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1.2 What the unit is about

This unit is about the ways in which we come to know and make sense of the world, in particular how we do this using the media of language, mathematics and science.

There are many possible theoretical positions which can be taken towards early years curricula. Some people, for example, think of children as ‘empty vessels’ which can be ‘filled’ with knowledge that is transmitted to them by adults. This view has been associated with a behaviourist approach to teac
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1.1 An overview of the unit

The relationship between observation of children and educational theory is central to the teaching of this unit: the theory should help you make sense of what you observe, while your observations should help you make sense of the theory. This perspective is reflected in the activities you will find in the blocks of study material. We recommend that you keep a notebook as you work through the unit. You can use this both for the activities that you do at home and for those that involve observat
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Next steps
Number systems and the rules for combining numbers can be daunting. This unit will help you to understand the detail of rational and real numbers, complex numbers and integers. You will also be introduced to modular arithmetic and the concept of a relation between elements of a set.
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4.3 Further exercises
Number systems and the rules for combining numbers can be daunting. This unit will help you to understand the detail of rational and real numbers, complex numbers and integers. You will also be introduced to modular arithmetic and the concept of a relation between elements of a set.
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Examples
Number systems and the rules for combining numbers can be daunting. This unit will help you to understand the detail of rational and real numbers, complex numbers and integers. You will also be introduced to modular arithmetic and the concept of a relation between elements of a set.
Author(s): The Open University

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4.2 Equivalence relations
Number systems and the rules for combining numbers can be daunting. This unit will help you to understand the detail of rational and real numbers, complex numbers and integers. You will also be introduced to modular arithmetic and the concept of a relation between elements of a set.
Author(s): The Open University

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Examples
Number systems and the rules for combining numbers can be daunting. This unit will help you to understand the detail of rational and real numbers, complex numbers and integers. You will also be introduced to modular arithmetic and the concept of a relation between elements of a set.
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Relations
Number systems and the rules for combining numbers can be daunting. This unit will help you to understand the detail of rational and real numbers, complex numbers and integers. You will also be introduced to modular arithmetic and the concept of a relation between elements of a set.
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3.4 Modular multiplication
Number systems and the rules for combining numbers can be daunting. This unit will help you to understand the detail of rational and real numbers, complex numbers and integers. You will also be introduced to modular arithmetic and the concept of a relation between elements of a set.
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Learning outcomes

By the end of this unit you should have:

  • examined your own practice in relation to working with other professionals in order to make your underpinning knowledge, values and beliefs explicit;

  • used a variety of ‘tools’ to examine the knowledge, values and beliefs underpinning your practice;

  • identified contradictions between your underpinning knowledge, values and beliefs and your practice;

  • seen where you might want to develop y
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Introduction

In this unit you will be building on your previous study and experience of ‘working with others’. Using the notion of ‘teamwork’, you will be asked to think specifically about the values and beliefs underpinning the following three aspects of practice:

  • developing working relationships with other professionals;

  • sharing information and skills with other professionals;

  • working in cooperation with other profe
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3.9 Conclusion

This extract has covered a wide range of issues designed to make you reflect on your own life experiences and on the experiences and perceptions of service users and practitioners. Social work is about working with people, as service users and as colleagues, and you are also one of the people in this process. I hope that working through the module and listening to the audio clips have prompted you to reflect on your practice.

You will find that many of the themes and issues you have exp
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Introduction

From an early age, play is important to a child's development and learning. It isn't just physical. It can involve cognitive, imaginative, creative, emotional and social aspects. It is the main way most children express their impulse to explore, experiment and understand. Children of all ages play.

(Dobson, 2004, p.8)

This material is from our archive and is an adapted extract from Devel
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1.2.4 Different classrooms, different experiences

The inclusive classroom is one that provides for the learning of a diverse range of children. The pupils in the above example were in streamed secondary education. The 1997 White Paper on education (DfEE, 1997) supported the policy of streaming by attainment in primary schools. Doug McAvoy, a former leader of a teaching union, interpreted this as ‘setting is good and mixed ability is bad’ (McAvoy, 1997, cited in Lyle, 1999). The practice of setting is endorsed through the National Li
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Learning outcomes

On completion of this unit, you will:

  • have developed an understanding of a context in which listening to the perspectives of children is important in developing inclusive education;

  • have gained an insight into the varying perspectives of children;

  • have reflected on how children's perspectives fit into your developing model of good practice and how they relate to your own perspectives.

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