Manuscripts and Special Collections has a number of web and catalogue resources which may be of assistance for users who wish to undertake further research on Laxton, estate records, manorial records, or material relating to open field farming and enclosure in the East Midlands.
Further online resources
For more about manorial records, see the Research Guidance: Manorial Records pages on the Manuscripts and Special Collections website. The Research Guidance: Weights and Measures pages will help users understand old land measurements used in estate and manorial records.
Archdeaconry Resources is an extensive set of webpages giving advice on using the archives of the Archdeaconry of Nottingham court. Depositions and other cause papers like the ones detailing the case against Peter Roos for adultery in 1610 (see Theme 3, Falling Foul of the Law) are described in detail in the series AN/LB. Presentment Bills naming offenders from each parish are described in detail in the series AN/PB.
University of Nottingham Library Online Catalogue (UNLOC)
The East Midlands Collection contains books, pamphlets, periodicals and other materials on the historic counties of Derbyshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire and Rutland. There are a number of publications about Laxton in this collection. The collection also contains local periodicals such as the Transactions of the Thoroton Society.
Catalogue records can be searched on the University of Nottingham Library Online Catalogue (UNLOC). However, users should note that not all of the published material is catalogued in UNLOC. The process of upgrading the catalogue records from the old card catalogue to the Library's online catalogue has begun, but will take many years to complete. In the meantime, for material not on the online catalogue, readers should also consult the University of Nottingham Library Electronic Card Catalogue (UNLECC) which is available through a link on UNLOC. This is an electronically scanned copy of the original card catalogue.
General guidance on using UNLOC can be found online on the basic search page for UNLOC. Scroll down the page to find Frequently Asked Questions and an online copy of the Quick Start Guide.
Manuscripts Online Catalogue
The Manuscripts Online Catalogue contains descriptions of over 500 archive collections. The archive of the Dukes of Newcastle, parts of the papers of the Dukes of Portland, the collection relating to the Denison family of Ossington, many other family and estate collections, and the archive of the Archdeaconry of Nottingham have been catalogued to item level, with detailed descriptions of individual items which can be searched online.
The Manvers collection (Ma) and the Denison collection (De) contain a great deal of material about the families' estates at Laxton. From the main Denison collection record you can browse the detailed catalogue by clicking 'View Collection Tree'.
Unfortunately the detailed Manvers catalogue is not yet available on the Manuscripts Online Catalogue. However, typescript catalogues can be viewed in the Manuscripts and Special Collections Reading Room at King's Meadow Campus, and at The National Archives Reader Enquiries Room at Kew, London.
Many of the archives contain relevant research information. They include:
- enclosure acts and awards
- estate accounts
- maps and plans
- manorial records
- Archdeaconry court records
Using the Manuscripts Online Catalogue
From the opening search screen of the Manuscripts Online Catalogue, click on 'Search the main catalogue - Catalogue records'. You can conduct a free text search across multiple fields by typing a keyword into the 'AnyText' box.
Users should note the following:
- A record will only be returned if it contains the exact search term - any differences in spelling, etc, will mean that some documents may not be retrieved.
- When using a commonly used term, users may find themselves faced with numerous false hits. For example, if you wished to retrieve documents by or about the Earl of Lincoln, and used 'Lincoln' as a search term, you would also retrieve every document relating to the place called Lincoln.
If you find you are retrieving a number of false hits, you can narrow your search down by using the other search options. For instance, type your required search term into the 'AnyText' box, and also type 'De' into the 'DocumentRef' box. This will ensure that only results from the Denison archive are retrieved.
Searches can also be narrowed down by date. Type your required search term into 'AnyText', and also type the exact year, or a range of years, into the 'Date' field. You can even combine this with a 'DocumentRef' search to target the search still further.
Remember to try alternative spellings if there are no initial results.
Name indexes (selected collections only)
By selecting 'Search the main catalogue - Indexing - person/corporate name' in the opening search screen of the Manuscripts Online Catalogue, you will be able to access individual name authority terms. When you view a name authority record, you can choose to see all manuscript catalogue records associated with it.
Place indexes (selected collections only)
By selecting 'Search the main catalogue - Indexing - place' in the opening search screen of the Manuscripts Online Catalogue, you can search all of the place name authorities included within the system. Therefore, if you wish to know more about events in a particular place, you could access information by entering the place name in the 'CityTownVillage' field. This will retrieve the name authority term for that place, and will enable you to link to every catalogue record containing information about the place.
Suggested searches using subject terms (selected collections only)
Free text searching cannot provide access to concepts - that is, terms or ideas which are not mentioned explicitly in the description. For example, a letter may be all about enclosure, but may not say so specifically. The Newcastle, Denison and most of the Portland papers have been catalogued using subject terms including the following:
- Administration of estates
- agricultural improvements
- estate business
- estate holdings
- Land tenure
- law and order
- manorial business
- Manorial courts
- occupations and professions (by type) e.g. farmer, bailiff
- Poor Law
- rural development
Indexing of names of Laxton people named in the Archdeaconry archive
The 'Search the Archdeaconry collection - Person details' search form on the Manuscripts Online Catalogue lets you search people named in Presentment Bills and brought before the Archdeaconry court for committing ecclesiastical offences between 1587 and the early 18th century.
More details about these databases and their contents are available in an online help page for Archdeaconry searches. When you view an index entry you can choose to see the 'event' record associated with it (details of the document in which the person was named), and from there you can click the link at the bottom to see the full catalogue record for the event. This describes the presentment in detail.
Suggested searches using the Manuscripts Online Catalogue.
Archdeaconry cause papers relating to people from Laxton
'Laxton' in Title/Description and 'AN/LB' in DocumentRef
Archdeaconry presentment bills from the parish of Laxton
'Laxton' in Title and 'AN/PB' in DocumentRef
All catalogue records including the word 'Laxton' in any part of the description
'Laxton' in Free-text fields
n.b. this search brings up more results than the place name index term search below. This is because not all online catalogues have been indexed at item level. However, because this is a free-text search it might include results which relate to the personal name Laxton, and are therefore not relevant for research into the parish's history.
All catalogue records including the place name index term 'Laxton'
'Laxton' in Place, and then click on the first choice, Laxton in Nottinghamshire
n.b. this is a more limited data set than the free text search above, because place name indexing has not been carried out on all online catalogues. However, it is more targeted, and all results will relate to the parish of Laxton in Nottinghamshire.
Catalogue records relating to enclosure
'enclosure inclosure inclosures' in Term and check the 'OR' box underneath 'When searching for more than one word in a field' at the bottom of the form
Catalogue records relating to manors
'manor manors manorial' in Term and check the 'OR' box underneath 'When searching for more than one word in a field' at the bottom of the form
Catalogue records relating to members of the Roos or Rose family
'Roos Roose Rose' in Surname and check the 'OR' box underneath 'When searching for more than one word in a field' at the bottom of the form.
Archdeaconry index entries relating to members of the Roos or Rose family
Go to the Participants indexing search form, type 'Roos Roose Rose' into Search all name fields, and check the 'OR' box underneath 'When searching for more than one word in a field' at the bottom of the form.
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