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An Experience Applying Reinforcement Learning in a Web-Based Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Sy
The definition of effective pedagogical strategies for coaching and tutoring students according to their needs is one of the most important issues in Adaptive and Intelligent Educational Systems (AIES). The use of a Reinforcement Learning (RL) model allows the system to learn automatically how to teach to each student individually, only based on the acquired experience with other learners with similar characteristics, like a human tutor does. The application of this artificial intelligence techn
Author(s): Iglesias Ana,Martinez Paloma,Fernandez Fernando

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Learning Objects Need Badly Instructional Digital Libraries Support
In this paper, we present a standard definition for learning objects, a controversy around it, and the resulted working definition, along with features to be held by learning objects, benefits of the object-oriented approach for learning, some pros and cons for using learning objects, and finally some quality standard guidelines for these objects. In addition, we introduce shortly a taxonomy of learning object types and the metadata standards that can be used for learning objects and the way the
Author(s): Vladoiu Mihaela-Monica

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Turtle's Navigation and Manipulation of Geometrical Figures Constructed by Variable Processes in a 3
Issues related to 3d turtle's navigation and geometrical figures' manipulation in the simulated 3d space of a newly developed computational environment, MaLT, are reported and discussed here. The joint use of meaningful formalism and the dynamic manipulation of graphically represented 3d figures seem to offer new resources and to pose new challenges as far as geometrical activities and construction of meanings are concerned, which are strongly related to the representational infrastructure of Ma
Author(s): Kynigos Chronis,Latsi Maria

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Pre-Service Teacher Training in Mathematics Using Tablet PC Technology
This study focuses on the use of innovative Tablet PC technology in learning and teaching mathematics. Specifically the effects of incorporating Tablet PC technology in pre-service teachers' mathematics education were analyzed. The significant impact of technology use in mathematics education was assessed by evaluating and comparing students' final project and course grades. Grade performance of two groups of students was compared. One group was the treatment group where students extensively use
Author(s): Kosheleva Olga,Medina-Rusch Ana,Ioudina Vera

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Exploring Individual and Collaborative Dimensions of Knowledge Building in an Online Learning Commun
An exploratory study of students' engagement in online learning and knowledge building is presented in this paper. Learning in an online community, composed of students (pre-service teachers) and experts (experienced in-service schoolteachers and academics), is the study's primary focus. Students' interaction and knowledge discourse structures, arising from individual readings of academic papers and asynchronous collaboration with peers and experts, are investigated using social network and cont
Author(s): Markauskaite Lina,Sutherland Louise M.

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Information Technologies for Biology Education: Computerized Electrophysiology of Plant Cells
Biology has moved from a bench-based discipline to a bioinformational science in modern times but application of computational and analytical methods of informatics in it is still a problem for many researchers and students of biology. We suggest to integrate cost effective and practical combination of the real and the virtual laboratories into the undergraduate biological science curriculum. This laboratory work illustrates passive and active electrical properties of plant cell membranes while
Author(s): Kisnieriene Vilma,Beitas Kastytis,Sakalauskas Vidm

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Future Quality in the Emergent European Higher Education Area Involves the Use of Informatics
In this paper an agreed set of standards, procedures and guidelines on quality assurance for the emergent European Higher Education Area is presented. If this set is implemented, the procedures for the recognition of qualifications will be strengthened. The set has been divided in two groups: there are internal and external standards and guidelines. The internals should be implemented by higher education institutions and under their responsibility. The external standards and guidelines should be
Author(s): Bilbao Javier,Bravo Eugenio,Garcia Olatz,Varela Co

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Why Web 2.0 is Good for Learning and for Research: Principles and Prototypes
The term "Web 2.0" is used to describe applications that distinguish themselves from previous generations of software by a number of principles. Existing work shows that Web 2.0 applications can be successfully exploited for technology-enhance learning. However, in-depth analyses of the relationship between Web 2.0 technology on the one hand and teaching and learning on the other hand are still rare. In this article, we will analyze the technological principles of the Web 2.0 and describe thei
Author(s): Ullrich Carsten,Borau Kerstin,Luo Heng,Tan Xiaohon

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The distributed developmental network - d2n: a social configuration to support design pattern genera
DiSessa et al. (2004) conducted a comparative study of how research teams design, develop and evaluate TEL software, in the context of component-based educational programming. They identified the issue of the social configuration of the production team as “a critical family of issues that are easily marginalized” (p.117). These social configurations are loosely equivalent to what Activity Theorists refer to as the rules and division of labour (Engeström, 1987) in the activity system of TEL pr
Author(s): Winters Niall,Mor Yishay,Pratt Dave

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How can we take into account student conceptions of the facial angle in a palaeontology laboratory w
This study investigates student conceptions of the facial angle as a way to attain understanding elements of the theory of human evolution. The chosen laboratory work involved determining the species of a human cranium, and students had to design and write down their own experimental procedure. Three versions of the laboratory work were carried out leading to different student productions. Three aspects will be presented in the present paper, which are related to the three conceptual difficultie
Author(s): Marzin Patricia,de Vries Erica

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Using and Enhancing a Normalized IMS-LD Description to Support Learners in their Appropriation of a
The general context of our work is the support that can be proposed to a distance learning student in order to appropriate a curriculum to him. In this paper we explore how the IMS learning design (LD) norm can be used to address this issue. An LD model of a curriculum permits the construction of tools that allow a student to visualize different points of view on the curriculum items, annotate his progression in the activities or build individual projects. We present what can be done with an LD
Author(s): Rasseneur Rasseneur,Jacoboni Pierre,Tchounikine Pi

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Contribution à l’ingénierie des systèmes conseillers : une approche méthodologique fondée sur
An advisor system is a system that proposes a just-in-time first-line help to the users of a given software, on the basis of an analysis of the actions and productions of the user. Within the Licef laboratory, two different types of advisor systems are developed: advisor systems dedicated to students using the Web-based interactive learning environments developed with Explor@ and advisor agents dedicated to courseware designers using the course design methodology MISA and its Internet-based work
Author(s): Paquette Gilbert,Tchounikine Pierre

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DSTM: a Framework to Operationalize and Refine a Problem-Solving Method modeled in terms of Tasks an
In this paper we present DSTM, a framework that enables the operationalization and the refinement of problem-solving methods modelled within the Task–Method paradigm. DSTM proposes an operational kernel, i.e. operational but flexible high-level constructions: modelling primitives, such as task or method, and manipulation mechanisms, such as select a method. These constructions can be customized in order to better capture the paper-based model to be operationalized. This permits the construction
Author(s): Trichet Francky,Tchounikine Pierre

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Mining learning groups' activities in Forum-type tools
Mining data produced by students involved in communication through forum-like tools can help revealing aspects of their communication. In this paper we propose an approach to the construction of models to highlight structural properties of learning groups based on a relational perspective (analysis of chains of references) and the use of Social Network Analysis techniques. These models can be useful both for the tutor and the participants. We begin by introducing the overall approach, then we de
Author(s): Reyes Pablo,Tchounikine Pierre

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First version of the awareness-support tool
This document reports on the awareness services offered through two tools developed in the context of the PALETTE project (Collaboration services), namely e-Logbook and CoPe_it! We first present the awareness types that need to be supported and we proceed by describing in detail how these are conceived and implemented in the abovementioned tools. Moreover, we briefly report on the integration of these tools, focusing on the additional awareness services resulting from this integration.,First ver
Author(s): El Helou Sandy,Man Yu Chui,Madina Amagoia,Tzagarak

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First operational version of the web-based tool supporting argumentative collaboration towards learn
This document reports on the first operational version of CoPe_it!, the web-based tool supporting argumentative collaboration towards learning, which is being developed in the context of the PALETTE project. We present the functionality of the tool, the basic concepts behind it, as well as the various views and projections available for the visualization of the argumentative process. Some first results from the use of the tool are also provided. We conclude with a set of new functionality items,
Author(s): Karacapilidis Nikos,Tzagarakis Manolis,Nousia Dora

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Une approche pro-pédagogique du diagnostic cognitif dans les STI: conception, formalisation, et imp
In an Intelligent Tutoring System (ITS), issues related to the design and the implementation of the cognitive diagnosis (DC) of learner's behavior is addressed intuitively according to the specific goals of this STI. From a purely operational viewpoint, this approach is not really bad since the STIs arising from it, "work". However, when it comes to give to DC a pedagogical dimension in the human tutors, a look into perspective on more fundamental considerations promotes reflection in this direc
Author(s): Tchetagni Josephine

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Operationalizing macro-scripts in CSCL technological settings
This paper presents a conceptual analysis of the technological dimensions related to the operationalization of CSCL macro-scripts. CSCL scripts are activity models that aim at enhancing the probability knowledge generative interactions such as conflict resolution, explanation or mutual regulation occur during the collaboration process. We first recall basics about CSCL scripts and macro-scripts. Then, we propose an analysis of some core issues that must be made explicit and taken into account wh
Author(s): Tchounikine Pierre

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E-Learning in (Austrian) Schools - Some Empirical Findings, Obstacles, Theses and Visions
Is E-Learning in Higher Education, the apparently cutting-edge place in applying and transformig the newest technologies in the educational field, already established and an indespensible part of teaching? The answer seems to be clearly Yes, subject to some contstraints which are immanent to all (educational) evolutions. But does this apply also to secondary education, where the approaches to establish E-Learning in schools are even more multifaceted, accompanied by top-down and bottom-up initia
Author(s): Micheuz Peter

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Testing and Assessing Mathematical Skills by a Script Based System
Especially in the mathematical education there seems to be a need for strict drill and practice exercises. Such training cannot be met by traditional means. Therefore, a computer program is needed which generates parametrisable questions/problems which the students have to answer/solve and which at the same time assesses the answers/solutions of the students. We designed such a system as an interface between the learning platform ILIAS and MATLAB/Maple as the symbolic mathematics engine. We dem
Author(s): Risse Thomas

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