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References

Bruner, J. (1996 ) The Culture of Education, Cambridge, Harvard University Press.
Caswell, B. and Lamon, M. (1999) ‘The Development of Scientific Literacy: the Evolution of Ideas in A Knowledge Building Classroom’ in Leach, J. & Moon, R.E. (1999) Learners & Pedagogy, London, Paul Chapman.
Cummins, J. and Sayers, D. (1995) Brave New Schools, Toronto, OI
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5.1 Introduction

Creativity should not be considered a separate mental faculty but a characteristic of our way of thinking, knowing and making choices. Creativity seems to emerge from multiple experiences, coupled with a well-supported development of personal resources, including a sense of freedom to venture beyond the unknown. The most favourable situation for creativity seems to be interpersonal exchange, with negotiation conflicts and co
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3.1 Introduction

We have the obligation to think about the future, precisely because of the type of work we do … Venturing the future is not a risk – it's a necessity of the dignity of humankind.

(The Disciplined Mind: Beyond Facts And Standardized Tests, The K-12 Education That Every Child Deserves, Howard Gardner, 2000)

This first case study shows the way in which ICT is used within a classroom community:
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Conclusion

This free course provided an introduction to studying Education, Childhood & Youth. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance, and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.


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5 Summary and conclusion

In this unit we have considered questions surrounding the future of school geography. This may at first seem an odd question, but it is salutary to remember that the advocates of geography had to work very hard to make the case for the subject's place in the English National Curriculum.

As the unit sought to show, even if we can agree that geography has an important role to play in schools, opinions vary as to the purpose of the subject:

  • Is it a
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2 The purposes of geography in schools

The evidence shows that students who study geography through their school lives become some of the most employable people in our society. The organisation [the Geographical Association] comments: ‘Surely all parents would wish their children to engage with a subject that improves their life chances and helps them to develop an informed concern for the world and an ability and willingness to take positive action, both l
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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • review some of the recent debates about the place of geography in the school curriculum

  • consider the different aims of geographical education

  • demonstrate an engagement with some links for further study.


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Beginners’ Chinese
Do you want to learn some basics in Mandarin Chinese? The tracks presented here are designed to give you a taste of Mandarin Chinese language and culture. You’ll hear short conversations where people greet each other, introduce themselves and their families, describe where they come from and what they do for a living. You’ll hear them talk about sports, ask for directions, buy things, order food in a restaurant, invite someone to dinner – or simply share their experience of learning Chines
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Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2

Discovering Wales and Welsh: first steps
This free course, Discovering Wales and Welsh, introduces you to who the Welsh people are via a brief look at history and two significant figures, Owain Glyndŵr and Llywelyn the Last. You will also learn the basics of Welsh pronunciation and how to greet people in Welsh. First published on Mon, 07 Mar 2016 as Author(s): Creator not set

2.1 Escritorio

En esta sesión vas a trabajar los textos descriptivos y para ello aprenderás a describir un lugar usando recursos expresivos como las comparaciones o analogías y metáforas.

Actividad 6

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3.6 Léxico básico


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3.2 Asking for and giving information on the telephone

Here are some common phrases that people use when telephoning:

Giving the reason for a call

  • I'm phoning for some information on ...

  • I'd like some more detailed material ...

  • I'd like to meet someone from CNT ...

  • I need some information ...

  • I need to talk to an accountant.

Making requests


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1.2.1 Stating essential conditions

These structures are used to show conditions that are essential.

Must + infinitive

The location must have good road communications.

Must not + infinitive

It must not be more than two hours by lorry from London.

Have to + infinitive

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Introducing Health Sciences: Trauma, Repair and Recovery
Traumatic injury causes millions of deaths and disabilities globally. How does the body react to tissue damage and what are the psychological effects of injury? The six video tracks in this album present a range of powerful and moving case studies and show how access to emergency and longer-term care can help. We find out how falls affect the elderly, what injuries motorcycle accidents can cause, and how a victim of the 2005 London underground bombings has learned to cope with mental trauma. Th
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Introduction

This course takes you on a journey of discovery where you are invited to challenge ideas, both new and old, in relation to mental health. It is made up of a series of three extracts. The first extract, ‘Boundaries of explanation’, sets out the theme of boundaries: boundaries within and between groups; within and between explanatory frameworks; and within and between experiences of mental health and distress. The second extract, ‘Whose risk is it anyway?’, considers a critical account
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Acknowledgements

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see terms and conditions), this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence

Grateful acknowledgement is made to the following sources for permission to reproduce materia
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2.2 Analysing communication problems

Below are two very different responses to Case Study 1.

  1. The main cause of the ‘communication problem’ was the Bangladeshi woman’s poor grasp of spoken English, which meant she was unable to communicate her needs clearly or to understand what was being said to her during her stay in hospital. She probably lacked confidence in herself, either because of her language difficulties or because of her cultural background. Perhaps the hospital could have
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Keep on learning

Study another free course

There are more than 800 courses on OpenLearn for you to
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6.6 A few final thoughts

This final section has concentrated on the heart, the lungs and the blood – the body's cardio-respiratory system. We saw briefly how the body takes oxygen in through the lungs, and discussed the importance of this for athletes in various sports. To understand the role of oxygen in the body and its importance to athletes, we had to draw on information that we had discussed in earlier sections about the way oxygen is carried in the blood and the way that the heart pumps blood to different par
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6.2 The body, the lungs and oxygen

The figure shows a simple image of how the lungs absorb oxygen from the air.

Figure 11
Figu
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ayuntamiento (el)town hall
escuela (la)school
hospital (el)hospital
oficina de turismo (la)tourist office
palacio (el)palace
polideportivo (el)sports centre
puente (el)