Biography of Robert Monckton-Arundell, 4th Viscount Galway (1758-1810)
- Robert Monckton (c.1659-1722)
- John Monckton, 1st Viscount Galway (1695-1751)
- Richard Arundell (1696-1758)
- William Monckton-Arundell, 2nd Viscount Galway (1725-1772)
- General Robert Monckton (1726-1782)
- Henry William Monckton-Arundell, 3rd Viscount Galway (1749-1774)
- Robert Monckton-Arundell, 4th Viscount Galway (1758-1810)
- William George Monckton-Arundell, later Monckton, 5th Viscount Galway (1782-1834)
- George Edward Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 6th Viscount Galway (1805-1876)
- George Edmund Milnes Monckton-Arundell, 7th Viscount Galway (1844-1931)
- George Vere Arundell Monckton-Arundell, 8th Viscount Galway (1882-1943)
- Simon George Robert Monckton-Arundell, 9th Viscount Galway (1929-1971)
Robert Monckton was the second son of William Monckton-Arundell, 2nd Viscount Galway. He took the additional surname of Arundell from 1769, following his father's inheritance of certain Arundell estates. Robert succeeded his elder brother as Viscount Galway in 1774.
He served as M.P. for the family seat of Pontefract in 1774 and 1780-1783, and was known for his support for parliamentary reform. He gave up his seat in 1783 following an appointment as envoy to the Elector Palatine. The appointment fell through, and in the general election later in 1783 Galway was elected unopposed for the York constituency.
He stood unsuccessfully for Pontefract in 1790, but was returned for the borough in 1796. He resigned his seat in 1802.
Galway was appointed a Privy Councillor in 1784, and was Comptroller of the Household from 1784 to 1787. The 4th Viscount was notorious for his drinking habits, and was estranged from his first wife.
He married 1stly in 1779 Elizabeth (d 1801), daughter of Daniel Mathew of Felix Hall, Essex, and had (amongst other children):
- William George Monckton-Arundell (1782-1834), later 5th Viscount Galway
- Henrietta Maria Monckton-Arundell (d 1847), m in 1808 Robert Pemberton Milnes of Fryston Hall, Yorkshire
He married 2ndly in 1803 Bridget (d 1835), daughter of Pemberton Milnes of Wakefield, Yorkshire, and widow of Peter Auriol Hay-Drummond. There were no children of this marriage.
- Title deeds, settlements, estate and legal papers relating to the 4th Viscount's ownership of his estates are part of the Galway papers held in Manuscripts and Special Collections at the University of Nottingham