Not Protective but . . . Restrictive: ERA Advocates Oppose Protective Legislation for Women
In the years following the 1920 ratification of the 19th Amendment extending voting rights to women, the National Woman's Party, the radical wing of the suffrage movement, advocated passage of a constitutional amendment to make discrimination based on gender illegal. The first Congressional hearing on the equal rights amendment (ERA) was held in 1923. Many female reformers opposed the amendment in fear that it would end protective labor and health legislation designed to aid female workers and p
Serious Questions of Fairness, Ethics, and Legality: Congress Investigates Sweepstakes Promotions
In the 1960s, lottery-like contests designed to publicize products through sweepstakes competitions spread rapidly. In the 19th century, every state banned lotteries--defined as competitions in which chances to win prizes were sold--to protect citizens. In 1868, Congress prohibited the distribution of lottery materials through the mail. The mid-20th century sweepstakes, however, did not require contestants to purchase tickets or products to win prizes and were thus considered legal. In 1966, the
The Home Energy Saver
The Home Energy Saver is designed to help consumers identify the best ways to save energy in their homes, and find the resources to make the savings happen. The Home Energy Saver was the first Internet-based tool for calculating energy use in residential buildings. The project is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), as part of the national ENERGY STAR Program for improving energy efficiency in homes, with previous support from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the US D
A Gallery of Institutional Projects
This pilot effort between the two foundations is designed to help institutions and programs create succinct project portals that provide quick access to a project overview and selected instruments, materials, data and evidence related to their work.
Documenting student learning in outcomes-based education
Senior students in the School of Information Technology and Communications Design create individual learning portfolios that represent the skills and knowledge required to fulfill their outcomes-based education.
The ChemWiki project is a new approach toward chemistry education where an Open Access textbook environment is constantly being written and re-written partly by students and partly by faculty members resulting in a free Chemistry textbook to supplement or supplant conventional paper-based books. Anyone can view, although a freely available account is required to edit the site modules.
The Process of Research Writing
The Process of Research Writing is a web-based research writing textbook suitable for teachers and students in research oriented composition and rhetoric classes. Instead of focusing on one research paper, I focus on the process of research writing through a series of shorter writing exercises. Students begin by having to carefully think about a topic of research for the semester and by developing a working thesis. They then write a series of shorter essays that explore that topic. All along the
Looking Beyond Themselves: Preparing Students to Become Invested Members of Their Community
As a sixth grade teacher, Pfitzner struggled to find a way to truly reach her students. She wanted to help her students find a deeper connection to what they were learning, allowing them to feel ownership of their knowledge. She developed a project based on community activism to help her students escape the cliques and disconnectedness so common to sixth graders in her school. Pfitzner documented this journey as she and her students identified and addressed a need in their community for a non-fi
Learning From Cases
This site focuses on the use of case writing to support student learning in a Foundations of Learning course for pre-service teachers at the graduate level. It uses a course timeline to organize links that show course materials, the development of one student's case, and student and instructor reflections. The site index also includes an archive of students' cases, as well as a collection of other course materials.
Learning Interdisciplinarity: A Course Portfolio
Linkon's research focused on evaluating the effectiveness of her incremental learning assignments in an interdisciplinary course. She gathered a variety of kinds of evidence of students' learning, ranging from surveys and interviews to students' projects and her own reflections. The three-assignment incremental learning sequence worked well for most students. Linkon's analysis of their work showed a clear development of analytical complexity in their writing over the course of the term. Students
Making Sense of Complementary and Alternative Medicine: Analysis of a Family Nurse Practitioner Prog
The overall goal of this inquiry project was to evaluate approaches to incorporating complementary and alternative medicine into the curricula of nurse practitioner (NP) programs. Specifically, Burman undertook a comprehensive assessment of how the concept of complementary and alternative therapies is (or is not) addressed in her FNP curriculum. The outcome of this assessment is a 'curriculum component portfolio' with selected pieces of evidence, critical reflection and recommendations.
Peer Review of Teaching - Course Portfolio
In this course portfolio, Dan Bernstein reports on changes he has made over three semesters in a psychology course on learning. He has succeeded in getting more students to achieve higher levels of understanding by changing the assessment from short abstract essay questions to problems that asked students to apply concepts in new contexts, and providing web-based opportunities for students to identify what makes some answers better than others. The portfolio includes examples of the assessments
The people who came to California in search of gold were faced with the threat of disaster in every step of their journey. Many came by ship, even though shipwrecks were commonplace ? one set of lithographs depicts four shipwrecks that occurred within 60 days. Earthquakes were another fact of life in California. Sensational newspaper illustrations like "Earth Quakey Times," and photographs showing buildings in shambles, helped build the state's reputation as an "earthquake capital." Earthquakes
Growth of Cities
Cities up and down the state of California grew rapidly during the Gold Rush era. Some of these cities were veritable boomtowns: San Francisco, a small village in 1847, was a bustling city by 1849, just two years later. San Francisco's population boom even had an impact on its geography. One image from 1847 shows Montgomery Street on the waterfront; but a photograph taken in 1862 shows that the waterfront had been filled to increase the city's real estate, pushing Montgomery Street inland. South
Action Potential Experiments
Action Potential Experiments is a demonstration/simulation laboratory for neurophysiology based on the 'sodium theory' as originally formulated and tested by A. L. Hodgkin and his colleagues. The application includes simulations of the original experiments of Hodgkins and his colleagues, and of the classic voltage clamp and patch clamp experiments and an animated illustration of the 'sodium theory' explanation of Nernst potentials for potassium and sodium ions. The student can perform simple ion
PURPOSE: A simple Excel-based workbook with worksheets as a front end for the AT&T GraphViz Graph Layout software suite. BioGrapher enhances Excel-based tools developed in the Chemistry and Biology Departments at Beloit College to allow for convenient visualization of graphs and graphical connections that are important in systems and computational biology, molecular biology, biochemistry, and genetics.
This software can be used to investigate common molecular biology laboratory procedures using DNA or protein sequence data. These simulations and cases are based primarily on genetic and infectious disease with techniques such as: DNA electrophoresis, Southern blot, PCR, Multiplex PCR, Dot blot, ELISA, Western blot, 96-well PCR, protein electrophoresis. Case It! is collaborative BioQUEST project between the University of Wisconsin-River Falls and Michigan State University.
Cell Differentials offers a visual dataset of white blood cells that gives students practice in developing strategies and techniques for the recognition of these blood cell types. Over 100 different cell images are randomly presented with feedback on successful identification. In traditional labs, the recognition of white blood cell types can be compromised by several factors. Developmental changes can make recognition difficult and some cell types exhibit similar features. Microscopy can be a
Everything teachers and students need for a successful National History Day project is available at this site -- topic ideas, lesson plans, research advice, and thousands of pages of fully indexed eyewitness accounts of North American exploration. Follow famous explorers. Witness first contacts between cultures. See how the exchange of goods and ideas forever altered people's daily life and ideas. Find out what "America" meant to the people who arrived here long ago and to the people who greeted
Basic Filmmaking for High School Drama Departments
This is a course in Narrative Film Production which shows how drama departments can create short motion pictures as part of a drama class. Currently, we have only one lesson. But eventually, there will be more. And with each lesson, you will participate in the making of a movie based on your own story.