School of Veterinary Medicine and Science


Image of Sudhakar Bhandare

Sudhakar Bhandare

Clinical Assistant Professor in Veterinary Public Health, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences


  • workRoom B28 Veterinary Academic Building, School of Veterinary Medicine and Science
    Sutton Bonington Campus
    Sutton Bonington
    LE12 5RD
  • work0115 95 16397


I am a faculty at the School of Veterinary Medicine and Science, University of Nottingham, UK and prior to this I was with the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and with the Food Safety and Quality Program at McGill University, Montreal, Canada. I am a qualified Vet with master's in Meat Science and Technology from the University of Bristol, UK and MVSc (Veterinary Public Health) from Bombay Veterinary College, India. I have a PhD from Nottingham Vet school, UK.

I have a longstanding track record of excellence in food safety research and Veterinary Public Health (VPH) teaching internationally. I have VPH expertise for last two decades since I started my career as an army Vet in India. I am involved in VPH teaching as well as research at Nottingham Vet school. My research expertise is in the development of phage-based methods to reduce the presence of food borne pathogens in food industry. I am a member of the UK Food Safety Research Network and also the life member of Society For Bacteriophage Research and Therapy, India. I have lectured on MSc Food safety program at McGill University, Canada and on the two training programs for industry people dealing with basic food hygiene as well as advanced training in rapid methods for food analysis. I have hands on experience in the industry food safety management as I was actively involved in implementation of ISO 22000 - 2005 for a chicken processing facility in India. I am a certified Food Safety Management System (FSMS) Auditor (Certification No: 6034182) certified by International Register of Certificated Auditors (IRCA), London. I was briefly in Asia (Malaysia) and middle east (UAE) as a faculty, teaching food safety courses and coordinating student research projects. I also have taught food safety and public health courses in various Veterinary schools in India and in my defence job in India I was associated with procurement and inspection of meat supplied to the troops. I was a Technical Expert (Food safety) for the Department of Standards Malaysia. Thus, I have thorough understanding of global food safety standards, auditing and regulations.

Currently I have two grants funded by Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) and Food Standards Agency (FSA), UK. Earlier, I have shouldered the responsibility of Principal Investigator (PI) on an Indian national network project and was a collaborator on the UK-India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI) project at the University of Nottingham, UK. I have experience in VPH at various capacities in the army, govt sector, academia and industry. I have a blend of experience in food inspection, auditing, implementation of industry food safety management systems, training food industry people, food safety regulatory compliance with global perspective, food safety research/teaching, supervision of manpower, research project management and publishing.

Expertise Summary

Veterinary Public Health; Food Safety; One Health; Phage Therapy; Bacteriophages

Teaching Summary

I am part of a winning team which was awarded with a prestigious Lord Dearing Award which recognises excellence in teaching and learning across the University of Nottingham and celebrates outstanding… read more

Research Summary

My research interests are in the novel approaches to infection control in medical/agriculture/industrial settings using bacteriophages aka phages. My mentors Prof. Paul Barrow and Dr. Robert… read more

Recent Publications

I am part of a winning team which was awarded with a prestigious Lord Dearing Award which recognises excellence in teaching and learning across the University of Nottingham and celebrates outstanding achievements. We are successful in producing an exciting and engaging VPH programme wherein I am teaching Veterinary Public Health (VPH) and convening year 3 VPH module as well as involved in the year 5 One Health One Welfare (OHOW) rotation. I have been awarded with the Nottingham Rewards Scheme for exceptional teamwork in VPH. I am a Fellow of UK Higher Education Academy (FHEA) with recognition reference no. PR241735. I have more than eight years of Teaching experience in VPH in various Vet schools in India, Malaysia and UAE. I have also taught Food Safety courses to MSc Food Safety course, workshops and short courses in Food Safety and Quality Program at McGill University, Montreal, Canada.

I am liaising with external VPH teaching providers, abattoirs and food business operators, to ensure student visits take place, and accompany the students on the visits, ensuring all learning objectives are delivered.

I am involved in student advising/mentoring, curriculum development and usage of student centred practical as well as applied approach in teaching with the help of online learning resources like Moodle, Teams etc. I am a Senior Tutor (PG) for providing pastoral care and guidance to postgraduate students. I am a member of Vet school's Committee for Animals and Research Ethics (CARE), Post-Graduate Committee and also an Employability tutor. I have Mentored on the Commonwealth Scholarship Commission (CSC) Mentoring Programme.

I am on the editorial board of two journals viz. the Frontiers in Veterinary Science and the International Journal of Livestock Production. I regularly peer review articles for journals in my area of specialization viz. Journal of Food Quality, BMC Public Health, African Journal of Microbiology etc.

Current Research

My research interests are in the novel approaches to infection control in medical/agriculture/industrial settings using bacteriophages aka phages. My mentors Prof. Paul Barrow and Dr. Robert Atterbury took a clue from H. William Smith's pioneering work on phage therapy of enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC), where he suggested that phage therapy might work for V. cholerae due to similar pathogenesis and hence, my PhD project was designed for in vivo studies post in vitro characterisation of V. cholerae phages giving success in therapeutic trials in an infant rabbit cholera model.

I continued to remain in the phage research and now I am a part of Global Health and Anti-Microbial Resistance strategic research initiative of the Nottingham Vet school. My current research is funded by Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) and Food Standards Agency (FSA). Currently, I am leading following two research projects:

A) Phage as biocontrol of Listeria monocytogenes in the UK aquaculture (Ongoing):

Principal Investigator (PI) on this project in collaboration with Prof. Margaret Crumlish from the Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, UK. The objectives of this project are the collection/isolation, characterization, in vitro screening of the Listeria phages and then phage biocontrol studies for evaluating the efficacy of phages in controlling Listeria monocytogenes in the farmed fishes in the UK. This project is funded through UK Food Safety Research Network jointly by BBSRC and FSA (

B) Partner with researchers in Canada on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) grant: Application of Hydroxyl radical process and phage biosanitizers to reduce the spread of AMR pathogens in the poultry chain (Ongoing):

PI on this project which involves working with a team of researchers (Prof. Michael Clark, Akin Jenkins and Belinda Wang from the University of Nottingham, UK; Prof. Keith Warriner from the University of Guelph, Canada; Dr Danish Malik from the Loughborough University, UK and a Canadian Industrial partner) to study application of Hydroxyl radical process and phage biosanitizers to reduce the spread of AMR pathogens viz. Salmonella and Campylobacter spp. in the poultry chain. This project is funded through 'BBRSC 2022 International Partnership Awards Plus - Canada' grant (

Apart from above mainstream research projects, I regularly deal with various short research projects addressing food safety issues in various food environments. I have supervised undergraduate research projects in year 3 of Veterinary degree course. I also have keen interest in educational research with my involvement in an educational enquiry project through Post Graduate Certificate in Higher Education (PGCHE).

Past Research

My earlier research was on biocontrol of Salmonella using bacteriophage in fresh produce with Prof. Lawrence Goodridge, Canada. Earlier to this I was working on my PhD project 'Reviving phage therapy for the treatment of Cholera' under supervision of Prof. Paul Barrow and Dr. Robert Atterbury. This study was supported by UK-India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI) grant, on which I was one of the research partners from Indian side. To facilitate this research, we had collaborations with institutes in India [National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases (NICED), Kolkata], China [China Agricultural University (CAU), Beijing] and Kenya [University of Nairobi (UON), Nairobi]. I have shouldered a responsibility of Principal Investigator (August 2010 to September 2011) for 'Outreach Programme on Zoonotic Diseases (OPZD)'. OPZD was an Indian national network project of Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR). Project dealt with 'Prevalence, molecular characterization and economic impact of major meat borne zoonotic parasitic diseases of public health significance viz. Hydatidosis, Cysticercosis and Trichinellosis'.

Future Research

Bacteriophages have been shown by our group at the University of Nottingham, UK to be potentially highly effective against bacterial pathogens and they have a great potential both for controlling antibiotic resistant pathogens but also for monitoring the presence of pathogens as sentinels in the industry environments. This potential of phages will be explored further. I wish to focus on the infectious diseases of humans and animals, while attempting to develop phage therapy for them. I would also like to work on the food safety research areas benefiting food industry and hence, any collaborations pertaining to food safety issues concerning food industry are welcome. Any enquiries related to post-graduate studies (Master's and PhD) in the areas of Veterinary Public Health, Food Safety, One Health, Phage Therapy, Bacteriophages etc are also welcome.

  • SUDHAKAR BHANDARE and YOGESH GADEKAR, 2024. Ethnic meat products/Indian subcontinent. In: Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences (Third Edition) Elsevier.
  • FAHAD KHAN, MOHAMMAD SAMI SALMAN BHUIYAN, SYEDA NAUSHIN TABASSUM, MD. SAKIB ABRAR HOSSAIN, AURA RAHMAN, ABDUS SADIQUE, ABDULLAH ALL JABER, FARIZA SHAMS, SUDHAKAR BHANDARE and MAQSUD HOSSAIN, 2023. Characterization and Genome Sequencing of a Novel Lytic Bacteriophage Infecting Hospital-Associated Carbapenem-Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Strain from Dhaka, Bangladesh medRxiv.
  • BRIDGET XIE, VALERIA R. PARREIRA, SUDHAKAR BHANDARE, JEFF GAUTHIER, ROGER LEVESQUE AND LAWRENCE GOODRIDGE, 2021. Whole Genomic Characterization of Phage SB3 -induced Salmonella Bacteriophage-insensitive Mutants. Journal of Food Protection Supplement. P1-55
  • BHANDARE, SUDHAKAR and GOODRIDGE, LAWRENCE, 2020. Bacteriophages as Bio-sanitizers in Food Production and Healthcare Settings. In: HARPER, DAVID R., ABEDON, STEPHEN T., BURROWES, BENJAMIN H. and MCCONVILLE, MALCOLM L., eds., Bacteriophages: Biology, Technology, Therapy Springer International Publishing. 1-20
  • ZHONG, ZEYAN, EMOND-RHEAULT, JEAN-GUILLAUME, BHANDARE, SUDHAKAR, LÉVESQUE, ROGER and GOODRIDGE, LAWRENCE, 2020. Bacteriophage-Induced Lipopolysaccharide Mutations in Escherichia coli Lead to Hypersensitivity to Food Grade Surfactant Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate Antibiotics. 9(9), 552
  • BHANDARE SG, COLAVECCHIO A, EMOND-RHEAULT, J-G, HAMEL, J, KUKAVICA-IBRULJ, I, BOYLE, B, LEVESQUE, R. C. and GOODRIDGE, L., 2019. Whole Genome Sequence Analysis of Seven Broad Host Range Salmonella enterica bacteriophages. Journal of Food Protection Supplement. P2-241
  • NAUSHAD, S.; GAO, R.; GHAZI, N.F.; HUANG, H.; DUCEPPE, M.O.; DIXON, B.; REILING, S.J.; MERKS, H.; HASAN, N.A.; DADLANI, M.; MAGIEROWSKI, S.; GOODRIDGE, L.; BHANDARE, S.G.; HAMEL, J.; LÉVESQUE, R.C. AND OGUNREMI, D., 2019. Development of a mobile genome sequencing tool for the detection and characterization of biothreats in food. In: 69th Annual Conference of the Canadian Society of Microbiologists, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada. AEM32.
  • BHANDARE SG, COLAVECCHIO A, JEUKENS, J, EMOND-RHEAULT, J-G, FRESCHI, L., HAMEL, J, KUKAVICA-IBRULJ, I, LEVESQUE, R. C. and GOODRIDGE, L., 2018. Comparison of genotypic and phenotypic antibiotic resistance patterns in Citrobacter spp. Journal of Food Protection Supplement. P1-198
  • ZHONG, Z.; COLAVECCHIO, A.; BHANDARE, S.G.; JEUKENS, J; EMOND-RHEAULT, J-G.; FRESCHI, L.; HAMEL, J; KUKAVICA-IBRULJ, I; LEVESQUE, R. C. AND GOODRIDGE, L., 2018. Rational design of bacteriophage-based Antimicrobial to eliminate the formation of bacteriophage insensitive mutants. Journal of Food Protection Supplement. P1-114
  • BHANDARE, SUDHAKAR G., WARRY, ANDREW, EMES, RICHARD D., HOOTON, STEVEN P. T., BARROW, PAUL A. and ATTERBURY, ROBERT J., 2017. Complete Genome Sequences of Vibrio cholerae-Specific Bacteriophages 24 and X29 MICROBIOLOGY RESOURCE ANNOUNCEMENTS. 5(46),
  • BHANDARE, SUDHAKAR G., WARRY, ANDREW, EMES, RICHARD D., SU, JINGLIANG, BARROW, PAUL A. and ATTERBURY, ROBERT J., 2017. Complete Genome Sequences of Seven Vibrio cholerae Phages Isolated in China MICROBIOLOGY RESOURCE ANNOUNCEMENTS. 5(47),
  • BHANDARE S.G., CADIEUX, B, COLAVECCHIO, A AND GOODRIDGE, L, 2017. Isolation and characterization of broad host range virulent phages for control of Salmonella on plants. In: 22nd Evergreen International Phage Meeting held from 6th to 11th August, 2017 at Olympia, USA. 84
  • BHANDARE S.G., COLOM, J., BAIG, A., RITCHIE, J.M., BARROW, P. AND ATTERBURY, R., 2017. Bacteriophage therapy treats cholera. In: 22nd Evergreen International Phage Meeting held from 6th to 11th August, 2017 at Olympia, USA. 159
  • BHANDARE SG, 2016. Bacteriophages for Biocontrol of Foodborne Pathogens: An Overview. In: DR. SUBHASH BHORE, ed., ‘Research Highlights in 4Bs (Biosensors, Biodiagnostics, Biochips and Biotechnology)’, AIMST University, Malaysia 20-32
  • CHETHAN KUMAR,H.B., ZENDE, R.J., KARABASANAVAR, N S., VAIDYA, V.M., BHANDARE, S.G., SHILPA, V.T. and PATURKAR, A.M., 2015. Studies on Prevalence of Trichinellosis in Pigs and Wild Animals. Journal of Veterinary Public Health. 13(1), 15-18
  • BHANDARE, S. G., 2014. ETHNIC MEAT PRODUCTS | India and Pakistan. In: Encyclopedia of Meat Sciences (Second Edition) Elsevier London. 538-542
  • BHANDARE S.G., EMES, R. D., HOOTON, S.P.T., BARROW, P.A. and ATTERBURY, R.J., 2014. Sequencing and genome annotation of two Vibrio cholerae bacteriophages 24 and X29. In: Viruses of microbes: Structure and function, from molecules to communities conference, July 2014, Zurich, Switzerland. 119-120
  • BHANDARE SG, WASKAR, V.S. and NAGAPPA, S.K., 2013. HACCP for Clean Meat Production. In: MANDAL, P.K. and BISWAS, A.K., eds., In ‘Animal Products Technology’, Studium Press (India) Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India 174-184
  • CHETAN KUMAR, H.B., KARABASANAVAR, N.S., BHANDARE, S.G., ZENDE, R.J. and PATURKAR, A.M., 2012. Contamination of community soil with ova of Toxocara species in Mumbai city. Journal of Veterinary Public Health. 10(1), 57-58
  • SAJJAN, S.A., PATURKAR, A.M., GATNE, M.L., ZENDE, R.J. and BHANDARE, S.G., 2012. Characterization of porcine Hydatid fluid proteins by SDS-PAGE. Frontier Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences. 1(1), 22-24
  • BHANDARE, S.G., 2012. Phage: A good virus versus bad bacteria for food safety. Journal of Food Process Technology. 3 (10) 53.,
  • CHETAN KUMAR H. B, NAGAPPA S. K, BHANDARE S. G., ZENDE R.J. AND PATURKAR A.M., 2011. ‘Physical hazards in meat: An overview’. Processed Food Industry. May, 28-32.
  • BHANDARE, SUDHAKAR, PATURKAR, ASHISH M., WASKAR, VIKAS S. and ZENDE, RAVINDRA J., 2010. Prevalence of microorganisms of hygienic interest in an organized abattoir in Mumbai, India. JOURNAL OF INFECTION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. 4(7), 454-458
  • BHANDARE, S.G., SHEARD, P., WASKAR, V.S. AND GOSAVI, P.P., 2010. Effect of pale, soft, exudative (PSE) and dark, firm, dry (DFD) meat on processing of meat. Processed Food Industry. 13(8), 26-28
  • BHANDARE, S.G. AND WASKAR, V.S., 2010. Food Safety Management for Indian Dairy Industry. Indian Dairyman. 62(6), 42-46
  • BHANDARE S.G, 2010. Food borne diseases and food safety management: an Indian perspective. Asian Meat: Processing and Marketing. March/April, 28-29
  • BHANDARE, S.G. AND SHEARD, P., 2010. Handle birds with care up to shackle. World Poultry. 26(2), 56-57
  • BHANDARE, S.G., PATURKAR, A.M. WASKAR, V.S. AND ZENDE, R.J., 2009. Bacteriological screening of environmental sources of contamination in an abattoir and the meat shops in Mumbai, India. Asian Journal of Food and Agro-Industry. 2(3), 277-287
  • BHANDARE S.G, 2009. Chronic Hematuria in a Camel: A case report. Veterinary World. 2(4), 148
  • BHANDARE, SUDHAKAR G., SHERIKAR, A. T., PATURKAR, A. M., WASKAR, V. S. and ZENDE, R. J., 2007. A comparison of microbial contamination on sheep/goat carcasses in a modern Indian abattoir and traditional meat shops. FOOD CONTROL. 18(7), 854-858
  • BHANDARE SG, 2003. Traumatic Reticulo–Peritonitis in a Camel (Camelus dromedaries): An Unusual Case. The Veterinarian. 8-9

School of Veterinary Medicine and Science

University of Nottingham
Sutton Bonington Campus
Leicestershire, LE12 5RD

telephone: +44 (0)115 951 6116
fax: +44 (0)115 951 6415