4.1 Introduction

This section will explore the interaction of technology and costs with market demand in shaping industrial structure throughout the industry life cycle. Many industries begin as a numerous and turbulent group of firms jostling for position, experimenting with new and idiosyncratic products, and turn into a much smaller, more stable number of firms, making standardised products by routine methods. In this section we add a rather different view of firms to that developed in Author(s): The Open University

Science Research Showcase
Postgraduate students from Faculty of Science showcased their research at a Research Afternoon on Monday 6 June 2016. Students presented a series of ten minute talks and two-minute 'lightning' talks on topics ranging from the spread of information, to vaccines and MRSA.
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

1.4.7 Case study 4: The death of Meg – a home death

Meg was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis at the age of 28, shortly after the birth of her second child, a diagnosis which was changed to systemic lupus erythematosis (usually called SLE or lupus), ten years later. This is a rare chronic degenerative condition, which mostly presents in mild forms, but in Meg’s case the condition was severe.

When Meg was first diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis she was devastated and contemplated suicide, mostly because she was afraid of losing her
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2013 The Open University

Banksy Creates Street Art and Mystery
A mysterious London street artist named Banksy has been leaving his art all over Los Angeles. Ben Tracy reports on the only Oscar nominee no one has seen. Please note that graffiti a crime. (02:18)
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

1.6 All together now? Discussion

Views – whether from citizens or consumers – are diverse, although there are similarities within and between groups: for instance, on the need for respect. Diversity of opinion as well as diversity of need must be addressed by frontline managers. A few of the individuals and groups noted by our testers include: users of services for mental health, physical disability, older people, children and families; carers; workers; union representatives; managers; the general public; local and natio
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

1.3 The arrival of the Euro and the European Central Bank

The ECB (founded in 1998) is a formally independent body charged with defining and implementing monetary policy for the EU. It holds the reserves of the national banks of those participating in the Euro-zone, and also has responsibility for the Euro exchange rate (see Section 1.5). This independence
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2013 The Open University

1.3.9 Internet resources

There are many websites where you will find useful information on health and lifestyle. With all information on the internet you need to make a judgement on the reliability of the information.

BBC Health The health pages on the BBC website.
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2013 The Open University

Shakespeare on Film
Tony Davies, who was a professor and head of the department of English at Fort Hare University in South Africa and Jose Ramon Diaz Fernandez, a senior lecturer in English Literature at the University of Malaga discuss 'Shakespeare from Stage to Film'.
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Video Interview - 19th Century Czech Literature
Video Interview - 19th Century Czech Literature
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Standing Waves and Musical Instruments
Catherine Schmidt-Jones
For middle school and up, an explanation of how standing waves in musical instruments produce sounds with particular pitches and timbres.
Author(s):
No creator set

All the Fun of the Fair
There is nothing quite like the thrill of a ride at the fair. But what is it that creates the thrills - making people actually enjoy the experience of being thrown around? The tracks in this Collection look at the circular motion of 4 fairground rides, and focuses in on 'The Hellraiser', mathematically modelling the forces at work. This material makes up part of The Open University course MST209 Mathematical methods and modelsAuthor(s): The iTunes U team

License information
Related content

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2

The Decline of the West in the New Asian Century? [Audio]
Speaker(s): Jonathan Fenby, Yu Jie, Gideon Rachman | Financial Times columnist Gideon Rachman discusses his new book Easternisation: War and Peace in the Asian Century. Join the debate on how far the growing wealth of Asian nations is moving the international balance of power away from the West. Jonathan Fenby (@JonathanFenby) is co-founder of Trusted Sources and author of Will China Dominate the 21st Century? Yu Jie (@Yu_JieC) is China Foresight Project Manager and Dahrendorf Senior Research As
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

1.3.7 Encyclopedias

Encyclopedias can be useful reference texts to use to start your research. There are some available online, such as:

Wikipedia A freely available collaborative encyclopedia.
Encyclopedia Br
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2013 The Open University

1 Fuel poverty

The audio clips in this unit feature interviews about fuel poverty in Scotland.

Activity

Read through the information about each of the participants, and then listen to the clips in Section 3. As you read, and while you listen, m
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2013 The Open University

4.3 Neo-Marxist interpretations of welfare to work

Neo-Marxists interpret welfare-to-work programmes as doubly alienating. First, the programmes deny workers control over the conditions of their ‘employment’ by forcibly constructing their relations with employers. Second, they deepen social inequalities because they are concerned with people who are weakest in the competitive labour market. Neo-Marxists view economic regulation as the principle purpose of welfare to work. Its task is to manage the contradictions of the capitalist welfa
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Stewardship of Parks in a Changing World (Part 1)
Science for Parks, Parks for Science: The Next Century 1:15 pm: Plenary: “Beyond the Boundaries: Parks within Coupled Human-Natural System” Ruth DeFries, Denning Family Professor of Sustainable Development, Columbia University 1:40 pm: Plenary: “Climate change and Novel Disturbance Regimes in National Park Landscapes” Monica Turner, Odum Chair of Ecology, University of Wisconsin 2:05 pm: Plenary: “Biological Invasions in the National Parks and in Park Science” Daniel Simberloff, G
Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content

Conclusion

This free course provided an introduction to studying Engineering. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance, and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.


Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Static/Dynamic IP Restrictions -- DDOS Protection | Azure App Service

In this video, Nazim Lala demonstrates how to configure IP restriction for Azure Web Apps to help secure your web app and to help mitigate Denial of Service attacks against your application. This video will show what Static and Dynamic IP restrictions are and how simple it is to configure them in a flexible manner to give your web app security customized for its payload and profile.

Author(s): Cory Fowler

License information
Related content

Rights not set

3.1 Background information

Stress corrosion cracking can produce devastating damage in large structures, as the examples of swimming-pool ceilings and roofs in Section 2 showed. But even larger structures can also be attacked, as was revealed by the events at the Silver Bridge in 1967.

The Silver Bridge spanned the Ohio river
Author(s): The Open University

License information
Related content

Copyright © 2016 The Open University

Video: Rhyming Words and Kindergarten Readiness
Get your child ready for kindergarten and learn how to help your child recognize rhyming words and phonetics to prepare him or her for kindergarten in this free how to video clip. (01:10)

Author(s): No creator set

License information
Related content