Centre for Evidence Based Hand Surgery
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Distal radius fractures

 

General

Are validated outcome measures used in distal radial fractures truly valid? A critical assessment using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN) checklist.
Kleinlugtenbelt YV, Nienhuis RW, Bhandari M, Goslings JC, Poolman RW, Scholtes VA.
Bone Joint Res. 2016 Apr;5(4):153-61. doi: 10.1302/2046-3758.54.2000462.

Treatment of distal radius fractures.
Kvernmo HD, Krukhaug Y.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2013 Feb 19;133(4):405-11. doi: 10.4045/tidsskr.12.0297. English, Norwegian.

 
Epidemiology

Functional outcomes of distal radius fractures with and without ulnar styloid fractures: a meta-analysis.
Mulders MAM, Fuhri Snethlage LJ, de Muinck Keizer RO, Goslings JC, Schep NWL.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2017 Jan 1:1753193417730323. doi: 10.1177/1753193417730323. [Epub ahead of print]

Does concomitant ulnar styloid fracture and distal radius fracture portend poorer outcomes? A meta-analysis of comparative studies.
Yuan C, Zhang H, Liu H, Gu J.
Injury. 2017 Aug 31. pii: S0020-1383(17)30580-6. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2017.08.061. [Epub ahead of print]

Prevalence of posttraumatic arthritis and the association with outcome measures following distal radius fractures in non-osteoporotic patients: a systematic review.
Lameijer CM, Ten Duis HJ, Dusseldorp IV, Dijkstra PU, van der Sluis CK.
Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2017 Aug 2. doi: 10.1007/s00402-017-2765-0. [Epub ahead of print]

Do we underestimate the predictive value of the ulnar styloid involvement in distal radius fractures? A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical studies.
Baradaran A, Moradi A, Sadeghi R, Ebrahimzadeh MH.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2016 Aug 23. pii: 1753193416663671. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.

Predictors of unstable distal radius fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Walenkamp MM, Aydin S, Mulders MA, Goslings JC, Schep NW.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2016 Jun;41(5):501-15. doi: 10.1177/1753193415604795. Epub 2015 Sep 29.

The unstable distal radius fracture - how do we define it? a systematic review.
Walenkamp MM, Vos LM, Strackee SD, Goslings JC, Schep NW.
J Wrist Surg. 2015 Nov;4(4):307-16. doi: 10.1055/s-0035-1556860.

Comparison of risk of carpal tunnel syndrome in patients with distal radius fractures after 7 treatments.
Zhao HL, Wang GB, Jia YQ, Zhu SC, Zhang FF, Liu HM.
Med Sci Monit. 2015 Sep 22;21:2837-44. doi: 10.12659/MSM.894075.

Influence of coincident distal radius fracture in patients with hip fracture: single-centre series and meta-analysis.
Uzoigwe CE, Venkatesan M, Johnson N, Lee K, Magaji S, Cutler L.
J Orthop Traumatol. 2015 Jun;16(2):93-7. doi: 10.1007/s10195-013-0281-8. Epub 2013 Dec 29.

What is the effect of the weather on trauma workload? A systematic review of the literature.
Ali AM, Willett K.
Injury. 2015 Jun;46(6):945-53. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2015.03.016. Epub 2015 Mar 16.

Ulnar styloid process nonunion and outcome in patients with a distal radius fracture: a meta-analysis of comparative clinical trials.
Wijffels MM, Keizer J, Buijze GA, Zenke Y, Krijnen P, Schep NW, Schipper IB.
Injury. 2014 Dec;45(12):1889-95. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2014.08.007. Epub 2014 Aug 13.

Health status and (health-related) quality of life during the recovery of distal radius fractures: a systematic review.
Van Son MA, De Vries J, Roukema JA, Den Oudsten BL.
Qual Life Res. 2013 Nov;22(9):2399-416. doi: 10.1007/s11136-013-0391-z. Epub 2013 Mar 22.

Analysis of publication bias in the literature for distal radius fracture.
Sando IC, Malay S, Chung KC.
J Hand Surg Am. 2013 May;38(5):927-934.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2013.02.023. Epub 2013 Apr 6.

 
Diagnosis

A structured review addressing the use of radiographic measures of alignment and the definition of acceptability in patients with distal radius fractures.
Lalone EA, Grewal R, King GJ, MacDermid JC.
Hand (N Y). 2015 Dec;10(4):621-38. doi: 10.1007/s11552-015-9772-9. Epub 2015 Jul 9.

 
Treatments - non-surgical

Rehabilitation for distal radial fractures in adults.
Handoll HH, Elliott J.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Sep 25;9:CD003324. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD003324.pub3.

External fixation versus conservative treatment for distal radial fractures in adults.
Handoll HH, Huntley JS, Madhok R.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Jul 18;(3):CD006194.

Conservative interventions for treating distal radial fractures in adults.
Handoll HH, Madhok R.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(2):CD000314.

Prescribed exercise programs may not be effective in reducing impairments and improving activity during upper limb fracture rehabilitation: a systematic review.
Bruder AM, Shields N, Dodd KJ, Taylor NF.
J Physiother. 2017 Sep 20. pii: S1836-9553(17)30107-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jphys.2017.08.009. [Epub ahead of print]

Healing of fracture nonunions treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS): A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Leighton R, Watson JT, Giannoudis P, Papakostidis C, Harrison A, Steen RG.
Injury. 2017 May 15. pii: S0020-1383(17)30341-8. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2017.05.016. [Epub ahead of print]

Current role and application of teriparatide in fracture healing of osteoporotic patients: A systematic review.
Kim SM, Kang KC, Kim JW, Lim SJ, Hahn MH.
J Bone Metab. 2017 Feb;24(1):65-73. doi: 10.11005/jbm.2017.24.1.65. Epub 2017 Feb 28.

Low intensity pulsed ultrasound for bone healing: systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
Schandelmaier S, Kaushal A, Lytvyn L, Heels-Ansdell D, Siemieniuk RA, Agoritsas T, Guyatt GH, Vandvik PO, Couban R, Mollon B, Busse JW.
BMJ. 2017 Feb 22;356:j656. doi: 10.1136/bmj.j656.

Efficacy of vitamin C in preventing complex regional pain syndrome after wrist fracture: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Aim F, Klouche S, Frison A, Bauer T, Hardy P.
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2017 Mar 5. pii: S1877-0568(17)30055-5. doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2016.12.021. [Epub ahead of print]

Comparison of effects of seven treatment methods for distal radius fracture on minimizing complex regional pain syndrome.
Wang JH, Sun T.
Arch Med Sci. 2017 Feb 1;13(1):163-173. doi: 10.5114/aoms.2016.59794.

Effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions for adults with musculoskeletal conditions of the forearm, wrist, and hand: A systematic review.
Roll SC, Hardison ME.
Am J Occup Ther. 2017 Jan/Feb;71(1):7101180010p1-7101180010p12. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2017.023234.

Internal fixation vs conservative treatment for displaced distal radius fractures: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Yu GS, Lin YB, Le LS, Zhan MF, Jiang XX.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2016 May;22(3):233-41. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2015.05995.

Safety and efficacy of operative versus nonsurgical management of distal radius fractures in elderly patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Chen Y, Chen X, Li Z, Yan H, Zhou F, Gao W.
J Hand Surg Am. 2016 Mar;41(3):404-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2015.12.008. Epub 2016 Jan 20.

Enhancement of bone-healing by low-intensity pulsed ultrasound: A systematic review.
Rutten S, van den Bekerom MP, Sierevelt IN, Nolte PA.
JBJS Rev. 2016 Mar 29;4(3). pii: 01874474-201603000-00006. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.RVW.O.00027.

Comparison of treatment outcomes between nonsurgical and surgical treatment of distal radius fracture in elderly: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Ju JH, Jin GZ, Li GX, Hu HY, Hou RX.
Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2015 Oct;400(7):767-79. doi: 10.1007/s00423-015-1324-9. Epub 2015 Aug 30.

Comparison of conservative and operative treatment for distal radius fracture: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Song J, Yu AX, Li ZH.
Int J Clin Exp Med. 2015 Oct 15;8(10):17023-35. eCollection 2015.

Vitamin C to prevent complex regional pain syndrome in patients with distal radius fractures: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Evaniew N, McCarthy C, Kleinlugtenbelt YV, Ghert M, Bhandari M.
J Orthop Trauma. 2015 Aug;29(8):e235-41. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000000305.

Role of vitamin C in prevention of complex regional pain syndrome after distal radius fractures: a meta-analysis.
Meena S, Sharma P, Gangary SK, Chowdhury B.
Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol. 2015 May;25(4):637-41. doi: 10.1007/s00590-014-1573-2. Epub 2014 Dec 9.

Bisphosphonates and their influence on fracture healing: a systematic review.
Molvik H, Khan W.
Osteoporos Int. 2015 Apr;26(4):1251-60. doi: 10.1007/s00198-014-3007-8. Epub 2015 Jan 9.

Testing the validity of preventing chronic regional pain syndrome with vitamin C after distal radius unionfracture. [Corrected].
Malay S, Chung KC.
J Hand Surg Am. 2014 Nov;39(11):2251-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2014.08.009. Epub 2014 Sep 16.
Erratum in: J Hand Surg Am. 2014 Dec;39(12):2551.

Therapist supervised clinic-based therapy versus instruction in a home program following distal radius fracture: a systematic review.
Valdes K, Naughton N, Michlovitz S.
J Hand Ther. 2014 Jul-Sep;27(3):165-73; quiz 174. doi: 10.1016/j.jht.2013.12.010. Epub 2014 Jan 3.

Delayed/non-union of upper limb fractures with bisphosphonates: systematic review and recommendations.
Ng AJ, Yue B, Joseph S, Richardson M.
ANZ J Surg. 2014 Apr;84(4):218-24. doi: 10.1111/ans.12536. Epub 2014 Feb 17.

A systematic review of outcomes and complications of treating unstable distal radius fractures in the elderly.
Diaz-Garcia RJ, Oda T, Shauver MJ, Chung KC.
J Hand Surg Am. 2011 May;36(5):824-35.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2011.02.005.

Exercise reduces impairment and improves activity in people after some upper limb fractures: a systematic review.
Bruder A, Taylor NF, Dodd KJ, Shields N.
J Physiother. 2011;57(2):71-82. doi: 10.1016/S1836-9553(11)70017-0.

 
Treatments - surgical

Pin site care for preventing infections associated with external bone fixators and pins.
Lethaby A, Temple J, Santy-Tomlinson J.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Dec 3;(12):CD004551. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD004551.pub3.

Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) for fracture healing in adults.
Garrison KR, Shemilt I, Donell S, Ryder JJ, Mugford M, Harvey I, Song F, Alt V.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010 Jun 16;(6):CD006950. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006950.pub2.

Bone grafts and bone substitutes for treating distal radial fractures in adults.
Handoll HH, Watts AC.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Apr 16;(2):CD006836. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006836.pub2.

Different methods of external fixation for treating distal radial fractures in adults.
Handoll HH, Huntley JS, Madhok R.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Jan 23;(1):CD006522. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006522.pub2.

Percutaneous pinning for treating distal radial fractures in adults.
Handoll HH, Vaghela MV, Madhok R.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Jul 18;(3):CD006080.

External fixation versus conservative treatment for distal radial fractures in adults.
Handoll HH, Huntley JS, Madhok R.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Jul 18;(3):CD006194.

Closed reduction methods for treating distal radial fractures in adults.
Handoll HH, Madhok R.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(1):CD003763.

Anaesthesia for treating distal radial fracture in adults.
Handoll HH, Madhok R, Dodds C.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2002;(3):CD003320.

Repair of the pronator quadratus after volar plate fixation in distal radius fractures: a systematic review.
Mulders MAM, Walenkamp MMJ, Bos FJME, Schep NWL, Goslings JC.
Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr. 2017 May 17. doi: 10.1007/s11751-017-0288-4. [Epub ahead of print]

Outcomes after distal radius fracture treatment with percutaneous wire versus plate fixation: Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Anderson MS, Ghamsary M, Guillen PT, Wongworawat MD.
J Surg Orthop Adv. 2017 Spring;26(1):7-17.

Intramedullary nail versus volar locking plate fixation for the treatment of extra-articular or simple intra-articular distal radius fractures: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Zhang B, Chang H, Yu K, Bai J, Tian D, Zhang G, Shao X, Zhang Y.
Int Orthop. 2017 Apr 7. doi: 10.1007/s00264-017-3460-z. [Epub ahead of print]

Three-dimensional virtual planning of corrective osteotomies of distal radius malunions: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
de Muinck Keizer RJO, Lechner KM, Mulders MAM, Schep NWL, Eygendaal D, Goslings JC.
Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr. 2017 Apr 25. doi: 10.1007/s11751-017-0284-8. [Epub ahead of print]

Tendon rupture and tenosynovitis following internal fixation of distal radius fractures: A systematic review.
Azzi AJ, Aldekhayel S, Boehm KS, Zadeh T.
Plast Reconstr Surg. 2017 Mar;139(3):717e-724e. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0000000000003076.

Comparison of effects of seven treatment methods for distal radius fracture on minimizing complex regional pain syndrome.
Wang JH, Sun T.
Arch Med Sci. 2017 Feb 1;13(1):163-173. doi: 10.5114/aoms.2016.59794.

[Complications of open reduction and internal fixation versus external fixation for unstable distal radius fractures: a meta-analysis].
Yang Z, Yuan ZZ, Ma JX, Ma XL.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2016 Dec 20;96(47):3833-3837. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.issn.0376-2491.2016.47.014. Chinese.

A network meta-analysis of outcomes of 7 surgical treatments for distal radius fractures.
Xu GY, Qiu Y, Mao HJ.
Am J Ther. 2016 Nov/Dec;23(6):e1320-e1328.

Internal fixation vs conservative treatment for displaced distal radius fractures: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Yu GS, Lin YB, Le LS, Zhan MF, Jiang XX.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2016 May;22(3):233-41. doi: 10.5505/tjtes.2015.05995.

The comparative risk of developing postoperative complications in patients with distal radius fractures following different treatment modalities.
Qiu WJ, Li YF, Ji YH, Xu W, Zhu XD, Tang XZ, Zhao HL, Wang GB, Jia YQ, Zhu SC, Zhang FF, Liu HM.
Sci Rep. 2015 Nov 9;5:15318. doi: 10.1038/srep15318.

Is intramedullary nailing better than the use of volar locking plates for fractures of the distal radius? A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Wang J, Zhang L, Ma J, Yang Y, Jia H, Ma X.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2016 Jun;41(5):543-52. doi: 10.1177/1753193415625606. Epub 2016 Feb 8.

Internal versus external fixation for the treatment of distal radial fractures: a systematic review of overlapping meta-analyses.
Zhang Q, Liu F, Xiao Z, Li Z, Wang B, Dong J, Han Y, Zhou D, Li J.
Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Mar;95(9):e2945. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000002945.

Safety and efficacy of operative versus nonsurgical management of distal radius fractures in elderly patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Chen Y, Chen X, Li Z, Yan H, Zhou F, Gao W.
J Hand Surg Am. 2016 Mar;41(3):404-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2015.12.008. Epub 2016 Jan 20.

Corrective osteotomies of the radius: Grafting or not?
Mugnai R, Tarallo L, Lancellotti E, Zambianchi F, Di Giovine E, Catani F, Adani R.
World J Orthop. 2016 Feb 18;7(2):128-135. eCollection 2016 Feb 18.

[Comparison between volar and radial column approach by plate fixation for the treatment of unstable fracture of distal radius: a meta-analysis].
Li YC, Zhang W, Liu SZ, Zhang CL, Wang HJ.
Zhongguo Gu Shang. 2016 Jan;29(1):21-6. Chinese.

Bridging external fixation versus non-bridging external fixation for unstable distal radius fractures: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
Gu WL, Wang J, Li DQ, Gong MZ, Chen P, Li ZY, Yang LF, Liu W, Zhou Y.
J Orthop Sci. 2016 Jan;21(1):24-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jos.2015.10.021. Epub 2015 Dec 11.

Systematic review of outcomes following fixed angle intramedullary fixation of distal radius fractures.
Hardman J, Al-Hadithy N, Hester T, Anakwe R.
Int Orthop. 2015 Dec;39(12):2381-7. doi: 10.1007/s00264-015-2763-1. Epub 2015 Apr 15.

Comparison of conservative and operative treatment for distal radius fracture: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Song J, Yu AX, Li ZH.
Int J Clin Exp Med. 2015 Oct 15;8(10):17023-35. eCollection 2015.

Defining the role of intramedullary nailing for fractures of the distal radius: a systematic review.
Jordan RW, Saithna A.
Bone Joint J. 2015 Oct;97-B(10):1370-6. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.97B10.35297.

Comparison of treatment outcomes between nonsurgical and surgical treatment of distal radius fracture in elderly: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Ju JH, Jin GZ, Li GX, Hu HY, Hou RX.
Langenbecks Arch Surg. 2015 Oct;400(7):767-79. doi: 10.1007/s00423-015-1324-9. Epub 2015 Aug 30.

Are volar locking plates superior to percutaneous K-wires for distal radius fractures? A meta-analysis.
Chaudhry H, Kleinlugtenbelt YV, Mundi R, Ristevski B, Goslings JC, Bhandari M.
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2015 Sep;473(9):3017-27. doi: 10.1007/s11999-015-4347-1. Epub 2015 May 16.

Volar locking plates versus K-wire/pin fixation for the treatment of distal radial fractures: a systematic review and quantitative synthesis.
Franceschi F, Franceschetti E, Paciotti M, Cancilleri F, Maffulli N, Denaro V.
Br Med Bull. 2015 Sep;115(1):91-110. doi: 10.1093/bmb/ldv015. Epub 2015 Apr 26.

Meta-analysis for dorsally displaced distal radius fracture fixation: volar locking plate versus percutaneous Kirschner wires.
Zong SL, Kan SL, Su LX, Wang B.
J Orthop Surg Res. 2015 Jul 15;10:108. doi: 10.1186/s13018-015-0252-2.

Tendon and neurovascular injuries of the distal radius after pinning with Kirschner wires: A meta-analysis of cadaveric studies.
Yammine K, Rafi SM, Furhad S.
Clin Anat. 2015 May;28(4):545-50. doi: 10.1002/ca.22522. Epub 2015 Mar 10.

Volar locking plate versus external fixation for the treatment of unstable distal radial fractures: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.
Li-hai Z, Ya-nan W, Zhi M, Li-cheng Z, Hong-da L, Huan Y, Xiao-xie L, Pei-fu T.
J Surg Res. 2015 Jan;193(1):324-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2014.06.018. Epub 2014 Jun 14.

Complications following volar locking plate fixation for distal radial fractures: a systematic review.
Bentohami A, de Burlet K, de Korte N, van den Bekerom MP, Goslings JC, Schep NW.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2014 Sep;39(7):745-54. doi: 10.1177/1753193413511936. Epub 2013 Nov 21.

Open reduction and internal fixation versus external fixation and/or kirschner wires for distal radius fractures. A systematic review.
Kasapinova K, Kamiloski V.
Prilozi. 2014;35(1):225-37.

Flexor tendon injuries following plate fixation of distal radius fractures: a systematic review of the literature.
Asadollahi S, Keith PP.
J Orthop Traumatol. 2013 Dec;14(4):227-34. doi: 10.1007/s10195-013-0245-z. Epub 2013 May 14.

Functional outcome in patients with unstable distal radius fractures, volar locking plate versus external fixation: a meta-analysis.
Walenkamp MM, Bentohami A, Beerekamp MS, Peters RW, van der Heiden R, Goslings JC, Schep NW.
Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr. 2013 Aug;8(2):67-75. doi: 10.1007/s11751-013-0169-4. Epub 2013 Jul 28.

Comparison of internal and external fixation of distal radius fractures.
Xie X, Xie X, Qin H, Shen L, Zhang C.
Acta Orthop. 2013 Jun;84(3):286-91. doi: 10.3109/17453674.2013.792029. Epub 2013 Apr 18.

Open reduction and internal fixation versus external fixation for unstable distal radial fractures: a meta-analysis.
Wang J, Yang Y, Ma J, Xing D, Zhu S, Ma B, Chen Y, Ma X.
Orthop Traumatol Surg Res. 2013 May;99(3):321-31. doi: 10.1016/j.otsr.2012.11.018. Epub 2013 Mar 20.

Complications following dorsal versus volar plate fixation of distal radius fracture: a meta-analysis.
Wei J, Yang TB, Luo W, Qin JB, Kong FJ.
J Int Med Res. 2013 Apr;41(2):265-75. doi: 10.1177/0300060513476438. Epub 2013 Feb 7.

External fixation versus open reduction with plate fixation for distal radius fractures: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.
Esposito J, Schemitsch EH, Saccone M, Sternheim A, Kuzyk PR.
Injury. 2013 Apr;44(4):409-16. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2012.12.003. Epub 2013 Jan 6.

[Treatment of distal radius fractures. Percutaneous Kirschner-wires or palmar locking plates?].
Meier R, Krettek C, Probst C.
Unfallchirurg. 2012 Jul;115(7):598-605. doi: 10.1007/s00113-012-2180-5. German.

External fixation versus internal fixation for unstable distal radius fractures: a systematic review and meta-analysis of comparative clinical trials.
Wei DH, Poolman RW, Bhandari M, Wolfe VM, Rosenwasser MP.
J Orthop Trauma. 2012 Jul;26(7):386-94. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0b013e318225f63c.

Dynamic versus static external fixation for unstable distal radius fractures: an up-to-date meta-analysis.
Cui Z, Yu B, Hu Y, Lin Q, Wang B.
Injury. 2012 Jul;43(7):1006-13. doi: 10.1016/j.injury.2011.11.018. Epub 2011 Dec 16.

Internal versus external fixation for unstable distal radius fractures: an up-to-date meta-analysis.
Cui Z, Pan J, Yu B, Zhang K, Xiong X.
Int Orthop. 2011 Sep;35(9):1333-41. doi: 10.1007/s00264-011-1300-0. Epub 2011 Jun 23.

A systematic review of outcomes and complications of treating unstable distal radius fractures in the elderly.
Diaz-Garcia RJ, Oda T, Shauver MJ, Chung KC.
J Hand Surg Am. 2011 May;36(5):824-35.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2011.02.005.

 

 

 

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Centre for Evidence Based Hand Surgery

The University of Nottingham
C Floor, West Block, QMC
Nottingham, NG7 2UH


telephone: +44 (0) 115 823 1115
email:CEBHS@nottingham.ac.uk