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José María Morelos

Other names/titles:
Gender: M
Ethnic origin: Mestizo/a

Biographical details

Born in Valladolid, Michoac√°n in 1765, into a poor family (his father was a mestizo carpenter, his mother a Creole).
He became a priest in 1797. He joined the insurrection in 1810 and raised troops in Acapulco. His unit took control of much of the coast and of Oaxaca in 1812. His troops were from the masses and used guerrilla tactics. He took over from Hidalgo after his execution (1811). He had a radical social policy. Lynch describes him as "one of the most inspired, most radical and most tragic of the American revolutionaries". (Lynch, xviii-xix, 313-319)

He was tried by the Inquisition. (Chuchiak, 705)

He corresponded with members of the Sociedad de los Guadalupes. (Gueda, 51)

He was captured, tried for heresy and treason and executed on 22 December 1815.

Morelos acknowledged the contribution of Manuela Medina. See texts. (Carrera Stampa, 1)

Life Events

Born 1765He was born on 30 September 1765.
Other 1797He became a priest.
Other 1810He joined the insurrection.
Other 1811He became the leader of the insurrection after the execution of Hidalgo.
Died 1815He was captured, tried for heresy and treason and executed on 22 December 1815.

References

Lynch, John, (1986), The Spanish American Revolutions 1808-1826

Werner, Michael S., (1997), Encyclopedia of Mexico

Carrera Stampa, Manuel, (1961), Heroínas de la guerra de independencia


Publications

Note: Memo


Links

Resource id #33 (21)

Resource id #37 (23)

Resource id #41 (8)

Resource id #45 (4)

Resource id #49 (21)




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