Department of Classics and Archaeology

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Julian Henderson

Professor of archaeological science, Faculty of Arts



1984-5 Postdoctoral Fellow, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., USA

1985-91 Postdoctoral Fellow, Research Laboratory for Archaeology and the History of Art, University of Oxford

1988-91 Junior Research Fellow, St Cross College, University of Oxford

1991-1995 Lecturer in the Department of Prehistory and Archaeology, University of Sheffield

1995-97 Lecturer in the Department of Archaeology, Nottingham University

1995-2005 National editor of the Journal of Archaeological Science

1997 Visiting Scholar, St. John's College, Oxford University

1997-99 Reader in Archaeological Sciences, University of Nottingham

1999- Full Professor, Chair of Archaeological Sciences, University of Nottingham

1997-2000 Acting Head of the Archaeology Department, Nottingham University

2001-2002 Head of the Archaeology Department, Nottingham University

2003 Edward Clarence Dyason visiting Fellow, University of Melbourne

2004-06 British Academy Research Reader

2005 McGeorge Fellow and Visiting international scholar, University of Melbourne

2008-2009 Head of the School of Humanites, Nottingham University

2008-2013 Honorary visiting Professorial Fellow, University of Melbourne

2009-2010 Head of the Archaeology Department, Nottingham University

2010-2012 Director of the Institute of Middles Eastern Studies, Nottingham University

2012- Archaeometry Editor for Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry

2015-2015 Director of internationalisation, School of Humanities, Nottingham University

2016-2017 Head of the Archaeology Department, Nottingham University

2016- Visiting Professor at Northwest University, Xi'an, China

2017- Li Dak Sum Chair Professor in Silk Road Studies, University of Nottingham, Ningbo, China (an extra 15%).

2019- Executive Director of the Global Institute for Silk Road Studies, University of Nottingham, Ningbo, China

I have been on the AHRC and NERC peer review colleges and on the BGS (NERC) Isotope steering group

Expertise Summary

Silk Road, Archaeological Science; Glass Production; Iron Age Europe; Medieval archaeology of the Near East and Western Europe

Teaching Summary

My office hours in the autumn semester 2021 are: Tuesdays 12-1 and Fridays 3-4.

I teach and supervise Undergraduate, Masters and PhD students.

The undergraduate modules I teach and contribute to are:

Understanding the past 1 (1st year), Great Discoveries (1st year), (Tri-campus) Silk Roads: cultural interactions and perceptions module (2nd and 3rd years) and Through a glass darkly (2nd and 3rd years) . I supervise dissertations based on content of these modules.

At Masters level I teach Special topic 1 and 2. I supervise dissertations in topics associated with the Silk Road and archaeological science (materials).

I welcome PhD applications that focus on research in aspects of my Silk Road project, aspects of early Islamic archaeology, the application of innovative scientific techniques to ancient glass and glazed ceramics in the investigation of trade, technology and provenance in a wide range of cultural contexts including the earliest glass in western Asia and south-west Asia.

Current PhD Students (primary supervisor):

1. Pin Lyu (70%)

2. Imogen Worrall (50%)

3 Lingyu Qin (70%)

4. Wang Yang (70%)

5. Xue Xiyan (70%)

Research Summary

Research Summary

I direct the international Silk Road project and welcome enquiries from potential research students that map onto the links between East and West, especially in the Medieval period.

The key Middle Eastern site of Raqqa on the river Euphrates in Syria has provided an excellent focus for wide-ranging interdisciplinary collaborative research:

Landscape, environment and ancient industry in Islamic al-Raqqa (Syria). The project has provided a platform for another area of my research: The Provenance of Glass. The combination of isotopic (Nd, Sr, Pb, O) and chemical analysis, especially of plant ash glasses, and of the raw materials used to make them (plant ash and silica- quartz pebbles and sand), is leading to novel insights into ancient glass technologies (the sources of raw materials) and providing a geological provenance for plant ash glasses for the first time. The first detailed scientific analysis of the plants suitable for glass production in the Middle East has been published and that for silica sources is in preparation. Moreover, the research has been extended to include the provenance of early European glass (funded by the British Academy and NERC).

Further current research projects include:

I regularly give invited lectures at other universities. These have recently included Peking University (Beijing), Sun Yet Sen University (Guangzhou), Northwest Univesity (X'an), Chinese Academy of Sciences (Shanghai), Bonn University, Ca' Foscari University (Venice), Texas A and M University (USA), University of Texas at Dallas.

Recent Publications

Past Research

My research has been broadly concerned with the archaeological and scientific characteristics of ancient materials, especially vitreous materials and ceramics. Moreover, my research focuses on ancient technology in ancient social, economic and political contexts. Projects have included the study of Sudanese faience, Chinese ceramics and enamels, Islamic pottery, prehistoric European and Middle Eastern glasses, Islamic (enamelled) glasses, and Roman, early Islamic, medieval and post-medieval glasses in the west. The AHRC, British Academy and Max van Berchem Foundation funded Raqqa (Syria) ancient industry project, which I directed, involves archaeological excavations of a 2km long early Islamic industrial complex of 9th-12th century date. We revealed the most comprehensive evidence for primary glass production for any inland site in the Middle East. Furthermore we discovered several pottery workshops. The interpretation was set in an environmental context using GIS and satellite imagery, environmental coring, the harvesting of halophytic plants suitable for glass production and their scientific analysis, the collection of silica sources and an investigation of ancient pollution. Comprehensive scientific analysis of the industrial evidence has been carried out and this continues. Investigations of relationships between pottery and glass technologies, including fuel use, furnace/ kiln design and sharing of other raw material sources formed an important part of the research.

  • JULIAN HENDERSON, ALISON SHERIDAN, SIMON CHENERY, JANE EVANS, SIMON TIMBERLAKE, ANDY TOWLE, MARK KNIGHT, ROB WISEMAN and LORE TROALEN, 2024. Chapter 17 Necklace and beads. In: Must Farm Volume 2. Occupation: Material culture McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research, University of Cambridge. 1-61 (In Press.)
  • JULIAN HENDERSON, IOENG SIU, JIANFENG CUI, ALISON CROWTHER, NICOLE BOIVIN, ELISAVET FERGADIOTOU, ANDREW BLAIR, SIMON CHENERY and ABDALLAH ALI, 2023. Early Islamic glass (7th – 10th centuries AD) in Unguja Ukuu, Zanzibar: a microcosm of a globalised industry in the early ‘Abbasid period PlosOne.
  • HONGJIAO MA, JULIAN HENDERSON, YVETTE SABLEROLLES, SIMON CHENERY and JANE EVANS, 2023. Early medieval glass production in the Netherlands: a chemical and isotopic investigation Cultural Heritage Agency of the Netherlands. (In Press.)
  • QIN-QIN LÜ, YI-XIANG CHEN and JULIAN HENDERSON, 2022. A large-scale Sr and Nd isotope baseline for archaeological provenance in Silk Road regions and its application to plant-ash glass Journal of Archaeological Science.
  • GONCA DARDENIZ, 2022. Primary Evidence for Glassmaking in Late Bronze Age Alalakh / Tell Atchana (Amuq Valley, Turkey) Journal of Glass Studies. 64, 11-32
  • IEONG SUI, JULIAN HENDERSON, DASHU QIN and YU DING, 2021. A study of 11th–15th centuries AD glass beads from Mambrui, Kenya: An archaeological and chemical approach Journal of Archaeological Science Reports. 36,
  • QIN‑QIN LÜ, JULIAN HENDERSON and YONGQIANG WANG, 2021. Natron glass beads reveal proto‑Silk Road between the Mediterranean and China in the 1st millennium BCE Scientific Reports. 11,
  • JULIAN HENDERSON, SIMON CHENERY, EDWARD FABER and JENS KROEGER, 2021. Political and technological changes, glass provenance and a new glass production model along the west Asian Silk Road.. In: Vom Künstlichen Stein zum durchsichtigen Massenprodukt / From Artificial Stone to Translucent Mass-Product Topoi.
  • JULIAN HENDERSON, 2021. The Politics of Production, Glass Provenance and Social Context on the Early Islamic Silk Roads Journal of Islamic Archaeology. 8(2), 11-32
  • JULIAN HENDERSON and HONGJIAO MA, 2020. Isotopic investigations of Chinese ceramics Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences. 12,
  • HONGJIAO MA, JULIAN HENDERSON and JIANFENG CUI, 2020. The glassmaking of the Qing Dynasty- a review, some new data and some new insights Advances in Archaeological Materials. 1,
  • WANG, D., WEN, R., HENDERSON, J, HU, X. and LI, W/, 2020. The chemical composition and manufacturing technology of glass beads excavated from the Hetian Bizili site, Xinjiang. Heritage Science. 8,
  • OIKONOMOU, A., HENDERSON, J and CHENERY, S., 2020. Provenance and technology of fourth–second century BC glass from three sites in ancient Thesprotia, Greece Archaeological and Anthropological Science. 12,
  • RIGBY, S.P., STEVENS, L., MEERSMANN, T, PAVLOVSKAY, G.E., REES, G.J., HENDERSON, J, BRYANT, S.F., EDLER, K.J. and FLETCHER, R.S., 2020. Structural and chemical heterogeneity in Ancient Glass probed using Gas overcondensation, X-ray Tomography, and Solid-state NMR Materials Characterisation. 167,
  • BERTINI, C., HENDERSON, J and CHENERY, S., 2020. Seventh to eleventh century ce glass from Northern Italy: between continuity and innovation Journal of Archaeological Science. 120,
  • YANG, Y., TANG, Y., REHREN, T., CONG, D., JIA, P.W., HENDERSON, J, MA, H., BETTS, A. and CHEN, K, 2020. New evidence for the transcontinental spread of early faience Journal of Archaeological Science. 116,
  • SHEN, J.-Y., MA, H., HENDERSON, J, EVANS, J., CHENERY, S. and WANG, F., 2019. Chemical and strontium isotope analysis of Yaozhou celadon glazes Archaeometry.
  • HENDERSON, J, AN, S.J. and MA, H, 2018. The archaeometry and archaeology of ancient Chinese glass: a review Archaeometry. 60, 88-104
  • BRADFORD, H, RYDER, A and HENDERSON, J, 2018. Structure of Ancient Glass by 29Si Magic Angle Spinning NMR Chemistry: a European Journal. 24, 7474-7479
  • HENDERSON, J, CHENERY, S., OMURA, S. and MATSUMURA, K., 2018. Hittite and early iron age glass from Kaman-Kalehöyük and Büklükale, Turkey: evidence for local production and continuity? Journal of Anatolian Archaeology. 21, 1-15
  • SHEN, J.-Y., HENDERSON, J, EVANS, J. and CHENERY, S., 2018. A study of the glazing techniques and provenance of Tang Sancai glazes using elemental and lead isotope analyses Archaeometry. 61, 358-373
  • CRISTINA BOSCHETTI, JULIAN HENDERSON and JANE EVANS, 2017. Mosaic tesserae from Italy and the production of Mediterranean coloured glass (4th century BCE–4th century CE). Part II: Isotopic provenance Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. 11, 647-657
  • FUXI GAN, QINGHUI LI and JULIAN HENDERSON, eds., 2016. Recent progress in the scientific research on ancient glass and glaze World Scientific.
  • JIAN ZHU, HONGJIAO MA, NAISHENG LI and JULIAN HENDERSON, 2016. The provenance of export porcelain recovered from the Nan’ao One: a shipwreck in the South China Sea Antiquity. 90(351), 798-808
  • OIKONOMOU A, HENDERSON J, GNADE M and CHENERY S, 2016. An archaeometric study of Hellenistic glass vessels: evidence for multiple sources Journal of Archaeology and Anthropology. (In Press.)
  • BOSCHETTI CRISTINA, HENDERSON JULIAN and EVANS JANE, 2016. Mosaic tesserae from Italy and the production of Mediterranean coloured glass (4th century BC-4th century AD). Part I: chemical composition and technology. Journal of Archaeological Science Reports. 7, 303-311
  • MA, H, HENDERSON, J. and EVANS, J, 2016. The exploration of Sr isotopic analysis applied to Chinese glazes: part two Archaeometry. 58, 68-80
  • SONIA CONTE, ROSSELLA ARLETTI, JULIAN HENDERSON, PATRICK DEGRYSE and ANNELORE BLOMME, 2016. Different glassmaking technologies in the production of Iron Age black glass from Italy and Slovakia Journal of Archaeological and Anthropological Science. (In Press.)
  • SIU, I.J., HENDERSON, J. and FABER, E., 2016. The production and circulation of Carthaginian glass under the rule of the Romans and the Vandals (late 4th – 5th centuries AD): a chemical investigation. (In Press.)
  • J.HENDERSON, S. CHENERY, J. KRÖGER and E. FABER, 2016. Glass Provenance along the Silk Road: the Use of Trace Element Analysis. In: FUXI GAN, QINGHUI LI and JULIAN HENDERSON, eds., Recent research in the scientific investigations of ancient glass World Scientific. 17-42.
  • JULIAN HENDERSON, J. EVANS, P. BELLINTANI, P. BELLINTANI and A.-M. BIETTI-SESTIERRI, 2015. Provenance and technology of mixed alkali glasses from northern Italy: an isotopic approach. Journal of Archaeological Science. 55, 1-8
  • MA, HONGJIAO, HENDERSON, JULIAN and EVANS, JANE, 2014. The exploration of Sr isotopic analysis applied to Chinese glazes: part one Journal of Archaeological Science. 50, 551-558
  • FRANCESCO MONTANARI, PAOLA MISELLI, CRISTINA BOSCHETTI, PIETRO BARALDI, JULIAN HENDERSON and CRISTINA LEONELLI, 2014. Calibration and use of the heating microscope for indirect evaluation of the Viscosity and meltability of archaeological glasses International Journal of Applied Glass Science. 5, 161-177
  • C.N.DUCKWORTH, R. CORDOBA DE LA LLAVE, E. FABER, D.J. GOVANTES EDWARDS and J. HENDERSON, 2014. Electron microprobe analysis of 9th-12th century Islamic glass from Cordoba, Spain Archaeometry. 57, 27-50
  • HENDERSON, J., 2013. Ancient glass: an interdisciplinary exploration Cambridge University Press.
  • SFAMBA1, I.K., POLYMERIS, G.S., ZACHARIAS, N., KITIS, G. and HENDERSON, J., 2013. Luminescence as a probe in provenance and technological studies of early Islamic raw furnace glasses Mediteranean Archaeology and Archaeometry. (In Press.)
  • J HENDERSON, 2013. Glass and faience. In: H FOKKENS, ed., The Oxford Handbook of The European Bronze Age Oxford University Press. 492-498
  • MEEK, A., HENDERSON, J. and EVANS, J., 2012. Isotope analysis of English forest glass from the Weald and Staffordshire Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry. 27(5), 786-795
  • DUCKWORTH, C.N., HENDERSON, J., RUTTEN, F.J.M. AND NIKITA, K, 2012. Opacifiers in Late Bronze Age glasses: the use of ToF-SIMS to identify raw ingredients and production techniques Journal of archaeological Science. 39, 2143-2152
  • H. MA, H.CHENG, H. AND J. HENDERSON, 2012. Provenance of Zhangzhou export blue-and-white and its clay source Journal of Archaeological Science. 39, 1218-1226
  • J. HENDERSON, 2012. The Provenance of Ancient Man-made Glass: Raw Materials and the Use of Chemical and Isotopic Analytical Techniques. In: The Dating and Provenance of Obsidian and Ancient Manufactured Glasses University of New Mexico Press.
  • 2012. De Glassvondsten. In: Het domain van de boer en de ambachtsman. Een opraving op het terrain van de voormalige fruitveiling, te Wijk bij Duurstede: een deel van Dorestad en de villa Wijk archeologisch onderzocht ADC ArcheoProjecten, Amersfoort. 293-354.
  • KHALIL. I.AND HENDERSON, J., 2011. An interim report on new evidence for early Islamic glass production at al-Raqqa, northern Syria Journal of Glass Studies. 53, 202-209
  • VENCLOVÁ, N., HULÍNSKÝ, V., HENDERSON, J., CHENERY, S., ŠULOVÁ, L. AND HLOŽEK, J., 2011. Late Bronze Age mixed-alkali glasses from Bohemia Archeologické rozhledy. 53, 559-585
  • H. GAUT AND J. HENDERSON, 2011. Appendix 9.1 Compositional analyses (of glass). In: Things from the town: Artefacts and inhabitants in Viking-age Kaupang Kaupnag excavation project publication series, volume 3, Norske Oldfunn XXIV. 262-268.
  • J. HENDERSON, 2011. The scientific analysis of selected glass beads. In: The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Butler’s Field, Lechlade Gloucestershire, volume 2: The Anglo-Saxon grave goods, specialist reports, phasing and discussion Oxford University: Oxford University School of Archaeology. 115-117
  • HENDERSON, J., EVANS, J. and NIKITA, K., 2010. Isotopic evidence for the primary production, provenance and trade of Late Bronze Age glass in the Mediterranean Mediterranean Archaeology and Archaeometry. 10(1), 1-24
  • J. HENDERSON, 2010. Glass provenance: some new approaches to an intriguing problem In: Proceedings of the Italian Archaeometry Conference, Riflessioni e trasparenze diagnosi e conservazione di opera e manufatti vetrosi. 25-47
  • MEEK, A.S., HENDERSON, J. AND EVANS, J.A, 2010. North-Western European Forest Glass: working towards an independent means of provenance In: Proceedings of the 37th International Symposium on Archaeometry. 105-111
  • DIJKSTRA, M. SABLEROLLES, Y. AND HENDERSON, J, 2010. A traveller's tale. Merovingian glass bead production at Rijnsburg, the Netherlands.,. In: Zwischen Fjorden und Steppe: Festschrift for Johan Callmer on the occasion of his 65th birthday Verlag Marie Leidorf GmbH . Rahden/Westf. 175-199
  • N. ZACHARIAS AND J. HENDESON, 2010. Nature, Technology and Provenance of Archaeological Glass. In: I. LIRITZIS AND N. ZACHARIAS, ed., Archaeomaterials 177-200
  • HENDERSON, J., 2009. The provenance of archaeological plant ash glasses. In: SHORTLAND, A.J and FREESTONE, I.C. AND REHREN,TH., eds., From mine to microscope, advances in the study of ancient technology, Oxbow Books. 129-138
  • P. DEGRYSE, J. HENDERSON AND G. HODGINS, 2009. Isotopes and vitreous materials, a state-of-the-art and perspectives. In: P. DEGRYSE, J. HENDERSON AND G. HODGINS, ed., Isotopes and vitreous materials 15-30
  • HENDERSON, J and EVANS, J. BARKOUDAH, Y, 2009. The roots of provenance: glass, plants and isotopes in the Islamic Middle East Antiquity. 83, 414-429
  • P. DEGRYSE, J. SCHNEIDER, V. LAUWERS, J. HENDERSON, B. VAN DAELE, M. MARTENS, H. HUISMAN, D. DE MUYNCK, P. MUCHEZ, 2009. Neodymium and strontium isotopes in the provenance determination of primary natron glass production. In: P. DEGRYSE, J. HENDERSON AND G. HODGINS, ed., Isotopes and vitreous materials Leuven University Press. 53-72
  • ANDREESCU-TREADGOLD, I. AND HENDERSON, J., 2009. How does the glass of the wall mosaics at Torcello contribute to the study of trade in the 11th century?. In: MARLIA MUNDELL MANGO, ed., Byzantine Trade, 4th-12th centuries.: The archaeology of local, regional and international exchange, Ashgate. 393-420
  • DEGRYSE, P., HENDERSON, J. and HODGINS, G., eds., 2009. Isotopes in vitreous materials Leuven University Press.
  • J. HENDERSON, J. EVANS AND Y. BARKOUDAH, 2009. The provenance of Syrian plant ash glass: an isotopic approach. In: P. DEGRYSE, J. HENDERSON AND G. HODGINS, ed., Isotopes and vitreous materials Leuven University Press. 73-98
  • RUTTEN, F.J.M, BRIGGS, D and HENDERSON, J. AND ROE, M.J., 2009. The Application of Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) to the Characterisation of Opaque Ancient Glasses Archaeometry. 51, 966-986 (In Press.)
  • BOULOGNE, S. and HENDERSON, J., 2009. Indian glass in the Middle East?: Medieval and Ottoman glass bangles from Central Jordan Journal of Glass Studies. 51, 53-75
  • J. HENDERSON, 2009. Excavation and field survey at the iron age hillfort of Berry Hill, Crediton, Devon: The glass bead Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 67, 116-120; 128-130
  • NIKITA, K., HENDERSON, J. AND NIGHTINGALE, G, 2009. An archaeological and scientific study of Mycenaean glass from Elateia-Alonaki, Greece In: Annales of the 17th Congress of the International Association for the History of Glass, Antwerp 2006. 39-46
  • HENDERSON, J., 2008. Chemical analysis techniques. In: PEARSALL, D.M., ed., Encyclopedia of archaeology Elsevier. 985-995
  • HENDERSON, J and MANN, J. WITH P. ADAMS, 2008. Glass vessels. In: J. MANN, ed., Finds from the Well at St Paul-in-the-Bail, Lincoln Oxbow Books. 36-40
  • KOWATLI, I, CURVERS, H.H, STUART, B, SABLEROLLES, Y and HENDERSON, J AND REYNOLDS, P., 2008. Bulletin s’Archéologie et d’Architecture Libanaises. 103-120
  • TOWLE, A. AND HENDERSON, J., 2008. the glass bead game: archaeometric evidence for the existence of an Etruscan glass industry Etruscan Studies. 10, 47-66
  • HENDERSON, J., 2008. Vitreous materials analysis. In: D.M. PEARSALL, ed., Encylopedia of archaeology Elsevier. 2180-2185
  • J.HENDERSON, 2007. Analisi tecnologica e scientifica di campioni significativi delle tessere vetrose dei frammenti musivi di San Michele in Africisco.: Alcune ipotesi di modelli di produzione In: San Michele in Africisco e l'età giustinianea a Ravenna. 325-336
  • BARKOUDAH, Y. and HENDERSON, J., 2006. Plant ashes from Syria and the manufacture of ancient glass: ethnographic and scientific aspects Journal of Glass Studies. 48, 297-321
  • ANDREESU-TREADGOLD, I. and HENDERSON, J. WITH MARTIN ROE, 2006. Glass from the mosaics on the West Wall of Tocello's Basilica Arte Medievale. 87-142
  • NIKITA, K. and HENDERSON, J., 2006. Glass analyses from Mycenaean Thebes and Elateia: compositional evidence for a Mycenaean glass industry Journal of Glass Studies. 48, 71-120
  • HENDERSON, J., CHALLIS, K., O HARA, S., MCLOUGHLIN, S., GARDNER, A. and PRIESTNALL, G., 2005. Experiment and innovation: early Islamic industry at al-Raqqa, Syria Antiquity. 79(303), 130-145
  • HENDERSON, J., EVANS, J.A., SLOANE, H.J., LENG, M.J. and DOHERTY, C., 2005. The use of oxygen, strontium and lead isotopes to provenance ancient glasses in the Middle East Journal of Archaeological Science. 32(5), 665-673
  • HENDERSON, J.C., 2005. Medieval and post-medieval glass finewares from Lincoln: an investigation of the relationships between technology, chemical compositions, typology and value The Archaeological Journal. 162, 256-322
  • MCLOUGHLIN, S.D, HAND,R.J, HYATT, N.C, LEE, W.E, NOTINGHER, N.C and MCPHAIL, D.S. AND HENDERSON, J., 2005. The long term corrosion of glasses: analytical results after 32 years of burial at Ballidon Glass Technology: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol. A. 47(3), 59–67
  • CHALLIS, K., PRIESTNALL, G., GARDNER, A., HENDERSON, J. and O'HARA, S., 2004. Corona remotely-sensed imagery in dryland archaeology: the Islamic city of al-Raqqa, Syria Journal of Field Archaeology. 29(1/2), 139-153
  • LESTER, E., HILAL, N. and HENDERSON, J., 2004. Porosity in ancient glass from Syria (c. 800 AD) using gas adsorption and atomic force microscopy Surface and Interface Analysis. 36(9), 1323-1329
  • HENDERSON, J., 2003. Technological analysis of Mamluk glass. In: CARBONI, S. and HENDERSON, J., eds., Mamluk enamelled and Gilded glass in the Museum of Islamic Art, Qatar London: Islamic Art Society. 28- 31
  • HENDERSON, J., 2003. Localized production or trade? Advances in the study of cobalt blue and Islamic glasses in the Levant and Europe In: Patterns and Process, Festschrift in honor of Dr. Edward V. Sayre, Smithsonian. 227-247
  • HENDERSON, J., 2003. Glass production in al-Raqqa: experimentation and technological changes In: Proceedings of the 15th Congress of the International Association for the History of Glass. 144-148
  • HENDERSON, J., 2003. The production of Iznik pottery. In: CARSWELL, J. and HENDERSON, J., eds., Iznik pottery for the Ottoman Empire London: Islamic Art Society. 18-21
  • HENDERSON, J., 2003. Glass trade and chemical analysis: a possible model for Islamic glass production. In: D. FOY AND M-D NENNA, ed., Échanges et commerce du verre dans le monde antique éditions Monique Mergoil. 109-123
  • HENDERSON, J., CHALLIS, K., GARDNER, A., O HARA, S. and PRIESTNALL, G., 2002. The Raqqa Ancient Industry Project Antiquity. 76(291), 33-34
  • HENDERSON, J., 2002. An archaeological and scientific study of 47 glass beads. In: Excavations on St Patricks Isle, Peel, Isle of Man 1982-88 Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. 349-362
  • HENDERSON, J., 2002. Review of The Glass Bathyscaphe, by A. Macfarlane and G. Martin , Profile Books 2002 175 (2352), 50
  • HENDERSON, J., 2001. Glass and Glazes. In: BROTHWELL, D.R. and POLLARD, A.M., eds., Handbook of Archaeological Sciences Chichester: John Wiley. 471-482
  • TOWLE, A., HENDERSON, J, BELLINTANI, P. and GAMBACURTA, G., 2001. Frattesina and Adria: report of the scientific analysis and early glass from Veneto Padusa. 37, 7-68
  • HENDERSON, J. and HOWARD, R., 2001. Nottingham Science Diary Current Archaeology. 175, 301-306
  • HENDERSON, J., 2000. Archaeological and scientific aspects of the glass technology. In: LANE, A., CAMPBELL, E. and BAYLEY, J., eds., Dunadd, an early Dalriadic capital Oxford: Oxbow. 212-216
  • HENDERSON, J., 2000. The Science and Archaeology of Materials: an investigation of inorganic materials London : Routledge.
  • HENDERSON, J., 2000. Glass. In: NICHOLSON, P.T. and SHAW, I., eds., Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 195-224
  • HENDERSON, J., MCLOUGHLIN, S., AL-SADIQ, N. and MCPHAIL, D.S., 2000. On technological change in Islamic glass production at Raqqa, Syria Glass News. 9, 4-5
  • HENDERSON, J., 2000. The vessel glass. In: ELLIS, P. and ADDYMAN, P., eds., Ludgershall Castle, Excavations by Peter Addyman 1964-1972 Devizes: Wiltshire Archaeological & Natural History Society. 168-177
  • HENDERSON, J., 2000. Glass. In: LAWSON, A.J. and ALLEN, M.J., eds., Potterne 1982-5: Animal Husbandry in Later Prehistoric Wiltshire Salisbury: Trust for Wessex Archaeology. 220-222
  • HENDERSON, J., 2000. The production technology of early Christian glass, with specific reference to beads and enamels. In: Glass in Britain and Ireland, AD 350-1100 127. London: British Museum Press. 143-59
  • HENDERSON, J., 2000. Excavations in Mishlab, al-Raqqa, Syria In: Al-Raqqa, Proceedings of the First Raqqa Festival. 33-44
  • HENDERSON, J., 2000. Appendix 2: The Element Analysis of the Battersea Shield Red Enamel. In: JOPE, E.M., ed., Early Celtic Art in the British Isles Oxford: Oxford University Press. 351
  • HENDERSON, J., 2000. Archaeological investigations of an Islamic industrial complex at Raqqa, Syria Damaszener Mitteilungen. 11((1999)), 243-265
  • HENDERSON, J. and HENKES, H.E., 2000. Inhabitants of a Venetian-style souvenir bottle? A hoard of 17th-18th Century lampworked figurines excavated in Amsterdam In: Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the International Association for the History of Glass. 380-384
  • HENDERSON, J., 2000. Chemical analysis of Ancient Egyptian glass and its interpretation. In: NICHOLSON, P.T. and SHAW, I., eds., Ancient Egyptian Materials and Technology Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 206-224
  • HENDERSON, J., 1999. Electron microprobe analysis of Hamwic glass. In: The Hamwic Glass, CBA Research Report 116. London: Academic Press. 97
  • HENDERSON, J., 1999. Una nueva caracterizaci¢n? La investigaci¢n cientifica de las cuentas de fayenza encontradas en la Cova des C…rritx (Menorca, Sa Cometa des Morts I (Mallorca), Son Maim¢ (Mallorca) y Este (V‚neto, Italia). In: La Cova des C rritx y la Cova des Mussol, Ideolog¡a y sociedad en la prehistoria de Menorca 631-641
  • HENDERSON, J., 1999. Post Medieval glass and Medieval and later glass. In: COYLER, C., GILMOUR, B.J.J., JONES, M.J. and ARCHIBALD, M., eds., The Defences of the Lower City, CBA Research Report 114. London: Academic Press. 145
  • HENDERSON, J., 1999. Archaeological and scientific evidence for the production of early Islamic glass in al-Raqqa, Syria Levant. 31, 225-40
  • HENDERSON, J., 1999. Scientific analysis of the glass and glass-bearing artefacts: technique, raw materials used and archaeological interpretation. In: The Excavations at Wijnaldum: reports on Frisia in Roman and Medieval times 1. London: Taylor & Francis. 287-297
  • HENDERSON, J., 1999. Analysis of a glass bead from Hindwell Ash and its archaeological interpretation. In: GIBSON, A.M. and BRADLEY, P., eds., The Walton Basin Project: excavation and survey in a prehistoric landscape 1993-97, CBA Research Report London: Academic Press. 125-126
  • HENDERSON, J., 1999. The debris from a glass-making industry. In: HALKON, P. and MILLETT, M., eds., Rural Settlement and industry: studies in the Iron Age and Roman archaeology of lowland East Yorkshire 4. Leeds: Yorkshire Archaeological Society. 165-167
  • HENDERSON, J., 1999. Technological aspects of Anglo-Saxon glass beads. In: GUIDO, M. and WELCH, M.G., eds., The Glass beads of Anglo-Saxon England Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer. 81-88
  • HENDERSON, J., 1999. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Archaeometry In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Archaeometry.
  • HENDERSON, J., 1998. Post-medieval glass production: production, characterisation and value. In: MCCRAY, P., ed., The Prehistory and History of Glass and Glassmaking Technology Westerville: American Ceramic Society. 33-59
  • HENDERSON, J., MERCHANT, I., CROSSLEY, D. and CABLE, M., 1998. An examination of the chemical interaction of glass and ceramics in medieval glass technology In: Proceedings of the University of Liverpool Archaeometry Symposium, (1997). 31-37
  • HENDERSON, J. and BUCKLAND, P., 1998. 'The artefacts from Sutton Common' in M Parker-Pearson and E E Sydes, 'The Iron age enclosures and prehistoric landscape of Sutton Common, South Yorkshire Prehistoric Society, London. Proceedings. 63, 223-237
  • HENDERSON, J. and TONGHINI, C., 1998. An eleventh century pottery production workshop at Al-Raqqa' pleminary report Levant. 113-127
  • HENDERSON, J., 1998. Islamic Glass Production and the possible evidence from trade in a cobalt-rich colorant. In: WARD, R., ed., Gilded and Enamelled Glass from the Middle East London: British Museum Press. 116-121
  • HENDERSON, J. and HENKES, H.E., 1998. The Spun-stem Roemer, a hitherto overlooked roemer type Journal of Glass Studies. 40, 89-104
  • HENDERSON, J., 1998. Scientific analysis of glass and glaze from Tell Brak and its archaeological implications. In: OATES, D., OATES, J. and MCDONALD, H., eds., Excavations at Tell Brak, I 1. Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research. 94-100
  • HENDERSON, J., 1997. The glass objects from Navan site B, composition and archaeological implications. In: Excavations at Navan Fort 1961-71 3. 87/95-100
  • HENDERSON, J., 1997. Early Medieval Glass Bead Making in Maastricht (Jodenstraat 30), The Netherlands, An archaeological and scientific investigation In: Perlen, Arch„ologie, Techniken, Analysen, Kolloquien zur Vor- und Frhgeschichte band 1.
  • HENDERSON, J., 1997. Review of A. Mark Pollard and Carl Heron, Archaeological Chemistry Antiquity. 71, 497-498
  • HENDERSON, J., 1997. 'The glass bead', in A. Schlesinger et al 'An Early church and medieval farmstead site: excavations at llanelen, Gower Archaeological Journal. 153, 127-129
  • HENDERSON, J., 1997. The Bead Study Trust Catalogue of the Beck Collection, Part I - Europe Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • HENDERSON, J., 1997. Glass production in Raqqa, Syria In: Proceedings of the 13th International Congress of the International Association for the History of Glass,. 257-268
  • HENDERSON, J., 1996. The Analysis of Ancient Glasses, Part II: Luxury Roman and Early Medieval Glasses Journal of Materials. 48(2), 62-64
  • HENDERSON, J., 1996. Note on the technology of the glass beads. In: BURNS, B., CUNLIFFE, B.W., SEBIRE, H. and ALLEN, M., eds., Guernsey, An Island Community of the Atlantic Iron Age 6. Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology. 113-114
  • HENDERSON, J., 1996. Chemical analysis of window glass. In: FOREMAN, M., ed., Further Excavations at the Dominican Priory, Beverley, 1986-89 Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press. 137-138
  • HENDERSON, J., 1996. The re-use of an Iron Age glass bead. In: TIMBY, J. and BARTLETT, A., eds., The Anglo-Saxon Cemetery at Empingham II, Rutland 2. Oxford: Oxbow. 55-56
  • HENDERSON, J., 1996. New light on early Islamic industry: excavations in Raqqa, Syria. In: WILSON, R.J.A., ed., From River Trent to Raqqa: Nottingham University archaeological fieldwork, 1991-95 1. Nottingham: University of Nottingham. 59-71
  • HENDERSON, J., NEFF, H. and REHREN, T., 1996. Introduction to Select Papers Delivered at the 1996 International Symposium on Archaeometry, Held at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Journal of Archaeological Science. VOL 26(NUMBER 8), 851-854
  • HENDERSON, J., 1996. The vessel glass. In: FOREMAN, M., ed., Further excavations at the Dominican Priory, Beverley, 1986-1989 4. Sheffield: University of Sheffield. 165-167
  • HENDERSON, J., 1996. Scientific analysis of selected Fishbourne vessel glass and its archaeological interpretation. In: CUNLIFFE, B.W., DOWN, A., RUDKIN, D.J. and BLACK, E.W., eds., Excavations at Fishbourne 1969-1988 9. Chichester: Chichester District Council. 189-192
  • HENDERSON, J., 1995. A reconsideration of the glass: some archaeological and technological aspects. In: COLES, J.M. and MINNITT, S., eds., Industrious and fairly civilized Somerset Levels Project and Somerset County Council Museums Service. 155-160
  • HENDERSON, J., 1995. Glass at medieval Constantinople: preliminary scientific evidence In: Constantinople and its Hinterland: Papers from the Twenty-Seventh Spring Symposium of Byzantine Studies. 333-358
  • HENDERSON, J., 1995. The scientific analysis of glass beads In: Glass Beads, Cultural History, Technology Experiment and Analogy, Proceedings of the Nordic glass bead seminar. 67-74
  • HENDERSON, J., 1995. Review of 'Excavations of Jalame. Site of a glass factory in Late Roman Palestine' Journal of Archaeological Science. 22(4), 232-233
  • HENDERSON, J., 1995. Ancient Vitreous Materials American Journal of Archaeology. 99(1), 117-121
  • HENDERSON, J., 1995. Early Glass In: South East Asia and China, in South East Asia and China: Art, Interaction and Commerce, Colloquies on Art and Archaeology in Asia No. 17. 141-170
  • HENDERSON, J., 1995. Investigations into Marvered Glass 2, Islamic Art in the Ashmolean. In: ALLAN, J.W., ed., Islamic art in the Ashmolean Museum Oxford: Oxford University Press. 31-50
  • HENDERSON, J., 1995. Archaeotechnology: The Analysis of Ancient Glass Part I: Materials, Properties and Early European Glass Journal of Materials. 47(11), 62-68
  • HENDERSON, J., 1995. Objects of Glass. In: IVENS, R.J., ed., Tattenhoe and Westbury, two Deserted Medieval Settlements in Milton Keynes 8. Aylesbury: Buckinghamshire Archaeological Society. 312-313
  • HENDERSON, J., 1995. Le verre de Dorestad: continuit‚ technologique ou innovation In: Le verre de l'antiquit‚ tardive et du Haut Moyen Age, Association Francaise pour l'Arch‚ologie du Verre, huitiŠme rencontre. 51-56
  • HENDERSON, J., 1995. An investigation of Early Islamic glass production at Raqqa, Syria In: Proceedings of the materials Research Society Conference, Issues in Art and Archaeology IV. 433-444
  • HENDERSON, J., 1994. The Glass. In: Howe, four millenia of Orkney prehistory 9. 234-236
  • HENDERSON, J., 1994. 'The Glass', in L. Allason-Jones et al. Carronbridge, Dumfries and Galloway: the excavation of Bronze Age cremations, Iron Age settlements and a Roman camp Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. Proceedings. 124, 268-269

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