1 Teaching and behaviour

The quality of our teaching inevitably has an impact on the behaviour of our students: a student who is busy learning is far less likely to think about misbehaving. Using a range of strategies, positive approaches and rewards will have a positive impact on behaviour on a day-to-day basis. However, one of the key factors in getting sustained good behaviour is ensuring that your students are fully engaged with the work that they are doing.

There are many factors that can contribute to mis
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1.3.11 Choosing the right tool for the job

Before searching it is always a good idea to check what the source you have chosen covers to make sure it will unearth information that matches your search need (you will notice that all the resources we’ve covered in this guide have short descriptions to enable you to decide which to use). Some of the decision makers, depending on the context of your search might be:

  • Does it have full text?

  • Does it cover the right subject?


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How Can We Improve UK Drug and Alcohol Policy? [Audio]
Speaker(s): Professor David Nutt | David Nutt will reflect on his ten years’ experience on the government’s Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs until 2010, and present new analyses comparing the harms of drugs and alcohol using more sophisticated methodology. David Nutt is Edmond J Safra Professor of Neuropsychology at Imperial College London. He was chair of the ACMD until 2010 and is now chair of the Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs.
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Drawing with water

Simple and beautiful: the delicate art of drawing with water - making the Art for Alan's War.


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Rights not set

1.4 TSEs and non-human animals

Several TSEs of non-human animals were also known before the recognition of BSE and others have come to light subsequently. The most significant of the former is scrapie, a disease of sheep that has been known for over 200 years. Its symptoms include irritability, excitability, restlessness, scratching, biting, rubbing of the skin (hence its name), loss of wool, weight loss, weakness of the hindquarters and sometimes impaired vision. Some breeds are relatively resistant to the disease (e.g. S
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5 Designer babies?

A character under genetic influence where the distinction between treatment and enhancement is hard to draw is height. Treatment of short stature – with human growth hormone made in genetically manipulated bacteria – has already given rise to controversy about how short a child needs to be for treatment to count as meeting a medical need. That is, how tall is tall enough?

As we identify genes that have effects on many other human characters, from appearance to, perhaps, intelligence
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5.3.3 Ring-tailed lemurs

LoM p. 239 describes the life and habits of the ring-tailed lemur, drawing attention to what are commonly called their ‘stink-fights’ – a further example of the importance of smell in lemur society. But here the habit is prevalent in a species that is active by day and can spend as much as 40 per cent of its waking time on the ground. In fact, these animals seem equally at home on the ground and in the trees. Over time, some populations in Madagascar have become more ground-based than o
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2.4 Sources of errors

The following is a list of common problems that can lead to medication errors. They fall into three broad categories according to where they occur in the sequence from a drug being prescribed to it being administered to a patient. As you can see, the same types of mistake can occur in each category. Those errors that involve maths are highlighted in italics:

Prescription errors

  • Wrong drug prescribed (contraindicated, or allergy, o
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2.2.2 Precision

Measuring the same sample should give the same result every time if the equipment is precise. In practice, the information displayed by a measuring device can depend on several factors (such as temperature and humidity) and can drift slightly over time. Nevertheless, during the time it takes to complete a measurement sequence, all measurements ought to remain within a specified, small margin of error, often marked on the equipment. We will see later on, in Author(s): The Open University

1.10 Subtraction of decimal numbers

Subtraction of numbers can be used to answer questions such as ‘what's the difference between two values?’ or ‘if something has decreased by a certain amount, what's its new value?’ Subtraction can also be thought of as undoing the process of addition. For instance, instead of saying ‘£10 take away £7.85 leaves how much?’ you could say, ‘what do I have to add to £7.85 to get back to £10?’

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1.8.1 Study Note 4

If you have difficulty with this section, you might find it helpful to investigate some of the Government schemes aimed at improving maths skills. More information about such schemes can be found at http://www.direct.gov.uk/en/EducationAndLearning/AdultLearning/ImprovingYourSkills/index.htm (accessed 5 March 2008).

Box 3: The basics
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1.6.3 Litres and kilograms

The two physical units of measurement that you will probably come across most often in your workplace concern volumes of liquids and weight measurements. It's important to get a feeling for what various factors of ten look like, so that you can spot when there seems to be a mistake in a value that you've calculated or have been given by someone else.

The litre is the main unit of measurement for liquid volumes (written as liter in America), but what does a litre of fluid look like? What
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1.6.1 Getting comfortable with factors of ten

Moving a decimal point by one place changes the value of the number by a factor of ten. For instance, to multiply a value by ten you can just move the decimal point one place to the right:

Notice that if the starting number doesn't have a decimal point shown we can place
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1.5 Rounding to decimal places

Sometimes the result of a calculation gives a number with lots of decimal places – far more than you need or could reliably measure. For instance, suppose a patient is required to receive 5 ml of medicine a day, evenly spaced in three injections. How much medicine should they be given in each dose?

To divide the 5 ml of medicine into three equal parts would mean measuring out 5 ÷ 3 = 1.6666 ml (where the 6s keep repeating, or recurring indefinitely). It's not realistic or feas
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1.4.1 Study Note 2

An important point to remember when writing down measurements from a scale is never to quote more decimal places than you can reliably read from the measuring device you are using.

Figure 4
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5.2 Precambrian and Lower Palaeozoic Basement

The Precambrian and Lower Palaeozoic Basement of the British Isles is a series of nine discrete, exotic terranes whose boundaries are fault systems that have undergone large but usually unknown amounts of lateral and vertical movement over time (Figure 11 and Author(s): The Open University

5.1 Introduction

Figure 9
Figure 9 Lithotectonic units of the British Isles

In previous sections, it was revealed that in the British Isles, the Phanerozoic er
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4.5 How wide were the oceans?

Once evidence has been found to prove the existence of an ancient ocean, is it possible to calculate its maximum width? Palaeomagnetic studies can give geologists an idea of the palaeolatitude (N–S) of the ocean but not its palaeolongtitude (E–W), so depending on its orientation, an indication of how wide it was may not be possible. However, an approximate indication of how wide the former oceans were can be obtained by examining the fossil faunal assemblages that are present (e.g.
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4.3.2 Stage 2: Embryonic ocean basin formation (southern Red Sea stage)

If extension and rifting progresses sufficiently, this will lead to the development of an embryonic ocean along the site of the earlier rift zone (see Figure 6b). Prior to true oceanic lithosphere being produced, basaltic magma will be repeatedly intruded into the continental lithosphere along fractures and shear
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