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Nutrition in Wound Healing

Resource to help raise awareness of the role of nutrition in wound healing

Nutrients - Vitamin B Series

Brussel Sprouts

A vitamin is an organic compound that is essential for bodily function. The series of B vitamins consists of 8 water soluble vitamins. These are thiamin (B1), ribofavin (B2), niacin (B3), pyridoxine (B6), cobalamin (B12), folic acid, pantothenic acid, and biotin.

As vitamin B is water soluble, the body is unable to store large amounts of the vitamins, and any excess tends to be excreted through the kidneys. Because of this a regular supply of the vitamin is required in order to ensure that the body doesn't become deficient. (Webb, 2002)

Foods high in Vitamin B series

Foods that contain vitamin B include:

(Kemp, 2001)

The nurse should be aware that heat and prolonged cooking can destroy vitamin B (Anderson, Keith, Novak and Elliot, 2002).

Nutrients role in the body

Vitamin B series Role in the body

Lack of vitamin B can affect wound healing in a number of ways as it is required for many processes. These include:

(Kemp, 2001, McLaren, 1992, Rainey, 2002, West, 1990)

Signs of nutrient deficiency / overdose

Signs of Vitamin B series deficiency / overdose

Signs of vitamin B deficiency include: Signs of vitamin B overdose include:
  • Dermatitis.
  • Diarrhoea.
  • Ataxia.
  • Loss of sensation in hands and feet.
  • Tachycardia.
  • Heart failure.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Neuropathy and necrosis of nerves.
  • Oedema.
  • Global confusional state.
  • Ocular changes.
  • Aneamia.
  • Nausea.
  • Ataxia.

(Halsted, 1993 and Webb, 2002)

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