Portrait of a Family Outside Their House
A family of three men, three women, and one young girl and her doll are on the front lawn of their house. This plate is a double exposure but the family with their home can be seen clearly. There is a faint image of another family on the same plate.
Portrait of a Young Woman in a Hat With a Veil
A striking young woman poses in a hat with a veil. She wears a matching suit jacket and skirt. The jacket has lace over the lapels. Her white blouse has a high collar and she is also wearing kid gloves.
Portrait of a Young Woman With Dark Hair
Portrait of a young woman in the photographer's studio. She has dark hair, parted in the middle and tied back with two tiny curls at her forehead. She wears a dress with a pleated front and a high collar.
Portrait of a Young Woman Seated in Profile
The young woman is turned in her chair to the right and only the left side of her face is seen in profile. Her wavy hair is pulled back in a bun and she wears glasses. Her dress is shown to its full advantage with its high neck and full sleeves.
Portrait of an Older Woman With White Hair
An older woman with white hair is seated in three quarter profile. Her hair is parted in the middle and pulled back loosely. She is wearing a dark blouse with a high collar with braid and light fabric around the neck.
Marching Drum Corps Strikes a Pose
Sixteen men in hats and white uniform jackets pose with their drums. One man in a pointed hat and flowered jacket holds the American flag high. Most men wear buttons with a man's photograph, the photo is also on two of the drums. The words "Loring Wilkinson, New Castle, Ind." can be seen printed on a drum.
Well Drillers in Spiceland, Indiana
Local well drillers pause to have their picture taken as they work behind a house. Arthur W. Osborn is the man on the left, the other man is unidentified.
Portrait of Two Young Men
Two young men seated side-by-side wearing hats and long coats pose for the photographer.They wear suits but no ties. One of them has a wisp of a mustache and the other is clean shaven.
HIV/AIDS TRENDS; Attention to AIDS wanes, but illness is still rampant
Arkansas' leaders are mistaken if they think the epidemic of acquired immune-deficiency syndrome is under control, according to advocates for AIDS support groups. They expressed concern in an appearance before a legislative committee that authorities have become apathetic about the illness again. The Arkansas AIDS Drug Assistance Program and Jefferson Comprehensive Care Inc. appealed to the joint legislative Minority Health Subcommittee for increased funding and new laws.
Examining the Burdens of Gendered Racism: Implications for Pregnancy Outcomes Among College-Educated
Objectives: As investigators increasingly identify racism as a risk factor for poor health outcomes (with implications for adverse birth outcomes), research efforts must explore individual experiences with and responses to racism. In this study, our aim was to determine how African American college-educated women experience racism that is linked to their identities and roles as African American women (gendered racism). Methods: Four hundred seventy-four (474) African American women collaborate
Discrimination, Distrust, and Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence Among a
Objective: Although discriminatory health care experiences and health care provider distrust have been shown to be associated with health care disparities, little is known about their contribution to racial/ethnic disparities in antiretroviral therapy adherence. We therefore sought to assess the extent to which discriminatory health care experiences and health care provider distrust influence treatmentrelated attitudes, beliefs, and self-reported adherence in a national sample of HIV-infected pa
Perceived Versus Actual Risk for Hypertension and Diabetes in the African American Community
Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are leading health concerns in the United States. Despite a disproportionate burden of both conditions among African Americans, it is estimated that 44% of diabetes cases and one quarter of hypertension cases within this population are undiagnosed. Lack of awareness of the risk of these conditions may hinder preventive efforts and the adoption of positive lifestyle changes. Based on the findings from a pilot study to develop and standardize uniform screening fo
Parental Literacy and Infant Health: An Evidence-Based Healthy Start Intervention
Syracuse Healthy Start, a federally funded infant mortality prevention project in Onondaga County, New York, has undertaken a range of interventions to address parental low literacy as a risk factor for infant mortality. A growing number of studies advocate for health-related information that is easy to read, of a low literacy level, and culturally appropriate. Creation of an evidence-based public health intervention involves analyzing local data, reviewing published studies, assessing available
Cultural Relevancy of a Diabetes Prevention Nutrition Program for African American Women
Diabetes among African American women is a pressing health concern, yet there are few evaluated culturally relevant prevention programs for this population. This article describes a case study of the Eat Well Live Well Nutrition Program, a community-based, culturally specific diabetes prevention nutrition program for African American women. The stages of change theory and principles from community organization guided the development of the program. Health education strategies, including particip
An Approach to Studying Social Disparities in Health and Health Care
Objective. We explored methods and potential applications of a systematic approach to studying and monitoring social disparities in health and health care. Methods. Using delayed or no prenatal care as an example indicator, we (1) categorized women into groups with different levels of underlying social advantage; (2) described and graphically displayed rates of the indicator and relativegroup size for each social group; (3) identified and measured disparities, calculating relative risks and rat
Self-Reported Experiences of Racial Discrimination and Black–White Differences in Preterm and Low-
Objectives. We examined the effects of self-reported experiences of racial discrimination on Black–White differences in preterm (less than 37 weeks gestation) and low-birthweight (less than 2500 g) deliveries. Methods. Using logistic regression models, we analyzed data on 352 births among women enrolled in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. Results. Among Black women, 50% of those with preterm deliveries and 61% of those with low-birthweight infants reported having
AMA Apologizes To Blacks For Past Racial Inequality
Transplant surgeon Clive Callender has hurtful memories of being the only black doctor at medical meetings in the 1970s, met with stark silence when he pleaded for better access to transplant organs for blacks. So when the American Medical Association formally apologized Thursday for more than a century of policies that excluded blacks from a group long considered the voice of American doctors, it was belated, but still welcome.
Reducing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Female Breast Cancer: Screening Rates and Stage at Diagnosis
Objectives. We assessed whether population rates of mammography screening, and their changes over time, were associated with improvements in breast cancer stage at diagnosis and whether the strength of this association varied by race/ethnicity. Methods. We analyzed state cancer registry data linked to socioeconomic characteristics of patients’ areas of residence for 1990–1998 time trends in the likelihood of early stage diagnosis. We appended each cancer registry record with matching subgro
Community Resilience as a Metaphor, Theory, Set of Capacities, and Strategy for Disaster Readiness
Communities have the potential to function effectively and adapt successfully in the aftermath of disasters. Drawing upon literatures in several disciplines, we present a theory of resilience that encompasses contemporary understandings of stress, adaptation, wellness, and resource dynamics. Community resilience is a process linking a network of adaptive capacities (resources with dynamic attributes) to adaptation after a disturbance or adversity. Community adaptation is manifest in population w
Stage at Diagnosis and Survival in a Multiethnic Cohort of Prostate Cancer Patients
Objectives. We evaluated the effects of socioeconomic status and comorbidity on stage of disease and survival among 1,509 population-based prostate cancer patients. Methods. We applied logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards regression to data from Whites, African Americans, and Asian Americans who were diagnosed from 1987 to 1991. Results. Patients with existing comorbid conditions were less likely than those without these conditions to be diagnosed with advanced cancer. Compared wit