Some Methodological Aspects of the Development of an ICT Research and Technology
Development and Inn
The aim of this paper is to share the experience gained at the Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics (FMI), Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski (SU), in the up to now work within the scope of a project funded by the Capacities Specific Programme of FP7. At the first call for proposals of this Programme in 2007 the EC provided a grant to the project SISTER of SU, aimed at strengthening the research capacity of FMI in the area of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). The main go
Towards Web-Based Education of Demography
This paper describes steps taken towards introducing Web-based educational technology in teaching demography at the university level. Traditionally, demography is taught by giving lectures to the students, who are then expected to study from textbooks and exercise in demographic calculus. Some students find this way of learning monotonous and exhausting, hence their motivation gradually drops. Modern learning technology can help prevent such a situation, at least to an extent. Of course, using a
An Experience Applying Reinforcement Learning in a Web-Based Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Sy
The definition of effective pedagogical strategies for coaching and tutoring students according to their needs is one of the most important issues in Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Systems (AIES). The use of a Reinforcement Learning (RL) model allows the system to learn automatically how to teach to each student individually, only based on the acquired experience with other learners with similar characteristics, like a human tutor does. The application of this artificial intelligence techn
Information Technologies for Biology Education: Computerized Electrophysiology of Plant Cells
Biology has moved from a bench-based discipline to a bioinformational science in modern times but application of computational and analytical methods of informatics in it is still a problem for many researchers and students of biology. We suggest to integrate cost effective and practical combination of the real and the virtual laboratories into the undergraduate biological science curriculum. This laboratory work illustrates passive and active electrical properties of plant cell membranes while
Une approche pro-pédagogique du diagnostic cognitif dans les STI: conception, formalisation, et imp
In an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS), issues related to the design and the implementation of the cognitive diagnosis (DC) of learner's behavior is addressed intuitively according to the specific goals of this STI. From a purely operational viewpoint, this approach is not really bad since the STIs arising from it, "work". However, when it comes to give to DC a pedagogical dimension in the human tutors, a look into perspective on more fundamental considerations promotes reflection in this direc
From Questions to Queries
The extension of (Internet) databases forces everyone to become more familiar with techniques of data storage and retrieval because users success often depends on their ability to pose right questions and to be able to interpret their answers. University programs pay more attention to developing database programming skills than to data exploitation skills. To educate our students to become database users, the authors intensively exploit supportive tools simplifying the production of databa
Collaborative learning - New learning models and applications
Distance education defined as education that takes place when the learner and the instructor are in separate location is undergoing changes throughout the world. The teaching environment is undergoing a major shift as more and more programs are offering classes online. This shift is due to rising costs in education, enrollment management issues, and an evolution in the use of distance learning.
How users behave in a combined community/content environment
Currently, combined community/content environments gain increasing importance in different areas of life, ranging from private to educational to corporate contexts. However, since they are still a novel achievement it is not so clear how they should be organised in order to their successful operation. For gaining a deeper insight in what makes such an environment work, the authors systematically analysed two public environments by evaluating user data and an online questionnaire covering the fol
ePortfolios in Education - Learning Tools or Means of Assessment?
ePortfolios are collections of electronic evidence which capture the idea of lifelong learning ePortfolios at school can support the documentation of competences better than normal tests and assessments. The acquired competences may further be transfered from school to the world of work. On the other hand ePortfolios are powerful tools for learning and reflecting.
Lifelong learning for the Italian Public Administration: the MarchE-Learning Project
This paper describes a local experience for the development of a framework program to set up a Continuous Learning System for Public Administration employees of Marche Region, in Central Italy. Such program belongs to a greater national program, aimed at modernizing the Italian Public Administration by means of the application of ICTs. This program is also part of Italian participation in the European Unions Lisbon Strategy, aimed at turning Europe into one of the most competitive knowledge-ba
DRAC (Distributed Remote ACess system) An On-line Open Source Project-based Learning Tool
Project Based Learning is an essential component in modern engineering education. However, it is difficult to implement in a virtual simulation-based approach, and the need of expensive or specialized equipment can make difficult to use this PBL approach in remote learning. In this paper, a web-based portal is presented; it allows remote access to the resources of several PBL laboratories on Electronics, with a significant emphasis on real-time digital and analog processing and multidisciplinary
Evaluating Wiki as a tool to promote quality academic writing skills
In this study we investigated undergraduate teacher trainees' use of wikis, focusing on the use of shared spaces to communicate ideas and generate course specific content. We explored how students, through such activities, were to able to improve their academic writing skills. We discuss writing as a social practice and discuss how wikis might promote better academic writing. With data derived from student discussion boards and a post-module e-mail questionnaire (N=35) our findings indicate that
Learning with the Web 2.0: The Encyclopedia of Life
In the 1990s, the World Wide Web has revolutionized the way in which knowledge seekers satisfy their thirst for knowledge. During the recent years, a technological and social paradigm shift called Web 2.0 attracted a lot of attention in the Internet community and is considered a major evolution of the web. New online applications make it easier for individuals to learn, using the vast information provided by the Internet and the collective intelligence of its users. The Encyclopedia of Life, a g
Sign Language Interpreters Training
Nowadays, the evolution of technology and the increasing use of computers gave the opportunity for developing new methods of education of deaf individuals and sign language interpreters. The e-learning environments that have been developed for the education of sign language provide web-based courses, designed to effectively teach to anyone the Sign Language. Recognizing the difficulties and barriers of sign language training as well as the importance of sign language interpreters for the communi
Exploitation of Croquet CVE Platform for supporting Collaborative e-Learning Environments
This paper reviews the features of five 3 dimensional networked virtual environments which support collaborative learning applications, through the comparison of the tools and services they offer. Following that, we justify our choice of platform, which is the Croquet platform, and discuss design and implementation issues. Finally we present the results of the evaluation process of the virtual environment we developed, which consisted of the participation of twelve postgraduate students who comp
Introduction of Computer Studies to non-science university students: The Sri Lankan experience
Introduction of computer studies as a subject to students in the Faculties of Humanities and Social Sciences in Sri Lankan universities is a relatively recent experience. University of Kelaniya was the first university in Sri Lanka that offered computer studies as a subject to its Bachelor of Arts Degree programme starting in 2001. This paper attempts to analyze the relative performance of science and non-science students offering the same module under the new computer studies curriculum.
An adaptive learning environment in DICE system with TDD model
We introduce an adaptive learning environment named DALM (DICE adaptive learning model) based on DICE test-driven development (TDD) model that was implemented in a parse-tree based automatic on-line grader. In our opinion, there are three variables in DALM. The individual differences (I) classify the learners into several groups. The training method (T) that equivalent to TDD model in DICE can be controlled by DICE system. The learning outcome (O) presents the learning performance of learners wi
Conceptions en santé animale et tutorat assisté par ordinateur
Le travail présenté a été effectué dans le cadre de la validation d'un système expert en santé animal développée par l'INRA. Les conceptions d'éleveurs sont analysées en situation de résolution de problème en élevage porcin afin de les confronter avec celles formalisées dans le système expert porcidact.
Efficient object based streaming framework for web-based education
An efficient moving object extraction algorithm suitable for real-time content-based multimedia streaming systems is proposed in this paper. A Motion Vector (MV) based object extraction is used to dynamically detect the objects. To utilize the bandwidth efficiently, the important object can be real time detected, encoded, and transmitted with higher quality and higher frame rate than those of background. In order to meet the real-time requirement, no computationally intensive operation is includ
Analyzing Sequential Data in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning
Representations and changes between them play a major role in cognitive development (e.g., Vosniadou, & Brewer, 1992) and education (e.g., Hewson, Beeth, & Thorley, 1998). By definition, change of representations is also indispensable for collaborative work since a common understanding or shared knowledge can only be achieved by a partial convergence of the knowledge structures of the collaborating subjects. This articles presents and discusses knowledge tracking (KT), viz., an approach to analy