conditions of the forearm, wrist, and hand: A systematic review.
Roll SC, Hardison ME.
Am J Occup Ther. 2017 Jan/Feb;71(1):7101180010p1-7101180010p12. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2017.023234.

Evaluation of pediatric upper extremity peripheral nerve injuries.
Ho ES.
J Hand Ther. 2015 Apr-Jun;28(2):135-42; quiz 143. doi: 10.1016/j.jht.2014.09.003. Epub 2014 Sep 28.

Factors predicting sensory and motor recovery after the repair of upper limb peripheral nerve injuries.
He B, Zhu Z, Zhu Q, Zhou X, Zheng C, Li P, Zhu S, Liu X, Zhu J.
Neural Regen Res. 2014 Mar 15;9(6):661-72. doi: 10.4103/1673-5374.130094.

Postoperative mobilization regimens following digital nerve repair: a systematic review.
Jabir S, Iwuagwu FC.
Eplasty. 2014 Jan 17;14:e5. eCollection 2014.

What is evidence based in the reconstruction of digital nerves? A systematic review.
Rinkel WD, Huisstede BM, van der Avoort DJ, Coert JH, Hovius SE.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2013 Feb;66(2):151-64. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2012.08.035. Epub 2012 Sep 20.

Outcome following nerve repair of high isolated clean sharp injuries of the ulnar nerve.
Post R, de Boer KS, Malessy MJ.
PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e47928. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047928. Epub 2012 Oct 17.

Effects of sensory re-education programs on functional hand sensibility after median and ulnar repair: a systematic review.
Miller LK, Chester R, Jerosch-Herold C.
J Hand Ther. 2012 Jul-Sep;25(3):297-306; quiz 307. doi: 10.1016/j.jht.2012.04.001.

Advances of peripheral nerve repair techniques to improve hand function: a systematic review of literature.
Mafi P, Hindocha S, Dhital M, Saleh M.
Open Orthop J. 2012;6:60-8. doi: 10.2174/1874325001206010060. Epub 2012 Feb 23.

Comparisons of outcomes from repair of median nerve and ulnar nerve defect with nerve graft and tubulization: a meta-analysis.
Yang M, Rawson JL, Zhang EW, Arnold PB, Lineaweaver W, Zhang F.
J Reconstr Microsurg. 2011 Oct;27(8):451-60. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1281526. Epub 2011 Jul 27.

Iatrogenic upper limb nerve injuries: a systematic review.
Zhang J, Moore AE, Stringer MD.
ANZ J Surg. 2011 Apr;81(4):227-36. doi: 10.1111/j.1445-2197.2010.05597.x. Epub 2010 Dec 23.

Brachial plexus & spinal cord injury

Physical therapeutic treatment for traumatic brachial plexus injury in adults: A scoping review.
de Santana Chagas AC, Wanderley D, de Oliveira Ferro JK, de Moraes AA, de Souza FHM, da Silva Tenório A, de Oliveira DA.
PM R. 2021 Feb 5. doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12566. Online ahead of print.

Diagnostic accuracy of the magnetic resonance imaging in adult post-ganglionic brachial plexus traumatic injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Leigheb M, Tricca S, Percivale I, Licandro D, Paladini A, Barini M, Guzzardi G, Grassi FA, Stecco A, Carriero A.
Brain Sci. 2021 Jan 30;11(2):173. doi: 10.3390/brainsci11020173.

Morbidity of nerve transfers for brachial plexus birth injury: A systematic review.
Hinchcliff KM, Pulos N, Shin AY, Stutz C.
J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 Nov 10. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001705. Online ahead of print.

Functioning free muscle transfer for brachial plexus injury: A systematic review and pooled analysis comparing functional outcomes of intercostal nerve and spinal accessory nerve grafts.
Oliver JD, Beal C, Graham EM, Santosa KB, Hu MS.
J Reconstr Microsurg. 2020 Jun 11. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1713147. [Epub ahead of print]

Spinal cord stimulation for neuropathic pain treatment in brachial plexus avulsions: A literature review and report of two cases.
Dombovy-Johnson ML, Hagedorn JM, Wilson RE, Canzanello NC, Pingree MJ, Watson JC.
Neuromodulation. 2020 Feb 18. doi: 10.1111/ner.13128. [Epub ahead of print]

Is one nerve transfer enough? A systematic review and pooled analysis comparing ulnar fascicular nerve transfer and double ulnar and median fascicular nerve transfer for restoration of elbow flexion after traumatic brachial plexus injury.
Donnelly MR, Rezzadeh KT, Vieira D, Daar D, Hacquebord J.
Microsurgery. 2019 Nov 22. doi: 10.1002/micr.30536. [Epub ahead of print]

Functional restoration of elbow flexion in nonobstetric brachial plexus injuries: A meta-analysis of nerve transfers versus grafts.
Texakalidis P, Hardcastle N, Tora MS, Boulis NM.
Microsurgery. 2019 Sep 4. doi: 10.1002/micr.30510. [Epub ahead of print]

Indirect cost of traumatic brachial plexus injuries in the United States.
Hong TS, Tian A, Sachar R, Ray WZ, Brogan DM, Dy CJ.
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2019 Aug 21;101(16):e80. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.18.00658.

MRI for detecting root avulsions in traumatic adult brachial plexus injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy.
Wade RG, Takwoingi Y, Wormald JCR, Ridgway JP, Tanner S, Rankine JJ, Bourke G.
Radiology. 2019 Aug 20:190218. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2019190218. [Epub ahead of print]

Nerve transfers in the upper extremity following cervical spinal cord injury. Part 1: Systematic review of the literature.
Khalifeh JM, Dibble CF, Van Voorhis A, Doering M, Boyer MI, Mahan MA, Wilson TJ, Midha R, Yang LJS, Ray WZ.
J Neurosurg Spine. 2019 Jul 12:1-12. doi: 10.3171/2019.4.SPINE19173. [Epub ahead of print]

The extent of brachial plexus injury: an important factor in spinal accessory nerve to suprascapular nerve transfer outcomes.
Rezzadeh K, Donnelly M, Vieira D, Daar D, Shah A, Hacquebord J.
Br J Neurosurg. 2019 Jul 15:1-4. doi: 10.1080/02688697.2019.1639620. [Epub ahead of print]

Rehabilitation of neonatal brachial plexus palsy: Integrative literature review.
Frade F, Gómez-Salgado J, Jacobsohn L, Florindo-Silva F.
J Clin Med. 2019 Jul 5;8(7). pii: E980. doi: 10.3390/jcm8070980.

Systematic review of the effectiveness of Kinesio taping for children with brachial plexus injury.
Hassan BS, Abbass ME, Elshennawy S.
Physiother Res Int. 2019 Jun 23:e1794. doi: 10.1002/pri.1794. [Epub ahead of print].

Outcomes of single versus double fascicular nerve transfers for restoration of elbow flexion in patients with brachial plexus injuries: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Sneiders D, Bulstra LF, Hundepool CA, Treling WJ, Hovius SER, Shin AY.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2019 Jul;144(1):155-166. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000005720.

Recovery of shoulder abduction in traumatic brachial plexus palsy: a systematic review and meta-analysis of nerve transfer versus nerve graft.
Hardcastle N, Texakalidis P, Nagarajan P, Tora MS, Boulis NM.
Neurosurg Rev. 2019 Apr 17. doi: 10.1007/s10143-019-01100-9. [Epub ahead of print]

Elbow flexion in neonatal brachial plexus palsy: a meta-analysis of graft versus transfer.
Tora MS, Hardcastle N, Texakalidis P, Wetzel J, Chern JJ.
Childs Nerv Syst. 2019 Jun;35(6):929-935. doi: 10.1007/s00381-019-04133-z. Epub 2019 Mar 28.

Prevalence and etiology of elbow flexion contractures in brachial plexus birth injury: A scoping review.
Ho ES, Kim D, Klar K, Anthony A, Davidge K, Borschel GH, Hopyan S, Clarke HM, Wright FV.
J Pediatr Rehabil Med. 2019;12(1):75-86. doi: 10.3233/PRM-180535.

Effectiveness of non-surgical and surgical interventions for elbow flexion contractures in brachial plexus birth injury: A systematic review.
Ho ES, Kim D, Zuccaro J, Klar K, Anthony A, Davidge K, Borschel GH, Hopyan S, Clarke HM, Wright FV.
J Pediatr Rehabil Med. 2019;12(1):87-100. doi: 10.3233/PRM-180563.

Systematic review on outcome of free functioning muscle transfers for elbow flexion in brachial plexus injuries.
Yi Lee TM, Sechachalam S, Satkunanantham M.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2019 Feb 5:1753193419825527. doi: 10.1177/1753193419825527. [Epub ahead of print]

Elbow flexion reconstruction with nerve transfer or grafting in patients with brachial plexus injuries: A systematic review and comparison study.
Ayhan E, Soldado F, Fontecha CG, Bertelli JA, Leblebicioglu G.
Microsurgery. 2019 Feb 13. doi: 10.1002/micr.30440. [Epub ahead of print]

Timing of surgery in traumatic brachial plexus injury: a systematic review.
Martin E, Senders JT, DiRisio AC, Smith TR, Broekman MLD.
J Neurosurg. 2018 Jun 1:1-13. doi: 10.3171/2018.1.JNS172068. [Epub ahead of print]

Brachial plexus injury after shoulder dislocation: a literature review.
Gutkowska O, Martynkiewicz J, Urban M, Gosk J.
Neurosurg Rev. 2018 Jun 30. doi: 10.1007/s10143-018-1001-x. [Epub ahead of print]

Epidemiology, etiology, and types of severe adult brachial plexus injuries requiring surgical repair: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Kaiser R, Waldauf P, Ullas G, Krajcová A.
Neurosurg Rev. 2018 Jul 17. doi: 10.1007/s10143-018-1009-2. [Epub ahead of print]

Recovery of elbow flexion after nerve reconstruction versus free functional muscle transfer for late, traumatic brachial plexus palsy: A systematic review.
Hoang D, Chen VW, Seruya M.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2018 Apr;141(4):949-959. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000004229.

The use of botulinum toxin injection for brachial plexus birth injuries: A systematic review of the literature.
Buchanan PJ, Grossman JAI, Price AE, Reddy C, Chopan M, Chim H.
Hand (N Y). 2019 Mar;14(2):150-154. doi: 10.1177/1558944718760038. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Contralateral C7 nerve root transfer for function recovery in adults: A meta-analysis.
Li WJ, He LY, Chen SL, Lyu YW, Wang SF, Yong Y, Tian W, Tian GL, Gu YD.
Chin Med J (Engl). 2017 Dec 20;130(24):2960-2968. doi: 10.4103/0366-6999.220316.

Diagnostic accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging in post-traumatic brachial plexus injuries: A systematic review.
Fuzari HKB, Dornelas de Andrade A, Vilar CF, Sayão LB, Diniz PRB, Souza FH, de Oliveira DA.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg. 2018 Jan;164:5-10. doi: 10.1016/j.clineuro.2017.11.003. Epub 2017 Nov 11.

Investigation into the optimal number of intercostal nerve transfers for musculocutaneous nerve reinnervation: A systematic review.
Leland HA, Azadgoli B, Gould DJ, Seruya M.
Hand (N Y). 2018 Nov;13(6):621-626. doi: 10.1177/1558944717744280. Epub 2017 Nov 29.

Efficient imaging: examining the value of ultrasound in the diagnosis of traumatic adult brachial plexus injuries, a systematic review.
Chin B, Ramji M, Farrokhyar F, Bain JR.
Neurosurgery. 2018 Sep 1;83(3):323-332. doi: 10.1093/neuros/nyx483.

Sensory outcomes following brachial plexus birth palsy: A systematic review.
Corkum JP, Kuta V, Tang DT, Bezuhly M.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2017 Aug;70(8):987-995. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2017.05.007. Epub 2017 May 18.

A systematic review of outcomes of contralateral C-7 transfer for the treatment of traumatic brachial plexus injury: an international comparison.
Mathews AL, Yang G, Chang KW, Chung KC.
J Neurosurg. 2017 Mar;126(3):922-932. doi: 10.3171/2016.1.JNS152597. Epub 2016 Apr 29.

Outcome following phrenic nerve transfer to musculocutaneous nerve in patients with traumatic brachial palsy: a qualitative systematic review.
de Mendonça Cardoso M, Gepp R, Correa JF.
Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2016 Sep;158(9):1793-800. doi: 10.1007/s00701-016-2855-8. Epub 2016 Jun 4.

A systematic review of contralateral C7 transfer for the treatment of traumatic brachial plexus injury: Part 1. Overall outcomes.
Yang G, Chang KW, Chung KC.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Oct;136(4):794-809. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000001494.

A systematic review of outcomes of contralateral c7 transfer for the treatment of traumatic brachial plexus injury: Part 2. Donor-site morbidity.
Yang G, Chang KW, Chung KC.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Oct;136(4):480e-9e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000001616.

Primary nerve repair for obstetrical brachial plexus injury: a meta-analysis.
Coroneos CJ, Voineskos SH, Coroneos MK, Alolabi N, Goekjian SR, Willoughby LI, Thoma A, Bain JR, Brouwers MC; Canadian OBPI Working Group.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2015 Oct;136(4):765-79. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000001629.

Outcome measures used in clinical studies on neonatal brachial plexus palsy: A systematic literature review using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health.
Sarac C, Duijnisveld BJ, Weide Av, Schoones JW, Malessy MJ, Nelissen RG, Vlieland TP.
J Pediatr Rehabil Med. 2015 Sep 6;8(3):167-86. doi: 10.3233/PRM-150335.

A systematic review of outcomes reporting for brachial plexus reconstruction.
Dy CJ, Garg R, Lee SK, Tow P, Mancuso CA, Wolfe SW.
J Hand Surg Am. 2015 Feb;40(2):308-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.10.033. Epub 2014 Dec 13.

Upper brachial plexus injury in adults: comparative effectiveness of different repair techniques.
Ali ZS, Heuer GG, Faught RW, Kaneriya SH, Sheikh UA, Syed IS, Stein SC, Zager EL.
J Neurosurg. 2015 Jan;122(1):195-201. doi: 10.3171/2014.9.JNS132823.

Treatment of supination deformity for obstetric brachial plexus injury: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Metsaars WP, Nagels J, Pijls BG, Langenhoff JM, Nelissen RG.
J Hand Surg Am. 2014 Oct;39(10):1948-1958.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.06.003. Epub 2014 Jul 25.

The evidence for nerve repair in obstetric brachial plexus palsy revisited.
Pondaag W, Malessy MJ.
Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:434619. doi: 10.1155/2014/434619. Epub 2014 Jan 16.

Psychometric properties of outcome measures for children and adolescents with brachial plexus birth palsy: a systematic review.
Bialocerkowski A, O'shea K, Pin TW.
Dev Med Child Neurol. 2013 Dec;55(12):1075-88. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.12194. Epub 2013 Jun 27.

A literature review of intercostal-to-musculocutaneous-nerve transfers in brachial plexus injury patients: Does body mass index influence results in Eastern versus Western countries?
Socolovsky M, Paez MD.
Surg Neurol Int. 2013 Nov 27;4:152. doi: 10.4103/2152-7806.122233.

A systematic review of evaluation methods for neonatal brachial plexus palsy: a review.
Chang KW, Justice D, Chung KC, Yang LJ.
J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2013 Oct;12(4):395-405. Doi: 10.3171/2013.6.PEDS12630. Epub 2013 Aug 9.

What is evidence based in the reconstruction of digital nerves? A systematic review.
Rinkel WD, Huisstede BM, van der Avoort DJ, Coert JH, Hovius SE.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2013 Feb;66(2):151-64. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2012.08.035. Epub 2012 Sep 20.

A systematic review of nerve transfer and nerve repair for the treatment of adult upper brachial plexus injury.
Yang LJ, Chang KW, Chung KC.
Neurosurgery. 2012 Aug;71(2):417-29; discussion 429. doi: 10.1227/NEU.0b013e318257be98.

Utility of electrodiagnostic testing and computed tomography myelography in the preoperative evaluation of neonatal brachial plexus palsy.
Vanderhave KL, Bovid K, Alpert H, Chang KW, Quint DJ, Leonard JA Jr, Yang LJ.
J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012 Mar;9(3):283-9. doi: 10.3171/2011.12.PEDS11416.

Clinimetric evaluation of questionnaires used to assess activity after traumatic brachial plexus injury in adults: a systematic review.
Hill BE, Williams G, Bialocerkowski AE.
Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2011 Dec;92(12):2082-9. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2011.07.188.

Comparison of nerve transfers and nerve grafting for traumatic upper plexus palsy: a systematic review and analysis.
Garg R, Merrell GA, Hillstrom HJ, Wolfe SW.
J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 May 4;93(9):819-29. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.I.01602.




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Centre for Evidence Based Hand Surgery

The University of Nottingham
C Floor, West Block, QMC
Nottingham, NG7 2UH

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