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Emerging Careers in Science and Technology

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Our world is being transformed by emerging technologies including artificial intelligence, 3D printing and advances in medical technology and medicines. Will you be part of it?

The Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) is set to transform the way we work and the skills we need to perform and keep pace with advancing technology.

Read on to find out more about some of these different technologies and the career opportunities they are creating for future graduates.

An overview: the Fourth Industrial Revolution

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3D printing


From trainers to pharmaceuticals, to entire houses, most things you can think of can now be printed!

3D printing – or additive manufacturing, as it's also known – is one of the best-known examples of the 'Fourth Industrial Revolution'.

Combining advanced materials, digital technologies, and cutting-edge processes to create bespoke products, parts and components, 3D printing has the potential to transform – and disrupt – traditional manufacturing industries.

Go to more on 3D printing

Medical technology


Medical technology is responsible for life-saving devices in hospitals such as defibrillators and MRI scanners. It is also now placing the latest technologies at the heart of the healthcare system.

Examples include wearable heart monitors, robotic prosthetics, the use of 3D printing to create skin and organs, improved materials for hip implants, and non-invasive ways to administer drugs. 

Medical technology will only continue to grow in importance on a global scale.

Go to more on medical technology

Future medicines and healthcare

Ever wondered where the future of medicine and healthcare lies, and what role technology will play in improving and personalising treatments?

Find out how advances in biology and technology could be used to improve healthcare, through fields such as:

  • biopharmaceuticals
  • medical tech
  • genomics
  • diagnostics
  • digital health

One of the most important changes in healthcare will emerge with the increasing digitisation of a wide range of information, from patient records to genomic data, challenging the way we think about human disease and how best to manage it. Medical innovation will require the integration of data analytics, AI, translational science and engineering.

Enabling technologies such as genome editing and nanotechnology are underpinning key advances in drug discovery and diagnostics. The key question is how do we take that step change towards widespread personalised medicine?

Find out about the future of medicine Find out about pharmaceuticals

Artificial intelligence (AI)

The term 'artificial intelligence' was coined in 1956 as part of a philosophical debate about whether machines would ever be able to imitate humans and their thought processes.

Now, of course, AI can be seen in many aspects of our everyday lives – from voice recognition technology on mobile phones, to online retailers predicting our purchases, to driverless cars. This area has grown exponentially – and is an exciting area to watch for graduate careers in coming years.

Go to more on AI

Find out more about emerging trends in science and technology


Careers and Employability Service

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