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An Intelligent Tutoring System for Entity Relationship Modelling
The paper presents KERMIT, a Knowledge-based Entity Relationship Modelling Intelligent Tutor. KERMIT is a problem-solving environment for the university-level students, in which they can practise conceptual database design using the Entity-Relationship data model. KERMIT uses Constraint-Based Modelling (CBM) to model the domain knowledge and generate student models. We have used CBM previously in tutors that teach SQL and English punctuation rules. The research presented in this paper is signifi
Author(s): Suraweera Pramuditha,Mitrovic Antonija

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Looking Ahead to Select Tutorial Actions: A Decision-Theoretic Approach
We propose and evaluate a decision-theoretic approach for selecting tutorial actions by looking ahead to anticipate their effects on the student and other aspects of the tutorial state. The approach uses a dynamic decision network to consider the tutor’s uncertain beliefs and objectives in adapting to and managing the changing tutorial state. Prototype action selection engines for diverse domains – calculus and elementary reading – illustrate the approach. These applications employ a rich mod
Author(s): Murray R. Charles,VanLehn Kurt,Mostow Jack

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Synchronous computer mediated collaborative activities among collocated students: Conditions that ma
Synchronous collaborative activities are usually studied in conditions where teachers and students are physically separated. Is there any possibility to apply these activities when all participants are collocated? Does this collocated collaboration setting seems meaningful and for what reasons? Is the quality of learning and teaching process satisfactory high? Under what conditions? The present research explores the previous questions. More specifically, it explores synchronous computer mediated
Author(s): Fessakis George,Petrou Argyroula,Dimitracopoulou A

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Confronting ideas in collaborative scientific discovery learning
This study investigated how collaborative knowledge construction within a scientific discovery (or inquiry)learning environment can be assisted with tools that aim to support students’ proposition generation and testing processes. Sixty-six fourth year pre-university education students participated in a kinematics learning task. The instructional goal of the learning activity was to develop students’ understanding of one dimensional kinematics. All students completed a proposition test in whic
Author(s): Gijlers Hannie,de Jong Ton

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Email use in elementary school: An analysis of exchange patterns and content
E-mail was embedded in a project in design & technology education in elementary school. During four lessons children worked in groups on building a flying object. These groups communicated through e-mail with groups of children from another school. The analyses of the e-mails, as viewed from distributed cognition theory, focus on the exchange patterns and content. Two characteristic exchange patterns are stacking and compounding. In stacking e-mails are sent out quickly enough to afford a ‘just
Author(s): Van der Meij Hans,Boersma Kerst

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Using just-in-time information to support scientific discovery learning about geometrical optics in
Many problems that learners regularly encounter during discovery learning with computer-based simulations have been identified. A number of studies have examined different ways of support for discovery learning by facilitating the learning process. This study examines the effect of facilitating access to prior knowledge through just-in-time information. It is expected that access to just-in-time information will foster learning but will not interfere with it. To test these hypotheses, an experim
Author(s): Hulshof Casper,de Jong Ton

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An Algebra Subsystem for Diagnosing Students' Input in a Physics Tutoring System
To help a student in an introductory physics course do quantitative homework problems, an intelligent tutoring system must determine information of an algebraic nature. This paper describes a subsystem which resolves such questions for Andes2. The capabilities of the subsystem would be useful for any ITS which deals with problems involving complex systems of equations. This subsystem is capable of 1) solving the systems of equations at the level of introductory physics problems, 2) checking the
Author(s): Shapiro Joel A.

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The Logic-ITA in the classroom: a medium scale experiment
This paper presents the experiment and consequent evaluation of introducing the Logic-ITA in a second year tertiary undergraduate class. The Logic-ITA is a web-based Intelligent Teaching Assistant system, aimed at alleviating some of the problems caused by large classes or distance learning. Its domain of application is the construction of formal proofs in logic. The system acts as an intermediary between teacher and students: on one hand, it provides students with an environment to practice for
Author(s): Yacef Kalina

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A Simulated Student Can Improve Collaborative Learning
This paper describes a Simulated Student architecture designed to detect and avoid three situations that decrease the benefits of learning in collaboration. These are off-topic conversations, students with passive behaviour and problems related to students’ learning. In order to check the efficiency of the model in a real case a Simulated Student, which has the features described in the model, was added to a collaborative, synchronous system for learning programming. This paper describes the ex
Author(s): Vizcaíno Aurora

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Rôle des ontologies en ingénierie des EIAH : cas d’un système d’assistance au design pédagogiq
The thesis illustrates the role that Ontological Engineering (OE) can play in the design of Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL) for supporting learning/instructional designers and environments.,Ph. D. Thesis in cognitive informatics, Department of computer sciences, Unversité du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM), Canada
Author(s): Psyché Valéry

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Un site web pour l'enseignement interdisciplinaire des mathématiques en biologie
Depuis septembre 2001, une section pilote du DEUG Sciences de la Vie est mise en place par l’Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1. Cette section bénéficie d’une pédagogie universitaire innovante intégrant les TICE. Notre équipe pédagogique assure le cours de Mathématiques tout en mettant l’accent sur l’interdisciplinarité Mathématiques et Biologie. Nous avons mis en place un apprentissage progressif par acquisition de connaissances (cours magistraux et travaux tutorés) puis de compét
Author(s): Charles Sandrine,Ney Muriel,Mouchiroud Dominique,H

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Scientific discovery learning with computer simulations of conceptual domains
Scientific discovery learning is a highly self-directed and constructivistic form of learning. A computer simulation is a type of computer-based environment that is very suited for discovery learning, the main task of the learner being to infer, through experimentation, characteristics of the model underlying the simulation. In this article we give a review of the observed effectiveness and efficiency of discovery learning in simulation environments together with problems that learners may encou
Author(s): de Jong Ton,Van Joolingen Wouter

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Self-directed learning in simulation-based discovery environments
SIMQUEST1 is an authoring system for designing and creating simulation-based learn-ing environments. The special character of SIMQUEST learning environments is that they include cognitive support for learners which means that they provide learners with support in the discovery process. In SIMQUEST learning environments we try to find the balance between direct guidance of the learning process and sufficient free-dom for learners to regulate the learning process themselves. In this article we de-
Author(s): de Jong Ton,Van Joolingen Wouter,Swaak Janine,Veer

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The effects of graphical overviews on exploratory behaviour and knowledge acquisition in hypertext e
One of the main and recognized problems of learning with hypertexts is that learners are easily distracted and end up ‘lost in hyperspace’. As a result, they do not acquire complete and adequate knowledge. In this study, we enhanced a hypertext environment with a graphical overview that represented the basic structure of the domain and we designed the layout in such a way that learners were unobtrusively encouraged to follow a sequence of exploration that followed the domain structure. This so
Author(s): de Jong Ton,van der Hulst Anja

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The integration of computer simulation and learning support: an example from the physics domain of c
Discovery learning is generally seen as a promising but demanding mode of learning that, in most cases, can only be successful if students are guided in the discovery process. The present article discusses a study on discovery learning with a computer simulation environment in the physics domain of collisions. In the learning environment, which is called Collision, students learned about collisions where two particles move in the same direction and interact via a conservative force in such a way
Author(s): de Jong Ton,Martin Ernesto,Zamarro Jose-Miguel,Esq

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Differences between novice and experienced users in searching information on the World Wide Web
Lazonder, Biemans, and Wopereis observed 25 fourth grade students divided into novice and expert classes on the basis of self reported World Wide Web experience and a proficiency test. No significant differences were found among the subjects in domain expertise (based on standard test performance), gender or ethnic background. Each subject preformed three 13 minute search and browse assignments where site location and information location were treated separately. Time and success were recorded,
Author(s): Lazonder Ard,Biemans Harm,Wopereis Iwan

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Améliorer un dispositif pédagogique par l'intégration de nouveaux canaux de communication
L’analyse des résultats de l’expérimentation d’un dispositif pédagogique instrumenté par les TIC pour un apprentissage de savoir faire par projets a mis en évidence des ruptures dans la communication. Ces ruptures sont liées à la difficulté d’accès à Internet dans certaines situations (alternance…). Face à ce constat, nous avons décidé d’introduire un nouveau canal de communication, a priori disponible en masse chez les étudiants : le téléphone mobile. Cette publication pr
Author(s): Leclet Dominique,Leprêtre Eric,Peter Yvan,Quenu-J

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The ZAP Project: Designing interactive computer tools for learning psychology
In the ZAP project, a set of interactive computer programs called 'ZAPs' was developed. The programs were designed in such a way that first-year students experience psychological phenomena in a vivid and self-explanatory way. Students can either take the role of participant in a psychological experiment, they can experience phenomena themselves, or they can take the role of researcher and learn by discovery. ZAPs provide added value to existing learning materials about psychological topics and c
Author(s): Hulshof Casper,Eysink Tessa,de Jong Ton

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Effects of pictures, age and experience on learning to use a computer program
This study examines the effects of pictures of screen captures and input devices on documentation for older novices. There was no main effect of pictures, but there were statistically significant interactions between the type of picture and the factors of age and computer experience. As predicted, the most optimized designs—the ones presenting screen captures—moderated the negative effects of age. We argue that screen captures help reduce two problems in the cognitive area that are especially
Author(s): Van der Meij Hans,Gellevij Mark

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Students’ Activity in Computer-Supported Collaborative Problem Solving in Mathematics
The purpose of this study was to analyse secondary school students’ (N = 16) computer-supported collaborative mathematical problem solving. The problem addressed in the study was: What kinds of metacognitive processes appear during computer-supported collaborative learning in mathematics? Another aim of the study was to consider the applicability of networked learning in mathematics. The network-based learning environment Knowledge Forum (KF) was used to support students’ collaborative problem
Author(s): Hurme Tarja-riitta,Järvelä Sanna

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