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A Collaborative Case Study System For Distance Learning
Distance Learning from Case Studies involves enabling collaboration between two or more learners at a distance on a case study activity. In this paper we present an empirical qualitative study that simulates a learning scenario in which a pair of subjects at a distance are provided with a collaborative learning environment and required to collaborate in order to solve a case study. The results of this empirical qualitative study have implications that informed the design of a system: LeCS (Learn
Author(s): Rosatelli Marta C.,Self John

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Email use in elementary school: An analysis of exchange patterns and content
E-mail was embedded in a project in design & technology education in elementary school. During four lessons children worked in groups on building a flying object. These groups communicated through e-mail with groups of children from another school. The analyses of the e-mails, as viewed from distributed cognition theory, focus on the exchange patterns and content. Two characteristic exchange patterns are stacking and compounding. In stacking e-mails are sent out quickly enough to afford a ‘just
Author(s): Van der Meij Hans,Boersma Kerst

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ZAPs: Using interactive programs for learning psychology
ZAPs are short, self-contained computer programs that encourage students to experience psychological phenomena in a vivid, self-explanatory way, and that are meant to evoke enthousiasm about psychological topics. ZAPs were designed according to principles that originate from experiential and discovery learning theories. The interactive approach that is offered invites students to engage in subject matter through exploration, experience, and discovery of psychology. In an empirical study the effe
Author(s): Hulshof Casper,Eysink Tessa,Loyens Sofie,de Jong T

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An Algebra Subsystem for Diagnosing Students' Input in a Physics Tutoring System
To help a student in an introductory physics course do quantitative homework problems, an intelligent tutoring system must determine information of an algebraic nature. This paper describes a subsystem which resolves such questions for Andes2. The capabilities of the subsystem would be useful for any ITS which deals with problems involving complex systems of equations. This subsystem is capable of 1) solving the systems of equations at the level of introductory physics problems, 2) checking the
Author(s): Shapiro Joel A.

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Un site web pour l'enseignement interdisciplinaire des mathématiques en biologie
Depuis septembre 2001, une section pilote du DEUG Sciences de la Vie est mise en place par l’Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1. Cette section bénéficie d’une pédagogie universitaire innovante intégrant les TICE. Notre équipe pédagogique assure le cours de Mathématiques tout en mettant l’accent sur l’interdisciplinarité Mathématiques et Biologie. Nous avons mis en place un apprentissage progressif par acquisition de connaissances (cours magistraux et travaux tutorés) puis de compét
Author(s): Charles Sandrine,Ney Muriel,Mouchiroud Dominique,H

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Scientific discovery learning with computer simulations of conceptual domains
Scientific discovery learning is a highly self-directed and constructivistic form of learning. A computer simulation is a type of computer-based environment that is very suited for discovery learning, the main task of the learner being to infer, through experimentation, characteristics of the model underlying the simulation. In this article we give a review of the observed effectiveness and efficiency of discovery learning in simulation environments together with problems that learners may encou
Author(s): de Jong Ton,Van Joolingen Wouter

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The integration of computer simulation and learning support: an example from the physics domain of c
Discovery learning is generally seen as a promising but demanding mode of learning that, in most cases, can only be successful if students are guided in the discovery process. The present article discusses a study on discovery learning with a computer simulation environment in the physics domain of collisions. In the learning environment, which is called Collision, students learned about collisions where two particles move in the same direction and interact via a conservative force in such a way
Author(s): de Jong Ton,Martin Ernesto,Zamarro Jose-Miguel,Esq

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Can kindergarten children be successfully involved in probabilistic tasks?
This paper describes a classroom teaching experiment, concerning the concept of probability, with children aged 5 in a kindergarten school. The teaching experiment was based on constructivist and interactionist theories about the learning of school mathematics and lasted one month. The collection of the information was based on the tape-recorded interviews with the children (each child was interviewed prior to the research program, at the end of the program and one month later) and the videotape
Author(s): Kafoussi Sonia

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Supporting peer interaction in online learning environments
This paper reports two studies into the efficacy of sentence openers to foster online peer-to-peer interaction. Sentence openers are pre-defined ways to start an utterance that are implemented in communication facilities as menu’s or buttons. In the first study, typical opening phrases were derived from naturally occurring online dialogues. The resulting set of sentence openers was implemented in a semi-structured chat tool that allowed students to compose messages in a free-text area or via se
Author(s): Lazonder Ard

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The ZAP Project: Designing interactive computer tools for learning psychology
In the ZAP project, a set of interactive computer programs called 'ZAPs' was developed. The programs were designed in such a way that first-year students experience psychological phenomena in a vivid and self-explanatory way. Students can either take the role of participant in a psychological experiment, they can experience phenomena themselves, or they can take the role of researcher and learn by discovery. ZAPs provide added value to existing learning materials about psychological topics and c
Author(s): Hulshof Casper,Eysink Tessa,de Jong Ton

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Effects of pictures, age and experience on learning to use a computer program
This study examines the effects of pictures of screen captures and input devices on documentation for older novices. There was no main effect of pictures, but there were statistically significant interactions between the type of picture and the factors of age and computer experience. As predicted, the most optimized designs—the ones presenting screen captures—moderated the negative effects of age. We argue that screen captures help reduce two problems in the cognitive area that are especially
Author(s): Van der Meij Hans,Gellevij Mark

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IDR: a participatory methodology for interdisciplinary design in technology enhanced learning
One of the important themes that emerged from the CAL’07 conference was the failure of technology to bring about the expected disruptive effect to learning and teaching. We identify one of the causes as an inherent weakness in prevalent development methodologies. While the problem of designing technology for learning is irreducibly multi-dimensional, design processes often lack true interdisciplinarity. To address this problem we present IDR, a participatory methodology for interdisciplinary te
Author(s): Winters Niall,Mor Yishay

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Computer simulations - Technological advances in inquiry learning
Computer simulations enhance inquiry-based learning - in which students actively discover information - by allowing scientific discovery within a realistic setting.
Author(s): de Jong Ton

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Exploitation of data modeling for database design in secondary education learning activities: A case
Data models are representation systems for structural modelling of physical systems. Data models application results in databases that are amenable to computation enabling the modeller to interact with them for information retrieval, hypotheses testing, comparisons etc. In this paper we initially approach the didactic and learning value of data modelling for database design in terms of the features related to students’ involvement in the related learning activities. In order to clarify the prop
Author(s): Fessakis George,Dimitracopoulou Angelique

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Analysing experimental design tasks in scientific labwork
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Author(s): Wajeman Claire,Girault Isabelle,d'Ham Cedric,Ney M

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CIEL: setting the stage for integrated inquiry learning
We present an integrated framework for the design, authoring, and evaluation of innovative learning scenarios for Collaborative Inquiry and Experiential Learning (CIEL). This framework has been designed to promote interoperability in environments for productive, open-ended learning, such as inquiry learning, but also learning by design and experiential learning. The CIEL framework centers around a repository of learner generated learning objects that can be saved, and retrieved in standardized f
Author(s): Van Joolingen Wouter,de Jong Ton,Manlove Sarah

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Logiciels de construction de cartes de connaissances: Des outils pour apprendre
This article examines the possible uses of concept mapping software in a university or continuing education context. Concept mapping applications allow the student to graphically represent compiled information as a network of nodes and vectors. The article looks at several applications that may be used to make different kinds of maps, but mainly reviews teaching strategies that incorporate these tools as well as providing a number of planning pointers. It also summarizes the main advantages and
Author(s): Pudelko Béatrice,Basque Josianne

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Une expérience de construction de cartes conceptuelles dans un contexte de téléapprentissage univ
Nous décrivons une expérimentation de construction de cartes conceptuelles par des étudiants adultes dans un cours universitaire en sciences cognitives diffusé en ligne dans un contexte de formation à distance. Chaque étudiant est invité à élaborer une carte conceptuelle après lecture de textes. Les cartes conceptuelles sont réalisées à l'aide du logiciel MOT, permettant une représentation graphique des connaissances selon une technique de modélisation par objets typés. Les étud
Author(s): Basque Josianne,Pudelko Béatrice,Legros Denis

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Vers un modèle générique d’assistance aux acteurs du téléapprentissage
Nous présentons un modèle générique d'assistance aux acteurs du téléapprentissage. Le modèle permet de décrire des systèmes d’assistance pour tout système informatisé distribué ou non, quel que soit le domaine de connaissances et quel que soit l’acteur du téléapprentissage (apprenant, concepteur, formateur-tuteur, etc.) qui utilise l’assistance. Le système d'assistance peut aider ces usagers en leur offrant des conseils et en adaptant l'interface en fonction de leurs caractéri
Author(s): Dufresne Aude,Basque Josianne,Paquette Gilbert,Leo

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TELOS, a Service-Oriented Framework to Support Learning and Knowledge Management
This chapter presents the basic orientations, the main use cases and the conceptual framework of a TeleLearning Operating System. TELOS is a system under development within the LORNET research network (www.lornet.org) aiming to integrate components and services, and research results, produced by the different LORNET teams. TELOS research is at the convergence of three main trends: learning object repositories that facilitate the access to knowledge resources; learning and knowledge management su
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert,Rosca Ioan,Mihaila Stefan,Masmoud

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