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Richard Gaunt

Associate Professor, Faculty of Arts

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Biography

I work on late eighteenth and early nineteenth century British history, with a particular specialism in the political and electoral history of the age. My research interests have encompassed work on national political figures such as Sir Robert Peel, the Duke of Wellington and Benjamin Disraeli as well as individuals with a strong Nottinghamshire connection, such as the 4th Duke of Newcastle (of Clumber Park) and William Edward and Godfrey Tallents (solicitors, land stewards and political agents of Newark). I have specialist research interests in the use of biographies, diaries and autobiographies and maintain scholarly interests in the political cartoons and caricatures of the age. These have given rise to publications in a range of academic and general readership outlets, to reviews and review articles and to exhibitions. I have also developed a number of web-based applications, drawing on my research in the manuscripts and special collections held at Nottingham, in particular, a website exploring political themes from the time of the 4th Duke of Newcastle including working class unrest, electioneering and issues relating to Ireland.

Expertise Summary

British political and electoral history between 1790 and 1850 with a particular interest in national figures on the political right (Wellington, Peel, Disraeli), and local aristocrats with a strong impact on their county (4th Duke of Newcastle). I am interested in political biography, diaries and memoirs and maintain research interests in political culture including caricature, cartoons and songs.

Teaching Summary

The modules I teach reflect my broad interest in eighteenth and nineteenth century British history. Both my second year undergraduate option (Consumers and Citizens: Society and Culture in Eighteenth… read more

Research Summary

Research Specialism

My principal research interests are late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth century British political history (1790-1850) with a particular interest in the development of the Conservative party, the nature and use of political diaries and political biography in the history of this period and the evolution of political caricature.

Unhappy ReactionaryI have published a number of articles and editions arising from my work on Henry, 4th duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne. Newcastle was a leading Ultra-Tory politician and electoral borough monger of the period. His diaries, which I have edited in two volumes, reveal the hopes, fears and strategies of those who resisted 'the triumph of reform' during these years. I have considered a number of aspects of Newcastle's political activities and opinions; in particular, his attempt to exercise influence, both in Nottinghamshire and on the national stage, through a combination of personal status, electoral influence, property ownership and parliamentary manoeuvre.

My interest in the role which biography plays in the formation of a public (and historical) reputation has led to an edited collection of texts exploring contemporary perceptions of Benjamin Disraeli. I have also published a monograph exploring the statecraft and political legacy of Sir Robert Peel and its relationship to the evolution of conservative thought and practice in the period.

Unrepentant Tory

Local History

Since 2012, I have been the Chairman of the Friends of Nottinghamshire Archives (www.fona.org.uk), and member of the council and publications committee of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire. I also represent the Thoroton Society on the Nottingham Heritage Strategy Panel and serve on the Boards of the Nottingham Civic Society, the Victoria County History Trust for Derbyshire, the Derbyshire Record Society and the Peel Society of Tamworth. Between 2012 and 2015, I served on the Council of the Historical Association and as a member of its Public History Committee.

In 2013-14 I was Principal Investigator on the AHRC-funded Connected Communities projects, 'Writing Our History, Digging Our Past (Phase 2)' and 'Trade and Transport on the River Trent'.

See the online resources at:

https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/history/research/projects/connected-communities.aspx

https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/history/research/projects/trade-and-traffic-on-the-river-trent.aspx

Journal Editing

Between 2005 and 2008, I was Reviews editor of the East Midland Historian. From 2008-2011, I was History and Managing editor of Transactions of the Thoroton Society, the Journal for Nottinghamshire History and Archaeology. Since 2013, I have been co-editor (with David Hayton) of the journal Parliamentary History. Anyone interested in submitting to the journal is invited to e-mail me and/or to consult our 'Notes for Contributors' available at

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(ISSN)1750-0206/homepage/ForAuthors.html

Curator of Rebellion - Academic Residency at Nottingham Castle

Between April 2015 and April 2018 I am on partial secondment from the University to Nottingham City Museums and Galleries as the 'Curator of Rebellion' at Nottingham Castle. This role, funded by Arts Council England, is designed to support Nottingham Castle in its £24m Heritage Lottery Fund re-development, particularly in respect of the Robin Hood and Rebellion Galleries.

For my blogs about the role, see: https://blogs.nottingham.ac.uk/arts/tag/curator-of-rebellion-and-social-justice/

Exhibitions

I have curated two exhibitions, based on holdings in the University's Manuscripts and Special Collections, hosted at the Weston Gallery, Nottingham Lakeside Arts. The first, in 2009-10, commemorated the bicentenary of William Ewart Gladstone's birth. See the resources at:

http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/history/research/projects/gladstone.aspx

The second, in 2015, marked the bicentenary of the Battle of Waterloo. See the resources at:

https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/manuscriptsandspecialcollections/exhibitions/online/chargingagainstnapoleon/index.aspx

Media Work

For a summary of my media expertise, see: http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/news/expertiseguide/humanities/dr-richard-gaunt-.aspx

I appeared in two episodes of the BBC East Midlands Today series 'Criminal Histories', on the 1831 Nottingham Reform Bill Riots and the 1865 Election Riot in Nottingham. For the latter, see: http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p02p8cb2

I also appeared in the first episode of 'Nottingham Now and Then' broadcast on Notts TV in 2014: http://blogs.nottingham.ac.uk/newsroom/2014/05/26/nottingham-historian-on-new-notts-tv/

In 2015, to commemorate the bicentenary of the Battle of Waterloo, I featured in a BBC-2 programme on the Duke of Wellington: http://blogs.nottingham.ac.uk/newsroom/2015/05/07/richard-e-grant-the-iron-duke-and-me/

As well as speaking about Wellington's treatment at the hands of caricaturists at the Houses of Parliament: https://www.parliament.uk/about/art-in-parliament/news/2015/june1/wellington-after-waterloo/

In addition, I have appeared as an interviewee on various BBC Radio Nottingham shows.

Postgraduate Supervision

I would be interested to hear from anyone wishing to undertake research on late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth century British history. I particularly welcome enquiries from those with an interest in political history.

At present, I am co-supervising three students: Rosemary Muge is working on poaching in the East Midlands; Michael Crane is studying the Industrial Enlightenment in nineteenth century Derby and Hannah Nicholson is exploring the relationship between print and politics in the East Midlands between 1790 and 1832.

Successfully supervised PhD theses: Neil Howe, 'The Politician in Caricature. The Case of Charles James Fox' (2011); James Phillips, 'The Eastern Question in the British and Russian Press, 1875-1878' (2012); Stephen Lamont, 'Sir Robert Wilmot Horton and Liberal Toryism' (2015).

Recent Publications

  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2016. Sir Robert Peel as Actor-Dramatist. In: PETER YEANDLE, KATHERINE NEWEY AND JEFFREY RICHARDS, ed., Politics, Peformance and Popular Culture in Nineteenth Century Britain Manchester University Press. pp. 216-36
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2016. Toryism and the Young England Movement. In: CORINNA WAGNER, JOANNE PARKER and NICK GROOM, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Victorianism Oxford University Press. (In Press.)
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2016. Nottinghamshire and the Great Peace. Reflections on the End of the Napoleonic Wars, 1814-1815. Midland History. 41(1), 20-36
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2016. 'The artful assassin - James Gillray'. In: ROB ATTAR, ed., The World of the Georgians: Sex, society, redcoats and revolution BBC History - Immediate Media. 28-33

The modules I teach reflect my broad interest in eighteenth and nineteenth century British history. Both my second year undergraduate option (Consumers and Citizens: Society and Culture in Eighteenth Century England), my third year specialist option (Artistic Licence: Social Satire and Political Caricature in Britain, c.1750-1850) and third year specialist option (Britain in the Age of the French Revolution) consider the period from social and cultural as well as political perspectives. My particular research interest in British political history is reflected in another third year module, The Many Faces of Reform: British Politics, 1790-1850, which utilises research material from the University of Nottingham's Manuscripts and Special collections: see http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/mss/learning/newcastle-diaries/

Recognition

I am a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and, in 2015, was a recipient of a University of Nottingham Lord Dearing Award for Teaching and Learning.

Future Research

I am currently engaged in work towards a monograph: From Pitt to Peel. Conservative Politics in the Age of Reform, 1780-1850, to be published by I B Tauris. A further volume of the Duke of Newcastle's diaries, The Last of the Tories. Political Selections from the Diaries of the Fourth Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, 1839-1850, is scheduled for publication in the Parliamentary History Texts and Studies series (Oxford: Wiley Blackwell).

  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2016. Sir Robert Peel as Actor-Dramatist. In: PETER YEANDLE, KATHERINE NEWEY AND JEFFREY RICHARDS, ed., Politics, Peformance and Popular Culture in Nineteenth Century Britain Manchester University Press. pp. 216-36
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2016. Toryism and the Young England Movement. In: CORINNA WAGNER, JOANNE PARKER and NICK GROOM, eds., The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Victorianism Oxford University Press. (In Press.)
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2016. Nottinghamshire and the Great Peace. Reflections on the End of the Napoleonic Wars, 1814-1815. Midland History. 41(1), 20-36
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2016. 'The artful assassin - James Gillray'. In: ROB ATTAR, ed., The World of the Georgians: Sex, society, redcoats and revolution BBC History - Immediate Media. 28-33
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2016. Review of Henry Miller 'Politics Personified' History. The Journal of the Historical Association. 101(347), 617-619
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2015. From Country Party to Conservative Party: The Ultra-Tories and Foreign Policy. In: JEREMY BLACK, ed., The Tory World: Deep History and the Tory Theme in British Foreign Policy, 1679-2014 Ashgate.
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2015. The Battle of Waterloo and Nottinghamshire's 'Chosen Men' The Nottinghamshire Historian. 16-18
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2015. Sir Robert Peel. In: CHARLES CLARKE, TOBY S JAMES, TIM BALE and PATRICK DIAMOND, eds., British Conservative Leaders Biteback. 59-74
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2015. William Ewart Gladstone. In: DUNCAN BRACK, ROBERT INGHAM and TONY LITTLE, eds., British Liberal Leaders Biteback. 143-166
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2015. Patrician landscapes and the picturesque in Nottinghamshire c.1750-c.1850. Rural History. 26(2), 161-180
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2014. Robert Peel and the Metropolitan Police. In: JAY ALBINESE, ed., Encyclopaedia of Crime and Criminology Wiley-Blackwell.
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2014. A Power behind the throne? Sir Robert Peel, Prince Albert and the Making of the Modern Monarchy Conservative History Journal. II(2), 50-54
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2014. Remembering the 'Other' (5th) Duke of Newcastle Nottingham Civic Society Newsletter. 27-30
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2014. Peel's Other Repeal. The Test and Corporation Acts, 1828. Parliamentary History: Parliament, Politics and Policy in Britain and Ireland, c.1680-1832: Essays in Honour of D W Hayton. 33(1), 243-262
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, ed., 2014. Peel in Caricature. The 'Political Sketches' of John Doyle ('H.B.') Tamworth: The Peel Society.
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2014. Review of Kenneth R Johnston, 'Unusual Suspects: Pitt's Reign of Alarm and the Lost Generation of the 1790s' Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies. 37(4 (December)), 575-576
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2013. Wellington, Peel and the Conservative Party. In: CHRIS WOOLGAR, ed., Wellington Studies V Hartley Institute, University of Southampton. 262-285
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2013. Review of Nigel Aston and Clarissa Campbell Orr, (editors), 'An Enlightenment statesman in Whig Britain. Lord Shelburne in Context, 1737-1805' (Boydell, 2011) History. The Journal of the Historical Association.. 96(1), 95-97
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2013. Emma's Sketchbook. Scenes of Nottinghamshire Life in the 1840s. Nottinghamshire County Council.
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2013. 'The Greatest "Man with One Idea"': A Review of Michael S Cross, 'The Morning Star of Memory. A Biography of Robert Baldwin' The Dorchester Review. 3(1), 58-61
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2013. 'Review of John Walsh, "Making Angels in Marble: The Conservatives, the Early Industrial Working Class and attempts at Political Incorporation"' Labour History Review. 78(3), 387-88 (In Press.)
  • GAUNT, R.A., 2012. Gladstone and Peel's mantle. In: QUINAULT, R., SWIFT, R. and WINDSCHEFFEL, R.C., eds., William Gladstone: new studies and perspectives Ashgate. 31-50
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2012. Crafting Clumber. The Dukes of Newcastle and the Nottinghamshire Landscape Landscape History. 33(1), 87-102
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2012. William Ewart Gladstone: A Bicentenary Perspective The Journal of Liberal History. 75(Summer), 4-13
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2012. Robert Peel: portraiture and political commemoration The Historian. 22-26
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2012. Review of Todd Porterfield, (editor), 'The Efflorescence of Caricature, 1759-1838' Parliamentary History. 31(2), 250-252
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2012. The Tories and Inequality: review of Peter Dorey, 'British Conservatism. The Politics and Philosophy of Inequality' Contemporary Review. 294(1704), 100-102
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2012. Review of David Brown, 'Palmerston. A Biography' English Historical Review. 127(526), 752-754
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2012. Review of Joseph Coohill, 'Ideas of the Liberal Party. Perceptions, Agendas and Liberal Politics in the House of Commons, 1832-52' and Benjamin Weinstein, 'Liberalism and Local Government in Early Victorian London'. History: The Journal of the Historical Association. 97(327), 514-18
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2012. Vital Statistics. Review of David Fisher, (editor), 'The History of Parliament. The House of Commons, 1820-1832' (Cambridge, 2009, 7 volumes) Parliamentary History. 31(3), 460-480
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2012. Review of Ruth Paley and Paul Seward, (editors), 'Honour, Interest and Privilege. An Illustrated History of the House of Lords, 1660-1715' (2010) The London Journal. 37(1), 56-57
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, ed., 2012. 'It's not what you know...' Patronage in Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Nottinghamshire. Southwell and District Local History Society and Nottinghamshire Local History Association.
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2011. 'Captain Swing' on Trial: A Prosecutor's Perspective. Extracts from the Diaries of Godfrey Tallents. Archives. 36(123-124), 79-90
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2011. Review of M G Wiebe, et al, 'Benjamin Disraeli Letters. Volume VIII: 1860-64' (Torotono University Press, 2009) English Historical Review. 126(April), 475-477
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2011. Review of ' The Letters of Richard Cobden. Volume II: 1848-1853', Edited by Anthony Howe (2010) History. 96(2), 216
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A and JORGE, NUNO, 2011. Crown and peers: the monarchy and the Lords in British politics, 1783-1846 U-Now, University of Nottingham. Available at: <http://unow.nottingham.ac.uk/resources/resource.aspx?hid=9c0fe107-fa1f-902b-f4bf-97d8afbcad64#>
  • GAUNT, R.A., 2011. Keeping it in the family: political patronage in early nineteenth century Nottinghamshire Transactions of the Thoroton Society. 115, 159-179
  • RICHARD A GAUNT, 2011. Introduction: “It’s not what you know”. Patronage in eighteenth and nineteenth century Nottinghamshire’ Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire. 115, 91-94
  • 2010. University of Nottingham. Alan Mintey. University of Nottingham. 01/01/1900 00:00:00
  • 2010. Alan Mintey, University of Nottingham. The University of Nottingham You Tube 2010. 01/01/1900 00:00:00
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A. AND CHALLIS, KEITH, ed., 2010. Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire: Volume 113 Nottingham: Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire.
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A and TENNEY, JULIAN, HUSKINSON, SANDRA, 2010. British Politics, 1783-1852 U-Now, University of Nottingham. Available at: <http://unow.nottingham.ac.uk/resources/resource.aspx?hid=2f826930-1a88-aee9-c1ce-3ff757b28d9d>
  • RICHARD A. GAUNT, 2010. Review of Gordon Pentland, 'Radicalism, Reform and National Identity in Scotland, 1820-1833' (Boydell and Brewer for The Royal Historical Society, 2008) Parliamentary History. 29(3), 477-78
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2010. Cheering the Member. Gladstone Election Songs at Newark. Local History Magazine. 17-21
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2010. Cheering the Member: Gladstone Election Songs at Newark Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire. 114, 159-166
  • GAUNT, R.A., 2010. Sir Robert Peel: the life and legacy I.B. Tauris.
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2010. 'Political Rivalries' Contemporary Review. 292(Summer), 246-47
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2010. 'On the Campaign Trail, Georgian Style: The Newark by-election of 1829' The Nottinghamshire Historian. 10-13
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., ed., 2010. Politics, Law and Society in Nottinghamshire. The Diaries of Godfrey Tallents of Newark, 1829-1839 Nottingham: Nottinghamshire County Council.
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A. AND KEITH CHALLIS, ed., 2010. Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire Nottingham: Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire.
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2009. 'Democracy and the British Constitution' Contemporary Review. 291(Autumn), 382-83
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2009. Review of Stephen Lee, 'George Canning and Liberal Toryism, 1801-1827' (2008) History. VOL 94(NUMBER 316), 540-541
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A. AND CHALLIS, KEITH, ed., 2009. Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire: Volume 112 Nottingham: Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire.
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2008. 'The Ministry of All the Talents (1806-07)'. In: , ed., The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press.
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2008. 'Disraeli, Peel and the Corn Laws. The Making of a Conservative Reputation' The Historian. 30-33
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2008. 'Wellington in petticoats: the duke as caricature'. In: WOOLGAR, CHRISTOPHER M, ed., Wellington Studies IV. Hartley Institute, Southampton. 140-172
  • GAUNT, R.A., 2007. William Henry Clinton and the perils of the soldier-politician. In: BLACKSTOCK, A. and MAGENNIS, E., eds., Politics and political culture in Britain and Ireland, 1750-1850: essays in tribute to Peter Jupp Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation. 176-193
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2007. 'Anti-Popery in Victorian England' Contemporary Review. 289(Summer), 248-49
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2007. Review of Peter Jupp, 'The Governing of Britain, 1688-1848: The Executive, Parliament and the People' (2006) History. 92(4), 584
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2007. Review of Boyd Hilton, 'A Mad, Bad and Dangerous People? England 1783-1846' (2006) History. 92(2), 265-66
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2007. 'Scribblers, Biographers and Robert Walpole' Contemporary Review. 289(Winter), 517-18
  • GAUNT, R.A., ed., 2006. Scholarly edition of selections from the diaries of the 4th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, focusing on the national political context of the duke and his association. Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne, Unrepentant Tory: political selections from the diaries of the fourth Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, 1827-38 Parliamentary history record series, vol. 3 Woodbridge: Boydell Press.
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., ed., 2006. Disraeli in Lives of Victorian Political Figures I: Palmerston, Disraeli and Gladstone by their Contemporaries Pickering & Chatto, London, UK.
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2006. Review of William Anthony Hay 'The Whig Revival, 1808-1830' (2005) History. 91(1), 149-50
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2006. 'John Wilkes - The Flawed Crusader for Liberty' Contemporary Review. 288(Winter), 517-18
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2005. 'The Labour Party between the wars' Contemporary Review. 287(November), 304-05
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A, CARTER, L. and SUMMERWILL, K., 2005. Politics of the 4th Duke of Newcastle Nottingham: University of Nottingham. Available at: <http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/mss/learning/newcastle-diaries>
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2005. 'Giles Radice on Labour, 1980-2001' Contemporary Review. 286(May), 305-06
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2005. 'Liberal Democrats and a shifting centre' Contemporary Review. 287(September), 177-78
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2005. 'Churchill and Lloyd George' Contemporary Review. 287(December), 373-74
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2005. Reporting on the Workings of Britain's Government Contemporary Review. NUMB 1672, 263-267
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2005. Review of 'Reform and Reformers in Nineteenth Century Britain' edited by Michael J Turner (2004) History. 90(3), 464-66
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2005. Review of John Beckett, 'City Status in Britain, 1830-2002' (Ashgate Publishers, 2005) East Midland Historian. 15, 71-72
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2005. 'The Future for the Conservatives' Contemporary Review. 287(October), 240-41
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2004. Review of Arthur Burns and Joanna Innes, (editors), 'Rethinking the Age of Reform. Britain, 1780-1850' (Cambridge University Press, 2003) Albion. 36(4), 721-22
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A. AND O'MALLEY, PETER L., 2004. William Edward Tallents (1780-1837). In: , ed., Oxford Dictionary of National Biography Oxford University Press.
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2004. 'The Fourth Duke of Newcastle (1785-1851)' Nottingham: Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire. Available at: <http://www.thorotonsociety.org.uk/gateway/people/newcastle/newcastle1.htm>
  • GAUNT, R.A., ed., 2003. Scholarly edition of selections from the diaries of the 4th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, 1822-50, with a focus on the local (Nottinghamshire) context of the diaries. Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne, Unhappy reactionary: the diaries of the fourth Duke of Newcastle-Under-Lyne 1822-50 Thoroton Society record series, vol. 43 Nottingham: Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire.
  • GAUNT, R.A., 2003. The Newcastle diaries: 'a study in the reactionary temperament' Archives. 28(109), 120-131
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2000. 'A Stern Unbending Tory and the Rising Young Hope: Gladstone, Newark and the Fourth Duke of Newcastle, 1832-1846'. In: FRANCIS, P., ed., The Gladstone Umbrella: Papers Delivered at the Gladstone Centenary Conference 1998 Hawarden: Monad Press. 14-34
  • GAUNT, RICHARD A., 2000. 'Neighbours from Hell. The Fourth Duke of Newcastle and the People of Nottingham in the early Nineteenth Century' Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire. 104, 99-111

Department of History

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