Department of History

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Image of Ross Balzaretti

Ross Balzaretti

Professor, Faculty of Arts



Office B10, upstairs Lenton Grove.

Chair of EDI, Humanities (current).

Head of History (2015-2018). I joined History at Nottingham in August 1990.

Academic background

University College London (BA 1981-4; PhD 1985-89); Lecturer at University of Sheffield (1988-89); Rome Scholar in Italian Studies (1989-90) at the British School at Rome.

External appointments

2020-present History UK Steering Committee

2015-present East Midlands Centre for History Learning and Teaching Steering Committee

2014-present: Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London (elected).

2014-present: Co-editor of the Medieval Church Studies book series for Brepols.

2010-11: Donald Bullough Visiting Fellow in Mediaeval History (elected) at the University of St Andrews.

2004-present: Fellow of the Royal Historical Society (elected)

2004-2010: Co-editor (with Karen Adler Nottingham) of Gender & History)

Publications summary

6 books and 60 articles and chapters, in leading journals including Archeologia medievale, Early Medieval Europe, Gender & History, History, History Workshop Journal, Landscape History, Landscape Studies, Mélanges de l'École française de Rome, Nottingham Medieval Studies, Past & Present, Rural History, Times Literary Supplement.

I have given papers in Genoa, Milan, Bologna, Brussels, Vienna, Glasgow, Rome, Isernia, San Marino, Siena, London, Oxford, Sheffield, Edinburgh, Leeds, York, Cambridge, Southampton, Bristol, Birmingham, St Andrews and Nottingham.

Funding and research projects

British Academy, AHRC, Leverhulme Trust, University of St Andrews, Paul Mellon Foundation for Studies in British Art, and the Scouloudi Foundation.

Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant 'British amateur topographical art and landscape in NW Italy 1835-1914', co-investigator (2016-2019).

Regular speaker since 2006 at meetings of the Nottingham Dante Alighieri Society, a local group of Italian enthusiasts, which has always proved a source of interesting comments and reflections on my work. They helped a good deal with my 2016 exhibition, Grand Tourists and Others.

Expertise Summary

I have supervised 14 doctoral students to completion and am currently supervising 7 more in diverse aspects of History (see below). I welcome proposals from potential doctoral students, most especially in the history of early medieval Europe (especially gender and sexuality), and the history of Liguria (Italy) since the Roman period. Several of my current students are funded by the AHRC via the Midlands4Cities Doctoral Training Partnership

Teaching Summary

I am Senior Fellow of the HEA (Advance HE). My teaching is research-led. I am also an advocate for student-led teaching, especially in seminars. Currently I am teaching Year 1 Learning History and… read more

Research Summary


Rediscovering Lost Landscapes. Topographical Art in north-west Italy, 1800-1920 by Pietro Piana, Charles Watkins and Ross Balzaretti, published September 2021 by Boydell & Brewer.

This is the main publication from our project British Amateur Topographical Art and Landscape in NW Italy 1835-1915, funded by the Leverhulme Trust Research Project Grant (2016-19).

Related articles have been published in Landscapes, Geostorie, Landscape History and Rural History.

There have been two associated exhibitions:

'Portofino Landscape' (curated with with Alberto Girani and Francesco Faccini, Portofino national park and University of Genoa) was put on in two venues in Portofino, two in Genoa and in Nottingham (Humanities Atrium, November-December 2018).

'Paesaggi di carta', opened on 26 January 2019, in Isola del Cantone.

Project website. Twitter: [at]TopogArt.


The proceedings of a roundtable discussing my book The Lands of Saint Ambrose (2019), held at the University of Padova in November 2019, have been published Reti Medievali (open access) here. There are four articles (in Italian) by Igor Santos Salazar, Anna Rapetti, Giuseppe Albertoni and Gianmarco De Angelis and my response 'Re-reading The Lands of Saint Ambrose' (in English).


I have an essay in a book which arose in response to the Covid-19 pandemic.

'Frederic Lees in Varese Ligure, 1911', in Travel Writing in an Age of Global Quarantine, ed. Gary Foster and David Robinson. Anthem Press, 2021 (September).


Currently co-editor of the Brepols series, Medieval Church Studies, which is now based in the History Department at Nottingham. Proposals for monographs and edited volumes are welcomed.

I was a founder editor of Studies in the Early Middle Ages (SEM), published by Brepols.

Editorial Board of Italy in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, Amsterdam UP, Book series.


Nottingham Medieval Studies I have been on the editorial board since the early 1990s.

Studi di storia medioevale e di diplomatica I joined this journal, run from the State University of Milan, in November 2020. This journal is Open Access and publishes in Italian, English, French, Spanish and German. Interested contributors writing in English are invited to contact me directly.

Gender & History since 1993. I was editor of Gender & History for six years (2004-2010), as part of a team with Karen Adler (Nottingham), Ruth Karras, Regina Kunzel and Sarah C. Chambers (Minnesota), having been on its editorial collective since 1993. I continue to act as a coordinator for medieval submissions.

Gender and HistoryDOCTORAL RESEARCH STUDENTS - 21 to date

Completed (18):

Dr Faye Taylor. Miracula, saints' cults and socio-political landscapes: Bobbio, Conques and post-Carolingian society (2012)

Dr Theresa Tyers. The rebirth of fertility: the Trotula and her travelling companions c. 1200-1450 (2012)

Dr Robert Hearn. Grey wolves and wild boar: a comparative species history in Liguria 1500 to 2012 (2013). Assistant Professor, School of Geography, University of Nottingham.

Dr Rachel Middlemass. Bodies of men : manhood and masculinity in England and northern France, c.1100-c.1250 (2013)

Dr Teresa Phipps. Urban women and local justice: gender, society and litigation in fourteenth-century England (2015)

Dr Pietro Piana. Topographical art and landscape history in central-eastern Liguria (c. 1770-1840) (2015). Postdoctoral researcher at University of Genoa.

Dr Lucila Mallart. Josep Puig i Cadafalch and the construction of a Catalan national imagination (1880-1950) (2016). Postdoctoral researcher at Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona.

Dr Rebecca Maryan. Humoral theory circulating in religious literature in England, c.1300-1500 (2016)

Dr Laura Grazia di Stefano. The business of pilgrimage in the fifteenth-century Venice (2019)

Dr Chiara Ravera. In nomine dominae: notarial documents and women's lives in Genoese Chios (1348-1522) (2019)

Dr Michele Baitieri. Politics and documentary culture: the bishops of North-Western Italy during the post-Carolingian period (c. 888-962) (2020). Research fellow at University of Oslo.

Dr Timothy McManus. The construction of individual criminal culpability 1199-1245: heresy, inquisitio and Inquisition (2020)

Dr Marco Panato. Environment, society and economy of an early medieval river. The late-Lombard and Carolingian Po valley (northern Italy), 715-924 AD. From 2024 Leverhulme ECF, Nottingham.

Dr David Robinson. Orientalism or Meridionism? British identity formation through travel writing on India and Italy, 1760-1850 (2020)

Dr Alessandro Carabia. Space, population and economy in a frontier region: Liguria in the context of the Western Byzantine provinces AD 500-700 (2022)

Dr Robert Frost. Sir John Gardner Wilkinson (1797 - 1879): Lost Worlds of Antiquarianism in Egypt and the Balkans (2022). Now Leverhulme ECF at University of Leicester.

Dr Matthew Carter. Beasts of place and time: animals and Britishness in popular natural history, c.1760-1860 (2023)

Dr Leonardo Porcelloni. A Cultural Geography of Via Francigena: Historical and Modern Mobilities along a European Cultural Route (2023). Research fellow at University of Verona.

In progress (4): Elena Manservisi, Cheryl-Anne Afonso, Megan Rousseau (ESRC)

I am able to supervise students in any area of early medieval history, in landscape and environmental history (especially of Italy), and travel history.

Selected Publications

Gender & History, since 1993; Editor 2004-2010

Nottingham Medieval Studies since 1993

Studi di storia medioevale e diplomatica since 2020

History Compass:

Studies in the Early Middle Ages, co-editor of book series published by Brepols (until 2014)

Medieval Church Studies (Brepols), co-editor of this books series now based at Nottingham (from 2014)

I am Senior Fellow of the HEA (Advance HE). My teaching is research-led. I am also an advocate for student-led teaching, especially in seminars. Currently I am teaching Year 1 Learning History and Making the Middle Ages; Year 2, Sexuality in Early Medieval Europe; Year 3 Dissertation; European Landscapes (Co-taught with Geography). MA, Research Methods, Power and Authority in the Medieval World; Palaeography.


Since 1994, I have taught the landscape history of Eastern Liguria (with Prof. Charles Watkins in Geography) with an annual field trip to the small town of Varese Ligure. This module is unique in Britain, and has been favourably received in Italy. The module is 'European Landscapes' (formerly 'The Landscape History of Liguria')

Students from Geography and History research collaboratively in small teams and produce a final, individual, 6000 word research project. More than 400 of these now exist and form a unique archive of field research in the area, which is actively used by Italian scholars. The projects are housed in the Museo contadino, in Cassego, Varese Ligure, which is directed by Don Sandro Lagomarsini. A wide range of fields have been investigated by students, including river management, fishing history and policy, local wine tradition, tourism, place name studies, archival work using parish registers, vegetation surveys, terrace management and much more besides.

Video made by Myles Grover of the trip in 2014:

Many colleagues have collaborated with us notably Diego Moreno (University of Genoa), Don Sandro Lagomarsini (Museo contadino di Cassego), Roberta Cevasco (University of Alessandria), Susanne Seymour (Geogaphy, Nottingham), Georgina Endfield (Geography, Nottingham), Mark Riley (Geography, Liverpool). Many local people have given their time to helping us in interviews and in other ways. In particular we are grateful to the former Mayor of Varese, Michela Marcone, for long-standing help and support.


I am a founder member of the EMC, a group which links colleagues in the History departments of of the universities of De Montfort, Derby, Leicester, Lincoln, Loughborough, Northampton and Nottingham. It was set up to share best pedagogical practice across the East Midlands. Details of workshops, training events and online teaching resources can be found on the website. My colleagues Dr Joe Merton and Dr Sarah Holland are also active participants in the management of the Centre, which is currently run by the University of Nottingham.

Tweets by ‎@EMCHistoryLT


I have recently joined the Steering Committee of History UK, the independent national body promoting and monitoring History in UK Higher Education. It is funded by history departments or their equivalents and campaigns on issues of concern to academic historians and the broader history community, particularly in the following areas:

  • The profile of history in higher education and beyond.
  • The state of the profession, particularly the recruitment and career development of undergraduates, postgraduates, researchers and staff.
  • Research culture, including the research resources available to historians and the impact of the REF.
  • Teaching and learning within the discipline, especially the impact of the NSS and TEF.
  • Audit culture, to ensure that the demands of external audit and quality measurement are appropriate to the discipline and light in touch.

Follow us on Twitter @history_uk


I, alongside colleagues at Nottingham, have also contributed to the website Historians on Teaching, set up by Prof Emeritus Alan Booth, which provides ideas about teaching (and academic research papers) for historians at all career stages.

Past Research

I have published three MONOGRAPHS since 2013

Rediscovering Lost Landscapes. Topographical Art in NW Italy 1800-1920 (Woodbridge, Boydell & Brewer, 2021), funded by the Leverhulme Trust.

The Lands of Saint Ambrose: Monks and Society in Early Medieval Milan (Brepols, Turnhout, 2019).

Dark Age Liguria, (Bloomsbury, London, 2013).


'Milan, Genoa and the Alps: Early Medieval Exchanges across a Region', in Un ponte tra il Mediterraneo e il Nord-Europa. La Lombardia el primo millennio, ed. G. Albini and L. Mecella (Milan-Turin, Pearson Italia, 2020).

'Chestnuts in charters: evidence for specialised production in early medieval Genoa and Milan', in Italy and Early Medieval Europe: Essays Presented to Chris Wickham, co-edited by Ross Balzaretti, Julia Barrow and Patricia Skinner (OUP 2018).

'Early Medieval Genoa', in Carrie Benes (ed.), Companion to Medieval Genoa (Brill, Leiden, 2018).

Fate, Luck and Fortune project

I participated in two workshops organized by the AHRC project Fate, Luck and Fortune: Narratives of Environmental Risk, led by Esther Eidinow (Bristol) and Georgina Endfield (Liverpool). My paper, which dealt with the risks faced by nineteenth-century tourists when they crossed the River Magra in Eastern Liguria, was published in the Journal of Risk Research in 2019 as part of a themed issue.

The Castle and the Palace project

This project, funded by the Royal Society of Edinburgh, sought to challenge the simple opposition between castle and palace by surveying their changing roles over a long time period (c.800-c.1200) and across western Europe, very much including Scotland, from a variety of perspectives. An international group of historians, archaeologists and heritage experts will work to test and challenges orthodoxies as well as disciplinary boundaries on this topic, as well as grappling with contemporary public perception and experience of surviving examples of castles and palaces in Scotland and beyond.

Exhibition: Grand Tourists and Others

Curator of 'Grand Tourists and Others: Travelling Abroad before the Twentieth Century', 29 April-6 August 2016, Weston Gallery, University of Nottingham. This exhibition drew on the extensive archival collections of Manuscripts and Special Collections at Nottingham to investigate travel in Europe in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. There was a focus on the travel of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire residents. The exhibition was accompanied by a public events programme and was part of Season 2 of The Grand Tour. 140 people attended the opening (28 April) when the show was formally opened by the explorer and author Levison Wood, who graduated in History in 2004 and took my final year Special Subject 'The English in Italy'. Levison is an Alumnus Laureate of this university. 104 people attended the first lunchtime talk (5 May). The film showing was attended by 147 people when Dr Sarah Lutton (BFI) hosted a screening and lively post-show discussion of Rossellini's Viaggio in Italia.. The second lunchtime talk on the Fanshawe sisters (14 June) was sold out (200 people) as was the final talk (by Dr Sarah Goldsmith on 14 July). An online legacy exhibition can be viewed on the Manuscripts and Special Collections website.

Past conferences

2007-2019: invited conference papers/lectures at ACCORDIA, London; University of Edinburgh; University of Bologna; University of Leeds, IMC; University of Padua (twice); Institute of Historical Research, London; University of Genoa; University of Nottingham (Institute for the Study of Slavery; Gender & History; Venetian seminar); Free University, Brussels; London Medieval Society; St Andrews; York; University College London; Universita degli Studi di Milano.

Future Research

I am completing a fully annotated English translation of Paul the Deacon's Historia Langobardorum and related texts for Manchester University Press. Current title is North Italian Histories, 600-900 AD. Paul the Deacon's Historia Langobardorum and related texts.

I am preparing a chapter on 'Aemilia et Liguria' for Italy in the Fifth Century: Social, Political and Economic Transformations in a Society under Stress, 395-493 CE, ed. Sarah Bühler (Tübingen), Stefan Rebenich (Bern), Sebastian Schmidt-Hofner (Tübingen), and John Weisweiler (Cambridge).

  • ROSS BALZARETTI, CHARLES WATKINS and PIETRO PIANA, 2021. Rediscovering Lost Landscapes. Topographical Art in north-west Italy, 1800-1920 Boydell & Brewer.
  • ROSS BALZARETTI, 2021. Frederic Lees in Varese Ligure, 1911. In: DAVID ROBINSON and GARY FISHER, eds., Travel Writing in an Age of Global Quarantine Anthem Press.
  • ROSS BALZARETTI, 2021. Urban Life in Lombard Italy: Genoa and Milan Compared. In: NICHOLAS MATHEOU and TOM MACMASTER, eds., Italy and the East Roman World in the Medieval Mediterranean. Empire, Cities and Elites, 476-1204 Routledge.
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2021. Re-reading The Lands of Saint Ambrose Reti medievali. 22(1),
  • ROSS BALZARETTI, 2021. Afterword. In: CHRISTOPHER HEATH and ROBERT HOUGHTON, eds., Conflict and Violence in Medieval Italy 568-1154 Amsterdam University Press. 376
  • ROSS BALZARETTI, 2020. Milan, Genoa and the Alps: Early Medieval Exchanges across a Region. In: G. ALBINI and L. MECELLA, eds., Un ponte tra il Mediterraneo e il Nord-Europa. La Lombardia el primo millennio Pearson Italia. 201-230 (In Press.)
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2019. The Lands of Saint Ambrose: Monks and Society in Early Medieval Milan Brepols.
  • P. PIANA, C. WATKINS and R. BALZARETTI, 2019. The Palm Landscapes of the Italian Riviera Landscapes.
  • PIETRO PIANA, CHARLES WATKINS and ROSS BALZARETTI, 2019. Photography, topographical art and cartography: the productive landscape of the Italian Riviera Annali di Ricerche e Studi di Geografia. 74, 39-52
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2018. Early Medieval Genoa. In: BENES, C., ed., Companion to Medieval Genoa Brill, Leiden.
  • BALZARETTI, R., BARROW, J. and SKINNER, P., eds., 2018. Italy and Early Medieval Europe: Essays Presented to Chris Wickham Oxford University Press.
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2018. Chestnuts in charters: evidence for specialised production in tenth-century Genoa and Milan. In: BALZARETTI, R., BARROW, J. and SKINNER, P., eds., Italy and Early Medieval Europe: Essays Presented to Chris Wickham Oxford University Press.
  • BRUZZONE, R., WATKINS, C., BALZARETTI, R. and MONTANARI, C., 2018. Botanical Relics of a Lost Landscape: herborising 'upon the Cliffs about the Pharos' in Genoa, March 1664 Landscape Research. 43(1), 20-36
  • PIANA, PIETRO, WATKINS, CHARLES and BALZARETTI, ROSS, 2018. Transport, modernity and rural landscapes in nineteenth century Liguria Rural History. 29(2), 167-93
  • PIANA, PIETRO, WATKINS, CHARLES and BALZARETTI, ROSS, 2018. Art and landscape history: British artists in nineteenth-century Val d’Aosta (NW Italy) Landscape History. 39(2),
  • PIANA, PIETRO, WATKINS, CHARLES and BALZARETTI, ROSS, 2018. Topographical art and historical geography: amateur English representations of Ligurian landscape in the early nineteenth century’ Geostorie: Bollettino e notizario. 26(3), 195-221
  • ROSS BALZARETTI and CHARLES WATKINS, 2018. Experiences of historical ecology in Val di Vara. In: CARLO MONTANARI and MARIA ANGELA GUIDO, eds., Dal documento al terreno. Storia e archeologia dei sistemi agro-silvo-pastorali. Nuova edizione: Attualità di una proposta storica Genova University Press. 305-309
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2016. Hugh of Arles (c. 885-948) and his family: narratives of failure in the regnum Italiae Early Medieval Europe. 24(2), 185-208
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2015. British Women Travellers and Italian marriages, c. 1789-1844. In: BABINI, V., BECCALOSSI, C. and RIALL, L., eds., Italian Sexualities Uncovered: The Long Nineteenth Century (1879-1914) Palgrave. 251-71
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2015. Women and Weapons in Early Medieval Europe. In: CHEMOTTI, S. and LA ROCCA, M. C., eds., Il genere nella ricerca storica: Atti del VI Congresso della Societa Italiana delle Storiche Il Poligrafo, Padova. 137-50
  • HEARN, R., BALZARETTI, R. and WATKINS, C., 2015. The wolf in the landscape. Antonio Cesena and attitudes to wolves in sixteenth-century Liguria Rural History: Economy, Society, Culture. 26(1), 1-16
  • BALZARETTI, R., CEVASCO, R., MORENO, D. and WATKINS, C., 2015. Historical Chestnut Cultures, Climate and Rural Landscapes in the Apennines. In: HARVEY, D. and PERRY, JIM, eds., The Future of Heritage as Climates Change. Loss, Adaptation, Creativity Routledge. 130-47
  • BALZARETTI, R., PIANA, P. and WATKINS, C., 2015. Travelling in Italy during Turner's Lifetime Available at: <>
  • HEARN, R., WATKINS, C. and BALZARETTI, R, 2014. The cultural and land use implications of the reappearance of wild boar in North West Italy: a case study in the Val di Vara Journal of Rural Studies. 36, 52-63
  • BALZARETTI, R and WATKINS, C., 2013. The Landscape History of Liguria Fieldcourses of the University of Nottingham. In: CEVASCO, R., ed., La natura della montagna. Scritti in ricordo di Giuseppina Poggi Oltre edizioni. 204-10
  • BALZARETTI, R and WATKINS, C., 2013. Recent vegetation change at Palarino, Teviggio, Alta Val di Vara. In: CEVASCO, R., ed., La natura della montagna. Scritti in ricordo di Giuseppina Poggi Oltre edizioni. 522-28
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2013. Dark Age Liguria: regional identity and local power, c. 400-1020 Bloomsbury Academic.
  • BALZARETTI, R, LAGOMARSINI, S. and WATKINS, C., 2013. Remnant Vaccinium myrtillis on the lower slopes of Mt.. Zatta, Cassego and Scurtabò, Alta Val di Vara. In: CEVASCO, R., ed., La natura della montagna. Scritt in ricordo di Giuseppina Poggi Oltre edizioni. 507-13
  • BALZARETTI, R and WATKINS, C., 2013. Recent vegetation change following abandonment at Canevadigiolo, Teviggio, Alta Val di Vara. In: CEVASCO, R., ed., La natura della montagna. Scritti in ricordo di Giuseppina Poggi Oltre edizioni. 515-21
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2012. Fatherhood in Late Lombard Italy. In: NELSON, JANET L, REYNOLDS, SUSAN and JOHNS, SUSAN M., eds., Gender and historiography: Studies in the history of the earlier middle ages in honour of Pauline Stafford Institute of Historical Research London. 9-20
  • BALZARETTI, R, PIANA, P, MORENO, D and WATKINS, C, 2012. Topographical art and landscape history: Elizabeth Fanshawe (1779-1856) in early nineteenth-century Liguria Landscape History. 33, 65-81
  • BALZARETTI, R, 2012. Women, Property and Urban Space in Tenth-Century Milan. In: LIN FOXALL and GABRIELE NEHER, eds., Gender and the City before Modernity Wiley-Blackwell. 57-85
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2011. Lombard fathers Archeologia Medievale: Cultura materiale Insediamenti Territorio. 38, 45-57
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2011. Victorian travellers, Apennine landscapes and the development of cultural heritage in Eastern Liguria, c.1875-1914 History: Journal of the Historical Association. 96(324), 436-458
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2011. Women, property and urban space in tenth-century Milan Gender and History. 23(3), 547-575
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2010. Elites and silver in Milan and its region in the ninth century. In: DEVROEY, J-P, FELLER, L and LE JAN, R., eds., Les élites et la richesse au haut Moyen Âge entre vie et xie siècles Brepols. 403-437
  • BALZARETTI, R and WATKINS, C., 2009. Studying landscape history: fifteen years of undergraduate education and field work in the Alta Val di Vara In: Le Zone Umide archivi del paesaggio culturale tra ricerca e gestione, Proceedings of the International Workshop, Genoa 29-30 January 2009.
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2009. Review of Roberta Cevasco, Memoria verde. Nuovi spazi per la geografia Environment and History. 15(2), 257-259
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2008. Sexuality in Late Lombard Italy, c.700-800 AD. In: HARPER, A AND PROCTOR, C., ed., Medieval Sexuality: A Casebook London: Routledge. 7-31
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2008. Review-Article. Liudprand of Cremona Nottingham Medieval Studies. 52, 246-256
  • ADLER, K. H, BALZARETTI, R and MITCHELL, M., 2008. Practising Gender History Gender & History. 20(1), 1-7
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2006. Spoken narratives in ninth-century Milanese court records. In: TYLER, E.M. and BALZARETTI, R., eds., Narrative and history in the early medieval West Turnhout: Brepols. 11-38
  • BALZARETTI, R. and TYLER, E., eds., 2006. Narrative and History in the Early Medieval West Turnhout: Brepols.
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2005. Masculine authority and state identity in Liutprandic Italy. In: POHL, W. and ERHART, P., eds., Die Langobarden: Herrschaft und Identität Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. 332-359
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2005. Review article. Agnellus of Ravenna, The Book of Pontiffs of the Church of Ravenna, translated by D. M. Delyannis Nottingham Medieval Studies. 48, 233-237
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2004. The history of the countryside in sixteenth-century Varese Ligure. In: BALZARETTI, R., PEARCE, M. and WATKINS, C., eds., Ligurian landscapes: studies in archaeology, geography & history London: Accordia Research Institute, University of London. 113-128
  • BALZARETTI, R., PEARCE, M. and WATKINS, C., eds., 2004. Ligurian Landscapes: Studies in Archaeology, Geography and History London: University of London, Accordia Reseach Institute.
  • BALZARETTI, R., PEARCE, M.J. and WATKINS, C., 2004. Ligurian landscapes: microhistory and environmental history. In: BALZARETTI, R., PEARCE, M.J. and WATKINS, C., eds., Ligurian landscapes: studies in archaeology, geography and history London: Accordia Research Institute. 1-6
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2004. Peasants. In: KLEINHENZ, C., ed., Medieval Italy: an encyclopedia London: Routledge. 868-871
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2004. Viticulture. In: KLEINHENZ, C., ed., Medieval Italy: an encyclopaedia London: Routledge. 1157-1158
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2004. Agriculture. In: KLEINHENZ, C., ed., Medieval Italy: an encyclopaedia London: Routledge. 6-8
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2004. Land Tenure and Inheritance. In: KLEINHENZ, C., ed., Medieval Italy: an encyclopaedia London: Routledge,. 599-601
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2004. Fieschi. In: KLEINHENZ, C., ed., Medieval Italy: an encyclopaedia London: Routledge. 336-337
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2002. Liutprand of Cremona's sense of humour. In: HALSALL, G., ed., Humour, history and politics in late antiquity and the early Middle Ages Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 114-128
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2001. Sexual cultures in the early medieval West. In: SAMSON, R., ed., Indecent Exposure. Sexuality, Society and the Archaeological Record Glasgow: Cruithne Press. 147-161
  • BALZARETTI, R., 2000. Monasteries, Towns and the Countryside: Reciprocal Relationships in the Archdiocese of Milan, 614-814. In: Towns and their Territories between Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages Leiden: Brill. 235-257
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1999. Theodelinda, 'most glorious queen': Gender and Power in Lombard Italy Medieval History Journal. 2(2), 183-207
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1999. Men and Sex in Tenth-century Italy. In: Masculinity in Medieval Europe Harlow: Longman. 143-159
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1999. The Politics of Property in ninth-century Milan. Familial Motives and Monastic Strategies in the Village of Inzago Mélanges de l'École française de Rome. Moyen Âge. 111(2), 747-770
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1999. Review article: San Vincenzo al Volturno. History rewritten? Early Medieval Europe. 8, 387-400
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1998. "These are things that men do, not women": the social regulation of female violence in Langobard Italy. In: Violence and Society in the Early Medieval West Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer. 175-192
  • BALZARETTI,R., 1997. Review of W Davies and P Fouracre (eds), Property and Power in Early Medieval Europe, Cambridge University Press, 1995 Economic History Review. 50(2), 393-394
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1996. Cities, emporia and monasteries: local economies in the Po Valley 700-875. In: Towns in Transition. Urban Evolution in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages Aldershot: Scolar Press. 213-234
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1996. Charlemagne in Italy History Today. 46(2), 28-34
  • BALZARETTI, R. and ERICKSON, A., 1995. Gender & History, Special issue: Presentations of the Self in Early Modern England
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1995. Cities and Markets in Early Medieval Europe. In: AUSENDA, G., ed., After Empire: Towards an Ethnology of Europe's Barbarians. Boydell Press, Woodbridge. 113-142
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1994. The Curtis, the Archaeology of Sites of Power. In: La Storia dell'alto medioevo Italiano (vi-x secolo) alla luce dell'archeologia 99-108
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1994. Michel Foucault, Homosexuality and the Middle Ages Renaissance and Modern Studies. 37, 1-18
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1994. Update: Dark Age Italy The Historian. 41, 9-11
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1994. The Monastery of Sant'Ambrogio and Dispute Settlement in Early Medieval Milan Early Medieval Europe. 3(1), 1-18
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1992. Debate: Trade, Industry and the Wealth of King Alfred Past and Present: A Journal of Historical Studies. 135, 142-150
  • BALZARETTI, R, 1992. Images of Dark Age Milan Medieval World. 4, 48-54
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1992. The Creation of Europe History Workshop Journal. 33, 181-196
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1991. History, archaeology and early medieval urbanism: the north Italian debate Accordia Research Papers. 2, 87-104
  • BALZARETTI, R., 1991. Milano e i milanesi Nottingham Medieval Studies. 35, 155-160
  • BALZARETTI, R., Ligurian peasant cooking in English travel books, c. 1840 to c. 1914. In: CEVASCO, R., HEARN, R. A. and PESCINI, V., eds., Situating foodways and foodscapes Genova University Press. (In Press.)
  • PORCELLONI, L., WATKINS, C. and BALZARETTI, R., Via Francigena: changing historical geographies and mobilities of a rediscovered historical route (1695-2020) Geotema. (In Press.)
  • WATKINS, C. and BALZARETTI, R., Topographical art, travel accounts and the landscape history of viticulture in eighteenth and nineteenth century Italy. In: CEVASCO, R., HEARN, R. A. and PESCINI, V., eds., Situating foodways and foodscapes Genova University Press. (In Press.)

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