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Nutrition in Wound Healing

Resource to help raise awareness of the role of nutrition in wound healing

Addressing Malnutrition - Addressing Reversible Causes

The section on ‘causes of malnutrition’ identified a number of possible factors that may lead to malnourishment. Whilst action must be taken to increase nutritional intake, this should be in conjunction with addressing any reversible factors, or underlying medical causes that may be apparent.

Predisposing factors for malnutritionCauses
Impaired intake
  • Physical disability
  • Anorexia
  • Dysphagia
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Taste changes
  • Poor oral health
  • Prolonged fasting
  • Medication
  • Anxiety / depression
Impaired absorption
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Pancreatitis
  • Malabsorption
  • Infection
  • Coeliac disease
  • Medication
  • Chronic alcohol abuse
Increased metabolic demand
  • Trauma
  • Burns
  • Fractures
  • Cancer and wasting diseases
  • Infection

Look at the variety of ways that malnutrition can be caused. Select some of these causes and think about how they could be addressed. (For example if the patient has nausea and vomiting they should be reviewed by a doctor in order to prescribe anti-emetics or commence a treatment to address the cause of the nausea and vomiting.)

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