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11 How can a citizen become involved in this law making process?

As one of our constitutional duties citizens are expected to vote in Parliamentary elections. Both MSPs and MPs are elected. In voting in those elections a citizen is becoming involved in law making (even though they may not realise this).

The Scottish Parliamentary process has been designed to be as open as possible. This is reflected not only in the procedures that have been established, but also in the design of the Parliament building itself. The debating chamber, which was central
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7.3 Procedure by which Bills become law

In order to become an Act of Parliament, a Bill will have to be passed by both the House of Commons and the House of Lords. A Bill may start in either the House of Commons or the House of Lords, with the exception of Finance Bills, which always start in the House of Commons. A Finance Bill is introduced by the Government shortly after the Budget to bring the Government's tax proposals into law.

Before the Bill can become an Act of Parliament it must undergo a number of stages.


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4.1 The right to privacy and the state

The European Convention on Human Rights impacts upon legal rules in the UK. The European Convention protects a series of fundamental human rights. All final judgments of the European Court of Human Rights are binding on the state involved. In other words, the UK is expected to change the law to accommodate the rulings of the European Court of Human Rights. In Part D we will examine the right to privacy as enshrined in the European Convention on Human Rights and consider how the European Court
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4.2 Effect of the ECHR on English law prior to the Human Rights Act 1998

The Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA) received the Royal Assent on 9 November 1998, and the main provisions were brought into effect on 2 October 2000. However, the UK had by then been a signatory to and had ratified the ECHR for nearly fifty years. What was the effect, if any, of the Convention on UK domestic law? We have already noted the supremacy of Parliament as the main law-making body in the UK. Under English law international treaties do not become part of domestic law unless and until some
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3.4 The development of the European Convention on Human Rights

The aftermath of the Second World War was a time of great activity in the realms of human rights throughout the world, and the United Nations Charter itself, signed on 26 June 1945, included an obligation on states to respect fundamental human rights and freedoms. The development of an International Bill of Rights was significantly influenced by the commencement of the Cold War. However, that did not prevent the signing of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of
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6.5 Appreciating some implications for practice

I think for most people, the National Health Service would be experienced as a complex situation. If so this would be a good example of perceived complexity. Remember though, if you engaged with it as if it were a difficulty you would not describe the situation as one of perceived complexity. I could not call it a complex system unless I had tried to make sense of it using systems thinking and found, or formulated, a system of interest within it. This means I would have to have a stake in the
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Copyright © 2016 The Open University

2.1 Introduction
Are you a technophobe? Bluetooth, Ethernet WiFi – are they terms that mean nothing to you? This unit will gently guide you to an understanding of how devices 'talk' to each other and what technologies and processes are involved. You will also look at wired and wireless communication technologies, introducing you to some of the key methods involved.
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1.4 Communicating devices
Are you a technophobe? Bluetooth, Ethernet WiFi – are they terms that mean nothing to you? This unit will gently guide you to an understanding of how devices 'talk' to each other and what technologies and processes are involved. You will also look at wired and wireless communication technologies, introducing you to some of the key methods involved.
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Robot turns into a helicopter
Read more: http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/nstv/2011/05/born-to-be-viral-transformer-turns-into-a-helicopter.html
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Tree-climbing robot
Read more: http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/nstv/2011/05/climbing-robot-feels-its-way-up-a-tree.html
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Felix Zandman reciting the Kaddish (memorial) prayer at the Holocaust Remembrance Day Ceremony, 1996
Felix Zandman reciting the Kaddish (memorial) prayer at the Holocaust Remembrance Day Ceremony, 1996 Felix Zandman was born in 1927 in Grodno to Aaron and Genia. In 1941 he, his parents and grandparents were sent to the Grodno ghetto. In January 1943 the Germans surrounded the ghetto to round up the Jews for transportation and the Zandman family decided to go into hiding. In 1946, Zandman emigrated to France. Dr. Felix Zandman had been the recipient of many awards, including the Franklin Insti
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My eyes are hurting because of your cigarette smoke
After this chapter you will be able to formulate a complaint and you can respond to a complaint.
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Carried interest is a "bumper sticker" issue: Carlyle Group co-founder
Carlyle Group's David Rubenstein says carried interest isn't significant enough to affect debt, the deficit or overall tax reform.
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3 Welfare
What do we mean by ‘community’, ‘care’ and ‘welfare’? In this unit you will explore the meanings of these words in their historical and cultural settings. The unit does not discuss these terms exclusively in terms of social work practice so service users, carers or anyone interested in community care and the ways in which welfare services are provided would find this unit useful.
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2 Community
What do we mean by ‘community’, ‘care’ and ‘welfare’? In this unit you will explore the meanings of these words in their historical and cultural settings. The unit does not discuss these terms exclusively in terms of social work practice so service users, carers or anyone interested in community care and the ways in which welfare services are provided would find this unit useful.
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1 What's in a title? An introduction
What do we mean by ‘community’, ‘care’ and ‘welfare’? In this unit you will explore the meanings of these words in their historical and cultural settings. The unit does not discuss these terms exclusively in terms of social work practice so service users, carers or anyone interested in community care and the ways in which welfare services are provided would find this unit useful.
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Next steps

After completing this unit you may wish to study another OpenLearn Study Unit or find out more about this topic. Here are some suggestions:

2.7 A few final comments

The aim of this section was to introduce the basic elements of human biology and show you the different approaches and levels that we have to deal with when we consider the links between human biology, athletes and sport.

At this point, you should understand that in the human body:

  • there are various systems of body parts that have different roles – one example is the cardiovascular system
  • we have to consider things as small as atoms and mo
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Next steps
This unit examines life stories. It looks at the way in which objects, trends, cultures or disabilities may contribute to a person's identity. This unit also considers the contribution that our own life stories make to who we are, and how remembering and revisiting our past may help us to move forward with our lives.
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Souder Trust in Science SLA 2011
Lawrence Souder from Drexel University presented on June 14, 2011 at a panel on "International Year of Chemistry: Perils and Promises of Modern Communication in the Sciences" at the Special Libraries Association meeting. His talk covered Trust in Science and Science by Blogging, using as an example the NASA press release on arsenic in bacteria and subsequent controversy taking place in the blogosphere.
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