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Using A Simulated Student for Instructional Design
In this paper, I describe how a cognitive model was used as a simulated student to help design lessons for training circuit board assemblers. The model was built in the Soar cognitive architecture, and was initially endowed with only an ability to learn instructions and prerequisite knowledge for the task. Five lessons, and a total of 81 instructions for teaching expert assembly were developed by iteratively drafting and testing instructions with the simulated student. The resulting instructions
Author(s): Mertz Joseph S.

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Intelligent Tutoring Goes To School in the Big City
This paper reports on a large-scale experiment introducing and evaluating intelligent tutoring in an urban High School setting. Critical to the success of this project has been a client-centered design approach that has matched our client's expertise in curricular objectives and classroom teaching with our expertise in artificial intelligence and cognitive psychology. The Pittsburgh Urban Mathematics Project (PUMP) has produced an algebra curriculum that is centrally focused on mathematical anal
Author(s): Koedinger Kenneth R.,Anderson John R.,Hadley Willi

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Understanding weblog communities through digital traces: a framework, a tool and an example
Often research on online communities could be compared to archaeology [16]: researchers look at patterns in digital traces that members leave to characterise the community they belong to. Relatively easy access to these traces and a growing number of methods and tools to collect and analyse them make such analysis increasingly attractive. However, a researcher is faced with the difficult task of choosing which digital artefacts and which relations between them should be taken into account, and h
Author(s): Anjewierden Anjo,Efimova Lilia

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Problems and Opportunities of Learning together in a Virtual Learning Environment
This chapter explores new ways of collaborative learning in a virtual learning environment based on our acquisition of knowledge from previous experience. We identify both the problems faced in real collaborative learning practices and the ways these problems can be overcome and become opportunities for more efficient learning. These issues concern pedagogical, organisational and technical elements and constraints that influence the successful application of collaborative learning in distance ed
Author(s): Daradoumis Thanasis,Xhafa Fatos

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The e-learning movement as a process of quality improvement in education
Quality in education has been regognized as an issue that should guide our efforts for improvement for many years. eLearning is the latest attempt to take advantage of developments in technology to improve learning. In this paper, we discuss the possibility of establishing a theory of elearning, the value of design patterns, and the possible scenarios of implementation by higher education institutions attempting to use new technologies in their courses of study. A survey concerning the elearning
Author(s): Nicolaou Christiana Th.,Nicolaidou Iolile,Constant

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Stagecast Creator™ and Webct™: An integrated use of computer programming and a virtual learning en
This paper reports on an effort to use Stagecast Creator™ as a means for developing modelling skills among undergraduate students taking an introductory course in science that took place in a virtual learning environment (WebCT™). An inquiry-based curriculum was implemented, which guided students working in small groups to collect and study moon observations and construct a series of successive models of the moon phases using Stagecast Creator™. Students’ reflective journals and reports of s
Author(s): Nicolaou Christiana Th.,Constantinou Constantinos

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Mechanisms of common ground in case-based web-discussions in teacher education
Previous studies suggest that before the participants in Web-based conferencing can reach deeper level interaction and learning, they have to gain an adequate level of common ground in terms of shared mutual understanding, knowledge, beliefs, assumptions, and presuppositions (Clark & Schaefer, 1989; Dillenbourg, 1999). In this paper, the main purpose is to explore how participants establish and maintain common ground in order to reach deeper level interaction in case-based Web-discussions. The s
Author(s): Mäkitalo Kati,Häkkinen Päivi,Leinonen Piritta,J

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New Media and Open and Distance Learning: New challenges for Education in a Knowledge Society
The "digital society" provides not only with new technology, but also with new concepts. Information plays a central role and becomes a valuable good, but knowledge cannot be reduced to information, and one aim for educators is to contribute in a "knowledge society", not only an "information society". A knowledge society is structured in networks, enriching the traditional hierarchies; a knowledge society promotes a kind of "collective intelligence". In such a society, open and distance learning
Author(s): Cornu Bernard

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A Parallel Grid-based Implementation for Real Time Processing of Event Log Data in Collaborative App
Collaborative applications usually register user interaction in the form of semi-structured plain text event log data. Extracting and structuring this data is a prerequisite for later key processes such as the analysis of interactions, assessment of group activity, or the provision of awareness and feedback. Yet, in real situations of online collaborative activity the processing of log data is usually done offline since structuring event log data is, in general, a computationally costly process
Author(s): Paniagua Claudi,Xhafa Fatos,Caballé Santi,Daradou

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An examination of two types of timeline, linear vs. staggered: a mixed method approach
This study conducted as follow-up study to evaluate effects of two different time-based interfaces, linear and staggered. This study also tries to reveal users’ preferences when they look for information in two different computer-based timeline. Explanatory mixed method design was implemented. In the first part, quantitative, there were 42 subjects. Results shows no significant difference between two types of computer-based time-line in terms of task completion time and answer accuracy. In the
Author(s): Kursun Engin,Cagiltay Kursat

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Distance learning and foreign language teaching
Among numerous modes of technology enhanced learning there are not many that have received as much attention as distance learning. Stimulated by the recent rapid developments in Web technologies, researchers in both ICT and education are constantly working to make the most of technological resources and put them to the best pedagogical use. In the area of foreign language teaching a lot has been done to cover a variety of world languages, but there are constant attempts for new solutions, taking
Author(s): Trajanovic Miroslav,Domazet Dragan,Misic-Ilic Bilj

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Training programme for geography teachers
This paper contains a description of a Geography teacher-training program for in-service education. The program is a variant for incorporating the methodology of the Minerva- project “Innovative Didactics via Web-based Learning” (further abbreviated as IDWBL) so that the Geography teachers at work can be adequately prepared for integrating ICT in geography education at secondary schools via web-based education. The theme may seem at first glance as a variation of a known subject… But for the
Author(s): Angelova-Gancheva Daniela

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Building re-configurable blendedlearning arrangements
E-learning can be much more than just self-paced learning. To enhance motivation and sustainability of learning, trainers or course providers usually set up target group specific arrangements of various learning conducive elements. They combine self-learning phases with synchronous or asynchronous online collaboration and cooperation, as well as with face-to-face training sessions. This mix of online and offline elements has become famous under the name of "blended learning". To put blended lear
Author(s): Thomas Ludger,Trapp Sonja

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Cross-border collaboration between greece and bulgaria: the use of ict in improving social medicine
Cross-country-border collaboration exists in various fields as regions are facing similar social and economic challenges. Many countries of South-East Europe experience a lack of knowledge, especially in topics of social medicine. Improved collaboration across the borders can develop the appropriate conditions for enhanced knowledge sharing and ICT can effectively contribute to this aim. The system proposed in this paper is the combination of a database and a Geographic Information System that a
Author(s): Marolov Slobodan S.,Konstantinidis Stathis,Bamidis

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Applying IDWBL methodology at the national high school of mathematics and science
The Innovative Didactics via web Based Learning project accents on an innovative methodology of web use in the classroom. During the project realization a repository, containing IDWBL scenarios was developed. Teachers of the National High School of Mathematics and Science were acquainted with the methodology through the cascade approach. After that the IDWBL methodology was experimented in the classrooms in regular classes. The current paper comments the results of the teacher trainings and the
Author(s): Nikolova Nikolina

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Ontology development for computersupported collaborative learning scripts
This paper presents an ongoing effort to develop an ontology for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) Scripts. Our work merges the field of collaborative learning with the field of semantic web and provides a framework for the formalization of collaboration scripts using the OWL language. Collaboration scripts are didactic scenarios that prescribe learners’ interactions in collaborative settings. A script comprises a number of phases and each phase specifies the activity that learne
Author(s): Papakonstantinou Aliki,Demetriadis Stavros,Bassili

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An Approach to Analyzing the Role and Structure of Reflective Dialogue
Several intelligent tutoring systems contain modules that support reflection after practice exercises. However, there is very little research on reflective dialogue and its relation to dialogue during problem solving that can guide this effort. The approach to analyzing educational dialogue described in this paper was developed to address this problem. Using statistical and machine learning methods, we compared the frequency and structure of speech acts by avionics students and experts during pr
Author(s): Katz Sandra,O'Donnell Gabriel,Kay Heather

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Learning a New Game: Usability, Gender and Education
This research study aims to investigate the usability issues of a computer game; regarding how people learn a new game. Because the user characteristic and the strategies they use while learning a new tool are important factors for usability, they were also taken into account in the study. Both qualitative and quantitative methods were used in the study. 16 participants played the computer game. They were also observed and their eye-movements were recorded by an eye tracking device. Results show
Author(s): Sancar Hatice,Karakus Turkan,Cagiltay Kursat

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Student Modelling based on Belief Networks
Belief networks provide an important way to represent and reason about uncertainty – significant factors for modelling students. These networks provide a way of structuring such models, and allow a system to use a systematic approach when gathering information about the scope of the student’s knowledge. This work also provides a theoretically-sound way to update the student model, based on the concept of a dynamic belief network. The relationship to related research is discussed. Finally, the
Author(s): Reye Jim

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Améliorer un dispositif pédagogique par l'intégration de nouveaux canaux de communication
L’analyse des résultats de l’expérimentation d’un dispositif pédagogique instrumenté par les TIC pour un apprentissage de savoir faire par projets a mis en évidence des ruptures dans la communication. Ces ruptures sont liées à la difficulté d’accès à Internet dans certaines situations (alternance…). Face à ce constat, nous avons décidé d’introduire un nouveau canal de communication, a priori disponible en masse chez les étudiants : le téléphone mobile. Cette publication pr
Author(s): Leclet Dominique,Leprêtre Eric,Peter Yvan,Quenu-J

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