Nottingham University Business School
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Professor Carl Macrae

BSc (Hons) (University of Manchester), PhD (University of East Anglia)
Professor of Organisational Behaviour and Psychology

Department: Organisational Behaviour and Human Resource Management
Centre/Institute: Centre for Health Innovation, Leadership and Learning
Tel: +44 (0) 115 9515254
Location: C17 (North Building, Jubilee Campus)

Carl Macrae is an applied psychologist specialising in the management, governance, regulation and improvement of safety and resilience in complex sociotechnical systems, primarily in healthcare and transport and with a particular focus on the governance of artificial intelligence and autonomous systems

His research is primarily concerned with collaborative learning and adaptive governance and explores the sociotechnical sources of risk, safety and resilience; the practical work of interpreting and learning from disruptive events; and the social, organisational and regulatory processes involved in mitigating future risks and materialising future improvements.

He regularly advises organisations, regulators and policymakers on challenging safety and risk issues. Recently, Carl's work has led to the establishment in England of the first national, learning-focused safety investigation body for healthcare, the Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch (HSIB), and he has acted as Specialist Advisor and been called as an expert witness to Parliamentary Select Committee inquiries.

Carl is a Professor of Organisational Behaviour and Psychology in the Centre for Health Innovation, Leadership and Learning at Nottingham University Business School. He is also a Professor II in the SHARE Centre for Resilience in Healthcare at University of Stavanger, Norway, a Research Associate at the London School of Economics Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation and a Chartered Psychologist.

Previously he has been a Health Foundation Improvement Science Fellow, Special Advisor at the NHS National Patient Safety Agency, Associate Director of R esearch and Evaluation at the Healthcare Safety Investigation Branch and an ESRC Postdoctoral Fellow. He has held academic appointments at Imperial College London, London School of Economics, University of Oxford and University of Leicester. He has also been an academic visitor at Stanford University, University of California San Francisco, Australian National University and Cranfield University.

Carl is module convenor of the following modules:


Ethics, Governance and Risk (BUSI4047)

Details of all modules can be found on MyNottingham

system safety, incident investigation, risk regulation, organisational sensemaking, improvement science

Carl is currently leading on the following projects:

  • Autonomous incidents: Exploring strategies for monitoring, understanding and learning from failure in autonomous systems
  • Stage 2: Patient and family involvement in serious incident investigation: a co-design approach to develop national and local guiding processes

Carl is currently supervising the following Research Students:

Nguyen Anh Thoai Le

The following lists my publications from 2014 to the present day.

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Nottingham University Business School

Jubilee Campus

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