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We Have Met Technology and It Is Us
The chapter explores the relationship between technology and intelligence with an emphasis on technologies as forms of tool-mediated social practices. This involves the argument that although tools are constituents of a technology, it is the way in which tools are deployed as part of a social practice that is crucial. Artifacts are considered as the foundation blocks of technology.
Author(s): Cole Michael,Derry Jan

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Using online role play to teach internet safety awareness
This paper reports on an evaluation of Net-Detectives, a creative online role play activity aimed at 9–12 year olds. Net-Detectives forms part of Kidsmart, an Internet awareness programme aimed at school children. It was evaluated through a multiple method data collection using questionnaire surveys, follow up telephone interviews with teachers and observation in use in three UK schools during the summer term of 2003. All sources of data collected agreed that a number of benefits arise from p
Author(s): Wishart Jocelyn,Oades Caroline,Morris MaryLouise

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Making Distance Education Collaborative through Internet
The research presented in this thesis is located within the concept of Computer Supported distributed Collaborative Learning (CSdCL). CSdCL, developed by Annita Fjuk and Lone Dirckinck-Holmfeld, is a focused study within the field Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL). One approach to CSdCL, in particular practiced under the conditions of distance education, focuses on communication processes between distance learners and distance learners and teachers. The pedagogical model in this a
Author(s): Berge Ola

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Personal Digital Assistants - teachers prefer the personal
This paper was presented at the Mlearn 06 conference in Banff October 2006. It presents the results of a small-scale project, funded by the UK Teacher Development Agency, where 13 teachers and 3 trainee teachers in one secondary school science department were given handhelds (Personal Digital Assistants or PDAs) with cameras and internet access for the academic year. The aims were: * to build capacity - enabling trainee teachers to share their mlearning practice; * to enable school based associa
Author(s): Wishart Jocelyn

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Music Composition Lessons: the multimodal affordances of technology
This article seeks to investigate the multimodal affordances presented by music software and how it can provide new opportunities for students to engage with composition work in the classroom. It aims to broaden the scope of current research into classroom composition using technology, through a study of students' environments and compositional processes as seen from these new perspectives. The authors believe there is a now a need for a reconsideration of the scope of multimodal enquiry in the
Author(s): Gall Marina,Breeze Nick

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Introducing pupils to algebra as a theory: L'Algebrista as an instrument of semiotic mediation
A research study on the use of computer software (L'Algebrista) as instrument of semiotic mediation to introduce pupils to algebra as a theory.,unpublished PhD thesis
Author(s): Cerulli Michele

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Semantic annotation for the teacher: models for a computerized memory tool
This article aims to propose a model of semantic annotation dedicated to the teacher. This model must adapt to the teacher’s activity specificity, who needs to master both a pedagogical and domain expertise. In this paper, we analyze the particularity of the teacher’s annotation language that enables the teacher to express his own expertise. First, we identify the concepts of this annotation language used by the community of teachers. Then we propose a conceptual model of this language base
Author(s): Azouaou Faiçal,Desmoulins Cyrille

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Informations- og kommunikationsteknologi i gymnasiet - i et læringsperspektiv.
This thesis deals with the integration of Information Technology (IT) in the upper secondary school, seen in a learning perspective. The object of the thesis is to understand the developmental dynamics of IT, peda-gogy and learning, and how IT can facilitate qualitative changes in the upper secondary school. This is examined through the construction of a theoretical outlook, and through analysis of an empirical investigation.,Master thesis also published online in the online Journal Impact
Author(s): Ryberg Thomas

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A computer program for the learning of algebra: description and first experiment
We present APLUSIX, a computer system that helps students to learn algebra, available at http://aplusix.imag.fr. APLUSIX contains an advanced 2D editor of algebraic expressions that allows students to make the calculations (s)he wants, like in a paper-pencil context. The system verifies the student's calculations, by calculating the equivalence between two consecutives expressions, and shows the result to the student. It provides information concerning the progress of the resolution. Furthermore
Author(s): Nicaud Jean-François,Bouhineau Denis,Chaachoua Ha

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The roles of models in Artificial Intelligence and Education research: a prospective view
In this paper I speculate on the near future of research in Artificial Intelligence and Education (AIED), on the basis of three uses of models of educational processes: models as scientific tools, models as components of educational artefacts, and models as bases for design of educational artefacts. In terms of the first role, I claim that the recent shift towards studying collaborative learning situations needs to be accompanied by an evolution of the types of theories and models that are used,
Author(s): Baker Michael J.

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Uncertainty-reducing cooperation scripts in online learning environments
Online learning courses can create new interaction situations for participants who have not previously worked with each other. Initially, there is some degree of uncertainty between participants in these interaction situations. According to the uncertainty reduction theory, low uncertainty increases theamount of discourse and decreases information seeking. Thus, uncertainty may influence online discourseand learning. However, the relation of uncertainty reduction to learning outcomes has not yet
Author(s): Mäkitalo Kati,Weinberger Armin,Häkkinen Päivi,F

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A pedagogical approach to the design of Learning Objects
In this paper we describe an approach to the design of learning objects (LOs) suitable to support learning in complex domains at university level. Our proposal is centred on a costructivist approach where learning is viewed as resulting from personal activity and comparison with the activity of others. Our pedagogical approach to knowledge acquisition and to the use of technological tools is realized by means of didactical units which can be implemented as Learning Objects (LOs) with a variety o
Author(s): Busetti Emanuela,Dettori Giuliana,Forcheri Paola,I

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Software didattico e difficoltà in matematica
Considerazioni sull’uso di software didattico come ausilio per osservare e comprendere le difficoltà di apprendimento nell’area logico-matematica Reflections on the use of educational software as support to observe and understand learning difficulties in the logical-mathematical area.
Author(s): Dettori Giuliana,Ott Michela,Tavella Mauro

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The Seven, no eight, nine C's of Mobile Learning
This paper was presented at the Mobile Learning Workshop at the Kaleidoscope Alpine Rendez-Vous 2007. It identifies theories from the fields of cognition and educational psychology that can usefully be employed to explain the interactions between the user and their mobile device in a variety of mlearning contexts. The theoretical approaches that appear to be most relevant to mlearning are those that stem from the constructivist approach to learning, involve learner control and challenge by setti
Author(s): Wishart Jocelyn

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Small company attitude towards ICT based solutions: some key-elements to improve it
In this paper we illustrate some research results concerning the attitude of small companies towards ICT based solutions (specifically Distance Communication, Training and Consultancy); in addition, we introduce some key-elements to overtake the obstacles to introducing ICT in small companies for new business processes; amongst others, we highlight the need for training about technological innovation as well as about organizational and cultural changes that must occur within a company. The conce
Author(s): Fulantelli Giovanni,Allegra Mario

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Architecture d’un environnement d’aide à l’apprentissage de la chirurgie orthopédique
Dans cet article, nous présentons le composant didactique et pédagogique d’un EIAH (Environnement Informatique pour l’Apprentissage Humain) pour la chirurgie orthopédique. Nous étudions l’architecture logicielle de ce composant, qui sera ajouté comme couche d’apprentissage sur un outil de simulation de planification d’une trajectoire de vis. Enrichir cet outil permettra à l’apprenant de l’utiliser pour acquérir l’expérience de la prise de décision chirurgicale pour la pl
Author(s): Mufti-Alchawafa Dima,Luengo Vanda,Vadcard Lucile

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Incorporating e-learning into a Local Government Authority Context: Evaluating Developers' Perspecti
In this paper, we describe the evaluation of an e-learning project. The Learning Ladder developed a number of elearning modules for local government staff on recurrent working practices. The modules feature the use of short video clips as a means to support and encourage organisational learning. We report on one part of the evaluation: namely, the qualitative analysis of data from developers. We focus on three aspects: developers’ perceptions of video clips for learners to reflect upon example
Author(s): Smith Christine,Zenios Maria

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Learning design based on graphical knowledge-modeling
This chapter states and explains that a Learning Design is the result of a knowledge engineering process where knowledge and competencies, learning design and delivery models are constructed in an integrated framework. We present a general graphic al language and a knowledge editor that has been adapted to support the construction of learning designs compliant with the IMS-LD specification. We situate LD within a taxonomy of knowledge models , namely the multi-actor collaborative system. We move
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert,Leonard Michel,Lundgren-Cayrol Ka

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From usage analysis to automatic diagnosis: The case of the learning of algebra
User modelling is a significant part of usage analysis. We present a case study in the field of the learning of algebra that aims at producing automatic diagnosis rules, based on the analysis of tracks of students solving algebra exercises within the Aplusix learning environment. We present two experiments that were conducted among 8th and 9th grade students. Manual analyses performed on the data made it possible to contribute to the construction of a library of rules aiming at modelling student
Author(s): Sander Emmanuel,Nicaud Jean-François,Chaachoua Ha

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Læring i praksis - fremstruktureringen af et handlingsorienteret perspektiv
Introduktionen præsenterer afhandlingens emnemæssige baggrund, problemformulering og metode. Den traditionelle angelsaksiske erkendelsesteoretiske opfattelse af viden hævdes at have komplementære modpoler i læringsteorierne behaviorisme og kognitivisme. Disse positioner problematiseres med eksempler fra hverdagsmæssige sammenhænge såvel som med en række forskningsmæssige resultater. På baggrund heraf fremsættes problemformuleringen, som lyder: Er det muligt at udvikle et begreb om vi
Author(s): Dohn Nina Bonderup

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