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2.2 The nature of systems thinking and systems practice

There are no simple definitions for either systems thinking or systems practice. It's difficult to find definitions that capture all the perspectives that the ideas carry for people who think of themselves as systems thinkers and systems practitioners. Most systems practitioners seem to experience the same kind of difficulty in explaining what they do or what it means to be systemic in their thinking. Through experience I've developed some criteria by which I characterise systems thinking, bu
Author(s): The Open University

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8.09 Classical Mechanics (MIT)
This class provides a formal introduction to classical mechanics, Euler-Lagrange equations, Hamilton's equations of motion used to describe central force motion, scattering, perturbation theory and Noether's theorem. The course also extends to continuous and relativistic systems and classical electrodynamics.
Author(s): Wyslouch, Boleslaw

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6.844 Computability Theory of and with Scheme (MIT)
6.844 is a graduate introduction to programming theory, logic of programming, and computability, with the programming language Scheme used to crystallize computability constructions and as an object of study itself. Topics covered include: programming and computability theory based on a term-rewriting, "substitution" model of computation by Scheme programs with side-effects; computation as algebraic manipulation: Scheme evaluation as algebraic manipulation and term rewriting theory; paradoxes fr
Author(s): Meyer, Albert R.

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07 Adler Textbook Revision
Dialogue only.
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Slippery Slope: Europe's troubled future [Audio]
Speaker(s): Giles Merritt | Slippery Slope is far from the usual run of uncritical EU-related studies. Its aim is to set alarm bells ringing across Europe with its revealing insights into our increasingly troubled future. In his book which he will discuss in this lecture Giles Merritt argues that the steepness and suddenness of Europe's decline in the 'Asian century' will depend on the actions we Europeans undertake. And there are two key lessons that we need to face from the beginning. Firstly,
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5.111 Principles of Chemical Science (MIT)
This course provides an introduction to the chemistry of biological, inorganic, and organic molecules. The emphasis is on basic principles of atomic and molecular electronic structure, thermodynamics, acid-base and redox equilibria, chemical kinetics, and catalysis. In an effort to illuminate connections between chemistry and biology, a list of the biology-, medicine-, and MIT research-related examples used in 5.111 is provided in Biology-Related Examples. Acknowledgements Develop
Author(s): Drennan, Catherine,Taylor, Elizabeth Vogel

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HILD 2A - Lecture 28 - 12/2/2009
HILD 2A - Lecture 28
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Special: Liveable and Unliveable Cities
Anne McElvoy hosts a response to the Economist Intelligence Unit's recent survey of the world's cities, which ranks them by liveability. Talking to ten Economist correspondents scattered across the globe, she investigates cities in crisis, new destinations for Brexit refugees and the poisoned chalice of urban perfection
Author(s): The Economist

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Rights not set

3,3,7 Royal Assent

You have already seen references to Royal Assent in this unit. The monarch formally assents to a Bill in order for it to pass into law. Royal Assent has never been withheld in recent times. Queen Anne was the last monarch to withhold a Royal Assent, when she blocked a Scottish Militia Bill in 1707. The Queen feared a Scottish militia might be turned against the monarchy.

Since the sixteenth century no monarch has actually signed a Bill themselves. Instead, the monarch signs what are kno
Author(s): The Open University

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The Exchange: The family driving Fiat
Rob Cox is joined by Jennifer Clark, author of "Mondo Agnelli," and columnist Antony Currie to discuss the evolution of the Agnelli family dynasty.
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6.4 Blogs

The founder of Technorati claims that the number of 'blogs' doubles every five months and that the creation rate is approaching two per second. One estimate I read in July 2010 put the number at 400 million blogs. Because these online diaries offer instant publishing opportunities, you potentially have access to a wealth of knowledge from commentators and experts (if they blog) in a
Author(s): The Open University

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Learning outcomes

After studying this unit you should:

  • understand the historical growth of the idea of human rights;

  • be aware of the international context of human rights;

  • be aware of the position of human rights in the UK prior to 1998;

  • understand the importance of the Human Rights Act 1998;

  • have practised analysing and evaluating concepts and ideas;

  • have started to see links between the core concepts of rules, rights and
    Author(s): The Open University

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11.914 Planning Communication (MIT)
This three-week module, centered on a focal case, represents the second part of the Department's introduction to the challenges of reflection and action in professional planning practice. As such, it builds on the concepts and tools in 11.201 and 11.202 in the fall semester. Working in teams, students will deliver a 20-minute oral briefing, with an additional 10 minutes for questions and comments, in the last week of the class (as detailed on the assignment and posted course schedule). The teams
Author(s): Kobes, Deborah,Keyes, Langley,Silberberg, Susan,Br

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Desmond Tutu Interview on Leadership
The 1984 Nobel Peace Laureate Desmond Tutu discusses what makes a good leader. Vague information. Of limited use.
Run time 3:44

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2.10 Summary of Part A

In Part A we have examined the various ways in which Acts of Parliament may originate:

  1. Party manifestos

  2. National emergency, crisis or new development

  3. Royal Commissions

  4. The Law Commission

  5. Private Members' Bills.


Author(s): The Open University

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Existential graphs
Existential Graphs is a Web resource offering an introduction to the existential graphs system of logic, originally developed about a century ago by American philosopher Charles S. Pierce. The system offers a way of formalising and analysing logical arguments, including methods for testing proofs, but unlike more conventional formalisation systems, it adopts a graphical approach. Although the method will be unfamiliar to many students of logic, Pierce claimed that it was easier to use than tradi
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Labor Productivity and Economic Growth
OpenStax College
By the end of this section, you will be able to: Identify the role of labor productivity in promoting economic growth Analyze the sources of economic growth […]

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3.7 Encyclopedias

Encyclopedias can be useful reference texts to use to start your research. There are some available online, such as:

WikipediaA freely available collaborative encyclopedia.
Encyclopedia Brit
Author(s): The Open University

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18.152 Introduction to Partial Differential Equations (MIT)
This course provides a solid introduction to Partial Differential Equations for advanced undergraduate students. The focus is on linear second order uniformly elliptic and parabolic equations.
Author(s): Colding, Tobias

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Mount Etna - A Slideshow
This is a slideshow of Europe's largest and most active volcano spew smoke and lava. Click on the forward arrows to advance the slideshow. There is no sound; there are no words.
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