School of English

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Jayne Carroll

Associate Professor in the History of English, Faculty of Arts

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Biography

I was educated at University College London (BA English Literature and Language), King's College London (MA English Language and Literature before 1525), and the Universities of Nottingham (PhD) and Iceland (as the recipient of the Government of Iceland Ministry of Education, Science and Culture scholarship). I held lectureships at University College Dublin and the Universities of Sheffield and Leicester before coming to Nottingham in 2009 to direct the Institute for Name-Studies.

Expertise Summary

English place-names; Old English and Old Norse language and literature; the history of the English language.

I am Honorary Secretary of the English Place-Name Society (EPNS). I am currently involved in four externally-funded research projects:

  • The place-names of Shropshire: a four-year AHRC-funded project to complete the EPNS survey of Shropshire;
  • Learning the Landscape through Language: an AHRC project following on from the work in Shropshire;
  • Flood and flow: place-names and the changing hydrology of river-systems (with the Universities of Leicester, Southampton, and Wales);
  • Enhancing UK Flood Resilience: a two-year AHRC network (with the University of Leicester)

I am also working with Staffordshire Record Office, where a volunteer group is collecting historical place-name spellings, preparatory work for a project to complete the EPNS survey of the county of Staffordshire.

Outreach and public engagement

I am engaged upon a programme of outreach activities in connection with the above projects. My work on Shropshire place-names included a series of talks in Shropshire and curating three exhibitions, in Oswestry, Ludlow, and Shrewsbury.

Teaching Summary

My teaching draws on my research in Old English and Old Norse language and literature, and in English place-names.

Undergraduate modules taught

Beginnings of English (level 1); Names and Identities (level 2); English Place-Names (level 3); Dissertation (level 3)

Postgraduate modules taught

Place-Names in Context; Reading Old English; Dissertation

Research Summary

I was principal investigator for the AHRC-funded research project, The Place-Names of Shropshire. Colleagues within the Institute for Name-Studies and the Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studes… read more

Selected Publications

  • J. CARROLL, 2020. Identifying migrants in medieval England: the possibilities and limitations of place-name evidence. In: W. M. ORMROD, J. STORY and E. M. TYLER, eds., Migrants in Medieval England, c. 500-1500. Oxford University Press for the British Academy. 90-119
  • JOHN BAKER and JAYNE CARROLL, 2020. The Place-Names of Shropshire. Part 8: Overs Hundred, the Borough of Ludlow, the Southern Part of Munslow Hundred, and the Stowe Division of Purslow Hundred. English Place-Name Society.
  • JOHN BAKER and JAYNE CARROLL, 2020. The afterlives of Bede’s tribal names in English place-names. In: ALEXANDER JAMES LANGLANDS and RYAN LAVELLE, eds., Land of the English Kin: Studies in Wessex and Anglo-Saxon England in Honour of Professor Barbara Yorke. Brill. 112–153
  • B. PEARS, A. G. BROWN, J. CARROLL, P. TOMS, J. WOOD and R. JONES, 2020. Early Medieval Place-Names and Riverine Flood Histories: A New Approach and New Chronostratigraphic Records for Three English Rivers. European Journal of Archaeology. 23(3), 381-405

I welcome students who are interesting in pursuing research on English place-names, on Old English language and / or literature, and on the history of the English language.

Current PhD students:

Kathryn Bullen: The place-names of the Isle of Axholme (M4C)

Ellen Chaplin: The place-names of Devon

Chiara Giancoli: Youth and young people in Early Medieval English literature (School of English Research Scholarship)

Abigail Lloyd: Hill toponyms and their use as medieval settlement-names

Fiona McKinlay: Horses in early medieval England: the place-name evidence.

Joshua Neal: Scandinavian place-names in England (bý-names) (M3C)

Paul Shaw: Cultures, crops and choices: new insights into Anglo-Scandinavian farming and settlement from analysis of terroir (M4C)

Alex Sutherland: Law and custom in Old English literature

Jessica Treacher: The Arboreal Toponym: place-name evidence for the use and management of trees in early medieval England (M3C)

Current Research

I was principal investigator for the AHRC-funded research project, The Place-Names of Shropshire. Colleagues within the Institute for Name-Studies and the Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studes (University of Wales) have collaborated to finish the English Place-Name Society survey of Shropshire. Six volumes, authored by Margaret Gelling, were published between 1990 and 2012. The seventh volume, by John Baker, was published in 2018, and two further volumes were published in 2020 (Part 8, by John Baker and Jayne Carroll, and Part 9, by Paul Cavill). I am co-investigator on the follow-on project, Learning the Landscape through Language: Shropshire place-names and child education, also funded by the AHRC.

I am a team-member of two further externally-funded projects. One, funded by The Leverhulme Trust, Flood and Flow, place-names and the changing hydrology of river-systems, involves the Universities of Leicester, Southampton, and Wales, as well as Nottingham. This project draws on place-name evidence to study river flooding and water/land management during the period c.700-1100AD, the last major episode on record of rapid warming and weather extremes. The second, Enhancing UK Flood Resilience, follows on from this: it is an AHRC-funded network designed to bring together academics and flood defence professionals.

I am also working on Staffordshire place-names, in collaboration with Staffordshire Record Office and a group of SRO volunteers. Their work can be found on the Staffordshire Place-Names site.

Past Research

My doctoral thesis, 'Poetic Discourse in Viking Age England', examined verse produced in English in the tenth and eleventh centuries in Old English, Old Norse, and Latin. Work from this thesis has appeared in the Review of English Studies and as chapters in edited volumes. I have contributed to the Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages project, as editor of Markús Skeggjason's verse (in vol. 2, published in 2009) and of Þórðr Kolbeinsson's Eiríksdrápa (vol. 1, 2012). Work on Old English heroic verse has appeared in the Oxford Handbook of Medieval Literature in English (2010).

I was one of the four founder members of the AHRC-funded Viking Identities Network. I was co-investigator on the Leverhulme-funded project, Landscapes of Governance: Assembly Sites in England, 5th-11th centuries.

The Vikings in Britain and Ireland , co-authored with Stephen Harrison and Gareth Williams, was published by the British Museum in 2014, and timed to coincide with their exhibition, Vikings - Life and Legend.

Work from recent projects includes an edited volume (with Andrew Reynolds and Barbara Yorke), from the Leverhulme-funded Landscapes of Governance project (OUP, 2019) and a chapter in Migrants in Medieval England, ed. J. Story, E. M. Tyler, and W. M. Ormrod (OUP, October, 2020), work that I produced as a member of the project team from the Leverhulme programme, The Impact of Diasporas on the Making of Britain: Evidence, Memories, Inventions (2011-16).

  • J. CARROLL, 2020. Identifying migrants in medieval England: the possibilities and limitations of place-name evidence. In: W. M. ORMROD, J. STORY and E. M. TYLER, eds., Migrants in Medieval England, c. 500-1500. Oxford University Press for the British Academy. 90-119
  • JOHN BAKER and JAYNE CARROLL, 2020. The afterlives of Bede’s tribal names in English place-names. In: ALEXANDER JAMES LANGLANDS and RYAN LAVELLE, eds., Land of the English Kin: Studies in Wessex and Anglo-Saxon England in Honour of Professor Barbara Yorke. Brill. 112–153
  • B. PEARS, A. G. BROWN, J. CARROLL, P. TOMS, J. WOOD and R. JONES, 2020. Early Medieval Place-Names and Riverine Flood Histories: A New Approach and New Chronostratigraphic Records for Three English Rivers. European Journal of Archaeology. 23(3), 381-405
  • JOHN BAKER and JAYNE CARROLL, 2020. The Place-Names of Shropshire. Part 8: Overs Hundred, the Borough of Ludlow, the Southern Part of Munslow Hundred, and the Stowe Division of Purslow Hundred. English Place-Name Society.
  • A. G. BROWN, B. PEARS, P. TOMS, J. CARROLL, J. WOOD and R. JONES, 2020. Flood hazard assessment from alluvial sediments: Data from sedimentology to place names. PAGES: Past Global Changes: Climate Reconstruction and Impacts from the Archives of Societies. 28(2), 46-7
  • J. CARROLL, A. REYNOLDS and B. YORKE, eds., 2019. Power and Place in Europe in the Early Middle Ages. Oxford University Press for the British Academy.
  • J. CARROLL and S. KILBY, 2019. Preparing the Ground: Finding Minor Landscape Names in Medieval Documents. The Local Historian. 49(4), 279-300
  • J. CARROLL, A. REYNOLDS and B. YORKE, 2019. Power and Place in Europe the Early Middle Ages. In: J. CARROLL, A. REYNOLDS and B. YORKE, eds., Power and Place in Europe the Early Middle Ages. Oxford University Press for the British Academy. 1-33
  • J. CARROLL, S. HARRISON and G. WILLIAMS, 2014. The Vikings in Britain and Ireland. British Museum.
  • J. CARROLL, 2014. Review of The Battle of Brunanburh: A Casebook, ed. M. Livingston (Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 2011). Journal of English and Germanic Philology. 113(3), 387-91
  • J. CARROLL and D. N. PARSONS, eds., 2013. Perceptions of Place: twenty-first-century interpretations of English place-name studies. English Place-Name Society.
  • J. CARROLL, 2013. The place-name Wallingford. In: N. CHRISTIE, O. CREIGHTON, M. EDGEWORTH and H. HAMEROW, eds., Transforming Townscapes. From burh to borough, the archaeology of Wallingford, AD 800-1400 Maney. 55-57
  • J. CARROLL, 2013. Perceiving place through time: English place-name studies, 1924-2013. In: J. CARROLL and D. N. PARSONS, eds., Perceptions of Place: twenty-first-century interpretations of English place-name studies English Place-Name Society. xiii-xxxvii
  • J. CARROLL, 2012. Changing names, changing functions?. In: R. JONES and S. SEMPLE, eds., A Sense of Place in Anglo-Saxon England. Shaun Tyas. 168-179
  • CARROLL, J., ed., 2012. Printed and digital scholarly edition, with full critical apparatus including biography, introduction, editorial methodology, complete variants, prose word order, English translation, notes, bibliography and indices. Þórðr Kolbeinsson -- Eiríksdrápa. In: Poetry from the kings' sagas I, edited by D.C. Whaley Brepols.
  • CARROLL, J., 2010. The Verse of Heroes. In: TREHARNE, E and WALKER, G., eds., The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Literature in English Oxford: Oxford University Press. 133-159
  • CARROLL, J., 2010. Coins and the Chronicle: mint-signatures, history, and language. In: JORGENSEN, A., ed., Reading the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: language, literature, history Brepols Publishers. 243-273
  • CARROLL, J., ed., 2009. Printed and digital scholarly edition, with full critical apparatus including biography, introduction, editorial methodology, complete variants, prose word order, English translation, notes, bibliography and indices. Markús Skeggjason -- Eiríksdrápa. In: Poetry from the kings' sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c.1300. Part 1, edited by K.E. Gade. Brepols.
  • CARROLL, J. and PARSONS, D.N., 2007. Anglo-Saxon Mint-Names Nottingham: English Place-Name Society.
  • CARROLL, J., 2007. Concepts of power in Anglo-Scandinavian verse. In: BOLTON, B. and MEEK, C., eds., Aspects of Power and Authority in the Middle Ages Turnhout: Brepols. 217-233
  • CARROLL, J., 2007. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and the wars with the Danes. In: NORTH, R. and ALLARD, J., eds., Beowulf and other Stories: An Introduction to Old English, Old Icelandic, and Anglo-Norman Literature London: Longman. 301-350
  • CARROLL, J., 2007. Engla waldend, rex admirabilis: Poetic Representations of King Edgar Review of English Studies. 59, 113-132
  • CARROLL, J. and LEE, C., 2007. Women in Anglo-Saxon England and the Impact of Christine E. Fell: Introduction Nottingham Medieval Studies. 51, 201-205
  • CARROLL, J., 2005. Narrative and Direct Address in Skaldic Verse. In: MORTENSEN, A and ARGE, S., eds., Viking and Norse in the North Atlantic Tórshavn: Føroya Fróðskapafelag. 427-440
  • CARROLL, J., 2003. Review of Eric Christiansen, The Norsemen in the Viking Age Saga-Book. 27, 114-117
  • CARROLL, J., 2001. Review of James Graham-Campbell et al. (eds), The Vikings and the Danelaw Journal of the English Place-Name Society. 34, 59-65
  • CARROLL, J., 2000. Words and Weapons: The Battle of Brunanburh Nottingham Linguistic Circular. 15, 35-54

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