School of Politics and International Relations

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Lee Richards

CDP Doctoral Researcher,



Lee Richards is a doctoral researcher in the School of Politics & International Relations. His research project, a collaborative doctoral partnership between the Imperial War Museum and the University of Nottingham, intends to make a critical reassessment of covert 'black' propaganda produced by the Political Warfare Executive (PWE). Working principally with IWM's unique collection of black propaganda and in collaboration with additional archival sources, Lee's project will examine the effectiveness and contribution PWE covert propaganda operations made to the war effort and examine its post-war legacy. PWE's relationships with other intelligence organisations will be investigated to illustrate how British propaganda operations were underpinned by a bedrock of intelligence derived from a disparate range of both open and closed sources. Lee also hopes to uncover the backgrounds and motivations of the group of enemy refugees, deserters and prisoners of war who volunteered their services to aid Britain's propaganda war.

Expertise Summary

Political warfare

Covert propaganda and disinformation

Intelligence and deception

Natural Language Processing and AI

Recent Publications

School of Politics and International Relations

Law and Social Sciences building
University of Nottingham
University Park
Nottingham, NG7 2RD

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