Research Excellence Framework (REF)
The Research Excellence Framework (REF) is the system used by the four UK higher education funding bodies to assess research quality in UK universities. Scores are awarded across three key areas: publications, research impact, and research environment. Our assessment scores indicate the high quality of our research and standing among UK universities.
The current REF assessment is in progress. Please visit the official REF 2021 website for more information.
We are proud to have ranked in the top ten UK universities for research into English. Our assessment scores indicate the strength and depth of research excellence across the school.
REF 2014 summary
| UK ranking by ‘research power’
| Percentage of research assessed as being of international quality or above
| Percentage of research assessed as being of world-leading quality
|View the full REF 2014 results
In the 2008 Research Assessment Excercise (RAE), 95% of the School's research was judged to be of international quality and 35% world-leading. Visit the RAE 2008 wbesite for more information.
The School of English was rated 5A in RAE 2001. Visit the RAE 2001 website for more information.
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