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Gathering Requirements for a Grid-based Automatic Marking System
This paper reports on our experiences using a Creative Requirements [1] workshop approach to elicit requirements for a Grid-based automatic marking system. The research was conducted for ELeGI, an EU funded project whose goal is to provide a European Learning Grid infrastructure to promote a learning paradigm shift from a teacher-centred approach to a learner-centred approach. The automatic marking system uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) to assess the meaning of essays written by computer sc
Author(s): Haley Debra,de Roeck Anne,Nuseibeh Bashar,Petre Ma

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Experiences with Writing Grid Clients for Mobile devices
This paper describes our attempts to write GRID clients for Mobile Devices, such as a PDA, which have restrictive computational and storage facilities. Our experiences are based on an implementation of a mobile GRID client for Finesse, an existing web-based e-learning system. At this stage of our work we are not looking to novel applications of mobile learning, but rather are exploring the feasibility of mobile devices as GRID platforms, with novel learning applications as our future aim. We ex
Author(s): Millard David E.,Woukeu Arouna,Tao Feng (Barry),Da

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Global University System with Globally Collaborative Environmental Peace Gaming Project
The Global University System (GUS) [1] [Utsumi, et al, 2003] is a worldwide initiative to create advanced telecommunications infrastructure for access to educational resources across national and cultural boundaries for global peace. GUS aims to create a worldwide consortium of universities to provide the underdeveloped world with access to 21st Century education via broadband Internet technologies. The aim is to achieve “education and healthcare for all,” anywhere, anytime and at any pace.
Author(s): Utsumi Takeshi

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The Collaborative Visualization Project
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Author(s): Pea Roy D.

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Grounding Collaborative Knowledge Building in Semantics-Based Critiquing
In this paper we investigate the use of Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), Critiquing Systems, and Knowledge Building to support computer-based teaching of English composition. We have built and tested an English Composition Critiquing System that make use of LSA to analyze student essays and compute feedback by comparing their essays with teacher's model essays. LSA values are input to a critiquing component to provide a user interface for the students. A software agent can also use the critic fe
Author(s): Mørch Anders,Cheung William,Wong Kelvin,Liu Jimin

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Studying Changes in Learning Environments BroughtAbout by ICT-Based Systems
Aim of our work is to briefly introduce the main aspects of a methodology for the analysis of individuals and environmental changes brought about by the introduction of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in learning environments. The theoretical framework underpinning our work is that of Activity Theory. More specifically, we draw on the Cole and Engeström modelling of the complex relationships between elements in an activity. We have worked out our contribution on the basis of th
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Chiappini Giampaolo

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Ontology based user modeling for personalization of grid learning services
The paper shows how semantic grid learning services will support a user-centered, personalized, contextualized and experiential based approach for ubiquitous learning. In order to allow personalized learning processes, we need to study and define methodologies for representing, through adequate knowledge structures, such as ontologies, both the area (the learning context) and the learner. In this paper we will focus on the role of personalized ontologies for a new generation of intelligent serv
Author(s): Gouardères Guy,Conté Emilie,Mansour Saber,Razmer

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Movement and interaction in semantic GRIDs: dynamic service generation for Agents in the MIC* deploy
We present in this position paper the foundations of the MIC* model and deployment environment as they have emerged in the last years, relate them to current evolutions on semantic GRID dynamic service generation, as reflected by OGSA/I and, more recently, by WSRF, and propose an integrated view with the previously proposed STROBE model for communicating agents leading to a quite simple yet very promising architecture that may include Human agents in the loop, uninspectable as most artificial ag
Author(s): Gouaich Abdelkader,Cerri Stefano A.

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The Triangle Teacher - Pupil - Knowledge in E-Learning Environment
Our proposal starts from the study of the epistemological statute of the didactics of the mathematics (Henry, 1991; D'Amore, 1999), which faces the phenomenon of learning from the point of view of fundaments, in order to give useful and specific considerations for e-learning environment. In particular we will focus on how the triangle, teacher-pupil-knowledge changes when we use e-learning platforms.
Author(s): unknown unknown

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Quality of Service Requirements for the e-Learning Grid
In the same way that the Web has evolved from being a technology designed to aid scientific collaboration to one which is employed extensively in e-business and increasingly in e-learning, the Grid is also evolving from its original concept as a highly distributed dynamic source of computing resources "on tap", like the power grid, for e-science, to a means of supporting enterprise computing across heterogeneous, distributed, virtual organisations. However, even the most recent ideas associated
Author(s): Allison Collin

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Human and Artificial Agent's Conversations on the GRID
This position paper supports a conversational and social view of future e-Learning activities on the GRID. This evolution of the Web seems to be nicely synergic with current developments in Agents and Agent Communication Languages. Exactly what e-Learning needs in order to go over from a multimedia-based, passive or at best retroactive view of e-Learning resources to a proactive, peer-to-peer approach of social conversations among human and (progressively) artificial autonomous Agents.
Author(s): Cerri Stefano A.

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Informaticiens et didacticiens peuvent-ils travailler ensemble ?
Au cours du développement de l’EIAH APLUSIX, il y a eu de nombreuses occasions d’un travail partagé entre informaticiens et didacticiens. Quelques-unes sont décrites succinctement, illustrant différentes formes de collaborations selon des schémas producteur consommateur. Lors de la mise en place de patrons d’exercices et d’une carte de tests, une coopération plus approfondie a été possible, tout en respectant les disciplines de chacun. Cette mise en place de patrons d’exercices et d
Author(s): Bouhineau Denis,Bronner Alain,Chaachoua Hamid,Nica

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Report on NLP-based CALL Workshop
This deliverable is a report on the one-day workshop on NLP-based CALL that was organized on 13 April 2006 by the JEIRP partners as a contribution to an increased visibility of the project and the Kaleidoscope network. The workshop’s bilingual title was: “Integrating Natural Language Processing and Computer-Assisted Language Learning: current status and future prospects” “Traitement automatique des langues et Apprentissage des langues assisté par ordinateur : quelles perspectives d'int
Author(s): Granger Sylvianne,Antoniadis Georges,Fairon Cédri

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Programming as mathematical narrative
This paper describes a narrative-oriented approach to the design and analysis of a computational system and a set of activities for mathematical learning. Our central contention is that programming can offer a key to resolving the tension between the different representational structures of narrative and mathematical formalism. In the course of describing our approach, we make a distinction between the epistemic-cognitive elements of narrative and the social, cultural and affective elements. We
Author(s): Mor Yishay,Noss Richard

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Educational Knowledge Based Environment
In this paper a knowledge based environment is represented which facilitates easy creation and preparation of wide range of educational software. The heart of the environment is the knowledge representation tool providing a hybrid knowledge representation formalism combining frames, production rules and logic. The environment is built on the basis of the logic programming language Prolog.
Author(s): Dimitrova Galina,Stefanov Krassen

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Educational Knowledge Based Environment
In this paper a knowledge based environment is represented which facilitates easy creation and preparation of wide range of educational software. The heart of the environment is the knowledge representation tool providing a hybrid knowledge representation formalism combining frames, production rules and logic. The environment is built on the basis of the logic programming language Prolog.
Author(s): Dimitrova Galina,Stefanov Krassen

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Learning about Users from Observation
Many approaches and systems for recommending information, goods, or other kinds of objects have been developed in recent years. In these systems, machine learning methods are often used that need training input to acquire a user interest profile. Such methods typically need positive and negative evidence of the user’s interests. To obtain both kinds of evidence, many systems make users rate relevant objects explicitly. Others merely observe the user’s behavior, which yields positive evidence
Author(s): Schwab Ingo,Koychev Ivan,Kobsa Alfred

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Learning about Users from Observation
Many approaches and systems for recommending information, goods, or other kinds of objects have been developed in recent years. In these systems, machine learning methods are often used that need training input to acquire a user interest profile. Such methods typically need positive and negative evidence of the user’s interests. To obtain both kinds of evidence, many systems make users rate relevant objects explicitly. Others merely observe the user’s behavior, which yields positive evidence
Author(s): Schwab Ingo,Koychev Ivan,Kobsa Alfred

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Event-Driven Interoperability Framework For Interoperation In E-Learning Information Systems - Monit
Enormous efforts are put in both directions of the area of e-learning technologies- information and learning aspects. On one hand, there are new challenges in learning technologies, which tends to be in focus of research of the community of practise. On the other hand, there are learning specifications developments, which are technology oriented. And last, but not least new exciting technologies appear on the web. In order to achieve the primary goal in technology-enhanced learning - better lear
Author(s): Petrov Milen

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A Robot in Kindergarten
These thought are the result of work in progress, started in 1999, within the scope of the Trás-os-Montes Digital/SCETAD, project (sub-project: ICEI – Computers in Early Childhood Education Contexts). The work took place in Portuguese kindergarten rooms, with children aged 3, 4, 5 and 6. The ICEI sub-project aims to promote the use of ICT in a playful but pedagogical way, be it free or directed. This use is intended to occur within the scope of activities developed for the micro-spaces of the
Author(s): João-Monteiro Maria,Cristóvão-Morgado Rosa,Bula

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