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4.6 Evaluating constructivism

Piaget's theory was revolutionary in many respects. It recognised that children thought differently to adults. The view that learning is an individual and constructive process differed sharply from the prevailing climate of behaviourism when it was published. However, the experimental tasks that Piaget used to establish his theory have been subjected to criticism. Subsequent research, most notably by Donaldson (1978), has shown that under certain conditions young children are able to operate
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Pittenweem local authority recycling centre
Photos of this small recycling facility in Fife
Author(s): Bill Kasman

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How Does Your Mobile Phone Work?
For most of us, a mobile phone is a part of our lives, but I am sure your curious minds have always been struck by such questions as to how a mobile phone makes a call, and why there are different generations of mobile communications. Let’s explore the technology behind mobile (09:03)

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1.3 Summary

  • Modern sport and the media are closely linked in a variety of ways.

  • One area of connection is through big events and sports celebrities.

  • The media also provide routine coverage, scores, results, venue and scheduling details and everyday information, often at speed; for example, through the internet, and satellite and mobile phone technologies.

  • This type of coverage is illustrated by the example of English p
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Introduction

The media play a huge part in sport; we find out what's happening, how our team is doing and it creates great sporting moments and sports celebrities and stars. This course looks at the role played by the media in sport and how this has changed with the development of internet and satellite TV. Who calls the shots – athletes, teams or the media moguls? How do social scientists explain this relationship between sport and the media?

This OpenLearn course provides a sample of Level 1 stu
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7.3 Summary

The idea of discourse alerts us to a number of issues about the social construction of social problems. It suggests that we need to look beyond competing theories or perspectives to look at how knowledge is organised around central themes that allow the different theories to compete. Discourses define what the problem is, and it is because theories share the definition of the problem that they can compete and argue. Perspectives that start somewhere else – or do not share the definition of
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5.1.2 Dipole-dipole forces

In the case of dipole-dipole interactions, the molecules that bond together have a fixed asymmetry in their charge distributions (as is the case in Figure 22); if their orientations are favourable the two will bond together. All molecules produce London forces. The dipole-dipole interactions are in addition to
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4.2 Reasons for studying religion

Exercise 7

Identify and jot down reasons that you think might prompt someone to make a study of religion.

Discussion

Here are some reasons i
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5.5.2 Mimetic pressures

Mimetic pressures come from the pressure to imitate what others do. The world is complicated and finding the optimal solution often difficult. One way of dealing with this complexity is to copy others. For example, in my own consulting work I carried out an assignment for British Petroleum (BP). Subsequently, other (smaller) clients would often ask me ‘So how does BP do this?’, usually with little regard for the different circumstances they faced. It is this mimetic pressure that
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Learning outcomes

By the end of this free course, you should be able to:

  • identify your objectives;

  • assess what you have to offer;

  • balance these against a practical framework of your personal circumstances;

  • explore a range of reference sources to select what is most relevant;

  • prepare an action plan, including evaluation of achievements;

  • produce ongoing strategies to develop your voluntary work;

  • understand emp
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6.2 ‘No-choice’ dispersal

Dispersal as a strategy aimed at resolving tensions, avoiding ‘concentrations of aliens’ and preserving ‘ethnic balance’ and ‘cultural homogeneity’ is not a new idea, but one proposed for the settlement of successive groups of refugees, and indeed immigrants, since the 1930s, and also used in the 1960s and 1970s in relation to housing and education (Lewis, 1998). The government's asylum dispersal policy of 1999, intended to ‘ease the burden’ of the south-east of England, was b
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5.6 Public understanding and perception of science

Everyday reality presents itself not just through the senses but intersubjectively (Berger and Luckmann, 1966) – that is, we form meanings about the world because we talk to others about what we perceive. Scientific knowledge is also formed intersubjectively through being shared within a community of scientists – a community of practice which stipulates what constitutes legitimate scientific knowledge, and validates the epistemological assumptions made by its own traditions.


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RoseLee Goldberg on Performance Art
RoseLee Goldberg South African-born world authority on performance art spoke at the Gordon Institute for Performing and Creative Arts GIPCA Great Texts Big Questions lecture on 11 March Goldberg illustrious career as art historian critic curator and author has spanned almost three decades and has helped shape the public view of live performance as a visual art form Her book Performance Art from Futurism to the Present was first published in 1979 and pioneered the study of performance art even
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The Spanish-American War
This video is accompanied by text. "The beginning of the twentieth century was a period of unprecedented American prosperity and power. The economic and social environment was perfect for the rise of the International Darwinism movement. Followers of this movement applied some of the fundamental views of Darwin’s Origin of Species (1859) to international politics. They believed that the earth belonged to the strong, and with America quickly growing in strength, there was a strong surge of supp
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Internet Scout Project
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) educates children about natural disasters and how kids can help prevent damage. The website features educational materials on the causes of catastrophes such as tornadoes, hurricanes, and earthquakes. Visitors to the site can find out the natural disasters that affect each state in the United States. Students can read stories, play a variety of fun games, view disaster images, and more. By becoming a certified FEMA Disaster Action Kid at the website
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Rights not set

Internet Scout Project
As a free public service, the Emergency Email and Wireless Network provides citizens with email, cell phone, or pager notifications from your local, regional, and national government sources. Users can choose to receive information about severe weather in their area; electric, gas, and water outages; daily weather forecasts; national disaster news; and more. On the registration page, visitors input their email address, home county, zip code, and the type of notification they would like, and can
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Jack Miles: America, Islam and the 'ground zero mosque', at ANU
Professor Jack Miles of the University of California at Irvine gives this lecture entitled 'America, Islam and the 'ground zero mosque'' at The Australian National University on 9 September 2010. Plans to build an Islamic centre near the site of the 9/11 bombing have become a flashpoint for debate over the nature of America's relations with Islam. Eminent American religion scholar and journalist Professor Jack Miles argues that the conservative critics of the "ground zero mosque" are Osama bin
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Helping Children Prepare for Disasters
This site helps kids put together a disaster supply kit, set up a family disaster plan, read about what they might feel in a disaster, learn about pet protection, read a series of stories about kids who are always prepared for a natural disaster, and join Project IMPACT, a community damage mitigation program.
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Lessons from Hurricane Katrina: Can We Save California's Delta?
Lessons from Hurricane Katrina: Can we save California's Delta? Raymond B. Seed, Professor of GeoEngineering, Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering The catastrophic flooding of New Orleans during hurricane Katrina was the single most costly failure of an engineered system in history. It was also a social and cultural tragedy of unprecedented peacetime proportions for the United States. After the disaster, a team of leading experts from across the country examined the engineering and
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Disaster Dynamics
The Disaster Dynamics project is a learning environment for the study of the unique challenges surrounding natural disasters. By focusing on dynamics, this project emphasizes the complex and emergent interplay between different aspects of the design activities and the extreme event. The website has several educational role-playing simulation games such as decision making under uncertainty, complex systems and emergent properties, understanding design decisions and fostering collaborations.
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