Animal Research at Nottingham
  

FAQs

Which species of animal are housed in the laboratory facilities at Nottingham?
In common with many UK animal facilities, the University of Nottingham holds mice, rats, rabbits, guinea-pigs, hamsters and ferrets. In addition zebra-fish, sticklebacks and amphibians are also held. Cattle, sheep, pigs and fowl are used in agricultural and veterinary research.
 
Which areas of research at the University of Nottingham involve the use of animals?

Research involving animals is vital to the continued advancement of medical, veterinary and scientific knowledge in a wide range of disciplines. These include: cancer research, diseases associated with ageing, infection and immunity, obesity, diabetes, veterinary and agricultural research.

 
Do you test cosmetics and/or household products on animals?
No cosmetic or safety testing is undertaken at the University of Nottingham. Cosmetic testing is not allowed in the UK.
 
Why do you have to use animals? What about alternative methods?

The University of Nottingham is committed to the 3R's - Reduction, Refinement and Replacement. The University applies these principles wherever possible when conducting research involving animals. We will use alternative technologies wherever feasible. In some cases these methods replace the need for animals, in other cases the non-animal methods complement and reduce the need for subsequent animal studies.

The University of Nottingham has close links with FRAME (Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments). The FRAME Alternatives Laboratory,  based at the University of Nottingham, allows scientists to develop alternative methods using human tissue.

However, despite significant advances in technology there is still a need for research involving animals to take place. The research undertaken at the University of Nottingham includes the study of diseases and biological processes. Such studies require the use of animals that have the same complex biological systems as humans which cannot be replicated using current technology.

 
How are the animals housed?
The University of Nottingham ensures that all animals are kept in the best possible environment to ensure their health and wellbeing.  They are typically housed in cages or pens filled with bedding and nesting materials and additional play items to prevent boredom. The cages are cleaned and changed frequently to maintain a healthy living environment for the animals. Animals are usually housed in groups to allow for normal social interaction and are handled frequently by staff. This ensures they are used to people, making it easier for staff to check they are in good health.
 
How many animals are used in procedures by the University of Nottingham each year?
Number of Animals Used in Procedures at the University of Nottingham
 Species2014  20152016201720182019
 Mouse 17550 15631 13275 12825 13374 14185
 Rat 5265 9359 7310 6082 4281 5047
 Guinea Pig 40 59 75 89 140 14
 Syrian Hamster 0 32  16 0 41 149
 Other Rodent 40 106  148 206 10 0
 Rabbit 88 19  124 36 40 30
 Ferret 11 4 0 13 0
 Pig 78 54  44 36 40 13
 Sheep 592 388  456 319 9 54
 Cattle 379 80 20 68 69 109
 Domestic Fowl 141 851  387 410 454 150
 Zebra Fish 2691 4863  3509 5142 4437 4799
 Other Fish 536 84  80 35 187 4312
Xenopus 0 0 1 0 0 0
 
What were the reported severity limits (by species) of the procedures carried out by the University of Nottingham in 2017?
Severity of procedures by Species 2017
 SpeciesSub-ThresholdNon-Recovery  Mild  Moderate  Severe
 Mouse 2909 48 6218 3637 53
 Rat 0 168 4163 1985 14
 Guinea Pig 0 53 15 21 0
 Hamster - Syrian 0 0 0 0 0
 Other Rodent 0 18 64 124 0
 Rabbit 0 0 36 0 0
 Ferret 0 0 0 0 0
 Pig 0 0 36 0 0
 Sheep 0 0 300 19 0
 Cattle 0 0 95 0 0
 Domestic Fowl 0 0 410 0 0
 Xenopus 0 0 0 0 0
 Zebra Fish 4744 0 398 0 0
 Other Fish 0 0 35 0 0
 
What were the reported severity limits (by species) of the procedures carried out by the University of Nottingham in 2018?
Severity of Procedures by Species 2018
 Species Sub-Threshold Non-RecoveryMild  Moderate Severe
 Mouse 3811 77 4891 4543 52
 Rat 0 217 1943 2473 2
 Guinea Pig 0 95 20 25 0
 Hamster - Syrian 0 0 4 37 0
 Other Rodent 0 10 0 0 0
 Rabbit 0 0 0 40 0
 Ferret 0 13 0 0 0
 Pig 0 0 36 4 0
 Sheep 0 0 4 5 0
 Cattle 0 0 74 0 0
 Domestic Fowl 0 0 454 0 0
 Xenopus 0 0 0 0 0
 Zebra Fish 3923 0 514 0 0
 Other Fish 0 0 0 187 0
       
 
What were the reported severity limits (by species) of the procedures carried out by the University of Nottingham in 2019?
Severity of procedures by Species 2019
 SpeciesSub-ThresholdNon-Recovery  Mild  Moderate  Severe
 Mouse 2866 27 6447 4800 45
 Rat 0 233 1031 3846 5
 Guinea Pig 0 14 0 0 0
 Hamster - Syrian 0 0 95 52 2
 Other Rodent 0 0 0 0 0
 Rabbit 0 2 0 28 0
 Ferret 0 0 0 0 0
 Pig 0 0 3 10 0
 Sheep 0 0 54 0 0
 Cattle 0 0 118 20 0
 Domestic Fowl 0 0 150 0 0
 Xenopus 0 0 0 0 0
 Zebra Fish 4048 0 751 0 0
 Other Fish 0 0 4304 8 0
 
How many animals bred for research at the University of Nottingham did not undergo scientific procedures in 2017?

Below are the additional statistics on the breeding and genotyping of animals for scientific procedures for the University of Nottingham in 2017. These are collated every five years in line with the Home Office reporting requirements.

For the whole of 2017:

  • 2,538 animals were bred for scientific procedures but were humanely killed or died without being used in regulated procedures.
  • The majority of these animals were zebra fish or sticklebacks (36.1%), mice (33.5%) and rats (24.1%)

In total, there were 5.53 million animals used in science in Great Britain. This includes animals counted in the annual statistics that were involved in the creation or breeding of genetically altered animals, and animals used in experimental procedures.

For July to December 2017

  • Genotyping was reported on 2,718 animals at the University of Nottingham, the majority of which were mice (91%) and the remainder fish (9%).
 

BSU

University Park
bsu@nottingham.ac.uk