logo
CRAL
Centre for Research in Applied Linguistics
   
   
  
 

Image of Ronald Carter

Ronald Carter

Research Professor of Modern English Language (Emeritus Professor),

Contact

Biography

Professor Carter has been at Nottingham University since 1979 and has been Director of the Centre for English Language Education and Head of the School of English. He is on the Editorial Boards of the journals Journal of Applied Linguistics, Language and Literature, Language Awareness and RELC Journal, and was recently an Editorial Advisor for the Encarta World English Dictionary. He was elected a life member of NATE (National Association for the Teaching of English) in 2007. He was chair of BAAL (British Association for Applied Linguistics) from 2003-2006 and was recently elected a fellow of the British Academy for Social Sciences. He was a member of the English Panel for the 2001 and 2008 RAE (Research Assessment Exercises), with particular responsibility for English language and applied linguistics.He received an MBE for services to local and national higher education in the 2009 New Year's Honours list and in 2013 was awarded an honorary doctorate (DUniv) from the Open University for his contributions to the field of applied linguistics.

He is currently closely involved with the work of Cambridge University Press Syndicates as a member of the Operating Board of the Press and as chair of the Education and ELT Publishing Committee. He also holds an affiliated lectureship in the Faculty of Medieval and Modern Languages at the University of Cambridge.

Research Summary

Professor Carter's main research interests are in the broad field of applied linguistics. This includes work on corpus and computational linguistics, discourse-based grammar, English vocabulary and… read more

Selected Publications

  • CARTER R.A., MARTINEZ, R., ADOLPHS, S. and SMITH, C., 2012. Listening to Lectures: Thinking smaller European Journal of Applied Linguistics and TEFL. 1(1), 21-34
  • ADOLPHS, S. and CARTER, R.A., 2013. Spoken corpus linguistics: from monomodal to multimodal Routledge.
  • BAKER, C., CRAWFORD. P., BROWN, B.J., LIPSEDGE, M. and CARTER R.A., 2010. Madness in post-1945 British and American fiction Palgrave.
  • CARTER, R.A., MCCARTHY, M.J., MARK, G. and O'KEEFFE, A., 2011. English grammar today: an A-Z of spoken and written grammar Cambridge University Press.

Current Research

Professor Carter's main research interests are in the broad field of applied linguistics. This includes work on corpus and computational linguistics, discourse-based grammar, English vocabulary and the interface between language and literature. In terms of literature and language, his main interest is in the relationship between language and creativity, with particular reference to spoken discourse and he has published widely on this topic, including Language and Creativity: The art of common talk (Routledge, 2004/ 2nd ed 2015) . He has recently worked on a number of ESRC- and EPSRC-funded e-social science projects researching the multi-modal relationship between language and gesture in context. A book on this topic (with Prof Svenja Adolphs) Spoken Corpus Linguistics: From monomodal to multimodal (Routledge: New York) was published in 2013. He also has current research interests in the discourses of professional and media communication and the relationship between language and social networking media using corpus-linguistic analytical tools. He is advisor to Routledge Publishers, London in English language studies, applied linguistics and English language teaching and learning.

He has written, co-authored, edited and co-edited over forty books and over one hundred articles. One major recent publication is The Cambridge Grammar of English: A Comprehensive Guide to Spoken and Written Grammar and Usage (CUP, 2006) (co-written with Michael McCarthy) and based on a 10 year research programme with Cambridge University Press involving the development of extensive computer-readable corpora of spoken and written English. The book won the 2007 British Council English Language Innovation Award.

Other recent publications include: From Corpus to Classroom (CUP, 2007) (with Anne O'Keeffe and Michael McCarthy); The Language and Literature Reader (ed with Peter Stockwell) (Routledge, 2008) and (ed with Joan Swann and Rob Pope) Language, Literature and Creativity: The State of the Art (Palgrave, 2010). English Grammar Today (with Michael McCarthy, Anne O'Keeffe and Geraldine Mark), a new A-Z Grammar of English for intermediate language learners (with accompanying workbook), was published by Cambridge University Press in 2011.

Within the context of Education Professor Carter has recently worked on the development of spoken competence in the National Curriculum for England and Wales on projects with QCA (Qualifications and Curriculum Authority) and has recently been part-seconded to the DfE (UK Ministry of Education) as a linguistic advisor for adult literacy and English for speakers of other languages. He has regularly worked abroad and has lectured in over forty countries world-wide, often on consultancies with governments overseas or in conjunction with the British Council.

He also has particular interests in widening participation, especially with minority ethnic groups, has directed from 2000-2011 School of English Literacy schemes, including recent projects with the Nottingham University Samworth Academy (NUSA), and has been Chair of Governors in a local school (Melbury Primary School) in the city of Nottingham where he is still a governor (with special interests in literacy).

Professor Carter has recently co-convened an interdisciplinary research group in health humanities and health communication involving co-researchers from the Faculty of Medicine and the Schools of Sociology and Social Policy, Pharmacy and Nursing and in connection with the ESRC multi-modal and e-science research projects work with research teams in Psychology and Computer Science. he has published several co-authored journal articles in these fields in the past five years. He is also working on a number of knowledge exchange projects with Cambridge University Press, two of them funded by ESRC and EPSRC, developing corpus-informed materials for English language grammar and dictionary development for on-line/mobile learning environments and from 2012 a new project aligning new corpora of e-language with the Cambridge International English Corpus.

Member of the Centre for Research in Applied Linguistics (CRAL)

  • ADOLPHS, S. and CARTER, R.A., 2013. Spoken corpus linguistics: from monomodal to multimodal Routledge.
  • MARTINEZ, R, ADOLPHS S and CARTER RA, 2013. Listening for needles in haystacks: How lecturers introduce key terms English Language Teaching Journal. 67(3), 313-323
  • KNIGHT, D, ADOLPHS S and CARTER RA, 2013. Formality in Digital Discourse: A study of hedging in CANELC. In: Yearbook of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics John Benjamins. 131-152
  • CARTER R.A., MARTINEZ, R., ADOLPHS, S. and SMITH, C., 2012. Listening to Lectures: Thinking smaller European Journal of Applied Linguistics and TEFL. 1(1), 21-34
  • CARTER RA, 2012. Coda: Some rubber bullet points Language and Literature. 21(1), 106-114
  • CARTER, R.A., MCCARTHY, M.J., MARK, G. and O'KEEFFE, A., 2011. English grammar today: an A-Z of spoken and written grammar Cambridge University Press.
  • CARTER RA AND C JONES, 2011. Literature and Language Awareness:: Using literature to achieve CEFR outcomes Journal of Second Language Teaching and Research. 1(1), 69-82
  • ADOLPHS, S., KNIGHT, D. and CARTER, R., 2011. Capturing context for heterogeneous corpus analysis: some first steps International Journal of Corpus Linguistics. 16(3), 305-324
  • CARTER RA AND HUNT D, 2011. Seeing Through The Bell Jar: Investigating linguistic patterns of psychological disorder Journal of Medical Humanities. 33(1), 27-40
  • CARTER, RA, SWAN, J and POPE, R, eds., 2011. Creativity in Language and Literature: The State of the Art Palgrave.
  • CARTER, RA and VO, THUC AHN, 2011. Creativity and corpus linguistics. In: O'KEEFFE, A and MCCARTHY, M, eds., The Corpus Linguistics Handbook Routledge. 302-316
  • CARTER, RA and ATKINS S, 2011. Creativity in speech. In: HANDFORD, M and GEE, J, eds., The Routledge Handbook of Discourse Analysis Routledge. 315-325
  • CARTER RA, 2011. Vocabulary: Applied Linguistic Perspectives 3rd ed Routledge Linguistics Classics Routledge.
  • CARTER RA AND KIRK, S., 2010. Fluency and Spoken English. In: JAEN, M,, SERRANO VALVERDE, F. and PEREZ, M., eds., Exploring New Paths in Language Pedagogy:: Lexis and corpus-based language teaching Continuum. 25-39
  • CARTER, R.A., 2010. Methodologies for Stylistic Analysis: Practices and pedagogies. In: MCINTYRE, D and BUSSE, B., eds., Language and Style Palgrave. 34-46
  • BAKER, C., CRAWFORD. P., BROWN, B.J., LIPSEDGE, M. and CARTER R.A., 2010. Madness in post-1945 British and American fiction Palgrave.
  • CARTER RA, ADOLPHS, S and EVANS, D, 2009. Headtalk, handtalk and the corpus:: Towards a framework for multi-modal, multi-media corpus development Corpora. 4(1), 1-32
  • CARTER, R. A. & STOCKWELL, P.J., ed., 2008. The Language and Literature Reader London: Routledge.
  • CARTER, R.A., 2008. Creativities in Context Applied Linguistics. 28(4), 597-608
  • O'KEEFFE, A., MCCARTHY, M.J. and CARTER, R.A., 2007. From corpus to classroom: language use and language teaching Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • CARTER R.A. AND FUNG, L., 2007. New varieties, new creativities: ICQ and English-Cantonese e-discourse Language and Literature. 16(4), 361-382
  • BROWN, B., CRAWFORD, P. and CARTER, R.A., 2007. Evidence-Based Health Communication Buckingham : Open University Press.
  • CARTER, R.A. AND FUNG, L., 2007. Cantonese e-discourse: a new hybrid variety of English Multilingua. 26, 35-66
  • CARTER, R.A and MCCARTHY, M., 2006. Cambridge grammar of English: a comprehensive guide: spoken and written English grammar and usage Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • CARTER, R.A. MCCARTHY, M.J, 2006. Cambridge Grammar of English: A Comprehensive Guide to Spoken and Written Grammar and Usage (CR-Rom Version) Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
  • CARTER, R.A. and BURTON, B., 2005. 'Literature and Literary Language'. In: , ed., Elsevier Encyclopaedia of Linguistics Elsevier Science.
  • CARTER, R.A., 2005. 'Spoken Creativity'. In: MCCLAREN, N., ed., Papers in Honour of Fernando Serrano University of Murcia Press.
  • CARTER, R.A., 2004. Language and creativity: the art of common talk London: Routledge.
  • CARTER, R.A. and MCCARTHY, M., 2004. Talking, creating: Interactional language, creativity, and context Applied Linguistics. 25(1), 62-88
  • MCCARTHY, M. and CARTER, R.A., 2004. ‘There’s millions of them’: hyperbole in everyday conversation Journal of Pragmatics. 36(2), 149-184
  • ADOLPHS, S, CRAWFORD, P., BROWN, B., SAHOTA, O. and CARTER, R.A.., 2004. Applying Corpus Linguistics in a health care context International Journal of Applied Linguistics. 1(1), 44-49
  • SCHMITT, N. and CARTER, R.A., 2004. Formulaic Sequences in Action: An Introduction. In: SCHMITT, N., ed., Formulaic Sequences: Acquisition, Processing and Use Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 1-22
  • CARTER, R.A. (ED), 2004. Introducing the Grammar of Talk London : Qualifications and Curriculum Authority.
  • CARTER, R.A & MCCARTHY, M., 2004. This, that and the other. Multi-word clusters in spoken English as visible patterns of interaction TEANGA. 21, 30-52
  • CARTER, R.A., ed., 2004. John Sinclair, Trust the Text: Lexis, Corpus and Discourse Routledge.
  • CARTER, R.A., 2004. 'Spoken Grammar'. In: COFFIN, C and HEWINGS, A. AND O'HALLORAN, K., eds., Applying English Grammar: Functional Corpus Approaches Edward Arnold. 35-49
  • ADOLPHS, S. and CARTER, R.A., 2003. Creativity and a corpus of spoken English. In: GOODMAN, S., ed., Language, Literacy and Education: A Reader Stoke-on-Trent : Trentham Books.
  • BOLITHO, R., CARTER, R., HUGHES, R.., IVANIC, R., MASUHARA, H. and TOMLINSON, B., 2003. Ten questions about language awareness ELT Journal. VOL 57(PART 3), 251-259
  • ADOLPHS, S. and CARTER, R.A., 2003. And She's Like 'It's Terrible Like': Spoken discourse, grammar and corpus analysis International Journal of English Studies. 45-56
  • MCRAE, J. and CARTER, R.A., 2003. The Routledge Guide to Modern English Writing : Britain and Ireland London : Routledge.
  • CARTER, R.A.: MCCARTHY, M.J., 2003. 'What is a Native Speaker?' In: XXIII Annual IATEFL Conference Proceedings.
  • CARTER, R.A., 2003. 'Common Speech, Creative Discourse: Whose English is English?. In: MARTIN P, ed., The Condition of the Subject
  • ADOLPHS, S. and CARTER, R.A., 2002. Corpus stylistics: point of view and semantic prosodies in To The Lighthouse Poetica. 7-20
  • CARTER, R.A., 2002. 'Stylistics' and 'Text Linguistics'. In: MALMKJAER K, ed., The Routledge Linguistics Encyclopaedia Routledge.
  • MCCARTHY, M. and CARTER, R.A., 2001. Corpus-Based Research in TESOL Size Isn't Everything: Spoken English, Corpus, and the Classroom TESOL Quarterly. VOL 35(PART 2), 337-340
  • CARTER, R.A. and MCRAE, J., 2001. The Routledge History of Literature in English : Britain and Ireland London : Routledge, 2001.
  • CARTER, R.A. AND MCCARTHY, M., 2001. 'Ten Criteria for a Spoken Grammar'. In: HINKEL, E. AND FOTOS, S., ed., New Perspectives on Grammar Teaching in Second Language Classrooms' Lawrence Erlbaum. 31-76
  • CORNBLEET, S. and CARTER, R.A., 2001. The Language of Speech and Writing London : Routledge.
  • CARTER, R.A. and NUNAN, D., eds., 2001. The Cambridge TESOL Guide Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
  • CARTER, R.A. AND MCCARTHY, M., 2001. 'Size Isn't Everything: Spoken English, corpus and the classroom' TESOL Quarterly. 337-340
  • CARTER, R.A. AND MCCARTHY, M., 2001. 'From Conversation to Corpus: A dual analysis of a broadcast political interview'. In: SANCHEZ-MACARRO, A., ed., Windows on the World: Media Discourse in English University of Valencia Press. 15-39
  • CARTER, R.A. ET AL, 2001. Working with Texts : A core introduction to language analysis London : Routledge.
  • CARTER, R.A. and MCRAE, J., 2001. The Penguin Guide to Literature in English : Britain and Ireland London : Penguin.
  • CARTER, R.A, HUGHES, R and , MCCARTHY, M., 2000. Exploring Grammar in Context : Upper-intermediate and advanced / Ronald Carter, Rebecca Hughes and Michael McCarthy Cambridge : Cambridge University Press.
  • SCHMITT, N. and CARTER, R.A., 2000. Lexical Phrases in Language Learning Language Teacher. VOL 24(PART 8), 6-10
  • SCHMITT, N. and CARTER, R.A., 2000. The Lexical Advantages of Narrow Reading for Second Language Learners TESOL JOURNAL. VOL 9(PART 1), 4-9
  • CARTER, R.A. AND SCHMITT, N., 2000. 'Dictionaries for Language Learners'. In: SPOLSKY, B., ed., Concise Encylopedia of Educational Linguistics 345-349
  • CARTER, R.A. AND MCCARTHY, M., 2000. 'Feeding Back: Non-minimal response tokens in everyday English'. In: HEFFER, C. AND SAUNSTON, H., ed., Words in Context: A Tribute to John Sinclair on his Retirement ELR Discourse Monograph 18. 263-283
  • MCCARTHY, M. and CARTER, R.A., 1999. The English Get-Passive in Spoken Discourse: Description and implications for an interpersonal grammar English Language and Linguistics. 3(1), 41-58
  • CARTER, R.A., ed., 1999. Language Awareness Clevedon, England, Multilingual Matters Ltd.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1999. 'Standard Grammars, Spoken Grammars: Some educational implications'. In: BEX, A.R. AND WATTS, R., ed., Standard English: The Continuing Debate Routledge.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1999. 'Literacy in Britain Today' In: Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences Symposium.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1999. 'Creativity and Everyday Communication' In: AILA World Congress of Applied Linguistics. (In Press.)
  • CARTER, R.A., 1999. Common language: Corpus, creativity and cognition Language and Literature. VOL 8(PART 3), 1-21
  • CARTER, R.A., 1998. 'Orders of Reality: Speaking Englishes, speaking cultures' English Language Teaching Journal. 52(1), 43-57
  • CARTER, R.A. and SANCHEZ-MACARRO, A, eds., 1998. Linguisitic Choices Across Genres Benjamins. (In Press.)
  • CARTER, R.A., 1998. Vocabulary : Applied linguistic perspectives 2nd ed. London : Routledge, 1998.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1998. 'The Poetics of Mind: An Influence' Language and Literature. 7(1), 85-88
  • CARTER, R.A, MCCARTHY, M., 1997. Exploring Spoken English Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1997.
  • CARTER, R.A and MCCARTHY, M.J. AND HUGHES, R., 1997. 'Telling Tails: Grammar, the spoken language and materials development'. In: TOMLINSON, B., ed., Materials Design in Language Teaching 45-68 (In Press.)
  • CARTER, R.A. and MCRAE, J., 1997. The Routledge History of Literature in English: Britain and Eire Routledge, London and New York.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1997. Investigating English Discourse : Language, literacy and literature London ; New York : Routledge, 1997.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1997. 'Speaking Englishes, Speaking cultures, using CANCODE' Prospect. 12(2), 4-11 (In Press.)
  • CARTER, R.A. & MCCARTHY, M.J., 1997. 'Spoken and Written Vocabulary'. In: SCHMITT, N. & MCCARTHY, M. J., ed., Vocabulary: Description, Acquisition and Pedagogy Cambridge University Press. 20-39
  • CARTER, R.A. & MCCARTHY, M.J., 1997. 'Grammar, Tails and Affect: Constructing expressive choices in discourse' Text. 17(3), 231-252
  • CARTER, R.A., 1996. 'Politics and Knowledge About Language: The LINC Project'. In: HASAN, R & WILLIAMS, G., ed., Literacy and Society Longman. 1-21
  • CARTER, R.A., ed., 1996. Roald Dahl: Selected Stories Penguin.
  • CARTER, R.A, and MCRAE, JOHN, 1996. Language, Literature and the Learner : Creative Classroom Practice London : Longman, 1996.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1996. 'Grammar, the Spoken Language and ELT'. In: HILL, D., ed., Milan '95: English Language Teaching The British Council. 26-32
  • CARTER, R.A., 1996. 'Look Both Ways Before Crossing: Developments in the language and literature classroom'. In: CARTER, R. & MCRAE, J., ed., Language, Literature and the Learner Longman. 1-16 (In Press.)
  • CARTER, R.A., 1996. The Penguin Modern English Language Reader Penguin.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1996. 'Speaking Englishes, Speaking Cultures' In: XVIII Annual IATEFL Conference.
  • CARTER, R.A. and MCCARTHY, M., 1995. Grammar and the spoken language Applied Linguistics. VOL 16(NUMBER 2), 141-158
  • CARTER, R.A. and RICHMOND, J., 1995. English in the National Curriculum: The Development of a National Curriculum in England and Wales British Council, London.
  • CARTER, R.A. & MCCARTHY, M.J., 1995. 'Discourse and Creativity: Bridging the gap between language and literature'. In: COOK, G. & SEIDLHOFER, B., ed., Principle and Practice in Applied Linguistics Oxford University Press.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1995. Keywords in language and literacy London ; New York : Routledge, 1995.
  • CARTER, R.A. and MCCARTHY M, 1995. 'Spoken Grammar: What is it and how do we teach it?' ELT Journal. 49(3), 207-218
  • MCCARTHY, M. CARTER, R.A., 1994. Language as Discourse : Perspectives for language teaching London ; New York : Longman, 1994.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1994. 'Knowledge About Language'. In: BRINDLEY, S., ed., Teaching English 196-212
  • CARTER, R.A., 1994. 'Literary Language; Critical Linguistics and Literature Teaching'. In: FOWLER, R., ed., Encyclopaedia of Languages and Linguistics Pergammon Press.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1994. 'Language Awareness for Language Teachers'. In: HOEY, M., ed., Data, Discourse and Description: Essays in Honour of Professor John Sinclair Collins. 137-150
  • CARTER, R.A., 1994. 'Language, Discourse and Literature: Perspectives for Teaching' The European English Messenger. 3(2), 24-36
  • CARTER, R.A., 1994. 'Standard Englishes in Speech and Writing'. In: HAYHOE, M & PARKER, S, ed., Who Owns English? Open University Press. 10-23
  • CARTER, R.A., 1993. Introducing Applied Linguistics Penguin.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1993. 'Proper English: Language, culture and curriculum' English in Education. 27(3), 3-14
  • CARTER, R.A., 1993. 'Language, Discourse and Literature: Perspectives for Teaching' In: Proceedings of 2nd Congress of European Society for the Study of English.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1993. 'Describing Knowledge About Language: Pupils, teachers and the LINC programme'. In: SINCLAIR, J and FOX, G. & HOEY, M., eds., Techniques of Description: Spoken and Written Discourse 94-108 (In Press.)
  • CARTER, R.A., 1993. 'Between Languages: Grammar and Lexis in Thomas Hardy's 'The Oxen''. In: VERDONK, P., ed., Twentieth Centruy Poetry: From Text to Context Routledge. 84-93
  • CARTER, R.A., ed., 1992. Language in the National Curriculum: The LINC Project Nottingham, University of Nottingham.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1992. 'Politics and Knowledge About Language' In: Proceedings of Australian Applied Linguistics Association Annual Conference.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1990. 'Knowledge About Language' In: National Association of English Advisers and Inspectors Conference.
  • CARTER, R.A., ed., 1990. Knowledge About Language and The Curriculum: The LINC Reader London, Hodder & Stoughton Ltd.
  • CARTER, R.A. NASH, W., 1990. Seeing Through Language : A guide to styles of English writing Oxford : Basil Blackwell, 1990.
  • CARTER, R. A & LONG, M. N., 1990. 'Tradition and Innovation: Testing literature in EFL' English Language Teaching Journal. 44(3),
  • CARTER, R.A. AND NATION, P., ed., 1990. Vocabulary Acquisition: Research Perspectives (AILA Review No 6) AILA - Association International Linguistique Appliquee. (In Press.)
  • CARTER, R.A., 1990. 'When is a Report not a Report?'. In: NASH, W., ed., The Writing Scholar Sage. 171-191
  • CARTER, R.A., 1990. 'Re-wording English: Language in the National Curriculum' In: National Association of Teachers of English Annual Conference.
  • CARTER, R.A. AND LONG, M.N., 1990. Teaching Literature Longman.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1990. 'Recent Literary Theory: Some implications for language pedagogy'. In: GUIRAUD, A, ed., Proceedings of Etats Generaux des Langues EGL.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1990. English in the National Curriculum: The Development of a National Curriculum in England and Wales London, British Council.
  • CARTER, R. A. & BOOL, H., 1989. Vocabulary, Culture and the Dictionary. In: TICKOO, M., ed., Learner's Dictionaries: State of the Art SEAMEO. 172-183
  • CARTER, R.A., 1989. 'Stylistics in Language and Literature Teaching'. In: SHORT, M. H., ed., Reading, Analyzing and Teaching Literature Longman.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1989. Review of 'The Collins COBUILD English Language Dictionary' English Language Teaching Journal. 41(2),
  • CARTER, R.A., 1989. 'Literature and Language in English Studies'. In: DODSWORTH, M, ed., English Econom'sed: Essays and Studies John Murray, The English Association. 49-64
  • CARTER, R.A., 1989. 'Language and Literature'. In: COLLINGE, N.F., ed., An Encyclopaedia of Linguistics Routledge.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1989. 'Applied Stylistics'. In: BRIGHT, W., ed., Oxford International Encyclopaedia of Linguistics Oxford University Press.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1989. 'Literary Theory: Its Importance in Language Pedagogy' In: Etats Generaux des Langes, International Symposium.
  • CARTER, R.A and WALKER, R. J. AND BRUMFIT, C. J., eds., 1989. Literature and the Learner: Methodological Approaches Macmillan.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1989. 'What is Stylistics and Why Can We Teach It In Different Ways'. In: SHORT, M. H., ed., Reading, Analyzing and Teaching Literature Longman. 161-177 (In Press.)
  • CARTER, R.A., 1989. Review of Willie von Peer 'Stylistics and Psychology: Investigations of Foregrounding' Prose Studies. 12(2),
  • CARTER, R.A and MCCARTHY, M, 1988. Vocabulary and Language Teaching London : Longman, 1988.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1988. 'Styles of Language Learning Across Cultures'. In: BICKLEY, V., ed., Proceedings of the 3rd International Language Education Conference ILE. 314-21
  • CARTER, R.A. and SIMPSON, P., eds., 1988. Language, Discourse and Literature: A Reader in Discourse Routledge.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1988. 'The Integration of Language and Literature in the English Curriculum: A narrative on narratives'. In: HOLDEN, S., ed., Language and Literature Macmillan. 3-9
  • CARTER, R.A., 1988. 'Front Pages: Lexis, style and ideology'. In: GHADESSY, M., ed., Varieties of English Francis Pinter. 8-16
  • CARTER,R.A, TOOLAN,M. and BHAYA,R., 1988. 'Clines of Metaphoricity and Creative Metaphors as Situated Risk Taking' Journal of Literary Semantics. 17(2), 20-40
  • CARTER, R.A., 1988. 'Some Pawns for Kingman: Language education and English teaching'. In: GRUNWELL, P., ed., Applied Linguistics in Society (British Studies in Applied Linguistics, Vol 3) CILT. 51-56
  • CARTER, R.A., 1988. Review of 'The COBUILD English Language Dictionary and Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English' International Journal of Lexicography. 2(1), 30-44
  • CARTER, R.A., 1987. 'Vocabulary and Second/Foreign Language Teaching' Language Teaching. 20(1), 3-17
  • CARTER, R.A., 1987. 'Is There A Core Vocabulary' Applied Linguistics. 8(2), 64-72
  • CARTER, R.A. AND LONG, M.N., 1987. The Web of Words: Exploring Literature Through Language Cambridge University Press. (In Press.)
  • CARTER, R.A., 1987. 'Reading Literature in a Foreign Language: Language-based approaches' Praxis. 11(3), 42-55
  • CARTER, R.A., 1987. Vocabulary : applied linguistic perspectives London ; New York : Routledge..
  • CARTER, R.A., 1987. 'Life in the Sentence: The Rise of Modern English Studies' Times Educational Supplement (01.05.1987).
  • CARTER, R.A., 1987. 'Vocabulary, Cloze and Discourse'. In: HALLIDAY, M. A. K and GIBBONS, J. & NICHOLAS, W., eds., Learning, Keeping and Using Language: Selected Papers from the VIIIth AILA Congress John Benjamins. 113-124
  • CARTER, R.A., 1987. 'Is There a Literary Language'. In: STEELE, R. & THREADGOLD, T., ed., Essays Presented to Michael Halliday John Benjamins. 431-450
  • CARTER, R.A., 1987. 'The Placing of Names: Sequencing in narrative openings' Leeds Studies in English. 17, 89-100
  • CARTER, R. A. AND BRUMFIT, C. J., ed., 1986. Literature and Language Teaching Oxford University Press.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1986. 'Linguistic Models, Language and Literariness: study strategies in the teaching of literature to foreign students'. In: C.J. BRUMFIT & CARTER, R. A., ed., Literature and Language Teaching Oxford University Press. 110-132
  • CARTER, R.A., 1986. 'Simple Text as Reading Texts: some categories of difficulty'. In: C. J. BRUMFIT & CARTER, R. A., ed., Literature and Language Teaching Oxford University Press. 208-222
  • CARTER, R.A., 1986. 'A Question of Interpretation'. In: D'HAEN, D., ed., Linguistic Contributions to Literature: Essays for the Fiftieth Anniversary of the English Institute John Benjamins. 1-26
  • CARTER, R.A., 1986. ''Good Word': Vocabulary, style and coherence in children's writing'. In: HARRIS, J. & WILKINSON, J., ed., Reading Children's Writing: Linguistic Studies of Classroom Writing Unwin Hyman. 93-121
  • CARTER, R.A., 1985. 'Stylistics' Annual Review of Applied Linguistics. 5, 92-100
  • CARTER, R.A., 1985. Review of Linda Hutcheon 'Narcisstic Narrative: The metafictional paradox' Notes and Queries.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1985. Review of Shirley Brice Heath 'Ways with words: language, life and work in communities and classrooms' Sociology.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1985. ''Why Have I Started to Talk to You Like This?': Narrative voices, discourse pragmatics and textual openings'. In: RENKMA, J. & VAN PEER, W., ed., Pragmatik and Stylistik Acco. 128-151
  • CARTER, R.A., 1985. Review of Eugene Kintgen 'The Perception of Poetry' Journal of Literary Semantics.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1984. 'Reply to Review (by Roger Gower) of Brian Lee 'Poetry and the System' in Language and Literature English Language Teaching Journal. 38(2),
  • CARTER, R.A., ed., 1984. Thirties Poets: The Auden Group London, MacMillan Publishers Ltd.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1983. 'Lexical Associations, Lexicography and the Foreign Language Learner' Journal of Applied Language Study. 1(2), 172-189
  • CARTER, R. A. & NASH, W., 1983. 'Language and Literariness' Prose Studies. 6(2), 124-141
  • CARTER, R.A., 1983. Review of Annette Lavers 'Roland Barthes' British Journal of Aesthetics.
  • CARTER, R.A., ed., 1982. Linguistics and the Teacher London and New York, Routledge.
  • CARTER, R. A. & SIMPSON, P., 1982. 'The Sociolinguistic Analysis of Narrative' Belfast Working Papers VI. 123-153
  • CARTER, R.A., 1982. Style and Interpretation: 'Hemingway's "Cat in the Rain"'. In: CARTER, R. A., ed., Language and Literature Unwin Hyman. 64-80
  • CARTER, R.A., 1982. 'The Notion of Core Vocabulary' Nottingham Linguistic Circular. XI(2), 39-50
  • CARTER, R.A., 1982. 'Language, Literacy and the Assessment of Language: A Review Article' British Educational Research Journal. 8(1), 85-90
  • CARTER, R.A., ed., 1982. Language and Literature: An Introductory Reader in Stylistics London, Unwin Hyman.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1982. 'Sociolinguistics and the Integrated English Lesson'. In: CARTER, R. A., ed., Linguistics and the Teacher Routledge. 156-182
  • CARTER, R.A., 1981. 'Responses to Language in Poetry'. In: CARTER, R. A. & BURTON, D., ed., Literary Text and Language Study Arnold. 30-51
  • CARTER, R.A., 1981. Review of W A Gatherer 'Studying English Language' Educational Review. 33(3),
  • CARTER, R.A., 1981. Review of Barbara Hernnstein-Smith 'On the Margins of Discourse' Journal of Literary Semantics.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1981. Review of G N Leech and M H Short 'Style in Fiction' Notes and Queries. 31(4),
  • CARTER, R.A., 1981. Review of Geoffrey Thornton 'Teaching Writing' British Journal of Teacher Education.
  • CARTER, R.A. & BURTON, D., ed., 1981. Literary Text and Language Study Edward Arnold.
  • CARTER, R.A., 1981. Review of J Edwards 'Language and Disadvantage' The Use of English. 32(3),
  • CARTER, R.A., 1981. 'Studying Language: An integrated approach to lexis in literature' English in Education. 15(3), 404-408
  • CARTER, R.A., 1981. 'Linguistics and Literary Irony' UEA Papers in Linguistics. 14/15, 30-51
  • CARTER, R.A., 1981. Review 'Back to Basics: Assessment, Language and the English Teacher' Times Educational Supplement (20.2.81).
  • CARTER, R.A., 1980. Review of V J Cook 'Young Children and Language' and A. J. Cruttenden 'Langauge in Infancy and Childhood' Nottingham Linguistic Circular. 9(2),
  • CARTER, R.A., 1980. Review of E L Epstein 'Language and Style' Journal of Literary Semantics. 9(1),
  • CARTER, R.A., 1980. 'Linguistics, the Teacher and Language Development' Educational Review. 32(2), 223-228
  • CARTER, R.A., 1979. Review of Mary Louise Pratt 'Towards a Speech Act Theory of Literary Discourse' Journal of Literary Semantics. VIII,
  • CARTER, R.A., 1979. 'Poetry and Conversation: An essay in discourse analysis' Nottingham Linguistic Circular. 16(3), 374-395
  • CARTER, R.A., 1976. W H Auden's 'City Without Walls' Agenda. 16(2), 63-71
  • CARTER, R.A., 1976. The Poetry of W H Auden Buckingham, Open University Press.

School of English

The University of Nottingham
Nottingham
NG7 2RD
School of English Enquiries: english-enquiries@nottingham.ac.uk

telephone: +44 (0) 115 951 5899
fax: +44 (0) 115 951 5900
Centre for Research in Applied Linguistics Enquiries: cral@nottingham.ac.uk