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5 Promoting development

There are, of course, many ways in which people support babies’ development. The extract in the next activity is from the book by Meggitt and Sunderland and lists some of the other ways in which adults and older children can help very young babies to develop their skills. Some babies with physical or mental impairments will respond to these things in different ways, at their own pace.

Different families will have different ways of promoting babies’ development according to what they
Author(s): The Open University

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2.2 What are babies able to do?

Activity 2

0 hours 30 minutes

The extract below is from a book written by UK child development teachers Carolyn Meggitt and Gerald Sunderland. It summarises what the majority of babies less than a week
Author(s): The Open University

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Introduction

In this unit you will find out some of the things very young babies can do. You will also discover how babies can contribute to family life and relationships from birth. You will look at what they need from other adults and children, and what they can learn.

Using a video extract, you will observe and listen to young babies in action, and learn from them.

If you are a parent or carer. You can consider your role in helping to give babies a good start in life.

Section 1 will i
Author(s): The Open University

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2.3 ‘Looked-after’ children

There are 70,000 ‘looked-after’ children in the UK (National Statistics, 2005). Children are ‘looked after’ when they are:

  • in care (this term refers to children who are the subject of a care order made by a body with legislative powers) and are accommodated

or

  • provided with accommodation, by voluntary agreement with those having parental responsibility for the child.

The t
Author(s): The Open University

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4.1 Introduction

In the previous section we examined some of the factors that affect young people's chances of experiencing mental health problems. This section continues the focus on mental health but takes a more positive stance, exploring the factors that promote young people's mental health and that might enable them to cope with threats to their emotional wellbeing. However, it will be important to carry forward the conclusions reached in previous sections, about diversity and inequality in young people'
Author(s): The Open University

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3.1 Young people's mental health: diversity and inequality

We will now focus on young people's mental and emotional wellbeing, as a way of exploring how social divisions create diverse and unequal health experiences for young people.

Earlier in the unit we cited claims that young people today are experiencing an increase in mental health problems. What is certainly clear is that there has been an increasing concern in the media and elsewhere about young people's mental health, resulting in a range of reports and initiatives.

But ho
Author(s): The Open University

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2.4 Applying a critical approach

A critical approach to young people's health sounds fine in the abstract, but what might it mean in practice? How can such a framework help us to make sense of young people's actual experience of physical and mental distress?

To explore these questions, we will look at the apparent increase in the incidence of eating disorders, especially among young women. One of the advantages of this example is that it combines concerns about physical and mental health. This discussion will draw on a
Author(s): The Open University

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2.3 Towards a critical framework

Is it possible to construct an alternative framework for understanding young people's health, and if so, what resources might we need to draw on to do so?

A cultural perspective can help us to see constructions of adolescent mental health as interwoven with histories of ‘youth concern’. Recent debates about young people's wellbeing can be seen as an extension of more general anxieties about the state of contemporary childhood (James and Prout, 1997). A Foucauldian analysis wo
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2.2 Defining wellbeing

Wellbeing has become popular among policy makers as a generic term that embraces physical, mental and emotional health. Is this simply a matter of changing fashions in terminology or does it reflect particular assumptions about what it means to be healthy? Moreover, does the term have particular meanings when used in relation to young people? In this section we will analyse current ideas about what constitutes wellbeing for young people, and work towards producing a critical framework for und
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2.1 Introduction

In the unit overview we explored some of the images and discourses about young people's health currently in circulation. But what assumptions are being made in these stories about what it means for a young person to be healthy, whether physically or mentally? What kind of model of wellbeing is being used in these discourses, and are there alternative approaches?


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1 Unit overview

The focus of this unit is young people's health and wellbeing, a topic that has received much attention from commentators and policy makers in recent years.

Specifically, the unit will set out to answer the following core questions:

  • How has young people's health been constructed in public and policy discourse in recent years, and what are the implications for young people and those who work with them?

  • What might an alternative,
    Author(s): The Open University

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Learning outcomes

By the end of this unit you should be able to:

  • demonstrate an awareness of current media and policy discourses surrounding young people's physical and mental health;

  • critically analyse ideas about young people's wellbeing using a range of theoretical perspectives;

  • demonstrate an understanding of some of the ways in which young people's experience of mental health is shaped by diversity and inequality;

  • demonstrate an awareness of diffe
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Introduction

Recent years have seen a great deal of media discussion about young people's health and wellbeing, focusing on issues such as obesity, binge drinking, depression and behavioural problems. But what is the true picture? What do we mean by ‘wellbeing’ for young people, how is it shaped by social differences and inequalities, and how can we improve young people's mental and physical health?

This unit is an adapted extract from the Open University course
Author(s): The Open University

1 Play, Learning and the Brain

‘Teaching and learning are an odyssey into the neural architecture of the human brain.’

‘A baby is born with over 100 billion brain cells. At birth only 25% of the brain is developed. By age three 90% of the brain is developed.’

(Catherwood, 2000)

‘Brain-based learning’ (BBL) is receiving increasing attention in the popular and professional fields. But what exactly is it? Befo
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5.2 Thought and language

For Piaget the development of thought and language was dependent on underlying ‘intelligence’. Language is therefore simply a reflection of mental ability: intelligence precedes language and is independent of it.

Vygotsky (1986) however, proposed that language has two functions: inner speech, used for mental reasoning, and external speech, used for communication with other people. He suggested that these two functions arise separately. That is, before the age of about 2 years, child
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4.2 The origins of Piagetian theory

Piaget started his career as a biologist, interested in the processes by which organisms adapt to their environment during development. Born in Switzerland, his interest in child development began in 1920 when he worked in Alfred Binet's laboratory, helping to translate items for one of the first intelligence tests into French. Piaget became interested in the wrong answers the children gave. These ‘errors’ seemed to be systematic rather than random, suggesting some underlying consistencie
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Maths Lesson: A Job at LEGOLAND

Click here to download this lesson as a printable PDF worksheet

Learning Intention:  To calculate,
Author(s): Kevin Cummins

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Advanced Audio Blog S5 #24 - Top 10 Japanese Historical Figures: Yukichi Fukuzawa
Learn Japanese with JapanesePod101.com! At your job interviews, you try to highlight your ongoing learning of the Japanese language as one of your many interests. What you have realized, though, is that in addition to enjoying your study of the Japanese language, you also are passionate about Japanese culture and history. Perhaps at your next [...]
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From the makers of the award-winning online language course Coffee Break Spanish comes a new range of titles aimed at busy people who want to acquire the absolute basics of a language. One Minute Languages from the Radio Lingua Network will introduce learners to a new language from scratch. The course is made up of ten lessons and covers topics including basic greetings, introducing yourself, and dealing with language problems. You’ll also learn numbers and other useful words and phrases whi
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One Minute Languages - Schedules
This flyer provides details on publication dates for each of the new One Minute Languages courses released between September and December 2008.Author(s): No creator set

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