The Model of Collaborative Learning GRID to activate interactivity for Knowledge Building
The purpose of this study is to support the learning activity in the Internet learning space. In this paper, we examine the GRID technology as the knowledge management for supporting "collaborative learning" / " collaboration in learning" (CL). RAPSODY-EX (REX) is a distributed learning support environment organized as a learning infrastructure. REX can effectively carry out to support collaborative activities in asynchronous/ synchronous learning mode. The mixed distributed learning environme
Distance learning meets Open Source
Most of the current German concepts for distance learning are still based on written study material with complementary face-to-face sessions. Modern e-learning tools are not as frequently in use as one might think or as it is often demanded. This article focuses on the obstacles that occur in the daily work with e-learning tools and which hinder the further spreading of e-learning on college level. One of the main problems is that study material as well as concepts have to be transformed in a w
Reusability of eLearning Objects in the context of Learning Grids
This paper examines the requirements of eLearning Object Metadata, in order to appropriately support pedagogic and economic goals as well as service oriented architectures like the Grid. The standard IEEE LOM is being tested against these requirements. In conclusion, it can be said that while current eLearning practices are well supported by the standard, the main insufficiencies concern a) the adequate description of ELOs that are services and not downloadable self-contained programs and b) th
The Challenge of Change: Reducing Conflict in Implementing e-Learning
This paper calls for the design of the European Grid for Learning to take note of important issues which have arisen in previous e-learning cycles in the UK. In particular, low take-up of products and services by lecturers has been explained in terms of techno-fear, or ignorance of e-learning potential. These claims are unsubstantiated. Other explanations are possible for the observed resistance of the educational specialist to the use of educational technology. Rather than ignore possible area
A Learning Grid for the multichallenge school ECP
The aim of this presentation is to try to define the requirements of a European Learning Grid that would fit best with the challenges and today and future practices of Ecole Centrale Paris. In a first part, after a brief presentation of Ecole Centrale Paris, we describe the actual challenges today practices and the interest of an e-learning GRID. In a second part we describe some potential cases of such system and the associated requirements.
How GRID could improve E-Learning in the environmental science domain
This paper will outline the requirements for an interactive e-learning system defined as part of the German research project GIMOLUS . After a short overview over the Open Grid Service Architecture (OGSA) it will be shown that the capabilities of existing e-learning solutions are too limited in order to fulfil these requirements. The last part will show how a GIMOLUS system could be built using a GRID service architecture and what the benefits are in doing so.
Adaptive eLearning and the Learning GRID
One important aim of LeGE-WG is the integration of new eLearning methodologies into Learning Grid technology. A central issue in these new eLearning methodologies is the concept of individualised and personalised learning to be realised by adaptive tutoring systems. The adaptivity of such systems goes far beyond adapting to the users' preferences with respect to the user interface; in co-operation between computer science, psychology, and pedagogy, systems adapting, e.g., to the individual lear
The Two Primary Tasks on the Way to National E_Learn Grid Node
E_learning as a class of applications In this short paper we focus on technological technologies for e-learning from the Kaunas University of Technology.
Prototype of the web-based tool supporting argumentative collaboration towards learning
This deliverable describes the prototype version of CoPe_it!, a web-based tool that supports argumentative collaboration towards learning. The prototype is in a demonstrable form, and can be used and tested through the web (http://copeit.cti.gr/). We present here the rationality behind its development, its generic features and functionalities, its technical specifications, and its deliberate limitations. We also provide a brief discussion on related approaches that validates our motivation and r
A device helping learners to self-assess themselves
In this paper, we introduce the architecture of an environment, which aims at helping learners in their self-assessment process. We show how we integrated three systems to build an experimental device based on this architecture. We then present the experiment we conducted to show the utility of this device and also to validate our hypothesis that it is easier for learners to self-assess themselves from an exercises-point of view than from a knowledge-point of view.
Metacognition in joint discussion: an analysis of the patterns of interaction and the metacognitive
The aim of this study was to examine metacognition in computer-supported collaborative problem solving. The subjects of the study were 13-year-old Finnish secondary school students (N=16). The Knowledge Forum learning environment was used to support student pairs’ problem-solving task involving polygons in a geometry course. The data consist of the student pairs’ posted computer notes (n=95). To examine metacognition in a social context in the networked discussions, the features and patterns
Towards an xml-based representation of collaborative action
Interaction analysis is a core function for the support of coaching and evaluation in CSCL. It relies on information captured from the actions performed by the participants during the collaborative process. This information includes data of distinct nature and format, which demands a flexible and standardised data representation, adaptable to different analytical perspectives and collaborative situations. Besides this, it is known that the correct interpretation of human action needs to take con
Effectiveness of Reading and Mathematics Software Products: Findings from the First Student Cohort
Congress posed questions about the effectiveness of educational technology and how effectiveness is related to conditions and practices. The study identified reading and mathematics software products based on prior evidence of effectiveness and other criteria and recruited districts, schools, and teachers to implement the products. On average, after one year, products did not increase or decrease test scores by amounts that were statistically different from zero. For first and fourth grade read
Is there a way to e-Bologna? Cross-National
Collaborative Activities in University Courses
This article describes a study of distance collaborative activities that have been conducted in a cross-national setting between a Greek and a German university. We discuss issues related to organization, technology, and curricula considerations. In addition, we analyze the modes of cooperation that have been chosen in the students' work on creative problem solving tasks and conclude that for complex learning scenarios succesful collaboration and peer tutoring in advanced learning support enviro
Integrating research teams: the TELMA approach
In the context of the Kaleidoscope Network of Excellence, six European research teams developed a methodology for integrating their research approaches. In this paper we present the methodology, based on a cross experiment, showing how it gave insight to the understanding of each team's research, and on the relationship between theoretical frameworks and experimental research.
Internet safety in emerging educational contexts
Concern has arisen for the safety of children using the Internet to support their education outside the school context. Inappropriate material such as pornography, inflammatory and racist writings can be accessed both by accident and with deliberate intent to view. Children are also perceived to be at risk from approaches by strangers, particularly in web-based chat rooms. A survey of the international literature in this area highlighted worldwide concern for the safety of young Internet users
The times they are a-changing: the subculture
of music and ICT in the classroom
This paper reports findings from the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) funded research project InterActive Education, which focused on the ways in which new technologies can improve teaching and learning in educational settings. We draw upon data which emanates from the work of seven music teachers working in English primary and secondary schools, who collaborated with university researchers to research their classrooms. Through our analyses of video data, teacher interviews and teach
Adaptive and Dynamic Hypertext Tutoring Systems Based on Knowledge Space Theory
Knowledge space theory provides a formal model for representing students' knowledge and describing the structure of a domain of knowledge. A similar formal structure can be used to described the structure of hypertexts. The combination of knowledge space theory and the formal hypertext model leads to a framework for intelligent tutoring systems which provides individualized learning paths to a student. Using powerful procedures from relational database systems and from knowledge space theory, we
Formalismes pour une mémoire de formation à base d’annotations : articuler sémantique implicite
Cet article a pour objet de présenter les formalismes définis pour des mémoires de formation à base d’annotations au sein du projet MICA. Il explicite les objectifs de la recherche et les exigences que cela apporte sur les outils visés. Une étude des travaux de la littérature sur les annotations et leurs formalismes montre qu’ils ne couvrent que de façon très limitée nos objectifs. Nous présentons alors les formalismes que nous avons développés, en structurant l’objet d’anno
Les logiciels d'apprentissage : panoplie ou éventail ?
The main goal of this article is to elaborate a typology in the domain of computer-supported learning. The first problem that has to be addressed concerns the diversity of computer-supported learning programs and the multiple ways in which one could classify them. The proposed typology is based on the pedagogical function aimed at by the teachers or designers. Moreover, we propose a characterisation on three aspects : the tasks proposed to the learners, the theoretical viewpoint underlying the d