Biography of Henry Pelham Alexander Pelham-Clinton, 6th Duke of Newcastle (1834-1879)
- William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (1593-1676)
- Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle upon Tyne (c.1623-1673)
- Henry Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (1630-1691)
- John Holles, 3rd Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne and 4th Earl of Clare (1662-1711)
- Thomas Pelham-Holles, 4th Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne (1st Duke of 3rd creation) and 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (or Line) (1693-1768)
- Henry Pelham (c.1695-1754; Prime Minister)
- Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1720-1794)
- Sir Henry Clinton (1730-1795; army general)
- Thomas Pelham-Clinton, 3rd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1752-1795)
- Henry Pelham-Clinton, 4th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1785-1851)
- Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle under Lyne (1811-1864)
- Henry Pelham Alexander Pelham-Clinton, 6th Duke of Newcastle (1834-1879)
- Henry Pelham Archibald Douglas Pelham-Clinton, 7th Duke of Newcastle (1864-1928)
- Henry Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton-Hope, 8th Duke of Newcastle (1866-1941)
- Henry Edward Hugh Pelham-Clinton-Hope, 9th Duke of Newcastle (1907-1988)
- Edward Charles Pelham-Clinton, 10th Duke of Newcastle (1920-1988)
Known as Lord Clinton until 1851, and then Lord Lincoln until he inherited the dukedom in 1864, the 6th Duke was educated at Eton and then Oxford, where he matriculated in 1852. Anxious to maintain a family tradition, he dabbled briefly with politics, sitting as M.P. for Newark between 1857 and 1859. This brief interlude marked the full extent of his political career. Unlike his forebears, he held no local offices either, with the exception of his appointment as Provincial Grand Master of the Nottinghamshire Freemasons (1865-1877).
With a fondness for high living, Lincoln was an inveterate gambler, and in 1860 was forced to leave the country for failing to repay his gambling debts, which by that stage amounted to some £230,000. His fortunes were significantly improved as a result of his marriage to the wealthy heiress, Henrietta Hope. Lincoln's financial difficulties meant the marriage had to take place in Paris, but the outcome of the union was that his debts were paid and an income of £50,000 per annum settled on the happy couple.
By this marriage, significant estates in Surrey, Gloucestershire, Warwickshire and County Monaghan, Ireland were added to the Newcastle family portfolio, though the terms of his father-in-law's will meant that the 6th Duke, as he became in 1864, never actually controlled them.
Henrietta, Duchess of Newcastle under Lyne
In 1861 he married Henrietta Adela Hope (1843-1913), daughter and heiress of Henry Thomas Hope of Deepdene, Surrey. They had two sons who both subsequently inherited the title:
and three daughters:
- Beatrice Adeline (1862-1935) who married Sir Cecil Edmund Lister-Kaye in 1880
- Emily Augusta Mary (1863-1919) who married Prince Alphonso Doria Pamphilj, Duc d'Avigliano in 1882
- Florence Josephine (1868-1935)
The duke died at the early age of forty-five, leaving his 15 year old son to inherit. In 1880 his widow was remarried to Reverend Thomas Theobald Hohler (d 1892) and lived out her days in Essex.
- There are no papers of the 6th Duke contained within the Newcastle (Clumber) Collection.
Though there are no published works dedicated exclusively to the 6th Duke, some biographical details features in the following publications:
- Fletcher, John, Ornament of Sherwood Forest : from ducal estate to public park (Country Books, 2005) [King’s Meadow Campus East Midlands Collection Not 508.G76 FLE]
- Munsell, F. Darrell, The Unfortunate Duke: Henry Pelham, Fifth Duke of Newcastle, 1811-1864 (Columbia, Mo., 1985) [King’s Meadow Campus East Midlands Collection Not 508.V38 NEW]