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Steve Benford

Professor of Computer Science & EPSRC Dream Fellow, Faculty of Science

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Biography

Steve Benford is Professor of Collaborative Computing in the Mixed Reality Laboratory at the University of Nottingham. He currently holds an EPSRC Dream Fellowship and is the Director of the EPSRC-funded Horizon Doctoral Training Centre in Ubiquitous Computing. He is also a Visiting Researcher at Microsoft Research Cambridge and was the first Visiting Professor at the BBC in 2012. Academically, Steve has received best paper awards at the ACM's annual Computer-Human Interaction (CHI) conference in 2005, 2009, 2011 and2012 (with honorable mentions in 2006 and 2013). He also won the 2003 Prix Ars Elctronica for Interactive Art, the 2007 Nokia Mindtrek award for Innovative Applications of Ubiquitous Computing, and has received four BAFTA nominations. He was elected to theCHI Academy in 2012. His book Performing Mixed Reality was published by MIT Press in 2011.

Expertise Summary

Technology: Augmented and Mixed Reality, Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing, Tangible and Material Computing

Applications: Culture and Entertainment including Art & Performance, Games, Television, Museums and Amusement Parks

Methods: User Experience Design, Human Computer Interaction, Ethnography

Theory: Trajectories, Uncomfortable Interactions, Spectator Interfaces, Ambiguity & Interpretation

Selected Publications

  • PETER TOLMIE, STEVE BENFORD, CHRIS GREENHALGH, TOM RODDEN and STUART REEVES, 2014. Supporting Group Interactions in Museum Visiting In: CSCW.
  • GREEN, JONATHAN, PRIDMORE, TONY and BENFORD, STEVE, 2014. Exploring attractions and exhibits with interactive flashlights Personal and Ubiquitous Computing. 18(1), 239-251
  • TOLMIE, PETER, BENFORD, STEVE, GREENHALGH, CHRIS, RODDEN, TOM and REEVES, STUART, 2014. Supporting group interactions in museum visiting In: Proceedings of the 17th ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work & social computing. 1049-1059
  • JACOBS, R., BENFORD, S., SELBY, M., GOLEMBEWSKI, M., PRICE, D. and GIANNACHI, G., 2013. A conversation between trees: what data feels like in the forest In: CHI '13: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 129-138
  • MEESE, R., ALI, S., THORNE, E., BENFORD, S., QUINN, A., MORTIER, R., KOLEVA, B., PRIDMORE, T. and BAURLEY, S., 2013. From codes to patterns: designing interactive decoration for tableware In: CHI '13: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 931-940
  • BENFORD, STEVE, GREENHALGH, CHRIS, GIANNACHI, GABRIELLA, WALKER, BRENDAN, MARSHALL, JOE and RODDEN, TOM, 2013. Uncomfortable User Experience COMMUNICATIONS OF THE ACM. 56(9), 66-73
  • FOSH, LESLEY, BENFORD, STEVE, REEVES, STUART, KOLEVA, BORIANA and BRUNDELL, PATRICK, 2013. see me, feel me, touch me, hear me: trajectories and interpretation in a sculpture garden In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 149-158
  • FISCHER, JOEL E, REEVES, STUART, MORAN, STUART, GREENHALGH, CHRIS, BENFORD, STEVE and RENNICK-EGGLESTONE, STEFAN, 2013. Understanding Mobile Notification Management in Collocated Groups. In: ECSCW 2013: Proceedings of the 13th European Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 21-25 September 2013, Paphos, Cyprus Springer London. 21-44
  • EDMONDS, ERNEST, BENFORD, STEVE, BILDA, ZAFER, FANTAUZZACOFFIN, JILL, MALINA, ROGER and VINET, HUGHES, 2013. Digital arts: did you feel that? In: CHI'13 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 2439-2446
  • MEESE, RUPERT, ALI, SHAKIR, THORNE, EMILY-CLARE, BENFORD, STEVE D, QUINN, ANTHONY, MORTIER, RICHARD, KOLEVA, BORIANA N, PRIDMORE, TONY and BAURLEY, SHARON L, 2013. From codes to patterns: designing interactive decoration for tableware In: Proceedings of the 2013 ACM annual conference on Human factors in computing systems. 931-940
  • JACOBS, RACHEL, BENFORD, STEVE, SELBY, MARK, GOLEMBEWSKI, MICHAEL, PRICE, DOMINIC and GIANNACHI, GABRIELLA, 2013. A conversation between trees: what data feels like in the forest In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 129-138
  • CHAMBERLAIN, ALAN, PRICE, DOMINIC, FLINTHAM, MARTIN, GLOVER, KEVIN, GREENHALGH, CHRIS, BENFORD, STEVE, GOWER, ANDY and GOWER, AMANDA, 2013. Participate: pervasive Computing for Environmental Campaigns. In: HCI International 2013-Posters’ Extended Abstracts Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 633-637
  • HARUN, AFDALLYNA, BENFORD, STEVE, O’MALLEY, CLAIRE and NOOR, NOR LAILA MD, 2013. Refining Rules Learning Using Evolutionary PD. In: Human-Computer Interaction. Applications and Services Springer Berlin Heidelberg. 376-385
  • BENFORD, STEVE, GREENHALGH, CHRIS, CRABTREE, ANDY, FLINTHAM, MARTIN, WALKER, BRENDAN, MARSHALL, JOE, KOLEVA, BORIANA, RENNICK EGGLESTONE, STEFAN, GIANNACHI, GABRIELLA, ADAMS, MATT and OTHERS, 2013. Performance-Led Research in the Wild ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI). 20(3), 14
  • FOSTER, JONATHAN, BENFORD, STEVE and PRICE, DOMINIC, 2013. Digital archiving as information production: Using experts and learners in the design of subject access Journal of Documentation. 69(6), 773-785
  • BENFORD, STEVE, GREENHALGH, CHRIS, GIANNACHI, GABRIELLA, WALKER, BRENDAN, MARSHALL, JOE and RODDEN, TOM, 2013. Uncomfortable user experience Communications of the ACM. 56(9), 66-73
  • CRANWELL, JO, BENFORD, STEVE, HOUGHTON, ROBERT J, GOLEMBEWKSI, MICHAEL, FISCHER, JOEL E and HAGGER, MARTIN S, 2013. Increasing Self-Regulatory Energy Using an Internet-Based Training Application Delivered by Smartphone Technology Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking.
  • FISCHER, JOEL E, REEVES, STUART, GREENHALGH, CHRIS and BENFORD, STEVE, 2013. Designing Mobile Face-to-Face Group Interactions ECSCW 2013 Adjunct Proceedings.
  • RENNICK-EGGLESTONE, STEFAN, ROUSSOU, MARIA, BRUNDELL, PATRICK, CHAFFARDON, CHRISTOPHE, KOURTIS, VASSILIS, KOLEVA, BORIANA and BENFORD, STEVE, 2013. Indoors and outdoors: designing mobile experiences for Cité de l’espace
  • BENFORD, STEVE AND CRABTREE, ANDY AND FLINTHAM, MARTIN AND GREENHALGH, CHRIS AND KOLEVA, BORIANA AND ADAMS, MATT AND TANDAVANITJ, NICK AND FARR, JU ROW AND GIANNACHI, GABRIELLA AND LINDT, IRMA, 2011. Creating the spectacle: Designing interactional trajectories through spectator interfaces ACM Trans. Comput.-Hum. Interact.. 18(3), 11:1--11:28
  • BENFORD, S. and GIANNACHI, G., 2011. Performing mixed reality MIT Press.
  • DURRANT, A., ROWLAND, D., KIRK, D., BENFORD, S., FISCHER, J.E. and MCAULEY, D., 2011. Automics: souvenir generating photoware for theme parks In: CHI '11: proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 1767-1776
  • MARSHALL, J. and BENFORD, S., 2011. Using fast interaction to create intense experiences In: CHI '11: SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 1255-1264
  • DURRANT, A., KIRK, D., BENFORD, S. and RODDEN, T., 2011. Pursuing leisure: reflections on theme park visiting Computer Supported Cooperative Work. 21(1), 43-70
  • MARSHALL, J., BENFORD, S. and PRIDMORE, T., 2010. Deception and magic in collaborative interaction In: CHI '10: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 567-576
  • PAXTON, M. and BENFORD, S., 2009. Experiences of participatory sensing in the wild In: Ubicomp '09: proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing. 1255-1264
  • BENFORD, S., GIANNACHI, G., KOLEVA, B. and RODDEN, T., 2009. From interaction to trajectories: designing coherent journeys through user experiences In: CHI '09: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 709-718
  • SCHNÄDELBACH, H., RENNICK EGGLESTONE, S., REEVES, S., BENFORD, S., WALKER, B. and WRIGHT, M., 2008. Performing thrill: designing telemetry systems and spectator interfaces for amusement rides In: CHI '08: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 1167-1176
  • BENFORD, S. and GIANNACHI, G., 2008. Temporal trajectories in shared interactive narratives In: CHI '08: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 73-82
  • GREENHALGH, C., BENFORD, S., DROZD, A., FLINTHAM, M., HAMPSHIRE, A., OPPERMANN, L., SMITH, K. and VON TYCOWICZ, C., 2007. Addressing mobile phone diversity in Ubicomp experience development In: UbiComp 2007. 9th International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing, Innsbruck, Austria, 16-19 September 2007. 447-464
  • NG, K.H., KOLEVA, B. and BENFORD, S., 2007. The iterative development of a tangible pin-board to symmetrically link physical and digital documents Personal and Ubiquitous Computing. 11(3), 145-155
  • VLOEBERGHS,M, GLOVER,T, BENFORD,S, JONES,A, BECKER,A and WANG,P, 2007. Virtual neurosurgery training for the future British Journal of Neurosurgery. (In Press.)
  • BENFORD, S., CRABTREE, A., FLINTHAM, M., DROZD, A., ANASTASI, R., PAXTON, M., TANDAVANITJ, N., ADAMS, M. and ROW-FARR, J., 2006. Can you see me now? ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction. 13(1), 100-133
  • SCHNÄDELBACH, H., PAXTON, M., TWIDALE, M., BENFORD, S. and ANASTASI, R., 2006. The Augurscope: refining its design Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments. 15(3), 278-293
  • DIX, A., SHERIDAN, J.G., REEVES, S., BENFORD, S. and O'MALLEY, C.E., 2006. Formalising performative interaction Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 3941, 15-25
  • REEVES, S., PRIDMORE, T., CRABTREE, A., GREEN, J., BENFORD, S. and O'MALLEY, C., 2006. The spatial character of sensor technology In: Proceedings of the 6th ACM Conference on Designing Interactive Systems. 31-40
  • WANG, P., BECKER, A. A., JONES, I. A., GLOVER, A. T., BENFORD, S. D., GREENHALGH, C. M. and VLOEBERGHS, M., 2006. A virtual reality surgery simulation of cutting and retraction in neurosurgery with force-feedback COMPUTER METHODS AND PROGRAMS IN BIOMEDICINE. VOL 84(NUMBER 1), 11-18
  • BELL, M., CHALMERS, M., BARKHUUS, L., HALL, M., SHERWOOD, S., TENNENT, P., BROWN, B., ROWLAND, D., BENFORD, S., HAMPSHIRE, A. and CAPRA, M., 2006. Interweaving Mobile Games With Everyday Life In: Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 417-426
  • CRABTREE, A., BENFORD, S., GREENHALGH, C., TENNENT, P., CHALMERS, M. and BROWN, B., 2006. Supporting ethnographic studies of ubiquitous computing in the wild In: 6th ACM conference on Designing Interactive systems. 60-69
  • BENFORD, S., SCHNÄDELBACH, H., KOLEVA, B., ANASTASI, R., GREENHALGH, C., RODDEN, T., GREEN, J., GHALI, A., PRIDMORE, T., GAVER, B., BOUCHER, A., WALKER, B., PENNINGTON, S., SCHMIDT, A., GELLERSON, H. and STEED, A., 2005. Expected, sensed, and desired: a framework for designing sensing-based interaction ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction. 12(1), 3-30
  • REEVES, S., BENFORD, S., O'MALLEY, C. and FRASER, M., 2005. Designing the spectator experience In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Portland, Oregon, 2-7 April, 2005. 741-750
  • HABGOOD, M.P.J., AINSWORTH, S.E. and BENFORD, S., 2005. Endogenous fantasy and learning in digital games Simulation & Gaming. 36(4), 483-498
  • REEVES, C., FRASER, M.C., SCHNADELBACH, H., O'MALLEY, C. and BENFORD, S.D., 2005. Engaging augmented reality in public places In: Adjunct Proceedings of CHI 2005.
  • BENFORD, S.D. and ROWLAND, D., 2005. Life on the edge: supporting collaboration in location-based experiences In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2005 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 721-730
  • BENFORD, S., SCHNADELBACH, H., KOLEVA, B., ANASTASI, R., GREENHALGH, C., RODDEN, T., GREEN, J., GHALI, A., PRIDMORE, T. and GAVER, B., 2005. Expected, sensed, and desired: a framework for designing sensing-based interaction ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction. 12(1), 3-30
  • WANG,P, BECKER,A, GLOVER,T, JONES,A, BENFORD,S, VLOEBERGHS,M and GREENHALGH,C, 2005. Designing a virtual reality simulator for Neurosurgery. In: Virtual Reality International Conference.
  • NG, K.H., BENFORD, S.D. and KOLEVA, B., 2005. PINS push in and POUTS pop out - creating a tangible pin-board that ejects physical documents In: CHI '05: CHI '05 extended abstracts on Human factors in computing systems April 02-07, 2005. 1981-1984
  • WANG,P, GLOVER,T, JONES,A, BENFORD,S, GREENHALGH,C and VLOEBERGHS,M, 2005. Virtual reality simulation of surgery using haptics and boundary element techniques. In: World Haptics conference. 688
  • BANNON, L., BENFORD, S., BOWERS, J. and HEATH, C., 2005. Hybrid design creates innovative museum experiences Communications of the ACM. 48(3), 62-65
  • SCHNÄDELBACH, H., KOLEVA, B., TWIDALE, M. and BENFORD, S.D., 2004. The iterative design process of a location-aware device for group use In: UbiComp 2004. The Sixth International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing, Nottingham, England, 7-10 September 2004. 329-346
  • BENFORD, S.D., SEAGAR, W., FLINTHAM, M., ANASTASI, R., ROWLAND, D. and HUMBLE, J., 2004. The error of our ways - the experience of self-reported position in a location-based game In: Sixth Annual Conference on Ubiquitous Computing - UbiComp2004.
  • BENFORD, S.D., CRABTREE, A., FLINTHAM, M., ROWLAND, D., GAVER, W., ADAMS, M., ROW-FARR, J., TANDAVANITJ, N. and OLDROYD, A., 2004. Provoking reflection through artistic games In: 2004 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems.
  • TALLYN, E., STANTON, D., BENFORD, S.D., ROWLAND, D., KIRK, D., PAXTON, M., SMITH, H., PRICE, S., FITZPATRICK, G. and LUCKIN, R., 2004. Introducing e-science to the classroom In: UK e-Science All Hands.
  • CRABTREE, A., BENFORD, S.D. and RODDEN, T.A., 2004. Moving with the times: IT research and the boundaries of CSCW Computer Supported Cooperative Work: The Journal of Collaborative Computing. 14(3), 217-251
  • GREEN, J., PRIDMORE, T.P., BENFORD, S.D. and GHALI, A., 2004. Location and recognition of flashlight projections for visual interfaces In: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Pattern Recognition.
  • BENFORD, S., SEAGAR, W., FLINTHAM, M, ANASTASI, R., ROWLAND, D., HUMBLE, J., STANTON, D., BOWERS, J., TANDAVANITJ, N., ADAMS, M., ROW FARR, J., OLDROYD, A. and SUTTON, J., 2004. The Error of Our Ways: The Experience of Self-Reported Position in a Location-Based Game Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 3205, 70-87
  • CAPRA, M., AQUINO, M., BENFORD, S.D. and DODSON, A., 2004. Mixed reality on civil engineering In: Ubicomp 2004.
  • CRABTREE, A., BENFORD, S., RODDEN, T., FLINTHAM, M., ANASTASI, R., DROZD, A., ADAMS, M., TANDAVANITJ, N., ROW-FARR, J., STEED, A. and GREENHALGH, C., 2004. Moving Out of the Control Room: Decentralizing Orchestration of a Mixed Reality Game In: Proceedings Of The 2004 CHI Conference On Human Factors In Computing Systems. 391-398
  • GUTWIN, C., BENFORD, S., DYCK, J., FRASER, M., VAGHI, I. and GREENHALGH, C., 2004. Revealing Delay in Collaborative Environments In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2004 Conference on Human Factors in Computing. 503-510
  • CRABTREE, A., BENFORD, S.D., RODDEN, T.A., GREENHALGH, C.M., FLINTHAM, M., ANASTASI, R., DROZD, A., ADAMS, M., ROW-FARR, J., TANDAVANITJ, N. and STEED, A., 2004. Orchestrating a mixed reality game 'on the ground' In: The 2004 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 391-398
  • FLINTHAM, M., BENFORD, S., ANASTASI, R., HEMMINGS, T., CRABTREE, A., GREENHALGH, C., RODDEN, T.A., TANDAVANITJ, N., ADAMS, M. and ROW-FARR, J., 2003. Where on-line meets on the streets: experiences with mobile mixed reality games In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 5-10 April 2003.. 569-576
  • GAVER, W.W., BEAVER, J. and BENFORD, S.D., 2003. Ambiguity as a resource in design In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 5-10 April 2003. 233-240
  • GHALI, A., BENFORD, S.D., BAYOUMI, S., GREEN, J. and PRIDMORE, T., 2003. Visually-tracked flashlights as interaction devices In: INTERACT 2003 - Bringing the bits togETHer. Ninth IFIP TC13 International Conference on Human-Interaction, Zurich, Switzerland, 1-5 September 2003. 487-494
  • RODDEN, T.A. and BENFORD, S.D., 2003. The evolution of buildings and implications for the design of ubiquitous domestic environments In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 5-10 April 2003. 9-16
  • GHALI, A., BAYOMI, S., GREEN, J., PRIDMORE, T.P. and BENFORD, S.D., 2003. Vision-mediated interaction with the Nottingham Caves In: Proceedings SPIE Conference on Computational Imaging.
  • FRASER, M.C., STANTON, D., NG, M., BENFORD, S.D., O'MALLEY, C., BOWERS, J., TAXN, G., FERRIS, K. and HINDMARSH, J., 2003. Assembling history: achieving coherent experiences with diverse technologies In: to appear in Proceedings of ECSCW 2003.
  • STANTON, D., O'MALLEY, C., FRASER, M.C., NG, M. and BENFORD, S.D., 2003. Situating historical events through mixed reality: adult-child interactions in the storytent In: Computer Supported Collaborative Learning CSCL 2003.
  • KOLEVA, B., BENFORD, S.D., KHER HUI, N. and RODDEN, T.A., 2003. A framework for tangible user interfaces In: Physical Interaction (PI03) Workshop on Real World User Interfaces.
  • CAPRA, M., AQUINO, M., DODSON, A., BENFORD, S.D. and KOLEVA, B., 2003. Civil engineering application for virtual collaborative environment In: 13th International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence (ICAT 2003).
  • COBB, S., BEARDON, L., EASTGATE, R., GLOVER, T., KERR, S., NEALE, H., PARSONS, S., BENFORD, S., HOPKINS, E., MITCHELL, P., REYNARD, G. and WILSON, J., 2002. Applied virtual environments to support learning of social interaction skills in users with Asperger's Syndrome Digital Creativity. 13(1), 11-22
  • SCHNÄDELBACH, H., KOLEVA, B., FLINTHAM, M., FRASER, M.C., IZADI, S., CHANDLER, P., FOSTER, M., BENFORD, S.D., GREENHALGH, C.M. and RODDEN, T.A., 2002. The augurscope: a mixed reality interface for outdoors In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 20-25 April 2002. 9-16
  • IZADI, S., FRASER, M., BENFORD, S., FLINTHAM, M., GREENHALGH, C., RODDEN, T. and SCHNADELBACH, H., 2002. Citywide: supporting interactive digital experiences across physical space Personal and Ubiquitous Computing. 6(4), 290-298
  • BENFORD, S.D., FRASER, M.C., REYNARD, G.T., KOLEVA, B. and DROZD, A., 2002. Staging and evaluating public performances as an approach to CVE research In: CVE '02: Proceedings of the 4th international conference on Collaborative virtual environments (Bonn, Germany, September 30 - October 02, 2002). 80-87
  • GREENHALGH, C.M., FLINTHAM, M., PURBRICK, J. and BENFORD, S.D., 2002. Applications of temporal links: recording and replaying virtual environments In: In Proceedings IEEE VR2002, Virtual Reality.
  • GREEN, J., SCHNADELBACH, H., KOLEVA, B., BENFORD, S.D., PRIDMORE, T.P., MEDINA, K., HARRIS, E. and SMITH, H., 2002. Camping in the digital wilderness: tents and flashlights as interfaces to virtual worlds In: Proceedings CHI 2002.
  • MACCOLL, I., MILLARD, D., RANDELL, C., STEED, A., BROWN, B., BENFORD, S.D., CHALMERS, M., CONROY, R., DALTON, N., GALANI, A., GREENHALGH, C.M., MICHAELIDES, D., RODDEN, T.A. and TAYLOR, I., 2002. Shared visiting in Equator City In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Collaborative Virtual Environments.
  • LOGAN, B.S., FRASER, M.C., FIELDING, D., BENFORD, S.D., GREENHALGH, C.M. and HERRERO, P., 2002. Keeping in touch: agents reporting from collaborative virtual environments In: Artificial Intelligence and Interactive Entertainment: Papers from the 2002 AAAI Symposium.
  • RADENKOVIC, M., GREENHALGH, C.M. and BENFORD, S.D., 2002. Scaleable and adaptable audio service for supporting collaborative work and entertainment over the Internet In: Proceedings of International Conference on Advances in Infrastructures for e-Business, e-Educati.
  • BAYON, V., RODDEN, T.A., GREENHALGH, C.M. and BENFORD, S.D., 2002. Going back to school: putting a pervasive environment into the real world In: Proceedings of Pervasive 2002.
  • BOLTMAN, A., DRUIN, A., BEDERSON, B., HOURCADE, J.P., FAST, C., KJELLIN, M., STANTON, D., COBB, S., SUNBLAD, Y. and BENFORD, S.D., 2002. The nature of children's storytelling with and without technology In: American Educational Research Association Conference (AERA).
  • RADENKOVIC, M., GREENHALGH, C.M. and BENFORD, S.D., 2002. Deployment issues in multi-party audio for CVEs In: Proceedings of the ACM Symposium of Virtual Reality Software and Technology (VRST).
  • STEED, A., BENFORD, S.D., DALTON, N., GREENHALGH, C.M., MACCOLL, I., RANDELL, C. and SCHNADELBACH, H., 2002. Mixed-reality interfaces to immersive projection systems In: 7th Annual Immersive Projection Technology Symposium.
  • FRASER, M.C. and BENFORD, S.D., 2002. Interaction effects of virtual structures In: Proceedings of CVE2002.
  • HERRERO, P., DE ANTONIO, A., BENFORD, S.D. and GREENHALGH, C.M., 2002. Increasing the coherence between human beings and virtual agents In: Proceedings of the First International Joint Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems.
  • STANTON, D., BAYON, V., NEALE, H., GHALI, A., BENFORD, S., COBB, S., INGRAM, R., O'MALLEY, C., WILSON, J. and PRIDMORE, T., 2001. Classroom collaboration in the design of tangible interfaces for storytelling In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Seattle, United States, 31 March - 5 April.. 482-489
  • CRAVEN, M., TAYLOR, I., DROZD, A., PURBRICK, J., GREENHALGH, C., BENFORD, S., FRASER, M., BOWERS, J., JÄÄ-ARO, K., LINTERMANN, B. and HOCH, M., 2001. Exploiting interactivity, influence, space and time to explore non-linear drama in virtual worlds In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Seattle, United States, 31 March - 5 April. 30-37
  • KOLEVA, B., TAYLOR, I., BENFORD, S.D., FRASER, M.C., GREENHALGH, C.M., SCHNÄDELBACH, H., VOM LEHN, D., HEATH, C., ROW-FARR, J. and ADAMS, M., 2001. Orchestrating a mixed reality performance In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, Seattle, Washington, 31 March- 5 April 2001. 38-45
  • GREENHALGH, C., BENFORD, S. and CRAVEN, M., 2001. Patterns of network and user activity in an inhabited television event Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments. 10(1), 35-50
  • BENFORD, S., GREENHALGH, C., RODDEN, T. and PYCOCK, J., 2001. Collaborative virtual environments Communications of the ACM. 44(7), 79-86
  • BENFORD, S.D., BOWERS, J., CHANDLER, P., CIOLFI, L., FLINTHAM, M., FRASER, M.C., GREENHALGH, C.M., HALL, T., HELLSTROM, S.O., IZADI, S., RODDEN, T.A., SCHNADELBACH, H. and TAYLOR, I., 2001. Unearthing virtual history: using diverse interfaces to reveal hidden virtual worlds In: Proceedings UBICOMP/01.
  • CRAVEN, M., TAYLOR, I., DROZD, A., PURBRICK, J., GREENHALGH, C.M., BENFORD, S.D., FRASER, M.C., BOWERS, J., JAA-ARO, K., LINTERMANN, B. and HOCH, M., 2001. Exploiting interactivity, influence, space and time to explore non-linear drama in virtual worlds In: Proceedings CHI 2001.
  • IZADI, S., FRASER, M.C., BENFORD, S.D., FLINTHAM, M., GREENHALGH, C.M. and SCHNADELBACH, H., 2001. Citywide: supporting interactive digital experiences across physical space In: Proceedings Mobile HCI'01.
  • IZADI, S., BENFORD, S.D., CHEVERST, K., COUTINHO, P., FLINTHAM, M., FRASER, M.C., GREENHALGH, C.M., MITCHELL, K. and RODDEN, T.A., 2001. A citywide mixed reality performance: initial findings In: Proceedings Moving Between the Physical and Digital: Exploring and Developing New Forms of Mixed Reality User Experience.
  • HALL, T., CIOLFI, L., BANNON, L., FRASER, M.C., BENFORD, S.D., BOWERS, J., GREENHALGH, C.M., HELLSTROM, S.O., IZADI, S. and SCHNADELBACH, H., 2001. The visitor as virtual archaeologist - using mixed reality technology to enhance educational and social interaction in the museum In: Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (VAST01).
  • HALL, T., CIOLFI, L., BANNON, L., FRASER, M.C., BENFORD, S.D., BOWERS, J., GREENHALGH, C.M., HELLSTROM, S.O., IZADI, S. and SCHNADELBACH, H., 2001. The visitor as virtual archaeologist: using mixed reality technology to enhance educational and social interaction in the museum In: Proceedings of Virtual Reality, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage (VAST01).
  • DROZD, A., BOWERS, J., BENFORD, S.D., GREENHALGH, C.M. and FRASER, M.C., 2001. Collaboratively improvising magic: an approach to managing participation in an on-line drama In: Proceedings ECSCW'01.
  • KOLEVA, B., SCHNADELBACH, H., BENFORD, S.D. and GREENHALGH, C.M., 2001. Experiencing a presentation through a mixed reality boundary In: Proceedings ACM SIGGROUP Conference on Supporting Group Work (GROUP'01).
  • HINDMARSH, J., HEATH, C., FRASER, M.C., BENFORD, S.D. and GREENHALGH, C.M., 2001. Research alerts: object-focused interaction in collaborative virtual environments Interacting with Computers. 8, 11-13
  • RADENKOVIC, M., GREENHALGH, C.M. and BENFORD, S.D., 2001. A scaleable audio service for the Internet In: Proceedings Fifth International Conference on Telecommunications in Modern Satellite, Cable and Broadcasting Services.
  • RADENKOVIC, M., GREENHALGH, C.M. and BENFORD, S.D., 2001. A scaleable audio service for the Internet In: Proceedings Fifth International Conference on Telecommunications in Modern Satellite, Cable and Broadcasting Services.
  • GREENHALGH, C.M., PURBRICK,J ., BENFORD, S.D., CRAVEN, M.P., DROZD, A. and TAYLOR, I.M., 2000. Temporal links: recording and replaying virtual environments In: International Multimedia Conference. 67-74
  • BENFORD, S., GREENHALGH, C., CRAVEN, M., WALKER, G., REGAN, T., MORPHETT, J. and WYVER, J., 2000. Inhabited television: broadcasting interaction from within collaborative virtual environments ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction. 7(4), 510-547
  • HINDMARSH, J., FRASER, M., HEATH, C., BENFORD, S. and GREENHALGH, C., 2000. Object-focused interaction in collaborative virtual environments ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction. 7(4), 477-509
  • CRAVEN, M.P., BENFORD, S.D., GREENHALGH, C.M., WYVER, J., BRAZIER, C., OLROYD, A. and REGAN, T., 2000. Ages of avatar: community building for inhabited television In: Proceedings of the third international conference on collaborative virtual environments. 189-194
  • BENFORD, S., REYNARD, G., GREENHALGH, C., SNOWDON, D. and BULLOCK, A., 2000. A poetry performance in a collaborative virtual environment IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications. 20(3), 66-75
  • BENFORD, S.D., TAYLOR, I.M., BRAILSFORD, D.F., KOLEVA-HOPKIN, B., CRAVEN, M.P., FRASER, M., REYNARD, G.T. and GREENHALGH, C.M., 1999. Three dimensional visualization of the World Wide Web ACM Computing Surveys. 31(4es), Article 25
  • BENFORD, S.D., GREENHALGH, C.M., CRAVEN, M.P., WALKER, G., REGAN, T., WYVER, J. and BOWERS, J., 1999. Broadcasting on-line social interaction as inhabited television In: Proceedings of 6th European Conference on Computer Supported Co-operative Work (ECSCW '99).
  • GREENHALGH, C. and BENFORD, S., 1999. Supporting rich and dynamic communication in large-scale collaborative virtual environments Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments. 8(1), 14-35
  • GREENHALGH, C.M., BULLOCK, A., TROMP, J. and BENFORD, S.D., 1999. Evaluating the network and usability characteristics of virtual reality conferencing BT Telecommunications Series. 16, 170-207
  • BENFORD, S., GREENHALGH, C., REYNARD, G., BROWN, C. and KOLEVA, B., 1998. Understanding and constructing shared spaces with mixed-reality boundaries ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction. 5(3), 185-223
  • GREENHALGH, C., BENFORD, S., BULLOCK, A., KUIJPERS, N. and DONKERS, K., 1998. Predicting network traffic for collaborative virtual environments Computer Networks and ISDN Systems. 30(16-18), 1677-1685
  • GREENHALGH, C.M., FAHLEN, L.E., BENFORD, S.D. and BOWERS, J., 1997. Embodiments, avatars, clones and agents for multi-user, multi-sensory virtual worlds Multimedia Systems. 5(2), 93-104
  • BENFORD, S., SNOWDON, D., BROWN, C. and REYNARD, G., 1997. Visualising and populating the Web: Collaborative virtual environments for browsing, searching and inhabiting Webspace Computer Networks and ISDN Systems. 29(15), 1751-1762
  • INGRAM, R. and BENFORD, S., 1996. The application of legibility techniques to enhance information visualizations Computer Journal. 39(10), 819-836
  • KOLEVA, B. N., SCHNÄDELBACH, H. M., BENFORD, S. D. and GREENHALGH, C. M., Traversable interfaces between real and virtual worlds In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2000 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. 233-240
  • BENFORD, S., MAGERKURTH, C. and LJUNGSTRAND, P., Bridging the physical and digital in pervasive gaming Communications of the ACM. 48(3), 54-57

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