Tiny test tubes and getting to grips with quantum gravity

31 Aug 2011 15:18:30.357
A mathematician working on a new description of gravity and a scientist producing microscopic materials for the next generation of electronic devices are to receive a prestigious international grant that supports research stars of the future.

Mathematician Dr Kirill Krasnov and chemist Dr Andrei Khlobystov, of The University of Nottingham, have each been awarded a Starting Investigator Grant — totalling more than €2.5 million — from the European Research Council.

The money will be used to fund two very different but equally novel research projects — one aimed at resolving the conflict between Einstein’s theory of relativity and quantum mechanics and the other at using nanotechnology to develop microscopic test-tubes, or nanoreactors, and new nanomaterials.
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Professor Bob Webb, Pro-Vice-Chancellor for Research at The University of Nottingham, said: “I’d like to offer my congratulations to Kirill and Andrei. The ERC Starting Grants, along with the ERC Advanced Grant awarded to excellent ‘established research leaders’, are tough to get and these two successes represent a tremendous achievement.

“The grants are also a huge opportunity for the university. They award very large sums to carry out exciting, high-risk, game-changing research by excellent individuals. Nottingham has been successful in obtaining six grants from the ERC since it was established in 2007 and a focus by our academic schools on encouraging our very best researchers with groundbreaking ideas to apply for the scheme could lead to yet more success.”

Dr Krasnov, of the University’s School of Mathematical Sciences, will use the €1.2 million funding for a project that will develop a new scientific description of the gravitational force.

Physicists today describe gravity using Einstein’s theory of general relativity, published in 1916, which says that gravity is encoded in the geometrical properties of space and time. The theory has been confirmed by observations of planets and spacecrafts in the Solar System and provides the foundation for our understanding of the evolution of the Universe as a whole.

However, the theory cannot be applied at very, very small distances where effects of quantum mechanics become important. These ‘quantum effects’ are so tiny that they can only be studied theoretically but they do imply that Einstein’s theory of general relativity is inconsistent with laws of quantum mechanics.

The team of Dr. Krasnov will use advanced mathematics to develop a description of gravity that will most optimistically resolve discrepancies between this theory and quantum mechanics.

Dr Krasnov said: “The new description of gravity is different from Einstein’s in several key aspects and the most optimistic scenario is that the quantum effects will now be under control. The technical aim of this project is to perform calculations that will show that this is the case or, alternatively, disprove some existing conjectures.”

Dr Andrei Khlobystov’s €1.4 million study will focus on molecules at a single-molecule level, chemical reactions in real space and time and the manufacture of molecules within nano-sized containers. The project will produce molecules with optical, magnetic or electrochemical properties wired to one-dimensional nanostructures that could be used for the next generation of electronic devices, from ultrasensors to quantum information processors.

Dr Khlobystov said: “This project is a multidisciplinary ambitious programme to harness the functional properties of one-dimensional nanostructures and to develop practical applications for these materials.

“The timing of this project is excellent. I have been studying carbon nanostructures, such as nanotubes, for almost 10 years and feel that my research team and I now have a critical mass of knowledge required to succeed in this project. Also, our field of research — chemical nanoscience — is currently going through revolutionary changes in its methodology, as new methods, such as aberration corrected transmission electron microscopy, become available for characterisation and manipulation of individual molecules and atoms.”

The highly-competitive, peer-reviewed selection process for the ERC Starting Grant focuses on the excellence of the individual and their groundbreaking research idea and Dr Krasnov and Dr Khlobystov were chosen from an international pool of more than 4,000 applicants.

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Notes to editors: The University of Nottingham, described by The Sunday Times University Guide 2011 as ‘the embodiment of the modern international university’, has award-winning campuses in the United Kingdom, China and Malaysia. It is ranked in the UK's Top 10 and the World's Top 75 universities by the Shanghai Jiao Tong (SJTU) and the QS World University Rankings. It was named ‘Europe’s greenest university’ in the UI GreenMetric World University Ranking, a league table of the world’s most environmentally-friendly higher education institutions, which ranked Nottingham second in the world overall.

The University is committed to providing a truly international education for its 40,000 students, producing world-leading research and benefiting the communities around its campuses in the UK and Asia.

More than 90 per cent of research at The University of Nottingham is of international quality, according to the most recent Research Assessment Exercise, with almost 60 per cent of all research defined as ‘world-leading’ or ‘internationally excellent’. Research Fortnight analysis of RAE 2008 ranked the University 7th in the UK by research power. The University’s vision is to be recognised around the world for its signature contributions, especially in global food security, energy & sustainability, and health.

More news from the University at: www.nottingham.ac.uk/news

Story credits

More information is available from Dr Andrei Khlobystov on +44 (0)115 951 3917, andrei.khlobystov@nottingham.ac.uk or Dr Kirill Krasnov by email at kirill.krasnov@nottingham.ac.uk


Emma Thorne Emma Thorne - Media Relations Manager

Email: emma.thorne@nottingham.ac.uk Phone: +44 (0)115 951 5793 Location: University Park

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