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Benita Martínez Pastoriza de Sarmiento

Other names/titles:
Gender: F
Ethnic origin: White

Biographical details

She was born in San Juan on 26 August 1819, and went to live with her aunt in Chile when she was very young. The aunt died and Martínez Pastoriza married her uncle by marriage, Domingo de Castro y Calvo, a rich hacendado. They had a son, Domingo Fidel. Castro y Calvo died in 1846. She married Domingo Faustino Sarmiento in Chile on 19 May 1848. They and Sarmiento's daughter from his first marriage, lived in Yungay in a property she inherited. In 1857, after many separations when Sarmiento was campaigning against Rosas, she moved to Buenos Aires. The marriage broke down in 1862 after Sarmiento's affair with Aurelia Vélez. Sarmiento disinherited her on the grounds that she did not need his money, but she managed to obtain half of his wealth. She died in Buenos Aires on 6 October 1890. (Sosa de Newton, 394)

Life Events

Born 1819She was born in San Juan on 26 August 1819.
Other 1846Her first husband, Domingo de Castro y Calvo died.
Married 1848She married Domingo Faustino Sarmiento on 19 May 1848.
Other 1857She moved to Buenos Aires.
Other 1862Her marriage to Sarmiento broke down.
Died 1890She died in Buenos Aires on 6 October 1890.


Sosa de Newton, Lily, (1986), Diccionario biográfico de mujeres argentinas


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