Department of Archaeology

Adaima (Egypt) – Predynastic to early dynastic

Béatrix Midant-Reynes (Centre (IFAO, Cairo and CNRS, Centre de recherche sur la Préhistoire et la Protohistoire de la Méditerranée, Toulouse, France)) with Claire Newton (University of Nottingham)


Aerial view of the site

Both settlement areas and cemeteries were excavated, and both yielded plant remains, which allowed comparisons between the two types of context. The preservation of the remains was both in carbonized and desiccated forms, which allowed for a closer study of taphonomical issues.

Diachronic palaeoenvironmental studies on the ~700 year occupation of the site were based mainly on the charcoal analysis with reference to related fruit remains. They are compared to the results of the geomorphological studies undertaken by Prof. Morgan De Dapper (Univ. Ghent, Belgium). Palaeoethnobotanical studies included mainly agricultural techniques, crop processing and plant materials used in objects and building.


Further images


Bibliography (archaeobotanical)

Newton, C. and Midant-Reynes, B., 2007. Environmental change and settlement shifts in Upper Egypt during the Predynastic; charcoal analysis at Adaïma. The Holocene 17(8), p. 1109-1118.

Newton, C., 2007. Growing, gathering and offering: Predynastic plant economy at Adaïma (Upper Egypt). In Fields of change. Proceedings of the 4th International Workshop of African Archaeobotany. (ed. R. Cappers). Groningen Archaeological Studies. Groningen: Barkhuis & Groningen University Library, pp. 139-155.

Newton, C., 2005. Upper Egypt: Vegetation at the beginning of the 3rd millennium BC inferred from charcoal analysis at Adaïma and Elkab. Journal of Archaeological Science 32(3): 355-367.

Newton, C., 2004. Plant tempering of Predynastic pisé at Adaïma in Upper Egypt: Building material and taphonomy. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany 13(1): 55-64.

Newton, C., 2002. Environnement et économie végégtale en Haute-Égypte à Adaïma au Prédynastique ; Approches archéobotaniques comparatives de la Deuxième dynastie à l'Èpoque romaine, Chapters 3, 5. Unpublished PhD thesis, Université Montpellier II.

Newton, C., 2001. Le Palmier Argoun Medemia argun (Mart.) Württemb. ex Wendl. in Encyclopédie religieuse de l'Univers végétal, Croyances phytoreligieuses de l'Ègypte ancienne (ERUV) II. Orientalia Monspeliensia XI, pp. 141-153.



Department of Archaeology

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