Cambodian stampede death toll rises
Relatives identify loved ones who died in a stampede at a Cambodian festival that killed over 450 people, while the city begins the clean up of the site.
A Procedural Model for Integrating Physical and Cyberspaces in Architecture
This dissertation articulates opportunities offered by architectural computation, in particular the digital simulation of space known as virtual reality (VR) and its networked, social variant cyberspace. Research suggests that environments that hybridize technologies call for a conception of space as information, i.e. space is both a product of and tool for cognition. The thesis proposes a model whereby architecture can employ this concept of space in creating hybrids that integrate physical a
ENVIRONMENT-BEHAVIOR STUDIES AND DESIGN RESEARCH
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Determining the impact of cad drafting tools on the building delivery process
Computer aided design is intended to change the way design and construction are carried out. at a minimum, this implies savings realized in terms of time spent and improvement of the quality of designs produced. to test this idea, we hypothesized that computer aided drafting and design operations may be instrumental in reducing the number of change orders issued and help control cost overruns by improving the accuracy of constr
Design Tool Integration: Model Flexibility for the Building Profession
The development of ICAtect, as discussed in the Building Systems Automation and Integration Symposium of 1991, provides a way of integrating simulation tools through a common building model. However, ICAtect is only a small step towards the ultimate goal of total integration and automation of the building design process. In this paper we investigate the next steps on the path toward integration. We examine how models structured to capture the physical attributes of the building, as required by s
Qualitative contribution of a vr-system to architectural design: Why we failed?
The paper exposes the development of a Virtual-Reality system for modeling timber structures, and evaluations with students about its contribution to the architectural project.
Documenta??o e Comunica??o Digital do Patrim?nio Arquitet?nico Moderno: Centro T?cnico de Aeron?utic
This paper intends to contribute for the analysis of the digital representation applied for documentation, communication and diffusion of architecture as cultural heritage, more specifically the production and communication of informations about buildings and sites of modern movement, arguing the possibilities and limits of this instrumental for the best understanding, recognition, evaluation and diffusion of the architecture on a historiographical perspective. As studies of cases, were selected
Spatial Analysis for Museum Design
The paper describes how a specially written customisation of AutoCAD enables students of Architecture to use the method of spatial analysis called Space Syntax developed by Professor Bill Hillier of the Bartlett School of Architecture, London, to examine a number of existing museums, to compare the findings against other criteria, and to draw conclusions about the strategy adopted in museum design. Simple interactive graphics enable plans to be entered and compared, so that they may be evaluated
Vilosidades espaciais - Ambientes imersivos e interativos em rede [Space Villosities - Immersive and
With the aim to explore the potential of creating spaces through the Internet, the research is based on Novak.s concepts . .Soundscapes. and .Navigable Music. . for a project that includes the production of a file sharing software (peer to peer) and chat that allows the sonorous and visual representation of the connected users, defining a virtual space, a fluid sonorous landscape, where it.s main constituent substance is the sound. An environment network with participative and collective sound a
Developing a new endoscopy laboratory with digital tools.
Tampere School of Architecture had to leave its old down-town building and move to the TU Tampere university campus in Hervanta, 10 km away. In this process, the 20 years old endoscopic system "The Urban Simulator" was one of the victims. Old mechanical parts and especially the original home-built microcomputer system were too old to compete with modern computer-aided methods. A new endoscopical system is now under construction, using all of the 20-year experience, new technical components and c
A Tool for Typological Analysis
Any design problem is faced drawing from the architect's knowledge both case knowledge and general knowledge. One type of the latter is abstracted from a multiplicity of cases of which the common features are recognised in such a way as to single out a prototype representing in the best way a class of architectural objects. If applied to a set of residential buildings and to the flats in them the analysis is typological and it is one of the fundamental ways of acquiring general knowledge to be u
Learning Virtually: A Paradigm Shift in Design Education
We still think of architectural design education in terms of a "classroom" paradigm, that is, of an instructor teaching design skills to a class of students in a face-to-face format. However, emerging communication and collaboration technologies have created tremendous new opportunities to distribute students and faculty, while maintaining a close personal contact. This paper discusses and characterizes several aspects of the evolving paradigm of teaching design made possible by the ability to
Creativity and Collaboration in Architecture Education in the UAE
A review of national government literature indicates that today?s knowledge-driven economy demands a workforce equipped with complex skills and attitudes. Examples of these skills and attitudes are general problems solving, meta-cognitive skills, critical thinking and lifelong learning. Reviews of the Architecture, Engineering and Construction industry indicates a gap between architecture practice and education. The Egan report states that there is a need for a change of style, culture and p
Efficiency of Lightweight Structural Forms: The Case of Treelike Structures - A comparative Structur
This work addresses the structural efficiency of lightweight tree-like structures for three case studies: Stuttgart Airport, Beaverton Library, and Thermal Bad Oeyenhausen. The case studies are simulated using Build simulation software, to determine the stresses induced in each structure. The material efficiency and shapes areexplored in terms of load bearing structures. Hybrids of the above structures are formed to compare the pattern morphology used by various types of tree-like structure and
MODELAGEM GEOM?TRICA NOS EST?GIOS INICIAIS DE APRENDIZAGEM DA PR?TICA PROJETUAL EM ARQUITETURA. GEOM
This work invests on delimitation of a Geometric Modeling study program directed to students at the initial stages of Architecture. It is considered that the studies promote a qualified control of the form based on recognition of parameters which define it, moreover it also allows the enlargement of the students geometric vocabulary, important to the architectural design activities. In this way, the program advances on the appropriation of new concepts which surround the investigations on archit
3.5 Global climate change continued
Global warming: are we responsible? Is our environmental impact damaging the planet? This unit examines the use of ozone depleting technology, the impact of fossil fuel use and explores how the development of technology can influence the direction of a society. From the Industrial Revolution to the present day find out how we have changed the planet.
Application of fuzzy time series to population forecasting
The potential of fuzzy logic application in simulating of demographic processes by the example of population forecasting task hasbeen investigated. The particularities of population as dynamical system functioning under the condition of uncertainty have beenexamined and fuzzy statement problem has been suggested. The strategy of population forecasting using the method of fuzzy timeseries model has been proposed. The simulations on retrospective evaluation of population are carried out and on the
Desarrollo de material informatico-educativo para la ense?anza de la geometr?a a estudiantes de dise
This paper is born as an answer to the meaningful learning difficulties and academic performance in Spatial and Flat Geometry course on second year Design School at Universidad de las Americas University, Santiago de Chile. The problem is faced from the potentiality that digital environment gives us in representation, display options, shape and projection testing, analysis and non visual accounts to teach flat and spatial geometry within the receptors' codes and coherent with designer's own lang
APPLICATION OF SPATIAL DESIGN ABILITY IN A POSTGRADUATE COURSE
Spatial Design Ability (SDA) has been defined by the author (1983) as the capacity to anticipate the effects (psychological impressions) that architectural spaces or its components produce in observers or users. This concept, which requires the evaluation of spaces by the people that uses it, was proposed as a guideline to a Masters Degree Course in Architectural Design at the Universidad Autonoma de Aguascalientes in Mexico. The theory and the exercises required for the experience needed a mode
Ecological Validity of Real Scale Models
Space simulation is a technique employed by architects, urban designers, environmental psychologists and other related specialists. It is used for academic and research purposes, as an aid to evaluate the impact that the built environment or that to be built would yield in potential or real users. Real Scale Model is organized as one of the models which represents more reliable spatial characteristics in space simulations. However, it is necessary to know the ecological validity of the simulat