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New Media and Open and Distance Learning: New challenges for Education in a Knowledge Society
The "digital society" provides not only with new technology, but also with new concepts. Information plays a central role and becomes a valuable good, but knowledge cannot be reduced to information, and one aim for educators is to contribute in a "knowledge society", not only an "information society". A knowledge society is structured in networks, enriching the traditional hierarchies; a knowledge society promotes a kind of "collective intelligence". In such a society, open and distance learning
Author(s): Cornu Bernard

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A Simulated Student Can Improve Collaborative Learning
This paper describes a Simulated Student architecture designed to detect and avoid three situations that decrease the benefits of learning in collaboration. These are off-topic conversations, students with passive behaviour and problems related to students’ learning. In order to check the efficiency of the model in a real case a Simulated Student, which has the features described in the model, was added to a collaborative, synchronous system for learning programming. This paper describes the ex
Author(s): Vizcaíno Aurora

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Éditorial du numéro spécial "Les ontologies pour les EIAH"
L’ingénierie ontologique est devenue depuis peu une composante incontournable des sciences cognitives. Dans un tel contexte, la communauté EIAH dont l’objet final est le partage et la transmission de la connaissance ne pouvait être en reste. Ainsi, l’ontologie et l’ingénierie ontologique sont des termes qui commencent à apparaître régulièrement dans les communications scientifiques de notre communauté [Crampes00] [RanwezCrampes01] [Psyché03] [Hibou03]. L’intérêt est croissant ch
Author(s): Crampes Michel,Bourdeau Jacqueline

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Le rôle de l’ingénierie ontologique dans le domaine des EIAH
Dans cet entretien, Riichiro Mizoguchi nous révèle ses pensées les plus profondes sur le rôle que joue l’Ingénierie Ontologique (IO) dans le domaine des EIAH. Il insiste sur la nature conceptuelle d’une ontologie, faite pour pouvoir partager des connaissances entre humains et ordinateurs, et entre ordinateurs. Conceptualisation, partage et réutilisation sont donc les concepts-clés d’une ontologie. Dans le domaine des EIAH, le rôle de l’IO n’est pas de modéliser les connaissances po
Author(s): Mizoguchi Riichiro,Bourdeau Jacqueline

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Learning Design Repositories – Structure Ontology and Processes
We summarize here the results of a project called IDLD: Implementation and Deployment of the Learning Design specification. The main product of the IDLD project is a portal that provides a suite of tools and methodological aids to help build IMS-LD compliant learning designs. In this paper, we focus on a practical approach to build and extend a repository of learning designs. We present a more specific process where tools in the portal serve to extend the repository by building LD patterns extra
Author(s): Lundgren-Cayrol Karin,Paquette Gilbert,Marino Olga

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En quoi les TIC changent-elles les pratiques d'ingénierie pédagogique du professeur d'université?
Depuis quelques années, le terme « in-génierie pédagogique » (instructional enginee-ring) est de plus en plus utilisé en rempla-cement de celui de « design pédagogique » (instructional design). Pourquoi? Rappelons d'abord que le terme « design pédagogique » est apparu au cours des années 1960, lors-que certains chercheurs (surtout améri-cains) ont commencé à mettre au point des méthodes systématiques et systémiques de planification et de développement de l'en-seignement. In
Author(s): Basque Josianne

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Vers un modèle générique d’assistance aux acteurs du téléapprentissage
Nous présentons un modèle générique d'assistance aux acteurs du téléapprentissage. Le modèle permet de décrire des systèmes d’assistance pour tout système informatisé distribué ou non, quel que soit le domaine de connaissances et quel que soit l’acteur du téléapprentissage (apprenant, concepteur, formateur-tuteur, etc.) qui utilise l’assistance. Le système d'assistance peut aider ces usagers en leur offrant des conseils et en adaptant l'interface en fonction de leurs caractéri
Author(s): Dufresne Aude,Basque Josianne,Paquette Gilbert,Leo

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Designing Virtual Learning Centers
Virtual universities and work-place virtual institutes are seen, more and more, as a solution to the huge education demand of the knowledge society. I will limit my subject here to the design of Virtual Learning Centers, seen as the pedagogical heart of a virtual educational institution. This is where courses or learning events are designed, constructed and delivered using the Internet and its many communication possibilities. Many models are available for these learning events. High-tech classr
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert

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TELOS, a Service-Oriented Framework to Support Learning and Knowledge Management
This chapter presents the basic orientations, the main use cases and the conceptual framework of a TeleLearning Operating System. TELOS is a system under development within the LORNET research network (www.lornet.org) aiming to integrate components and services, and research results, produced by the different LORNET teams. TELOS research is at the convergence of three main trends: learning object repositories that facilitate the access to knowledge resources; learning and knowledge management su
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert,Rosca Ioan,Mihaila Stefan,Masmoud

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La construction de protocole de travaux pratiques de chimie à l’aide d’un logiciel: quels apport
L’article présente une étude effectuée avec des élèves de terminale S, à partir de l’utilisation du logiciel Educ@ffix.net qui a pour objet l’acquisition de connaissances procédurales et déclaratives par la réalisation d’un protocole expérimental en chimie. La situation-problème proposée consiste à déterminer la concentration du colo- rant E124 dans un sirop de grenadine. Dans un premier temps, la situation pédagogique modélisée dans l’environnement informatique est décri
Author(s): Marzin Patricia,Ergun Mustafa,Girault Isabelle,d'H

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Ontology-aware systems in AI-ED research
This paper discusses long-term perspectives of AI-ED research aiming at giving a clear view of what we need for further promotion of the research from AI and ED point of view. An analysis of the current status of AI-ED research is done in the light of intelligence, conceptualization, standardization and theory-awareness. Then, ontology-based architecture with appropriate ontologies is proposed. Ontological engineering of IS/ID is next discussed followed by a road map towards an ontology-aware
Author(s): Mizoguchi Riichiro,Bourdeau Jacqueline

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Ontology Development at the Conceptual Level for Theory-Aware ITS Authoring Systems
This paper presents ontology engineering at the conceptual level, based on case analysis where an author (a human or software agent), assisted by an ITS authoring system, needs to select an instructional strategy (method) in order to develop a learning scenario or environment. A detailed description of the development process at the conceptual level is provided, followed by the presentation of its results. Outstanding issues raised therein will be shared for further reflection.
Author(s): Psyché Valéry,Mizoguchi Riichiro,Bourdeau Jacque

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Using a concept mapping software as a knowledge construction tool in a graduate online course
Stemming from a twenty-month pedagogical experience using a concept mapping software for higher education students in an online course, this paper reports findings from what became an exploratory study. The objectives were to support the students’ knowledge construction process and to stimulate metacognitive reflection. After having read some instructional texts, students used an object-oriented modeling tool called MOT) to graphically represent a network of at least fifteen knowledge units of
Author(s): Basque Josianne,Pudelko Béatrice

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Ontological Engineering of Instruction: A Perspective
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Author(s): Bourdeau Jacqueline,Mizoguchi Riichiro

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Delivery of Learning Design: the Explor@ System’s Case
The IMS Learning Design Specification (IMS-LD) presents new challenges to learning delivery systems. To comply with this specification, delivery platforms must understand different learning strategies and course structures, must manage multi-actor environments, must allow for standard learning objects integration, must deal with conditions and rules to be validated on runtime and must support notifications. In this chapter, we take a look at these requirements from the viewpoint of an open deliv
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert,Marino Olga,de la Teja Ileana,Leo

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Six Years of Knowledge Networking in Learning Sciences and Technologies
This report presents a series of in-depth reflections about the work of the Center for Innovative Learning Technologies (CILT) from 1997 until 2004. Each member of the CILT team (Principal investigator, postdoctoral scholar, project coordinator and manager) provided their personal reflections on what they, and all of us as a group, have learned from the attempt to stimulate the development and implementation of important, technology-enabled solutions to critical problems in K-14 STEM learning in
Author(s): Sabelli Nora,Pea Roy D.,Park Menlo,Alto Palo

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The Diver Project: Interactive Digital Video Repurposing
The digital interactive video exploration and reflection (Diver) system lets users create virtual pathways through existing video content using a virtual camera and an annotation window for commentary. Users can post their Dives to the WebDiver server system to generate active collaboration, further repurposing, and discussion. Although our current work focuses on video records in learning research and educational practices, Diver can aid collaborative analysis of a broad array of visual data re
Author(s): Pea Roy D.,Mills Michael,Rosen Joseph,Dauber Kenne

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Addressing the Challenges of Inquiry-Based Learning Through Technology and Curriculum Design
Inquiry experiences can provide valuable opportunities for students to improve their understanding of both science content and scientific practices. However, the implementation of inquiry learning in classrooms presents a number of significant challenges. We have been exploring these challenges through a program of research on the use of scientific visualization technologies to support inquiry-based learning in the geosciences. In this article, we describe 5 significant challenges to implementin
Author(s): Edelson Daniel C.,Gordin Douglas N.,Pea Roy D.

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A Grid Services Implementation for a Virtual Research Environment
In the past, virtual learning and research environments have typically been implemented as monolithic systems. Current research focuses on creating such environments from selected Grid and Web services. In this paper we describe the Virtual Orthopaedic European University, which was created to support Higher Surgical Trainees to provide evidence for their learning contracts by carrying out experiments and publishing the results. We use this environment as a case study for the re-implementation
Author(s): Wills Gary,Gilbert Lester,Gee Quintin,Davis Hugh C

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La natura della mediazione offerta dai sistemi basati su micromondi all’apprendimento della matema
Questo lavoro analizza il ruolo che ambienti basati sull’uso del calcolatore, ed in particolare i micromondi, possono assumere nelle attività di insegnamento e apprendimento di conoscenze matematiche. Il lavoro parte dallo studio di alcuni risultati significativi che si sono avuti in questo campo a livello internazionale. Tale studio viene utilizzato come quadro di riferimento per situare e analizzare una ricerca specifica che abbiamo svolto in questo settore. Tale ricerca riguarda la proge
Author(s): Bottino Rosa Maria,Chiappini Giampaolo

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