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Paul Dyer

Professor of Fungal Biology, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences

Contact

  • workRoom B73 Office or B85 Laboratory Life Science Building
    University Park
    Nottingham
    NG7 2RD
    UK
  • work0115 951 3203
  • fax0115 951 3251

Biography

BA University of Cambridge 1987; PhD University of Cambridge 1991; Research Associate, University of Nottingham 1991-1996; BBSRC David Phillips Research Fellow 1996-2001; Australian Antarctic Division Expeditioner 1999-2000; Lecturer, University of Nottingham 2002-present. 'Berkeley Award¹ (1999) from British Mycological Society for outstanding contribution to mycology/pathology research.

Expertise Summary

Fungal Biology and Genetics.

Teaching Summary

Contribute teaching to the following modules (courses):

Genes, Molecules and Cells (LIFE1029 UNUK)

Microbial Biotechnology (LIFE2020 UNUK)

Pathogens (LIFE3035 UNUK)

Molecular Plant Pathology (BIOS3002 UNUK)

Core Skills in Biology (LIFE1042 UNUK FYR)

Year 3 Research Project (LIFE3022 UNUK)

Research Summary

Sexual Reproduction in Fungi

Investigation of molecular and physiological processes controlling sexual reproduction in ascomycete fungi. The overall aim is to understand the evolution of sexuality and asexuality in fungi, both from a fundamental and a practical perspective such that the sexual cycle can be manipulated as a valuable tool for species of biotechnological and medical significance. A variety of experimental techniques are being used, including those of classical genetics, molecular biology and genomics. Particular aims are (a) to identify mating-type (MAT) genes determining sexual compatibility from plant and human pathogenic fungi and species used in biotechnology, results will be of use in studies of mating-type distribution, design of diagnostic kits, and understanding of the role of MAT genes in sexuality ; (b) to identify downstream genes involved with sexual reproduction such as pheromone and signaling pathway genes, and assess their role, together with MAT genes, in the evolution of asexuality in fungi; (c) to investigate hormonal factors triggering and co-ordinating the sexual cycle and determine whether they may be useful as fungal growth regulators. Current studies are focused on species from the genus Aspergillus and Penicillium, with an especial interest in the role of the sexual cycle in the evolution of the opportunistic pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus.

Sexual reproductive apothecia of the cereal pathogen Tapesia

Sexual ascospores of Aspergillus nidulans (S. Champe)

Population Biology of Fungi including Lichens

Molecular markers such as randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPDs), specific gene sequences, and ribosomal DNA sequences are being used to examine breeding systems and the extent of population variation within species of pathogenic fungi and lichens. DNA fingerprinting studies are in progress with temperate plant pathogens, medical pathogens, species used in the biotechnology, and lichens from both temperate regions and the Antarctic (in collaboration with Drs. P. Crittenden and M. Dickinson). Results are of signifcance in understanding biodiversity within fungal populations, with possible implications for the ability of species to withstand climate change.

The lichens Buellia frigida and Caloplaca saxicola from the Antarctic

Example of DNA fingerprinting of lichens using RAPD PCR

The importance of non-genotypic variation is being assessed for the survival of yeast populations subject to environmental stressors (in collaboration with Dr Simon Avery)

Fungicide Resistance and Molecular Diagnostics in the Cereal Eyespot Fungus Tapesia

Tapesia species are responsible for causing eyespot disease of cereals which can lead to a significant loss in yield. Studies are in progress to determine the molecular genetic basis of fungicide resistance in these fungi, to develop species-specific molecular diagnostic markers, and to study the molecular basis of evolution of Tapesia species.

Classic symptoms of eyespot disease on stem base of wheat plant

Phenotypic variation in sexual progeny of Tapesia species

Fungal Genomics

Newly available fungal genomic resources are being used for bioinformatic and post-genomic experimental work, in order to investigate the genetic basis of traits of interest such as genes controlling sexual developmental processes. In addition the USA Joint Genomes Institute has provide funding to allow the genome sequencing, for the first time, of a lichen forming fungus. The genome programme for Xanthoria parietina is being co-ordinated from Nottingham (in collaboration with Prof David Archer and Dr Peter Crittenden).

lichen

Thallus of the lichen Xanthoria parietina

Acknowledgements Work is supported by project grants from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (UK), the Natural Environment Research Council (UK), the Wellcome Trust, and the European Union.

Research Collaborators Dr Peter Crittenden, Dr Matt Dickinson, Prof. David Archer, Dr Simon Avery.

Selected Publications

Future Research

(1) Genomics of the lichen-forming fungus Xanthoria parietina. Assistance is welcomed in the annotation and exploitation of the genome sequence.

(2) Adaptation of Antarctic lichens. Collaboration over future work to understand genetic adaptions in polar lichens is welcomed.

(3) Genetic traits of medical importance in the opportunistic pathogen Aspergillus fumigatus. Collaborations involving the use of the sexual cycle to assess the nature of traits such as virulence and fungicide resistance are welcomed.

  • DYER, PAUL S., 2019. Self/Non-self Recognition: Microbes Playing Hard to Get CURRENT BIOLOGY. 29(18), R866-R868
  • GIBBONS, ALASTAIR T., IDNURM, ALEXANDER, SEITER, MICHAEL, DYER, PAUL S., KOKOLSKI, MATTHEW, GOODACRE, SARA L., GORB, STANISLAV N. and WOLFF, JONAS O., 2019. Amblypygid-fungal interactions: The whip spider exoskeleton as a substrate for fungal growth FUNGAL BIOLOGY. 123(7), 497-506
  • ASHTON, GEORGE D and DYER, PAUL S, 2019. Culturing and Mating of Aspergillus fumigatus. Current protocols in microbiology. 54(1), e87
  • KING, KEVIN M., HAWKINS, NICHOLA J., ATKINS, SARAH, DYER, PAUL S., WEST, JONATHAN S. and FRAAIJE, BART A., 2019. First application of loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays for rapid identification of mating type in the heterothallic fungus Aspergillus fumigatus MYCOSES. 62(9), 812-817
  • PIZARRO, DAVID, DAL GRANDE, FRANCESCO, LEAVITT, STEVEN DON, DYER, PAUL STANLEY, SCHMITT, IMKE, CRESPO, ANA, LUMBSCH, HELGE THORSTEN and DIVAKAR, PRADEEP KUMAR, 2019. Whole-Genome Sequence Data Uncover Widespread Heterothallism in the Largest Group of Lichen-Forming Fungi GENOME BIOLOGY AND EVOLUTION. 11(3), 721-730
  • OJEDA-LOPEZ, M., CHEN, W., EAGLE, C. E., GUTIERREZ, G., JIA, W. L., SWILAIMAN, S. S., HUANG, Z., PARK, H. -S., YU, J. -H., CANOVAS, D. and DYER, P. S., 2018. Evolution of asexual and sexual reproduction in the aspergilli STUDIES IN MYCOLOGY. 37-59
  • KING, K. M., KRIVOVA, V., CANNING, G. G. M., HAWKINS, N. J., KACZMAREK, A. M., PERRYMAN, S. A. M., DYER, P. S., FRAAIJE, B. A. and WEST, J. S., 2018. Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays for rapid detection of Pyrenopeziza brassicae (light leaf spot of brassicas) PLANT PATHOLOGY. 67(1), 167-174
  • ZAMORA, JUAN CARLOS, SVENSSON, MANS, KIRSCHNER, ROLAND, OLARIAGA, IBAI, RYMAN, SVENGUNNAR, ALBERTO PARRA, LUIS, GEML, JOZSEF, ROSLING, ANNA, ADAMCIK, SLAVOMIR, AHTI, TEUVO, AIME, M. CATHERINE, AINSWORTH, A. MARTYN, ALBERT, LASZLO, ALBERTO, EDGARDO, GARCIA, ALBERTO ALTES, AGEEV, DMITRY, AGERER, REINHARD, AGUIRRE-HUDSON, BEGONA, AMMIRATI, JOE, ANDERSSON, HARRY, ANGELINI, CLAUDIO, ANTONIN, VLADIMIR, AOKI, TAKAYUKI, APTROOT, ANDRE, ARGAUD, DIDIER, SOSA, BLANCA IMELDA ARGUELLO, ARONSEN, ARNE, ARUP, ULF, ASGARI, BITA, ASSYOV, BORIS, ATIENZA, VIOLETA, BANDINI, DITTE, BAPTISTA-FERREIRA, JOAO LUIS, BARAL, HANS-OTTO, BARONI, TIM, BARRETO, ROBERT WEINGART, BAKER, HENRY, BELL, ANN, BELLANGER, JEAN-MICHEL, BELLU, FRANCESCO, BEMMANN, MARTIN, BENDIKSBY, MIKA, BENDIKSEN, EGIL, BENDIKSEN, KATRIINA, BENEDEK, LAJOS, BERESOVA-GUTTOVA, ANNA, BERGER, FRANZ, BERNDT, REINHARD, BERNICCHIA, ANNAROSA, BIKETOVA, ALONA YU, BIZIO, ENRICO, BJORK, CURTIS, BOEKHOUT, TEUN, BOERTMANN, DAVID, BOHNING, TANJA, BOITTIN, FLORENT, BOLUDA, CARLOS G., BOOMSLUITER, MENNO W., BOROVICKA, JAN, BRANDRUD, TOR ERIK, BRAUN, UWE, BRODO, IRWIN, BULYONKOVA, TATIANA, BURDSALL, HAROLD H., JR., BUYCK, BART, BURGAZ, ANA ROSA, CALATAYUD, VICENT, CALLAC, PHILIPPE, CAMPO, EMANUELE, CANDUSSO, MASSIMO, CAPOEN, BRIGITTE, CARBO, JOAQUIM, CARBONE, MATTEO, CASTANEDA-RUIZ, RAFAEL F., CASTELLANO, MICHAEL A., CHEN, JIE, CLERC, PHILIPPE, CONSIGLIO, GIOVANNI, CORRIOL, GILLES, COURTECUISSE, REGIS, CRESPO, ANA, CRIPPS, CATHY, CROUS, PEDRO W., DA SILVA, GLADSTONE ALVES, DA SILVA, MEIRIELE, DAM, MARJO, DAM, NICO, DAMMRICH, FRANK, DAS, KANAD, DAVIES, LINDA, DE CROP, ESKE, DE KESEL, ANDRE, DE LANGE, RUBEN, BONZI, BARBARA DE MADRIGNAC, DELA CRUZ, THOMAS EDISON E., DELGAT, LYNN, DEMOULIN, VINCENT, DESJARDIN, DENNIS E., DIEDERICH, PAUL, DIMA, BALINT, DIOS, MARIA MARTHA, DIVAKAR, PRADEEP KUMAR, DOUANLA-MELI, CLOVIS, DOUGLAS, BRIAN, DRECHSLER-SANTOS, ELISANDRO RICARDO, DYER, PAUL S., EBERHARDT, URSULA, ERTZ, DAMIEN, ESTEVE-RAVENTOS, FERNANDO, SALAZAR, JAVIER ANGEL ETAYO, EVENSON, VERA, EYSSARTIER, GUILLAUME, FARKAS, EDIT, FAVRE, ALAIN, FEDOSOVA, ANNA G., FILIPPA, MARIO, FINY, PETER, FLAKUS, ADAM, FOS, SIMON, FOURNIER, JACQUES, FRAITURE, ANDRE, FRANCHI, PAOLO, MOLANO, ANA ESPERANZA FRANCO, FRIEBES, GERNOT, FRISCH, ANDREAS, FRYDAY, ALAN, FURCI, GIULIANA, MARQUEZ, RICARDO GALAN, GARBELOTTO, MATTEO, GARCIA-MARTIN, JOAQUINA MARIA, OTALORA, MONICA A. GARCIA, SANCHEZ, DANIA GARCIA, GARDIENNET, ALAIN, GARNICA, SIGISFREDO, BENAVENT, ISAAC GARRIDO, GATES, GENEVIEVE, GERLACH, ALICE DA CRUZ LIMA, GHOBAD-NEJHAD, MASOOMEH, GIBERTONI, TATIANA B., GREBENC, TINE, GREILHUBER, IRMGARD, GRISHKAN, BELLA, GROENEWALD, JOHANNES Z., GRUBE, MARTIN, GRUHN, GERALD, GUEIDAN, CECILE, GULDEN, GRO, GUSMAO, LUIS F. P., HAFELLNER, JOSEF, HAIRAUD, MICHEL, HALAMA, MAREK, HALLENBERG, NILS, HALLING, ROY E., HANSEN, KAREN, HARDER, CHRISTOFFER BUGGE, HEILMANN-CLAUSEN, JACOB, HELLEMAN, STIP, HENRIOT, ALAIN, HERNANDEZ-RESTREPO, MARGARITA, HERVE, RAPHAEL, HOBART, CAROLINE, HOFFMEISTER, MASCHA, HOILAND, KLAUS, HOLEC, JAN, HOLIEN, HAKON, HUGHES, KAREN, HUBKA, VIT, HUHTINEN, SEPPO, IVANCEVIC, BORIS, JAGERS, MARIAN, JAKLITSCH, WALTER, JANSEN, ANNAELISE, JAYAWARDENA, RUVISHIKA S., JEPPESEN, THOMAS STJERNEGAARD, JEPPSON, MIKAEL, JOHNSTON, PETER, JORGENSEN, PER MAGNUS, KARNEFELT, INGVAR, KALININA, LIUDMILA B., KANTVILAS, GINTARAS, KARADELEV, MITKO, KASUYA, TAIGA, KAUTMANOVA, IVONA, KERRIGAN, RICHARD W., KIRCHMAIR, MARTIN, KIYASHKO, ANNA, KNAPP, DANIEL G., KNUDSEN, HENNING, KNUDSEN, KERRY, KNUTSSON, TOMMY, KOLARIK, MIROSLAV, KOLJALG, URMAS, KOSUTHOVA, ALICA, KOSZKA, ATTILA, KOTIRANTA, HEIKKI, KOTKOVA, VERA, KOUKOL, ONDREJ, KOUT, JIRI, KOVACS, GABOR M., KRIZ, MARTIN, KRUYS, ASA, KUDERA, VIKTOR, KUDZMA, LINAS, KUHAR, FRANCISCO, KUKWA, MARTIN, KUMAR, T. K. ARUN, KUNCA, VLADIMIR, KUSAN, IVANA, KUYPER, THOMAS W., LADO, CARLOS, LAESSOE, THOMAS, LAINE, PATRICE, LANGER, EWALD, LARSSON, ELLEN, LARSSON, KARL-HENRIK, LAURSEN, GARY, LECHAT, CHRISTIAN, LEE, SERENA, LENDEMER, JAMES C., LEVIN, LAURA, LINDEMANN, UWE, LINDSTROM, HAKAN, LIU, XINGZHONG, HERNANDEZ, REGULO CARLOS LLARENA, LLOP, ESTEVE, LOCSMANDI, CSABA, LODGE, DEBORAH JEAN, LOIZIDES, MICHAEL, LOKOS, LASZLO, LUANGSA-ARD, JENNIFER, LUDERITZ, MATTHIAS, LUMBSCH, THORSTEN, LUTZ, MATTHIAS, MAHONEY, DAN, MALYSHEVA, EKATERINA, MALYSHEVA, VERA, MANIMOHAN, PATINJAREVEETTIL, MANN-FELIX, YASMINA, MARQUES, GUILHERMINA, MARTINEZ-GIL, RUBEN, MARSON, GUY, MATA, GERARDO, MATHENY, P. BRANDON, MATHIASSEN, GEIR HARALD, MATOCEC, NEVEN, MAYRHOFER, HELMUT, MEHRABI, MEHDI, MELO, IRENEIA, MESIC, ARMIN, METHVEN, ANDREW S., MIETTINEN, OTTO, ROMERO, ANA M. MILLANES, MILLER, ANDREW N., MITCHELL, JAMES K., MOBERG, ROLAND, MOREAU, PIERRE-ARTHUR, MORENO, GABRIEL, MOROZOVA, OLGA, MORTE, ASUNCION, MUGGIA, LUCIA, GONZALEZ, GUILLERMO MUNOZ, MYLLYS, LEENA, NAGY, ISTVAN, NAGY, LASZLO G., NEVES, MARIA ALICE, NIEMELA, TUOMO, NIMIS, PIER LUIGI, NIVEIRO, NICOLAS, NOORDELOOS, MACHIEL E., NORDIN, ANDERS, NOUMEUR, SARA RAOUIA, NOVOZHILOV, YURI, NUYTINCK, JORINDE, OHENOJA, ESTERI, FIUZA, PATRICIA OLIVEIRA, ORANGE, ALAN, ORDYNETS, ALEXANDER, ORTIZ-SANTANA, BEATRIZ, PACHECO, LETICIA, PAL-FAM, FERENC, PALACIO, MELISSA, PALICE, ZDENEK, PAPP, VIKTOR, PARTEL, KADRI, PAWLOWSKA, JULIA, PAZ, AURELIA, PEINTNER, URSULA, PENNYCOOK, SHAUN, PEREIRA, OLINTO LIPARINI, DANIELS, PABLO PEREZ, CAPELLA, MIGUEL A. PEREZ-DE-GREGORIO, DEL AMO, CARLOS MANUEL PEREZ, GORJON, SERGIO PEREZ, PEREZ-ORTEGA, SERGIO, PEREZ-VARGAS, ISRAEL, PERRY, BRIAN A., PETERSEN, JENS H., PETERSEN, RONALD H., PFISTER, DONALD H., PHUKHAMSAKDA, CHAYANARD, PIATEK, MARCIN, PIEPENBRING, MEIKE, PINO-BODAS, RAQUEL, ESQUIVEL, JUAN PABLO PINZON, PIROT, PAUL, POPOV, EUGENE S., POPOFF, ORLANDO, ALVARO, MARIA PRIETO, PRINTZEN, CHRISTIAN, PSURTSEVA, NADEZHDA, PURAHONG, WITOON, QUIJADA, LUIS, RAMBOLD, GERHARD, RAMIREZ, NATALIA A., RAJA, HUZEFA, RASPE, OLIVIER, RAYMUNDO, TANIA, REBLOVA, MARTINA, REBRIEV, YURY A., GARCIA, JUAN DE DIOS REYES, RIPOLL, MIGUEL ANGEL RIBES, RICHARD, FRANCK, RICHARDSON, MIKE J., RICO, VICTOR J., ROBLEDO, GERARDO LUCIO, BARBOSA, FLAVIA RODRIGUES, RODRIGUEZ-CAYCEDO, CRISTINA, RODRIGUEZ-FLAKUS, PAMELA, RONIKIER, ANNA, CASAS, LUIS RUBIO, RUSEVSKA, KATERINA, SAAR, GUNTER, SAAR, IRJA, SALCEDO, ISABEL, MARTINEZ, SERGIO M. SALCEDO, MONTOYA, CARLOS A. SALVADOR, SANCHEZ-RAMIREZ, SANTIAGO, SANDOVAL-SIERRA, J. VLADIMIR, SANTAMARIA, SERGI, MONTEIRO, JOSIANE SANTANA, SCHROERS, HANS JOSEF, SCHULZ, BARBARA, SCHMIDT-STOHN, GEERT, SCHUMACHER, TROND, SENN-IRLET, BEATRICE, SEVCIKOVA, HANA, SHCHEPIN, OLEG, SHIROUZU, TAKASHI, SHIRYAEV, ANTON, SIEPE, KLAUS, SIR, ESTEBAN B., SOHRABI, MOHAMMAD, SOOP, KARL, SPIRIN, VIACHESLAV, SPRIBILLE, TOBY, STADLER, MARC, STALPERS, JOOST, STENROOS, SOILI, SUIJA, AVE, SUNHEDE, STELLAN, SVANTESSON, STEN, SVENSSON, SIGVARD, SVETASHEVA, TATYANA YU, SWIERKOSZ, KRZYSZTOF, TAMM, HEIDI, TASKIN, HATIRA, TAUDIERE, ADRIEN, TEDEBRAND, JAN-OLOF, LAHOZ, RAUL TENA, TEMINA, MARINA, THELL, ARNE, THINES, MARCO, THOR, GOREN, THUS, HOLGER, TIBELL, LEIF, TIBELL, SANJA, TIMDAL, EINAR, TKALCEC, ZDENKO, TONSBERG, TOR, TRICHIES, GERARD, TRIEBEL, DAGMAR, TSURYKAU, ANDREI, TULLOSS, RODHAM E., TUOVINEN, VEERA, SOSA, MIGUEL ULLOA, URCELAY, CARLOS, VALADE, FRANCOIS, GARZA, RICARDO VALENZUELA, VAN DEN BOOM, PIETER, VAN VOOREN, NICOLAS, VASCO-PALACIOS, AIDA M., VAURAS, JUKKA, SANTOS, JUAN MANUEL VELASCO, VELLINGA, ELSE, VERBEKEN, ANNEMIEKE, VETLESEN, PER, VIZZINI, ALFREDO, VOGLMAYR, HERMANN, VOLOBUEV, SERGEY, VON BRACKEL, WOLFGANG, VORONINA, ELENA, WALTHER, GRIT, WATLING, ROY, WEBER, EVI, WEDIN, MATS, WEHOLT, OYVIND, WESTBERG, MARTIN, YURCHENKO, EUGENE, ZEHNALEK, PETR, ZHANG, HUANG, ZHURBENKO, MIKHAIL P. and EKMANI, STEFAN, 2018. 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  • DE VRIES RP, RILEY R, WIEBENGA A, AGUILAR-OSORIO G, AMILLIS S, UCHIMA CA, ANDERLUH G, ASADOLLAHI M, ASKIN M, BARRY K, BATTAGLIA E, BAYRAM Ö, BENOCCI T, BRAUS-STROMEYER SA, CALDANA C, CÁNOVAS D, CERQUEIRA GC, CHEN F, CHEN W, CHOI C, CLUM A, DOS SANTOS RA, DAMÁSIO AR, DIALLINAS G, EMRI T, FEKETE E, FLIPPHI M, FREYBERG S, GALLO A, GOURNAS C, HABGOOD R, HAINAUT M, HARISPE ML, HENRISSAT B, HILDÉN KS, HOPE R, HOSSAIN A, KARABIKA E, KARAFFA L, KARÁNYI Z, KRAŠEVEC N, KUO A, KUSCH H, LABUTTI K, LAGENDIJK EL, LAPIDUS A, LEVASSEUR A, LINDQUIST E, LIPZEN A, LOGRIECO AF, MACCABE A, MÄKELÄ MR, MALAVAZI I, MELIN P, MEYER V, MIELNICHUK N, MISKEI M, MOLNÁR ÁP, MULÉ G, NGAN CY, OREJAS M, OROSZ E, OUEDRAOGO JP, OVERKAMP KM, PARK HS, PERRONE G, PIUMI F, PUNT PJ, RAM AF, RAMÓN A, RAUSCHER S, RECORD E, RIAÑO-PACHÓN DM, ROBERT V, RÖHRIG J, RULLER R, SALAMOV A, SALIH NS, SAMSON RA, SÁNDOR E, SANGUINETTI M, SCHÜTZE T, SEPČIĆ K, SHELEST E, SHERLOCK G, SOPHIANOPOULOU V, SQUINA FM, SUN H, SUSCA A, TODD RB, TSANG A, UNKLES SE, VAN DE WIELE N, VAN ROSSEN-UFFINK D, OLIVEIRA JV, VESTH TC, VISSER J, YU JH, ZHOU M, ANDERSEN MR, ARCHER DB, BAKER SE, BENOIT I, BRAKHAGE AA, BRAUS GH, FISCHER R, FRISVAD JC, GOLDMAN GH, HOUBRAKEN J, OAKLEY B, PÓCSI I, SCAZZOCCHIO C, SEIBOTH B, VANKUYK PA, WORTMAN J, DYER PS and GRIGORIEV IV, 2017. Comparative genomics reveals high biological diversity and specific adaptations in the industrially and medically important fungal genus Aspergillus. Genome biology. 18(1), 28
  • YU, YIDONG, AMICH, JORGE, WILL, CORNELIA, EAGLE, CARLY E., DYER, PAUL S. and KRAPPMANN, SVEN, 2017. The novel Aspergillus fumigatus MAT1-2-4 mating-type gene is required for mating and cleistothecia formation FUNGAL GENETICS AND BIOLOGY. 108, 1-12
  • DYER, PAUL S. and KUECK, ULRICH, 2017. Sex and the Imperfect Fungi MICROBIOLOGY SPECTRUM. 5(3),
  • DYER PS, INDERBITZIN P and DEBUCHY R, 2016. Mating-type structure, function, regulation and evolution in the Pezizomycotina. In: J WENDLAND, ed., Growth, Differentiation and Sexuality, The Mycota I 3rd edition. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland. 351-385
  • HEWITT SK, FOSTER DS, DYER PS and AVERY SV, 2016. Phenotypic heterogeneity in fungi: Importance and methodology Fungal Biology Reviews. 30, 176-184
  • ASHTON, GEORGE D. and DYER, PAUL S., 2016. Sexual Development in Fungi and Its Uses in Gene Expression Systems GENE EXPRESSION SYSTEMS IN FUNGI: ADVANCEMENTS AND APPLICATIONS. 335-350
  • DYER, P. S., INDERBITZIN, P. and DEBUCHY, R., 2016. Mating-Type Structure, Function, Regulation and Evolution in the Pezizomycotina GROWTH, DIFFERENTIATION AND SEXUALITY, 3RD EDITION. 1, 351-385
  • DE HOOG GS, CHATURVEDI V, DENNING DW, DYER PS, FRISVAD JC, GEISER D, GRÄSER Y, GUARRO J, HAASE G, KWON-CHUNG K, MEIS JF, MEYER W, PITT JI, SAMSON RA, TAYLOR JW, TINTELNOT K, VITALE RG, WALSH TJ, LACKNER M and ISHAM WORKING GROUP ON NOMENCLATURE OF MEDICAL FUNGI, 2015. Name changes in medically important fungi and their implications for clinical practice. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 53(4), 1056-62
  • KING, K. M., WEST, J. S., FITT, B. D. L. and DYER, P. S., 2015. Differences in MAT gene distribution and expression between Rhynchosporium species on grasses PLANT PATHOLOGY. 64(2), 344-354
  • HOUBRAKEN, JOS and DYER, PAUL S., 2015. Induction of the Sexual Cycle in Filamentous Ascomycetes GENETIC TRANSFORMATION SYSTEMS IN FUNGI, VOL 2. 23-46
  • HOLLAND SL, READER T, DYER PS and AVERY SV, 2014. Phenotypic heterogeneity is a selected trait in natural yeast populations subject to environmental stress. Environmental microbiology. 16(6), 1729-40
  • VARGA J, SZIGETI G, BARANYI N, KOCSUBÉ S, O'GORMAN CM and DYER PS, 2014. Aspergillus: sex and recombination. Mycopathologia. 178(5-6), 349-62
  • HEITMAN J, CARTER DA, DYER PS and SOLL DR, 2014. Sexual reproduction of human fungal pathogens. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine. 4(8),
  • GRUBE M, BERG G, ANDRESSON OS, VILHELMSSON O, DYER PS and MIAO VPW, 2014. Lichen Genomics: Prospects and Progress. In: F MARTIN, ed., The Ecological Genomics of Fungi First Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. 191-212
  • VARGA, JANOS, SZIGETI, GYOENGYI, BARANYI, NIKOLETT, KOCSUBE, SANDOR, O'GORMAN, CELINE M. and DYER, PAUL S., 2014. Aspergillus: Sex and Recombination MYCOPATHOLOGIA. 178(5-6), 349-362
  • BÖHM, J., HOFF, B., O'GORMAN, C.M., WOLFERS, S., KLIX, V., BINGER, D., ZADRA, I., KÜRNSTEINER, H., PÖGGELER, S., DYER, P.S. and KÜCK, U., 2013. Sexual reproduction and mating-type-mediated strain development in the penicillin-producing fungus Penicillium chrysogenum Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 110(4), 1476–1481
  • SWILAIMAN SS, O'GORMAN CM, BALAJEE SA and DYER PS, 2013. Discovery of a sexual cycle in Aspergillus lentulus, a close relative of A. fumigatus. Eukaryotic Cell. 12(7), 962-969
  • KING KM, WEST JS, BRUNNER PC, DYER PS, FITT BDL, 2013. Evolutionary relationships between Rhynchosporium lolii sp. nov. and other Rhynchosporium species on grasses PLoS ONE. 8, e72536.
  • WADA R, MARUYAMA JI, YAMAGUCHI H, YAMAMOTO N, WAGU Y, PAOLETTI M, ARCHER DB, DYER PS and KITAMOTO K, 2012. Presence and functionality of mating type genes in the supposedly asexual filamentous fungus Aspergillus oryzae Applied and Environmental Microbiology. 78, 2819-2829.
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  • DYER, P. S., MURTAGH, G. J. and CRITTENDEN, P. D., 2001. Review article. Use of RAPD-PCR DNA fingerprinting and vegetative incompatibility tests to investigate genetic variation within lichen-forming fungi Symbiosis. VOL 31(PART 1/3), 213-230
  • DYER, P.S., FURNEAUX, P.A., DOUHAN, G. and MURRAY, T.D., 2001. A multiplex PCR test for determination of mating type applied to the plant pathogens Tapesia yallundae and Tapesia acuformis Fungal Genetics and Biology. 33(3), 173-180
  • DYER,P.S., 2001. Sex and variation in lichens. British Lichen Society Bulletin. 88(Summer), 13-14
  • DYER, P.S., BATEMAN, G.L. and WOOD, H.M., 2001. Development of apothecia of the eyespot pathogen Tapesia on cereal crop stubble residue in England Plant Pathology. 50(3), 356-362
  • MURTAGH, G J, DYER, P S and CRITTENDEN, P D, 2000. Sex and the single lichen. Nature. 404(6778), 564
  • DYER,P.S., MURTAGH,G.J. and CRITTENDEN,P.D., 2000. Use of DNA fingerprinting to investigate thallus individuality and population variation within Graphis scripta, Ochrolechia parella and Xanthoria elegans In: The Fourth International Association for Lichenology Symposium, Progress and Problems in lichenology at the Turn of the Millenium,. 132
  • DYER,P.S., 2000. Eyespot. In: LEDERBERG, J., ed., Encyclopedia of Microbiology 2nd ed. 2. San Diego: Academic Press. 338-342
  • DYER, P. S., HANSEN, J., DELANEY, A. and LUCAS, J. A., 2000. Genetic Control of Resistance to the Sterol 14alpha-Demethylase Inhibitor Fungicide Prochloraz in the Cereal Eyespot Pathogen Tapesia yallundae Applied and Environmental Microbiology. VOL 66(PART 11), 4599-4604
  • BRADSHAW, R. E., GANLEY, R. J., JONES, W. T. and DYER, P. S., 2000. High levels of dothistromiin toxin produced by the forest pathogen Dothistroma pini Mycological Research. VOL 104(PART 3), 325-332
  • LUCAS,J.A., DYER,P.S. and MURRAY,T.D., 2000. Pathogenicity, host-specificity, and population biology of Tapesia spp., causal agents of eyespot disease of cereals Advances in Botanical Research. 33, 226-258
  • MURTAGH, G. J., DYER, P. S., MCCLURE, P. C. and CRITTENDEN, P. D., 1999. Use of randomly amplified polymorphic DNA markers as a tool to study variation in lichen-forming fungi Lichenologist. VOL 31(NUMBER 3), 257-268
  • JIA, J., DYER, P. S., BUSWELL, J. A. and PEBERDY, J. F., 1999. Cloning of the cbhI and cbhII genes involved in cellulose utilisation by the straw mushroom Volvariella volvacea Molecular and General Genetics. VOL 261(NUMBER 6), 985-993
  • DYER,P.S., NICHOLSON,P., LUCAS,J.A. and PEBERDY,J.F., 1996. Tapesia acuformis as a casual agent of eyespot disease of cereals and evidence for a heterothallic mating system using molecular markers Mycological Research. 100(10), 1219-1226
  • BATEMAN, GL, DYER, PS and MANZHULA, L, 1995. DEVELOPMENT OF APOTHECIA OF TAPESIA-YALLUNDAE IN CONTRASTING POPULATIONS SELECTED BY FUNGICIDES EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY. 101(6), 695-699
  • DANIELS, A, PAPAIKONOMOU, M, DYER, PS and LUCAS, JA, 1995. INFECTION OF WHEAT SEEDLINGS BY ASCOSPORES OF TAPESIA-YALLUNDAE - MORPHOLOGY OF THE INFECTION PROCESS AND EVIDENCE FOR RECOMBINATION PHYTOPATHOLOGY. 85(8), 918-927
  • NICHOLSON, P, DYER, PS, REZANOOR, HN, LUCAS, JA, WALKOWIAKCAGARA, I and HOLLINS, TW, 1995. MATING RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN DIFFERENT PATHOTYPES OF TAPESIA-YALLUNDAE, THE TELEOMORPH OF THE EYESPOT PATHOGEN PSEUDOCERCOSPORELLA-HERPOTRICHOIDES MYCOLOGICAL RESEARCH. 99, 457-465
  • DYER, PS, PAPAIKONOMOU, M, LUCAS, JA and PEBERDY, JF, 1994. ISOLATION OF R-TYPE PROGENY OF TAPESIA-YALLUNDAE FROM APOTHECIA ON WHEAT STUBBLE IN ENGLAND PLANT PATHOLOGY. 43(6), 1039-1044
  • DYER, PS, BATEMAN, GL, LUCAS, JA and PEBERDY, JF, 1994. SEASONAL DEVELOPMENT OF APOTHECIA OF THE CEREAL EYESPOT PATHOGEN TAPESIA-YALLUNDAE ON STRAW STUBBLE IN THE UK ANNALS OF APPLIED BIOLOGY. 125(3), 489-500
  • DYER, PS, INGRAM, DS and JOHNSTONE, K, 1993. EVIDENCE FOR THE INVOLVEMENT OF LINOLEIC-ACID AND OTHER ENDOGENOUS LIPID FACTORS IN PERITHECIAL DEVELOPMENT OF NECTRIA-HAEMATOCOCCA MATING POPULATION .6. MYCOLOGICAL RESEARCH. 97, 485-496
  • DYER, PS, NICHOLSON, P, REZANOOR, HN, LUCAS, JA and PEBERDY, JF, 1993. 2-ALLELE HETEROTHALLISM IN TAPESIA-YALLUNDAE, THE TELEOMORPH OF THE CEREAL EYESPOT PATHOGEN PSEUDOCERCOSPORELLA-HERPOTRICHOIDES PHYSIOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR PLANT PATHOLOGY. 43(6), 403-414
  • DYER, PS, INGRAM, DS and JOHNSTONE, K, 1992. THE CONTROL OF SEXUAL MORPHOGENESIS IN THE ASCOMYCOTINA BIOLOGICAL REVIEWS. 67(4), 421-458
  • DYER, PS and INGRAM, DS, 1990. AN IMPROVED TEST FOR EVALUATING THE PATHOGENICITY OF ISOLATES OF FUSARIUM-SOLANI F SP PISI ON PEA ANNALS OF APPLIED BIOLOGY. 117(2), 469-472
  • CAMPS, SIMONE M. T., RIJS, ANTONIUS J. M. M., KLAASSEN, CORNE H. W., MEIS, JACQUES F., O'GORMAN, CELINE M., DYER, PAUL S., MELCHERS, WILLEM J. G. and VERWEIJ, PAUL E., Molecular Epidemiology of Aspergillus fumigatus Isolates Harboring the TR34/L98H Azole Resistance Mechanism JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MICROBIOLOGY. 50(8), 2674-2680
  • GRUBE M, BERG G, ANDRESSON OS, VILHELMSSON O, DYER PS and MIAO VPW, Lichen Genomics: Prospects and Progress. In: F MARTIN, ed., The Ecological Genomics of Fungi First Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.. 191-212
  • SALIH N, DYER PS, Identification of novel genes regulating sexual development in Aspergillus species Fungal Genetics Reports. 60 (Suppl), 575

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