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2.2 Body as ‘identity project’

In Western culture, television ‘makeover’ shows in which individuals opt for plastic surgery or are given advice on clothes, makeup, diet and exercise have gained considerable popular appeal. It seems that large numbers of people are buying into the idea that lives can be radically changed through such makeovers. Supposedly unattractive people who are unhappy with their lives are transformed into supposedly more beautiful and happy people leading satisfying lives. In reality, however, doe
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3.2 Assisting, supporting and teaching

The idea that teaching assistants ‘assist’ teachers and ‘support’ learning has been the official view of a teaching assistant’s role for a long time and many policy makers continue to regard their work in this way. Suggesting that teaching assistants teach children has been taboo but this appears to be changing. In England and Wales HLTAs were originally meant to ‘cover’ lessons that were previously planned lessons by teachers but there is reason to think that many are teaching,
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1.4 Titles and duties

In the UK there are a number of terms in current use to describe those who provide learning support to children. It would be misleading to suggest that these terms describe the same roles and responsibilities. Rather, they relate to important role distinctions and are significant because they reflect the wide variety of work that learning support staff do.

Since the 1980s, many teaching assistants across the UK have experienced a notable change in their day-to-day involvement in schools
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5 World tour

This section aims to expand your knowledge of other countries around the globe. It will help you gain an insight into the variety of cultures on our planet.

Activity 18 Continents and their countries in the world

You shou
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2 Why study languages?

This section aims to demonstrate the importance of learning languages and give you a taste of a variety of different languages.

Activity 7

You should allow 10 minutes

Before we
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Conclusion

This free course provided an introduction to studying Languages. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance, and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.


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6 International Christmas

This section aims to raise your intercultural awareness, by exposing you to the many and different Christmas traditions around the world. It will encourage you to discover the connections between language and culture and engage you with online communications and research. You will also be given the opportunity to use your own creativity as a learning tool.

Please note that Christmas has been chosen as an example of a festival which is celebrated in different ways in different cou
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4.4 Where does gender come from?

Activity 15

0 hours 20 minutes

3.9 Being on the receiving end

Case Study 2: The Cameron family

David and Marie Cameron, a married couple in their 40s, live in a middle-class suburb. Marie teaches French at the local secondary school, while David is a full-time official for a clerical workers’ union. Both are active in the local Labour
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2.7.1 Identities are plural

Every person has a range of identities, according to how they see themselves (and how others see them) in terms of gender, ethnicity, sexuality, age, and so on. This means that seeing an individual in terms of one aspect of their identity – as a black person, for example, rather than as (say) a black working-class woman who is also a social worker, a mother and a school governor – is inevitably reductive and misleading.


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Learning outcomes

After studying this course, you should be able to:

  • demonstrate an understanding of competing perspectives on issues of communication, difference and diversity

  • demonstrate an understanding of the ways in which issues of ethnicity, gender and disability impact on interpersonal communication in care services

  • apply ideas about communication and difference to everyday interactions in health and social care contexts

  • analyse the ways in whic
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1.3.8 Separation from the physical body

Very common is the experience of floating, sometimes on the ceiling, looking down on the body – a sense that the essential part of the person has separated from the physical body. In Michael Sabom’s survey of near-death experiences among non-surgical cases everyone had this sensation, but other studies indicate it is not universal. One woman recorded these feelings in a poem.

Hovering beneath the ceiling, I looked down

Upon a body,
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1.3.7 Emotional feelings

In Sabom’s study all who reported a near-death experience were asked to describe their emotions during the experience. The predominant picture was one of calm, peace and tranquillity, in marked contrast to the physical pain and suffering felt before or after the event. Some spoke of sadness at seeing the efforts and distress of others trying to bring them back to life, and one woman spoke of being very happy until she remembered she was leaving her children behind. A few referred to a sense
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1.3.6 Sense of death

For almost everyone, quite early in the experience there was a strong feeling that they were dying or had already died, but this wasn’t preceded by a conscious anticipation of the nearness of death. One survivor of a heart attack said the first thing he realised after losing consciousness was that ‘something funny was going on … I realised I was dead … that I had died. [I thought] I don’t know whether the doctor knows it or not, but I know it.’


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1.3.2 Change on a daily basis: shared childcare

Activity 4: Caring for children

We leave our flat at about 8.15 am and go to nursery where Sabrina (who is four) stays for the mornings. I then t
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2.3 Objective conditions and subjective definitions

Activity 4

2 hours 0 minutes

Conclusion

This free course provided an introduction to studying Health and Social Care. It took you through a series of exercises designed to develop your approach to study and learning at a distance and helped to improve your confidence as an independent learner.


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4.3 Do children need to play?

Although we have considered the purposes of play and the extent to which it is valued in various societies, we have not considered how necessary play is for children's learning, development and well-being. There is reason to think that children who have their play behaviour severely restricted, or who find it difficult to play, can become very unhappy, or worse. In a study of 26 young male murderers, Brown (1998) reported that normal play behaviour was virtually absent throughout the lives of
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Drinking water treatment 1 (Technology)
The course gives the technological backgrounds of treatment processes applied for production of drinking water. The treatment processes are demonstrated with laboratory experiments.
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Drinking water treatment 2 (Design)
This course deals with the design of drinking water treatment plants. Theory is discussed and a design excercise is made.
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