"A Religious Flame That Spread All Over Kentucky": Peter Cartwright Brings Evangelical Christianity
In the decades following the Revolution, a vast variety of choices appeared on the American religious landscape as an anti-authoritarian climate encouraged the formation of new democratic religious sects. The Baptists and Methodists were most adept in preaching to the new populist audience during these years of camp meeting revivalism. Peter Cartwright greatly contributed to the Methodists' success at introducing evangelical Protestantism to the new settlements of the West. Born in Virginia in 1
Energy Balance Climate Model
Students explore a Global Energy Balance Climate Model Using Stella II. This Stella model focuses on global energy balance and creating a useful climate model. Students can explore how the model planetary surface and atmospheric temperatures respond to variations in solar input, atmospheric and surface albedo, atmospheric water vapor and carbon dioxide, volcanic eruptions, and mixed layer ocean depth. Climate feedbacks such as water vapor or ice-albedo can be turned on or off. The activity provi
Earth's Radiation Budget: Part 1
In this activity students explore the Earth's radiation budget using Earth radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) data archived at the IRI/LDEO Climate Data Library. This archive is complete with visualization tools for easy assessment and visualization of large data sets. Students also use photometers and light sources to work through several hands-on activities related to basic radiation concepts. On this Starting Point page, users can access information about the exercise's learning goals, contex
Earth Observatory: Data and Images
This Earth Observatory site contains data and images from NASA's Earth Observatory project. The purpose of NASA's Earth Observatory is to provide an accessible publication on the Internet where the public can obtain new satellite imagery and scientific information about our home planet. The focus is on Earth's climate and environmental change. The site is useful to public media and educators. Data and images can be obtained for a variety of subjects, the Earth's atmosphere, land, life on earth,
Daisyworld Interactive Activity
Students use a JAVA interface design to explore the Daisy World model. The model is intended to illustrate a mechanism by which biota might optimize their abiotic environment by means of negative feedback. The model does not attempt to describe all of the possible mechanisms and feedbacks which might influence the ways in which the plants and climate develop. Instead, it is an heuristic model, that seeks to describe the ways in which this mechanism might work. The original model was developed by
The NOAA Paleoclimatology Program archives reconstructions of past climatic conditions derived from paleoclimate proxies, in addition to the Program's large holdings of primary paleoclimatic proxy data. The site includes reconstructions of past temperature, precipitation, vegetation, streamflow, sea surface temperature, and other climatic or climate-dependent conditions. Users can access air temperature, hydroclimate, circulation and ocean data. This is a very comprehensive archive of paleoclima
Climate Monitoring and Diagnostic Laboratory: Carbon Cycle Greenhouse Gases
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Climate Monitoring and Diagnostic Laboratory Carbon Cycle Greenhouse Gases group makes ongoing discrete measurements from land and sea surface sites and aircraft, and continuous measurements from baseline observatories and tall towers. These measurements document the spatial and temporal distributions of carbon-cycle gases and provide essential constraints to our understanding of the global carbon cycle. This website is an interactive atmospher
Climate Impact of Quadrupling Atmospheric CO2: An overview of GFDL Climate Model Results
In this report, the Global Fluid Dynamics Laboratory Climate Research Group examines the possible climate impacts of quadrupling atmospheric CO2. Several impacts are discussed, surface air temperature warming, sea level rise, thermohaline circulation changes, mid-latitude summer drying, heat index and temperature increases and possible changes in tropical storms and El Nino. This site provides a nice written overview and images regarding changes in climate and oceans due to increased CO2.
Astrobiology Magazine is an online service that provides summaries of scientific articles relevant to astrobiology. Specific topics include microbiology, paleontology, astronomy, climate history, planetary studies and space technology. The website is updated daily and free to access, however users must register to use the site. Users may follow links to an image gallery, book reviews, and a downloadable bibliography of research articles on astrobiology.
EO Global Warming
Earth Expeditions: Global Warming has been designed to provide students with an interactive multimedia environment where they can learn about the causes and possible effects of the rise in concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere for more than a century. How will Earth’s environment be affected if this rise continues over the next century? The multimedia package provides background information about radiation from the Sun and Earth, the Earth’s energy balance, and the greenhouse ef
Earth Explorers Series
Who Are NASA's Earth Explorers? The elementary school student questioning if El Nino occurs anywhere besides the Pacific Ocean... The researcher investigating connections between Arctic ozone depletion and global climate change... The consumer comparing hydrocarbon versus hydrogen-powered cars... And the business person projecting future needs for harvest, delivery, and storage of crops... All of these people are Earth Explorers -- they are all connected by their curiosity about Earth system pro
NASA Earth Observatory Mission: Biomes
This fun, interactive website was designed by NASA's earth observatory to introduce students to the Earth's Biomes. A biome, as defined by the site, is a community of plants and animals living together in a certain kind of climate. This website provides links to seven different biomes that students can learn about including coniferous forests, grasslands, and tundras. Each separate biome page contains a brief general description as well as basic information about characteristics such as Temperat
This NASA site explains the three major types of atmospheric aerosols - volcanic emissions, desert dust, and anthropogenic aerosols - and how they affect global climate. The site discusses the generation and atmospheric distribution of these aerosols, as well as the chemical and physical processes by which they create global cooling.
Evidence of rising sea level: Coastal erosion and plant community changes
A Carolina Environmental Diversity Explorations "virtual field trip" that examines the causes and effects of changes in sea level, both short-term (as a result of storms) and long-term (as a result of climate change).
Water Vapor Protocol
The purpose of this activity is to measure the total precipitable water vapor (column water vapor) in the atmosphere above an observer's site. Students point a GLOBE/GIFTS water vapor instrument at the sun and record the voltage readings from a digital voltmeter. They observe sky conditions near the Sun and perform the Cloud Protocols. Intended outcomes are that students understand the concept that the atmosphere prevents some of the sun's light from reaching Earth's surface, how water vapor mea
Spatial Climate Analysis Service
This web site provides access to high-quality spatial climate data sets. The site provides: up-to-date and historical monthly climate data sets and graphics for the continental United States, related papers and presentations, as well as hard copies of maps for purchase.
Idaho Climate Summaries
This site provides climate summaries from one-hundred and fifty two regional stations throughout Idaho. The extensive climate summaries include datasets, tables, descriptions, and maps particular to each region.
Episode 19 – Be My Guest: Wild Thing Where you find the wild things is right here at Melbourne Museum! There is a new exhibition called Wild: amazing animals in a changing world. There are over 700 specimens on display and it’s a wonderful zoo of animals playing 'freeze'. The extinct Tasmanian Tiger specimen is on display but what you become sadly aware of is so many endangered creatures may join him. The exhibition also celebrates amazingly effective conservation efforts and climate change awareness. Let’s act so mu
Where you find the wild things is right here at Melbourne Museum! There is a new exhibition called Wild: amazing animals in a changing world. There are over 700 specimens on display and it’s a wonderful zoo of animals playing 'freeze'. The extinct Tasmanian Tiger specimen is on display but what you become sadly aware of is so many endangered creatures may join him. The exhibition also celebrates amazingly effective conservation efforts and climate change awareness. Let’s act so mu
Ask Dr. Global Change
This site offers a searchable collection of answers to questions about global warming, ozone depletion, greenhouse gases, and other issues related to climate change. Students can also submit questions of their own and explore related links.
Climate Change Kids Site
Explore this site to learn about the science and impacts of climate change. The site also provides games that help students, their parents and their teachers learn about both the science of climate change and what actions they can take to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.