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Image of Andreas Kropp

Andreas Kropp

Assistant Professor in Classical Art, Faculty of Arts

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Biography

BA in Archaeology, American University of Beirut

MSt in Classical Archaeology, Oxford

DPhil in Classical Archaeology, Oxford

Expertise Summary

  • Classical Archaeology of the Greek and Roman world
  • Roman Near East
  • Portraiture in the Greek East

Teaching Summary

I teach a variety of modules on Greek and Roman art at UG and PG level. They include:

I currently supervise one PhD thesis on the imagery on coins from Roman Phoenicia (Webster) and one PhD thesis on tomb monuments in Roman Asia Minor (Cutten). I co-supervise a PhD thesis on geometric vase painting (Wolff), and a PhD thesis on Dionysian sarcophagi (Leveritt).

I'd be happy to supervise research in Greek and Roman art and archaeology, and especially subjects related to the Greek East in the Roman period.

Research Summary

I'd be happy to supervise research in Greek and Roman art and archaeology, and especially subjects related to the Greek East in the Roman period.

My work ranges across Greek and Roman art and archaeology, with an emphasis on the Near East (today's Syria, Lebanon, Israel/Palestine and Jordan) in the Hellenistic and Roman periods. Many of my recent studies address questions raised by coin images, in particular royal portraits and images of local deities. I also have extensive experience in many archaeological fieldwork projects in Lebanon, Syria and Jordan (Hauran, Baalbek, Petra).

I am co-director of the Palmyra Portrait Project (PPP), together with my colleague Rubina Raja (Aarhus). It was initiated on 1 Jan 2012 and is scheduled to run until the end of 2015, thanks to the generous funding of the Ny Carlsberg foundation in Copenhagen. It employs two postdocs and one PhD. The PPP is currently compiling a comprehensive corpus of Palmyrene portraits, incl. new measurements, detailed descriptions of poses, faces, hairstyles, clothing and attributes, and high resolution photographs. The second outcome of the PPP will be an interpretive, synthesising text volume with research articles by the collaborators, dealing with questions of style and craftsmanship, realism and idealism, context and identity, gender roles as expressed through dress codes, hairstyles, jewellery, attributes and insignia, and several other aspects.The PPP will make a major contribution to the study of Roman Near Eastern art and culture

Selected Publications

  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2013. Images and monuments of Near Eastern dynasts, 100 BC–AD 100 Oxford University Press.
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2010. Jupiter, Venus and Mercury of Heliopolis (Baalbek): the images of the “triad” and its alleged syncretisms Syria. 87, 229-264
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2011. Anatomy of a Phoenician goddess: the Tyche of Berytus and her acolytes Journal of Roman Archaeology. 24(1), 389-407
  • KROPP, A.J.M. and D. LOHMANN, 2011. "Master, look at the size of those stones! Look at the size of those buildings!" Analogies in construction techniques between the temples at Heliopolis (Baalbek) and Jerusalem Levant. 43, 38-50

Past Research

My recent monograph deals with "client" kings in the Roman Near East: Kropp, A.J.M. Images and Monuments of Near Eastern dynasts, 100 BC - AD 100. Oxford (2013.). This book is an archaeological and art-historical study of the images and monuments of Roman 'client' kings in the Near East in the important transitional period from the downfall of the Seleucid empire to Rome's establishment of provincial administrations in the region. The study looks at royal portraits, tombs, palaces, coins, and temples of the six major players: the Kommagenian, Emesan, Ituraean, Nabataean, Hasmonaean, and Herodian dynasties. The images and monuments come in an endless variety of eclectic styles, shapes, and types - a result of cultural choices from an array of options. This study looks at monuments like the Khazneh at Petra or the Temple at Jerusalem as historical documents attesting ideological aspirations and skilfully constructed royal personas.

  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2015. “The Tyche of Berytus: a Phoenician goddess on civic coinage.” Religion in the Roman Empire (RRE). 1, 201-18.
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2014. “The Palmyra Portrait Project,” Syria. 91, 393-408.
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2013. Images and monuments of Near Eastern dynasts, 100 BC–AD 100 Oxford University Press.
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2013. The iconography of Nabu of Hatra in the context of Syrian cult images. A Hierapolitan import in Northern Mesopotamia. In: DIRVEN, L., ed., Hatra. Politics, Culture & Religion between Parthia and Rome.: Proceedings of the conference held at the University of Amsterdam 18-20 December 2009 Steiner. (In Press.)
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2013. Crowning the emperor – An unorthodox image of Claudius, Agrippa I and Herod of Chalkis Syria. 90, (In Press.)
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2013. “Kings without diadems – How the laurel wreath became the insignia of Nabataean kings” Archäologischer Anzeiger. 21-41.
  • KROPP, A.J.M. and HITZL, K., 2013. “Alte und neue Impressionen. Das Heiligtum von Olympia im 2. Jahrhundert n. Chr.,” Boreas. 36, 53-90
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2012. A new altar of the “triad” of Heliopolis (Baalbek) at the Museum of Adiyaman Syria. 89, 141-50
  • KROPP, A.J.M. and D. LOHMANN, 2011. "Master, look at the size of those stones! Look at the size of those buildings!" Analogies in construction techniques between the temples at Heliopolis (Baalbek) and Jerusalem Levant. 43, 38-50
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2011. Jupiter, Venus und Merkur: Die “Trias” von Heliopolis Welt und Umwelt der Bibel. 2, 68-69
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2011. Nabataean Dushārā (Dusares) – an overlooked cuirassed god Palestine Exploration Quarterly. 143, 176-97
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2011. Anatomy of a Phoenician goddess: the Tyche of Berytus and her acolytes Journal of Roman Archaeology. 24(1), 389-407
  • KROPP, A., 2010. Earrings, nefesh and opus reticulatum: self-representation of the royal house of Emesa in the first century AD. In: KAIZER, T. and FACELLA, M., eds., Kingdoms and principalities in the Roman Near East. Stuttgart: Steiner. 199-216
  • KROPP, A.J.M. and , 2010. Review of J. Aliquot, La vie religieuse au Liban sous l’empire romain 2009 Tempora (Université Saint-Joseph, Beyrouth). 19, 255-60
  • KROPP, A.J.M, 2010. The iconography of Nabu of Ḥaṭrā in the context of Syrian cult images. A Hierapolitan import in Northern Mesopotamia. In: DIRVEN, L., ed., Hatra. Politics, religion and culture between Parthia and Rome. Amsterdam, 18-20 Dec 2009 (In Press.)
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2010. Jupiter, Venus and Mercury of Heliopolis (Baalbek): the images of the “triad” and its alleged syncretisms Syria. 87, 229-264
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2010. Tetrarches kai archiereus. Gods and cults of the tetrarchs of Chalkis and their role in Ituraean Heliopolis (Baalbek). In: RAJA, R., ed., Contextualising the sacred in the Hellenistic and Roman Near East: Religious identities in local, regional and imperial settings.: Aarhus, September 2008 (In Press.)
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2010. Review of Y.Z. Eliav, E.A. Friedland and S. Herbert (eds.), The Sculptural Environment of the Roman Near East, 2008 Journal of Roman Archaeology. 23, 762-69
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2009. The cults of Ituraean Heliopolis (Baalbek) Journal of Roman Archaeology. 22, 365-80
  • KROPP, A., 2009. King – Caesar – god: Roman imperial cult among Near Eastern client kings in the Julio-Claudian period. In: BLÖMER, M., FACELLA, M. and E. WINTER, eds., Lokale Identität im römischen Nahen Osten.: Kontexte und Perspektiven. Tagung Münster 2007. 99-150
  • KROPP, A., 2009. Roman art and laughing viewers. Review of J. ELSNER, Roman eyes: Visuality and subjectivity in art & text and J.R. CLARKE, Looking at laughter: Humor, power and transgression in Roman visual culture 100 B.C. – A.D. 250 Oxford Art Journal. 31.3, 425-31
  • KROPP, A.J.M., 2009. In: Nabataean Petra: The royal palace and the Herod connection 32. 43-59
  • MOUTON, M., RENEL, F. and KROPP, A., 2008. The Hellenistic levels under the temenos of the Qasr al-Bint at Petra. Annual of the Department of Antiquities of Jordan. 52, 51-71
  • KROPP, A., 2008. Review of: E. Diez, Kunstprovinzen im römischen Imperium. Ausgewählte Schriften. Vienna, 2006 Ancient West and East. (In Press.)
  • KROPP, A., 2008. Review of: J. Borchhardt, Der Fries vom Cenotaph für Gaius Caesar in Limyra, Vienna 2004 Journal of Roman Studies. 98, 253-54
  • KROPP, A., 2007. Review of E.R. Varner, Mutilation and Transformation. Damnatio memoriae and Roman imperial portraiture, Leiden: Brill Ancient West and East.
  • KROPP, A. and MOHAMMAD, Q., 2006. Dion of the Decapolis: Tell al-Ash'ari in southern Syria in the light of ancient documents and recent discoveries Levant. 38, 125-44
  • BURWITZ, H, LOHMANN, D. and KROPP, A., 2005. Architectural and archaeological research in the Bustan el-Khan peristyle complex (Baalbek) Bulletin d’Archéologie et d’Architecture Libanaises (BAAL). 9, 125-35
  • KROPP, A., 2004. Kolossales Bildnis des Marc Aurel in Petra entdeckt Welt und Umwelt der Bibel. 34, 60-61

Department of Classics

University of Nottingham
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Nottingham, NG7 2RD

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